This book play a major role as basic tools in Differential geometry, Mechanics, Fluid Mathematics. The bulk of the book consists of five chapters on Vector Analysis and its applications. Each chapter is accompanied by a problem set. The problem sets constitute an integral part of the book. Solving the problems will expose you to the geometric, symbolic and numerical features of multivariable calculus. Contents: Algebra of Vectors, Differentiation of Vectors, Gradient Divergence and Curl, Vector Integration, Application of Vector Integration.
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This book introduces students to vector analysis, a concise way of presenting certain kinds of equations and a natural aid for forming mental pictures of physical and geometrical ideas. Students of the physical sciences and of physics, mechanics, electromagnetic theory, aerodynamics and a number of other fields will find this a rewarding and practical treatment of vector analysis. Key points are made memorable with the hundreds of problems with step-by-step solutions, and many review questions with answers.
This fully revised and thoroughly updated second edition takes into account the constructive suggestions received from teachers and students alike on the first edition. A new chapter on Generalized Coordinate System has been added to make the book complete. Some more examples have been provided to highlight the applicability of vectors in physics and engineering. The answers to all the end-of-chapter exercises have been given in this edition to enhance the utility of the book. Beginning with the basic concepts of vector methods and various operations of vector-valued functions such as continuity, differentiability, and integrability, the three fundamental differential operators-gradient, divergence, and curl-are fully explored. The text then moves on to provide the essentials of differential geometry with particular reference to curvature and torsion, and Serret-Frenet equations. The chapter on mechanics demonstrates the strength of vectors in tackling physical problems. The book concludes with a new chapter on notions of vectors in the generalized coordinate system. This book is primarily intended for use by undergraduate students of mathematics and science for a course in vector analysis. It will also be useful to engineering students, as part of a course in engineering mathematics, where they are introduced to vector algebra, so essential for assimilating a better understanding of the physical aspects of the theory.
Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Flächen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integralsätzen von Gauß, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalkül mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grundsätzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgfältig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr persönliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen Büchern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte Übungsaufgaben, über 100 Tests mit Antworten, machen auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.
Prize-winning study traces the rise of the vector concept from the discovery of complex numbers through the systems of hypercomplex numbers to the final acceptance around 1910 of the modern system of vector analysis.
Vector Analysis and Cartesian Tensors, Second Edition focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in vector analysis and Cartesian tensors, including volume integrals, coordinates, curves, and vector functions. The publication first elaborates on rectangular Cartesian coordinates and rotation of axes, scalar and vector algebra, and differential geometry of curves. Discussions focus on differentiation rules, vector functions and their geometrical representation, scalar and vector products, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, and angles between lines through the origin. The text then elaborates on scalar and vector fields and line, surface, and volume integrals, including surface, volume, and repeated integrals, general orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, and vector components in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates. The manuscript ponders on representation theorems for isotropic tensor functions, Cartesian tensors, applications in potential theory, and integral theorems. Topics include geometrical and physical significance of divergence and curl, Poisson's equation in vector form, isotropic scalar functions of symmetrical second order tensors, and diagonalization of second-order symmetrical tensors. The publication is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in vector analysis and Cartesian tensors.
Dieses Lehrbuch stellt eine umfassende und leicht verständliche Einführung in die Tensoranalysis dar, die hier als Oberbegriff von klassischer Tensoranalysis und Tensoralgebra zu verstehen ist und die in vielen Anwendungen der Physik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften benötigt wird. Es vermittelt die nötigen algebraischen Hilfsmittel und enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen, so dass es sich auch für ein Selbststudium eignet.
Continuum mechanics deals with the stress, deformation, and mechanical behaviour of matter as a continuum rather than a collection of discrete particles. The subject is interdisciplinary in nature, and has gained increased attention in recent times primarily because of a need to understand a variety of phenomena at different spatial scales. The second edition of Principles of Continuum Mechanics provides a concise yet rigorous treatment of the subject of continuum mechanics and elasticity at the senior undergraduate and first-year graduate levels. It prepares engineer-scientists for advanced courses in traditional as well as emerging fields such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy systems, and computational mechanics. The large number of examples and exercise problems contained in the book systematically advance the understanding of vector and tensor analysis, basic kinematics, balance laws, field equations, constitutive equations, and applications. A solutions manual is available for the book.
When employed with skill and understanding, vector analysis can be a practical and powerful tool. This text develops the algebra and calculus of vectors in a manner useful to physicists and engineers. Numerous exercises (with answers) not only provide practice in manipulation but also help establish students' physical and geometric intuition in regard to vectors and vector concepts. Part I, the basic portion of the text, consists of a thorough treatment of vector algebra and the vector calculus. Part II presents the illustrative matter, demonstrating applications to kinematics, mechanics, and electromagnetic theory. The text stresses geometrical and physical aspects, but it also casts the material in such a way that the logical structure of the subject is made plain. Serious students of mathematics can rigorize the treatment to their own satisfaction. Although intended primarily as a college text, this volume may be used as a reference in vector techniques or as a guide to self-education.
Advanced Engineering Mathematics provides comprehensive and contemporary coverage of key mathematical ideas, techniques, and their widespread applications, for students majoring in engineering, computer science, mathematics and physics. Using a wide range of examples throughout the book, Jeffrey illustrates how to construct simple mathematical models, how to apply mathematical reasoning to select a particular solution from a range of possible alternatives, and how to determine which solution has physical significance. Jeffrey includes material that is not found in works of a similar nature, such as the use of the matrix exponential when solving systems of ordinary differential equations. The text provides many detailed, worked examples following the introduction of each new idea, and large problem sets provide both routine practice, and, in many cases, greater challenge and insight for students. Most chapters end with a set of computer projects that require the use of any CAS (such as Maple or Mathematica) that reinforce ideas and provide insight into more advanced problems. Comprehensive coverage of frequently used integrals, functions and fundamental mathematical results Contents selected and organized to suit the needs of students, scientists, and engineers Contains tables of Laplace and Fourier transform pairs New section on numerical approximation New section on the z-transform Easy reference system
This book is a complete introduction to vector analysis, especially within the context of computer graphics. The author shows why vectors are useful and how it is possible to develop analytical skills in manipulating vector algebra. Even though vector analysis is a relatively recent development in the history of mathematics, it has become a powerful and central tool in describing and solving a wide range of geometric problems. The book is divided into eleven chapters covering the mathematical foundations of vector algebra and its application to, among others, lines, planes, intersections, rotating vectors, and vector differentiation.
Based on many years of experience of the author Complex Analysis with Vector Calculus provides clear and condensed treatment of the subject. It is primarily intended to be used by undergraduate students of engineering and science as a part of a course in engineering mathematics, where they are introduced to complex variable theory, through conceptual development of analysis. The book also introduces vector algebra, step by step, with due emphasis on various operations on vector field and scalar fields. Especially, it introduces proof of vector identities by use of a new approach and includes many examples to clarify the ideas and familiarize students with various techniques of problem solving.