This book demonstrates how agriculture can play a determining role in integrated, climate-optimised urban development. Agriculture within urban growth centres today is more than an economic or social left-over or a niche practice. It is instead a complex system that offers multiple potentials for interaction with the urban system. Urban open space and agriculture can be linked to a productive green infrastructure – this forms new urban-rural linkages in the urbanizing region and helps shape the city. But in order to do this, agriculture has to be seen as an integral part of the urban fabric and it has to be put on the local agenda. Urban Agriculture for Growing City Regions takes the example of Casablanca, one of the fastest growing cities in North Africa, to investigate this approach. The creation of synergies between the urban and rural in an emerging megacity is demonstrated through pilot projects, design solutions, and multifunctional modules. These synergies assure greater resource efficiency; particularly regarding the use and reuse of water, and they strengthen regional food security and the social integration of multiple spheres. A transdisciplinary research approach brings together different scientific disciplines and local actors into a process of integrated knowledge production. The book will have a long lasting legacy and is essential reading for researchers, planners, practitioners and policy makers who are working on urban development and urban agricultural strategies.
Policy objectives for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development (SARD) may be summed up as the pursuit of the goals of growth, equity, efficiency and sustainability. Growth is important to meet the food needs of growing populations with rising incomes and to provide continued sustainable livelihoods for rural people in the future . Equity is important in terms of the relief of poverty and deprivation for this and future generations. Efficiency matters since we cannot afford to waste resources. Finally, sustainability is the objective that has come into increased prominence with the recognition of the significant threats that exist to future welfare and the environment. Sustainability has many dimensions and interpretations but, in the context of agriculture, embraces food security, responsibility in resource use and environmental management, and the resilience of production systems to shocks and challenges. There is interdependence between each of these four objectives, so that the pursuit of SARD requires an integrated approach to policy making in which all four aspects are considered.--Publisher's description.
Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences,prepared under the aegis of the Food and Agriculture Organizationof the United Nations (FAO), presents a fresh and comprehensivelook at agricultural development policy. It provides a clear,systematic review of important classes of policy issues indeveloping countries and discusses the emerging internationalconsensus on viable approaches to those issues. The text is uniquein its coverage and depth, and it Cites policy experiences and applied studies in eightycountries. Develops the conceptual foundations for policies. Illustrates policies that have worked and those that have not,with explanations of why. Summarises hundreds of references from the literature onagricultural development policies. Provides guidance for policy makers and policy analysts throughboth real-world examples and conceptual frameworks. Topics covered include agriculture’s role in economicdevelopment, objectives and instruments of agricultural policy,linkages between macroeconomic and agricultural policies, sectoralpolicies related to agricultural prices, the role of government inthe sector, gender issues in agriculture, land tenure policies,water management, agricultural financial policies, agriculturaltechnology development and dissemination, and agriculturaldevelopment strategies and rural development issues. The book is suitable for use in university courses inagricultural and economic development, international development,natural resource management, and specialised topics in agriculture,and it serves as a valuable reference tool for policy makers andother professionals and researchers in the field of internationalagricultural development.
For 25 years, population growth has outpaced increases in agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of food and the degradation of agricultural land have forced policymakers to reassess agricultural strategies for the region. This paper provides such a reassessment by identifying policies and investments that have worked and those that have not. The author sets out the common elements required for agricultural and rural development throughout the region. The strategy presented in this paper comprises elements from several development sectors, including transport, water supply, education, finance, and the environment. The author makes five broad recommendations to promote Region: adoption of policies to promote private sector farming and agricultural marketing, processing, and credit development and distribution of new technologies inclusion of farmers in decisions affecting their livelihood development of infrastructure and social programs in support of agriculture improved management of natural resources Projections of the likely effects of the proposed policies and investments are included. Tables throughout the text present statistics on agricultural growth rates, commodity prices, and deforestation in the region. An annex contains more general tables, with information on population growth and fertility rates, land use, agricultural exports, and droughts. The strategies suggested in this paper will be of interest to policymakers, academics, and to development practitioners involved in African agriculture.
Business & Economics by Susan Shen,Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla
World Bank Technical Paper No. 281. Provides an overview of environmentally related priority issues in Asian forestry and contributes to the critical work of understanding the complex dynamics of those issues.
Food supply by Donald Cole,Diana Lee-Smith,George Nasinyama
Author: M. V. Rao,V. Suresh Babu,Suman Chandra,G. Ravindra Chary
Publisher: CRC Press
Land represents an important resource for the economic life of a majority of people in the world. The way people handle and use land resources impacts their social and economic well-being as well as the sustained quality of land resources. Land use planning is also integral to water resources development and management for agriculture, industry, drinking water, and power generation. This valuable work brings to the forefront the state of practice of land use planning in India, highlighting governmental programs and research with wide-ranging chapters on important topics. Covering various agro-ecosystem, including irrigated, rainfed, coastal, semi-arid, arid (drylands), and hill and mountain (temperate) regions, this volume discusses a variety of issues related to sustainable agriculture and rural development. Chapters address the following questions: •What are the sources, scales, and quality of land resources and land use data for efficient planning • Which are the agroecological systems hot spots that are have been degraded? How can these areas be rejuvenated in terms of quality? • What should be the unit of planning for a holistic approach for the conservation and efficient use of natural resources at different administrative levels and domains? • What are the roles of state land use boards and district planning committees? • How can various programs be integrated and implemented by central and state agencies? • What are the technologies, new policies, and support systems required to address sustainable land use? • What are the legal issues? • What should be the role of communities in planning for poverty alleviation and integrated planning for sustainable agriculture based livelihoods? • What is the role GIS in sustainable agriculture and rural development? With high population growth, endemic poverty, and weak existing institutional capacity for land management, India (and other regions of the world) require strong scientific and strategically important land use policies and methods for sustainable development. This book helps to show the way. This volume is being published in association with the Centre for Agrarian Studies and Disaster Mitigation of the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD and PR).
Business & Economics by International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
Mali’s territorial integrity is threatened, questioning its internal capacity to face challenges and especially to ensure the physical safety of goods and individuals. The government is committed to implement all measures to overcome this situation. More specifically, it will increase political and diplomatic actions for a quick and successful crisis outcome, maintain peace and security, revive economic activity, maintain social gains and target the poorest populations, fight against corruption and financial crime, and improve revenue mobilization to reduce dependence on aid.
Environmental law by Christine Krüger,Alexander Carius
Author: United Nations Development Programme,United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Category: Economic development
This joint study, undertaken by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), discusses the main challenges to sustainable development and environmental governance in the region, and outlines key policies that need to be implemented. It concludes that effective environmental management requires a shared vision by governments in the region to establish clear targets, to co-ordinate policies effectively and monitor their implementation.