American journalists in the 1990s confronted disturbing trends-an erosion of trust in the news media, weakening demand for serious news, flagging interest in politics and civic affairs, and a discouraging public climate that seemed to be getting worse. In response, some news professionals sought to breach the growing gap between press and public with an experimental approach-public journalism. This book is an account of the movement for public journalism, or civic journalism, told by Jay Rosen, one of its leading developers and defenders. Rosen recalls the events that led to the movement’s founding and gives a range of examples of how public journalism is practiced in American newsrooms.
Muhlmann is highly regarded as one of the outstanding young scholars of journalism and political communication. Polity recently published 'A Political History of Journalism' by the same author. This book is designed as a companion volume; it focuses on the relation of journalism to democracy.
A professional pollster argues that public opinion polling is good for American Democracy.. What do we really know about public opinion polls? Are they as flawed as conventional wisdom implies? How accurate are the polls, really? How can we spot a bad poll? Why do politicians and journalists have a love-hate relationship with polls? How do polls help us interpret history? Why has public opinion polling become so popular in other countries?In the 2000 national elections USD100 million was spent on campaign polling alone. A USD5 billion industry from Gallup to Zogby, public opinion polling is growing rapidly with the explosion of consumer-oriented market research, political and media polling, and controversial Internet polling. By many measuresfrom editorial cartoons to bumper stickerswe hate pollsters and their polls. We think of polling as hopelessly flawed, invasive of our privacy, and just plain annoying. At times we even argue that polling is illegal, unconstitutional, and downright un-American. Yet we crave the information polling provides. What do other Americans think about gun control? School vouchers? Airline performance? Or the Yankees chances for winning another World Series? Pollsters consult with jurists on the best venue for a controversial criminal trial. They advise car manufacturers on which paint colors to use for a new model. They guide city councils in how to divide public funding across competing priorities.Ken Warren closes this book with an especially candid report card on how 13 major pollsters fared in predicting the November 2000 presidential contest and how pollsters fared in making 136 projections in congressional and gubernatorial races across the United States. Despite the wild swings of the political season most pollsters were remarkably accurate in forecasting the results. Based on extensive interviews with major pollsters and a wide examination of current polling practices and results, In Defense of Public Opinion Polling argues strongly that well conducted scientific polls are not only accurate, but are valuable tools in understanding society and promoting its own best interests.
Responsible Journalism addresses the contentious issue of defining journalistic responsibility. The authors identify the functions that news media take responsibility for performing in society and the philosophy behind specific obligations. They consider the relationship between news media responsibility and legal and press theories. They ask and answer many fundamental ethical questions concerning the media's role in Western democracies.
Confronted daily with decisions on how to present their stories, what to write and what not to write, journalists and the media are frequently accused of sensationalizing, of choosing to report the bad news, and of misquoting those they interview. In this substantially updated edition of Morals and the Media, Nick Russell addresses many of the concerns the public has about the media as he examines why the media behave the way they do. He also discusses how values have been developed and applied and suggests value systems that can be used to judge special situations.
At a time when the media’s relation to power is at the forefront of political discussion, this book considers how journalists can affect public discourse on politics, economy and society at large. From well-known and respected authors providing all new material, Making Journalists considers journalism education, training, practice and professionalism across a wide range of countries, including Saudi Arabia, Africa, India, USA and the UK. The book offers insights into: what journalism is how education makes the journalist and, therefore, the news models of journalism taught and practised across the globe the ethical implications of the process. When news reporting can lead to decisions on whether or not to got to war, everything can be affected by journalists and their mediation of the world. This text brings these present issues together in one invaluable resource for all students of journalism, politics and media studies.
As newspapers and broadcast news outlets direct more resources toward online content, print reporters and photojournalists are picking up video cameras and crafting new kinds of stories with their lenses. Creating multimedia video journalism requires more than simply adapting traditional broadcast techniques: it calls for a new way of thinking about how people engage with the news and with emerging media technologies. In this guide, Kurt Lancaster teaches students and professional journalists how to shoot better video and tell better stories on the web, providing a strong understanding of cinematic storytelling and documentary production so their videos will stand out from the crowd. Video Journalism for the Web introduces students to all the basic skills and techniques of good video journalism and documentary storytelling, from shots and camera movements to sound and editing--as well as offering tips for developing compelling, character-driven narratives and using social media to launch a successful career as a "backpack journalist." Shooting, editing, and writing exercises throughout the book allow students to put these techniques into practice, and case studies and interviews with top documentary journalists provide real-world perspectives on a career in video journalism. This book gives aspiring documentary journalists the tools they need to get out in the field and start shooting unforgettable multimedia stories.
'The ultimate book on the creative skills of journalism' - Writing Magazine 'Useful and timely... it is refreshing to discover a book so overtly designed to inspire students to think about what can make writing good - or even great.' - Media International Australia This is a book about the art of writing for newspapers and magazine, but doesn't look at punctuation, spelling and the stylistic conventions of 'everyday' journalism. Instead, Good Writing For Journalists presents extended examples of writing which are powerful, memorable, colourful or funny. Each piece will be contextualised and analysed encouraging readers to learn from the best practitioners. This book will inspire those who want to make their writing individual and memorable. Along the way the major elements of non-fiction writing will be introduced, in chapters organised by genre - profile writing, reportage, news analysis, investigation, sports writing, personal and opinion columns and 'lifestyle' among them. Phillip's book sees itself as a natural successor to Wolfe & Johnson's seminal The New Journalism (1975). By adopting a larger sweeping and tailoring itself for the contemporary journalistic arena, this book will be an essential purchase for the discerning journalist and journalism student.
`Will prove extremely relevant and popular on courses where students are pursuing Media and Journalism degrees' - Granville Williams, Huddersfield University `Journalism: Principles and Practice is essential reading for students, teachers and journalists. It seems destined to become a classic text of journalism education' - Professor Bob Franklin, Cardiff University 'Journalism: Principles and Practice combines practical advice with critical reflection and draws on Tony's 20 years' experience as a journalist. It explains how to "do journalism", how to be a journalist and how to relate all the well-intentioned theory about the profession to doing the real job in the real world' - Hold the Front Page `Novel, user-friendly layout... exhilarating and inspiring... seldom, if ever, have the practical and the theoretical been so well assimilated' - Free Press `This excellent and easy-to-read book will help young journalists understand the real nature of today's media - and their role within in' - Jeremy Dear, NUJ, General Secretary Offering a wide-ranging introduction to journalism and combining the experience and advice of practising journalists with insights gained by the academic study of journalism, Journalism: Principles and Practice: - relates theory to practice throughout - spans print, broadcasting and online journalism - includes sections on news, features, sources, interviewing, and ethics - includes a Style Guide for Journalists and a list of useful websites In addition to explaining `how to do' journalism, each chapter introduces a range of more theoretical concepts designed to encourage reflective practice. However, it also uses the perspective of practitioners to question media theory.
This book presents findings from the most comprehensive and representative study ever done of the demographic and educational backgrounds, working conditions, and professional and ethical values of U.S. print and broadcast journalists working in the 1990s, including separate analyses for women and minority news people. It compares many of these findings with those from the major studies of the early 1970s and 1980s. As such, it should be the standard reference on U.S. journalists for years to come.