Before Japan was 'opened up' in the 1850s, contact with Russia as well as other western maritime nations was extremely limited. Yet from the early eighteenth century onwards, as a result of their expanding commercial interests in East Asia and the North Pacific, Russians had begun to encounter Japanese and were increasingly eager to establish diplomatic and trading relations with Japan. This book presents rare narratives written by Russians, including official envoys, scholars and, later, tourists, who visited Japan between 1792 and 1913. The introduction and notes set these narratives in the context of the history of Russo-Japanese relations and the genre of European travel writing, showing how the Russian writers combined ethnographic interests with the assertion of Russian and European values, simultaneously inscribing power relations and negotiating cultural difference.
Economic development and environmental issues in China are attracting more and more attention internationally as the country’s large population and vast demands for food, energy, water, minerals, and other resources play an increasingly important role in deciding the fate of the world. There is great interest in learning more about environmental issues in China, but it is not easy to obtain accurate, relevant information because the issues are diverse and are complex phenomena resulting from the interconnections among natural resource constraints and political, social, and institutional systems. This book originally was published in Japanese with the aim of providing Japanese readers with a holistic picture of what was taking place in China with respect to its air, water, energy, and land. The author then prepared an English edition of the same material to use as a book of readings for the Global Environmental Leaders Program at Nagoya University, where he taught many students from Asia and Europe. The book covers the most important environmental issues in China—climatic change, water, air, energy, and resources—together with ongoing policy responses, based on the author’s active involvement in a number of study projects and international cooperation projects in that country. This volume will help readers to understand the causes and results of environmental problems in China and will encourage them to think more deeply about the environmental implications of the country’s rapid economic growth.
In 1980 Cathy N. Davidson traveled to Japan to teach English at a leading all-women’s university. It was the first of many journeys and the beginning of a deep and abiding fascination. In this extraordinary book, Davidson depicts a series of intimate moments and small epiphanies that together make up a panoramic view of Japan. With wit, candor, and a lover’s keen eye, she tells captivating stories—from that of a Buddhist funeral laden with ritual to an exhilarating evening spent touring the “Floating World,” the sensual demimonde in which salaryman meets geisha and the normal rules are suspended. On a remote island inhabited by one of the last matriarchal societies in the world, a disconcertingly down-to-earth priestess leads her to the heart of a sacred grove. And she spends a few unforgettable weeks in a quasi-Victorian residence called the Practice House, where, until recently, Japanese women were taught American customs so that they would make proper wives for husbands who might be stationed abroad. In an afterword new to this edition, Davidson tells of a poignant trip back to Japan in 2005 to visit friends who had remade their lives after the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995, which had devastated the city of Kobe, as well as the small town where Davidson had lived and the university where she taught. 36 Views of Mount Fuji not only transforms our image of Japan, it offers a stirring look at the very nature of culture and identity. Often funny, sometimes liltingly sad, it is as intimate and irresistible as a long-awaited letter from a good friend.
"Clark's chapters on the significance of bathing in Japanese mythology and the historical development of communal bathing provide an excellent perspective from which to view modern practices." --Daily Yomiuri
Business & Economics by Kenʼichi Imai,Ryūtarō Komiya,Professor Ryutaro Komiya,Ronald Philip Dore,D. Hugh Whittaker
Author: Kenʼichi Imai,Ryūtarō Komiya,Professor Ryutaro Komiya,Ronald Philip Dore,D. Hugh Whittaker
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Business & Economics
Is capitalism everywhere driven by the same logic of market forces, contract, and individualistic motivation? Or is Japan different? These eighteen contributions by leading Japanese economists shed light on a number of issues in this increasingly important debate. The variety of perspectives and the range of firms covered--not only the large industrial corporation but cooperatives, public enterprises, and mutual life insurance companies as well--provide a broad overview that few other books on Japanese business can offer. In a new introduction to this English-language edition, Ronald Dore and Hugh Whittaker identify and summarize the salient themes and sharpen the points discussed. Chapters are grouped into five parts:- Part I identifies characteristics of the typical Japanese firm and the enterprise system.- Part II examines interfirm behavior such as trading, subcontracting, and cross-shareholding in enterprise groups.- Part III describes general firm behavior: how businesses invest in research, equipment, and product development.- Part IV takes a look at the employment system--specifically, competition, deployment of human resources, and the traditional bonus system (a particularly significant feature of Japanese firms that differentiates them from their Western counterparts).- Finally, part V looks at specific kinds of firms: cooperatives, public utilities, and life insurance companies.
Focusing on the ideological contradictions inherent in the German alliance with Japan during World War II, this book analyses German discourse about Japan from the distinct yet intricately connected standpoints of the German-Japanese historical relationship, the scientific and pseudo-scientific presentation of Japan in Germany, and German fictional depictions of Japan. The volume examines the historical relationship between Germany and Japan in the light of their alliance. It also traces the origins and development of the image of Japan in Nazi Germany. Through non-fiction texts, the points of emphasis, friction, and outright contradiction are discovered between Nazi ideology and an alliance with Japan as they were discussed both publicly and privately in Germany at the time. Finally, by examining fictional depictions of Japan and the Japanese under the Nazis, the work reveals the means by which fiction addressed these ideological issues and incorporated the historical and non-fictional arguments of its contemporaries. This book looks carefully at its connection to other historical, political, racial, and ideological thought of the time.
Photography by Melanie Birk,Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio Foundation
This text provides a study of Japanese-Philippine relations, putting them into a historical context of the relationship between the two countries and the two peoples before the occupation of the Philippines.
Reproductions of Photographic Views of Japan and of the Missions of the Evangelical Association
Author: F W Voegelein
Publisher: Franklin Classics
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Literary Views of Japan from the Philippines, Singapore, and Malaysia
Author: Ronald D. Klein
Publisher: UP Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In this survey of literary images of Japan, Ronald Klein has identified more than 160 works with Japanese characters, providing both comprehensive overviews as well as individual monographs on specific writers. This book creates a subgenre of thematic work, positing an alternative postcolonial relationship.
In this volume, eight leading Japanese scholars present their research on profound and sensitive issues facing Japanese society, much of which has not been available to the English-speaking world. Traveling from Japan to engage in a unique forum at the University of California, they joined eminent professors Befu, DeVos, and Rohlen to bring over fifty leading scholars up to date on the global challenges facing Japan and how education has and will play into the reformulation of its identity. Chapters examine such topics as education policy changes, the education of minorities, including the Burakumin, the hegemony of college entrance examinations, social mobility and basic human rights, increased economic competition and global migration, political influences on educational reform, and the future of Japanese education.
In the 1970s and 80s Japan experienced some deep-rooted social changes which affected attitudes to health care services among both professionals and consumers alike. Health Care in Japan provides an introduction to and overview of health and medical services in Japan at that time. It describes the historical development of modern medical care; the social, political, and cultural factors which have influenced the development of the system for the provision of health and medical services. It also discusses and analyses those aspects of the health care system which are of concern to the government and assesses how the existing system of health care will meet the needs of Japanese society in the future.
Political Science by Wilfried von Bredow,Thomas Jäger
Zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts hin werden die internationalen Beziehungen mehr und mehr von Entwicklungen geprägt, die in immer engeren Aktions netzen zwischen politisch unterschiedlichen Gesellschaften ihre Dynamik entfalten und die als Globalisierung gekennzeichnet werden. Immer weniger Handlungen bleiben in ihren Folgen auf einzelne Gesellschaften und den Kreis der sie auslösenden Akteure beschränkt. Immer stärker werden die Entwicklungschancen der Gesellschaften vom internationalen Umfeld ge prägt. Während sich die Handlungen auf den Feldern Politik, Ökonomie, Ökologie und Kultur immer dichter vernetzen und die zwischengesellschaft lichen Beziehungen eine verletztliche Komplexität erreichen, bleiben die po litischen Steuerungsmöglichkeiten der Regierungen relativ grob. Es hat sogar den Anschein, als wollten die Staaten die globalen Entwicklungen national, höchstens aber makro-regional zu steuern versuchen. Das aber kann nicht er folgreich gelingen. Globale Interdependenz und, komplementär dazu, Fragmentierung kenn zeichnen den Stand der internationalen Beziehungen. Ihre Analyse und die ihrer Entwicklungsoptionen kann sich nicht nur auf einen dieser beiden be herrschenden Trends konzentrieren. Die zwischen Interdependenz und Fragmentierung entstehenden politi schen Verwerfungen wirken noch nachhaltiger, seit sich der Ost-West-Kon flikt aufgelöst hat und die Welt in viele kaum miteinander verbundene Kon fliktregionen zu zerfallen scheint. Politische Rollen konstituieren sich neu und sind noch nicht festgelegt. Von einer übersichtlichen Neuen WeIt-Ord nung kann keine Rede sein. Verteilungs-Chancen von Ressourcen und Ver antwortlichkeit stehen zur Disposition. Die Koordinaten von gestern sind überholt und steigern höchstens die Desorientierung. Ein taugliches Bild der Welt von heute und morgen existiert nicht.