Architecture

Designing High-density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability

Author: Edward Ng

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849774447

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 8420

Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.
Political Science

Designing Sustainable Cities in the Developing World

Author: Mr Roger Zetter,Ms Georgia Butina Watson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409487040

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 2567

Can conservation of the built heritage be reconciled with the speed of urban change in cities of the developing world? What are the tools of sustainable design and how can communities participate in the design of the environments in which they live and work? These are some of the questions explored within this innovative and richly illustrated book. A wealth of examples drawn from Mexico, Brazil, Indonesia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India and Myanmar demonstrate how rapid physical and social change has swept away historic urban quarters and the cultural heritage they represent. Written in an accessible style the rich mix of concepts, research methods, analysis and practice-based tools is designed for academics and professionals alike. Leading academics Zetter and Watson have produced a fascinating book that is amongst the first to explore the concept of urban sustainability within the context of urban design in the developing world.
Social Science

Urban Alternatives

Proceedings of the USERC Environment, Resources and Urban Development Workshop

Author: Edward A. Wolff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483136884

Category: Social Science

Page: 118

View: 8675

Urban Alternatives contains the proceedings of the USERC Environmental Resources and Urban Development Workshop held at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Maryland in November 1975. The workshop aims to obtain information on the technical implications of various possible urban development decisions. This book details the descriptions of the workshop and the process used to arrive at the recommendations. The workshops are organized into topics of urban development, energy, communications, meteorology, water resources, public health, in-situ sensing, remote sensing, socio-economic problems, and science technology and government.
Architecture

Architecture, City, Environment

Proceedings of PLEA 2000 : July 2000, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Author: Koen Steemers

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1902916166

Category: Architecture

Page: 852

View: 7617

Global warming is the most severe environmental challenge faced by humanity today and the costs of responding effectively will be high. While Russia’s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol ensures the treaty’s entry into force, lack of capacity, or incentive
Science

Wind Climate in Cities

Author: Jack E. Cermak,Alan G. Davenport,Erich J. Plate,Domingos X. Viegas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792332022

Category: Science

Page: 772

View: 5436

If one surveys the development of wind engineering, one comes to the conclusion that the challenge of urban climatology is one of the most important remaining tasks for the wind engineers. But what distinguishes wind engineering in urban areas from conventional wind engineering? Principally, the fact that the effects studied are usually unique to a particular situation, requiring consideration of the surroundings of the buildings. In the past, modelling criteria have been developed that make it possible to solve environmental problems with great confidence, and studies validated the models: at least in a neutrally stratified atmosphere. The approach adopted in the book is that of applied fluid mechanics, since this forms the basis for the evaluation of the urban wind field. Variables for air quality or loads are problem specific, or even random, and methods for studying them are based on risk analysis, which is also presented. Criteria are developed for a systematic approach to urban wind engineering problems, including parameter studies. The five sections of the book are: Fundamentals of urban boundary layer and dispersion; Forces on complex structures in built-up areas; Air pollution in cities; Numerical solution techniques; and Posters. A subject index is included.
Science

Desert Development

Man and Technology in Sparselands

Author: Yehuda Gradus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400953968

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 6942

The fact that approximately one-third of the world's land mass is arid desert may be congenial for the camel and the cactus, but not for people. Nevertheless, well over half a billion people, or 15% of the world's population live in arid desert areas. If the world's population were distributed evenly over the land surface, we would expect to find about 30% of the population inhabiting arid desert areas. Does the fact that 'only' 15% of the world's population live in an arid desert environment reflect the harshness of the environment? Or is it a testimony to the adaptability and ingenuity of mankind? Do we view the glass as half-full? Or half-empty? The contributors to Desert Development: Man and Technology in Sparselands adopt the position that the cup is half-full and, in fact, could be filled much more. Indeed, many arid desert zones do thrive with life, and given appropriate technological develop ment, such areas could support even greater popUlations. While the dire Malthusian prediction that rapid world population growth exceeds the carrying capacity of existent resource systems has gained popularity (typified by the 1972 Club of Rome book, Limits to Growth), there is a growing body of serious work which rejects such pessimistic 'depletion' models, in favor of models which are mildly optimistic.
Architecture

Urban Forests and Trees

A Reference Book

Author: Cecil C. Konijnendijk,Kjell Nilsson,Thomas B. Randrup,Jasper Schipperijn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540251262

Category: Architecture

Page: 520

View: 8187

This book covers all aspects of planning, designing, establishing and managing forests and trees and forests in and near urban areas. The disciplinary background of the authors is varied, ranging from forestry and horticulture to landscape ecology, landscape architecture and even plant pathology. The first chapters in the first part of the book deal with the concept, history, chapter deal with the form, function and benefits and functions of urban forests and urban trees. , after which These are followed by second part the chapters in the second partthat focus on the more strategic aspects of accommodating the demands of the urban population, including policies, design, public participation and partnerships. In the third part the reader will find chapters on . But main emphasis is given to the establishment and selection of trees for urban uses, as well as information on growing conditions specific for urban areas. Part four deals with the management of urban forests and trees, including the use of information in management and a chapter on an overview of arboricultural practices. TFinally the book concludes with three chapters that providinge an overview of research and education in the field as well as shed someding light on the future perspectives for planning and managing urban forests and trees.
Architecture

Southern Innovator Magazine Issue 4: Cities and Urbanization

The Global South's Increasing Urbanization: Challenges to City Living

Author: David South, Editor and Writer

Publisher: DSConsulting

ISBN: 0992021707

Category: Architecture

Page: 60

View: 9097

Launched in May 2011, the new global magazine Southern Innovator is about the people across the global South shaping our new world, eradicating poverty and working towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). They are the innovators. Issue 1 covered the theme of mobile phones and information technology. Issue 2 covered the theme of youth and entrepreneurship. Issue 3 covered the theme of agribusiness and food security. Issue 4 covers the theme of cities and urbanization.
Architecture

Green Walls Green Roofs

Designing Sustainable Architecture

Author: Gina Tsarouhas

Publisher: Images Publishing

ISBN: 1864705523

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 8455

Sustainable architecture is one of the most popular trends today. With dense urban living and less green space available, green walls and roofs are helping to fill that gap. These living structures can be created with vegetation, which helps to absorb rainwater, provide insulation and lower temperatures while creating a habitat for natural flora and fauna. Green Walls Green Roofs features projects from all over the world, showing how these elements work in various climates. Ranging from the tropical houses in Singapore to inner-city buildings in North America, this beautifully illustrated book will show you how living architecture can enrich our world. Gina Tsarounas has coordinated and authored a number of travel guides for Lonely Planet before joining Images Publishing as a senior editor. Her wealth of experience is demonstrated in the beautifully designed books now being produced. Comparable Titles: Vertical Ecoinfrastructure, 9781864703863, Images Publishing Group, August 2010 The Green House, 9781568989501, Princeton Architectural Press, May 2010
Technology & Engineering

European Directory of Sustainable and Energy Efficient Building 1999

Components, Services, Materials

Author: John Goulding

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134258534

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 7535

This directory has become a valued source of information for energy-efficient building designers and specifiers throughout Europe and the details and scope of product, service and supplier listings have again been extensively updated for this edition.
Architecture

Global Warming and the Built Environment

Author: D.K. Prasad,R. Samuels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135814880

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 4317

The role of the built environment on global warming is seen to be of increasing relevance. In this book, contributors of international repute offer a wide perspectivet on the subject. This new paperback edition offers insights and techniques regarding design and management of buildings and urban settlement and discusses the issues of accountability and responsibility.
Architecture

Designing with Solar Power

A Source Book for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)

Author: Deo Prasad,Mark Snow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134032501

Category: Architecture

Page: 252

View: 8866

Designing with Solar Power is the result of international collaborative research and development work carried out within the framework of the International Energy Agency's Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (PVPS) and performed within its Task 7 on 'Photovoltaic power systems in the built environment'. Each chapter of this precisely detailed and informative book has been prepared by an international expert in a specific area related to the development, use and application of building-integrated photovoltaics (BiPV). Chapters not only cover the basics of solar power and electrical concepts, but also investigate the ways in which photovoltaics can be integrated into the design and creation of buildings equipped for the demands of the 21st century. The potential for BiPV, in both buildings and other structures, is explored together with broader issues such as market deployment, and international marketing and government strategies. In addition, more than 20 contemporary international case studies describe in detail how building-integrated photovoltaics have been applied to new and existing buildings, and discuss the architectural and technical quality, and the success of various strategies. Packed with photographs and illustrations, this book is an invaluable companion for architects, builders, designers, engineers, students and all involved with the exciting possibilities of building-integrated photovoltaics.
Science

Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation

Author: Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Jon Barnett,David Rissik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111884503X

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 7465

The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptationpractices through a series of case studies. It presents importantevidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, thecoastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems,indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. Inaddition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book containshorizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptationresearch, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck,Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long historyof adapting to climate variability and change, and in recentdecades has been a world-leader in implementing and researchingadaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all thoseworking to adapt our environment and societies to climatechange.
Juvenile Nonfiction

City Science

Author: McDougal Littel

Publisher: McDougal Littel

ISBN: 9780618415816

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 7217

Guide for teachers offering ways to teach science in an urban environment.
Architecture

Environmentally Friendly Cities

Proceedings of Plea 1998, Passive and Low Energy Architecture, 1998, Lisbon, Portugal, June 1998

Author: Eduardo Maldonado

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134256299

Category: Architecture

Page: 700

View: 2659

The 15th Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) conference considered the issues of sustainability and environmental friendliness at the city scale. Some 150 papers address the many and varied questions faced by architects and planners in reducing the impact on the environment of cities and their buildings.
Technology & Engineering

Sustainable Water Management Solutions for Large Cities

Author: Dragan A. Savic (Bauingenieur)

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 301

View: 5587

An excellent compendium of current water management and planning for, in, and around large cities in the developing world, including cities such as Ibadan and Lagos (Nigeria), Delhi and Chennai (India), Shijiazhuang, Tienjing and Luoyang (China), Mexico City, Sao Paulo and Curitibe (Brazil), as well as Zagreb and Dresden in eastern Europe.
Architecture and energy conservation

A Research Agenda

Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems for the Office of Building Energy Research and Development, the U.S. Department of Energy

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems for Phase II.,Richard C. Jordon

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture and energy conservation

Page: 59

View: 8944

Nature

Atmospheric Chemistry

Models and Predictions for Climate and Air Quality

Author: Christine S. Sloane,T. W. Tesche

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873713108

Category: Nature

Page: 184

View: 6001

This book draws upon the knowledge and experience of modeling experts currently engaged in conducting assessments regarding the predictive strength of atmospheric models. The book covers all of the major important atmospheric areas, including large scale models for ozone depletion and global warming, regional scale models for urban smog (ozone and visibility impairment) and acid rain, as well as accompanying models of cloud processes and biofeedbacks. Atmospheric scientists and regulators should consider this book required reading.
Architecture and climate

Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design

Author: Baruch Givoni

Publisher: International Thomson Publishing Services

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture and climate

Page: 464

View: 1146

Aimed at architecture and urban planning professionals and students alike, Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design offers real-life solutions to climatological site planning and design issues, helping to settle disputes about site orientation, site organization, and the assembly of building materials.