Labor unions

When Police Unionise

The Politics of Law and Order in Australia

Author: Mark Finnane

Publisher: Institute of Criminology University of Sydney

ISBN: 9781864874648

Category: Labor unions

Page: 258

View: 2179

Once upon a time police were not allowed to unionise. Now they are among the most highly unionised of workers. When Police Unionise shows how that happened in Australia. More than that however - this book is a study of the contemporary politics of policing, about the generation of law and order politics in Australia since the 1960s, and about the implications of these developments for the way criminal justice systems work. The highly publicised intervention of the Queensland Police Union in the 1996 Mundingburra by-election is the starting point for a study of the longer history of political activity of police. Set against an international context of increasing police militancy, the book examines the very early unionisation of police in Australia, the turmoil of police industrial relations during the inter-war decades, the combative approach of police commissioners like Blamey in Victoria and MacKay in New South Wales, the optimistic post-war alliance with the Australian labour movement, its collapse in the 1960s and the subsequent emergence of a more autonomous, belligerent and ambitious police union culture. This is a critical appraisal of the politics of law and order in Australia, seen from the perspective of police in their role as workers and employees. The book helps us understand why police have the voice they do in public debates about crime, justice and policing - and why their impact is nevertheless limited by the play of politics in contemporary Australia.
Social Science

Policing Cooperation Across Borders

Comparative Perspectives on Law Enforcement within the EU and Australia

Author: Saskia Hufnagel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317079159

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 9034

This book provides new insights into police cooperation from a comparative socio-legal perspective. It presents a broad analysis of comparable police cooperation strategies in two systems: the EU and Australia. The evolution of regulatory trends and cooperation models is analysed for both systems and possible transferable strategies identified. Drawing on interviews with practitioners in the EU and Australia this book highlights a number of areas where the EU can be compared to a federal system and addresses the advantages and disadvantages of being a Union or a federation of states with a view to police cooperation practice. Particular topics addressed are the evolution of legal frameworks regulating police cooperation, informal cooperation strategies, Joint Investigation Teams, Europol and regional cooperation. These instruments foster police cooperation, but could be improved with a view to cooperation practice by learning from regulatory techniques and practitioner experiences of the respective other system.
Social Science

Recapturing Freedom

Issues Relating to the Release of Long-term Prisoners Into the Community

Author: Dot Goulding

Publisher: Hawkins Press

ISBN: 9781876067182

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 4001

Recapturing Freedom is about the experience of long-term prisoners as they prepare for release. Dot Goulding shows the connection between the institutionalisation that strips inmates of their identity in order to make them tractable, and their subsequent, all-too-common failure to cope with life on the outside. Her book is based on extensive in-depth interviews with male and female prisoners. Recurring themes are the relentless surveillance and control to which prisoners are subjected, and the centrality of violence and brutalisation in the prison experience - group violence, sexual violence and, according to the interviewees, violence which is officially sanctioned. Recapturing Freedom shows why most long-term prisoners find freedom so hard to recapture - physically free but mentally still locked into a subculture of brutality, isolation and deprivation, it is most often prison that recaptures them. Goulding finishes her book with suggestions on how, taking account of the actual experiences of prisoners, this endless cycle of recidivism might be stopped.
History

Isolation

Places and Practices of Exclusion

Author: Alison Bashford,Carolyn Strange

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134391129

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6294

This book examines the coercive and legally sanctioned strategies of exclusion and segregation undertaken over the last two centuries in a wide range of contexts. The political and cultural history of this period raises a number of questions about coercive exclusion. The essays in this collection examine why isolation has been such a persistent strategy in liberal and non-liberal nations, in colonial and post-colonial states and why practices of exclusion proliferated over the modern period, precisely when legal and political concepts of 'freedom' were invented. In addition to offering new perspectives on the continuum of medico-penal sites of isolation from the asylum to the penitentiary, Isolation looks at less well-known sites, from leper villages to refugee camps to Native reserves.
Law

Global Issues, Women and Justice

Author: Sharon Pickering,Caroline Lambert

Publisher: Institute of Criminology, Sydney

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 378

View: 4642

Global Issues, Women and Justice explores the ways women seek justice through the nation-state, global process, and international criminal justice mechanisms. It draws on a diversity of academic and advocate voices in examining how women have accessed justice under conditions of globalization, militarization, and colonization. Global Issues, Women and Justice will appeal to academics and activists as a valuable resource for research. As well, it provides numerous case studies of the ways women have mobilized to achieve justice, which will be useful both in the classroom and in campaigning.
Law

Comparative and International Criminal Justice

Traditional and Nontraditional Systems of Law and Control

Author: Charles B. Fields,Richter H. Moore

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 598

View: 1348

"Geographic and cultural diversity is well represented in this volume. Traditional systems of justice are included, as well as some very nonconventional methods of dispute resolution and punishment. This finely tuned international collection will enhance a reader's appreciation and understanding of widely diverse approaches to law and control in selected cultural systems that differ greatly from familiar Western-based attitudes. Fields and Moore's collection provides readers with valuable twenty-first-century insight into the increasing complexity and interconnectedness of international criminal justice."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Industrial relations

Employment Relations Record

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Industrial relations

Page: N.A

View: 436

Arabes - Australie - Opinion publique

Bin Laden in the Suburbs

Criminalising the Arab Other

Author: Scott Poynting

Publisher: Institute of Criminology, Sydney

ISBN: 9780975196700

Category: Arabes - Australie - Opinion publique

Page: 333

View: 8004

Argues that we are witnessing the emergence of the 'Arab Other' as the pre-emininent 'folk devil' of our time. This Arab Other functions in the national imaginary to prop up the project for national belonging. It has little to do with the lived experiences of Arab or Muslim Australians and everything to do with a host of anxieties.
Law

Cultural Software

A Theory of Ideology

Author: J. M. Balkin

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300084504

Category: Law

Page: 335

View: 9881

In this book J. M. Balkin offers a strikingly original theory of cultural evolution, a theory that explains shared understandings, disagreement, and diversity within cultures. Drawing on many fields of study--including anthropology, evolutionary theory, cognitive science, linguistics, sociology, political theory, philosophy, social psychology, and law--the author explores how cultures grow and spread, how shared understandings arise, and how people of different cultures can understand and evaluate each other's views. Cultural evolution occurs through the transmission of cultural information and know-how--"cultural software"--in human minds, Balkin says. Individuals embody cultural software and spread it to others through communication and social learning. Ideology, the author contends, is neither a special nor a pathological form of thought but an ordinary product of the evolution of cultural software. Because cultural understanding is a patchwork of older imperfect tools that are continually adapted to solve new problems, human understanding is partly adequate and partly inadequate to the pursuit of justice. Balkin presents numerous examples that illuminate the sources of ideological effects and their contributions to injustice. He also enters the current debate over multiculturalism, applying his theory to problems of mutual understanding between people who hold different worldviews. He argues that cultural understanding presupposes transcendent ideals and shows how both ideological analysis of others and ideological self-criticism are possible.
Business & Economics

World Development Report 2017

Governance and the Law

Author: World Bank Group

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464809518

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6583

Why are carefully designed, sensible policies too often not adopted or implemented? When they are, why do they often fail to generate development outcomes such as security, growth, and equity? And why do some bad policies endure? World Development Report 2017: Governance and the Law addresses these fundamental questions, which are at the heart of development. Policy making and policy implementation do not occur in a vacuum. Rather, they take place in complex political and social settings, in which individuals and groups with unequal power interact within changing rules as they pursue conflicting interests. The process of these interactions is what this Report calls governance, and the space in which these interactions take place, the policy arena. The capacity of actors to commit and their willingness to cooperate and coordinate to achieve socially desirable goals are what matter for effectiveness. However, who bargains, who is excluded, and what barriers block entry to the policy arena determine the selection and implementation of policies and, consequently, their impact on development outcomes. Exclusion, capture, and clientelism are manifestations of power asymmetries that lead to failures to achieve security, growth, and equity. The distribution of power in society is partly determined by history. Yet, there is room for positive change. This Report reveals that governance can mitigate, even overcome, power asymmetries to bring about more effective policy interventions that achieve sustainable improvements in security, growth, and equity. This happens by shifting the incentives of those with power, reshaping their preferences in favor of good outcomes, and taking into account the interests of previously excluded participants. These changes can come about through bargains among elites and greater citizen engagement, as well as by international actors supporting rules that strengthen coalitions for reform.
Education

From Here to University

Access, Mobility, and Resilience Among Urban Latino Youth

Author: Alexander Jun

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415932363

Category: Education

Page: 157

View: 7890

According to some politicians and much of the mainstream media, immigrant populations only contribute crime to their communities. Seen as unmotivated and unemployed, these immigrants are thought to be a threat to society's moral fiber, and a burden to its justice system. Ramiro Martinez tells a very different story in Latino Homicide. Studying five major cities--Chicago, El Paso, Houston, Miami, and San Diego--Martinez reveals Latino homicide rates to be markedly lower than one would expect, given the economic deprivation of these urban areas. Far from dangerous or criminal, these communities often have exceptionally strong social networks precisely because of their shared immigrant experiences. With fascinating case studies drawn from police reports and actual cases, Latino Homicide refutes negative stereotypes in a coherent and critically rigorous analysis of the issues.
Religion

The Cultic Milieu

Oppositional Subcultures in an Age of Globalization

Author: Jeffrey S. Kaplan,Heléne Lööw

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 075911658X

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 7936

In 1972—a period of social upheaval much like today—sociologist Colin Campbell posited a 'cultic milieu': An underground region where true seekers test hidden, forgotten, and forbidden knowledge. Ideas and allegiances within the milieu change as individuals move between loosely organized groups, but the larger milieu persists in opposition to the dominant culture. Jeffrey Kaplan and Helene Loow find Campbell's theory especially useful in coming to grips with the varied oppositional groups of today.
Social Science

Crime and Justice at the Millennium

Essays by and in Honor of Marvin E. Wolfgang

Author: Robert A. Silverman,Terence P. Thornberry,Bernard Cohen,Barry Krisberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475748833

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 9687

Ira Lipman Marvin Wolfgang was the greatest criminologist in the United States of America in the last half of the 20th century, if not the entire century. We first met on March 3, 1977, in Philadelphia. I sought him out after his work with Edwin Newman's NBC Reports: Violence in America. He was a tender, loving, caring individual who loved excellence-whether it be an intellectual challenge, the arts or any other pursuit. It is a great privilege to take part in honoring Marvin Wolfgang, a great American. Our approaches to the subject of crime came from different perspectives one as a researcher and the other as the founder of one of the world's largest security services companies. We both wanted to understand the causes of crime, and our discussions began a more than 21-year friendship, based on mutual respect and shared values. Dr. Wolfgang's scholarship aimed for the goal of promoting a safer, more prosperous society, one in which economic opportunity replaced criminal enterprise. He never saw crime in isolation but as part of a complex web of social relations. Only by understanding the causes and patterns of crime can society find ways to prevent it. Only through scholarship can the criminal justice community influence policy makers. To encourage the innovative scholarship that marked Marvin's career, Guardsmark established the Lipman Criminology Library at the University of Pennsylvania, at his request, and created a national criminology award in his name, the Wolfgang Award for Distinguished Achievement in Criminology.
Social Science

Mexico’s Mandarins

Crafting a Power Elite for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Roderic Camp

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520936388

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 2688

This groundbreaking study marks the culmination of over twenty years of research by one of this country's most prominent Mexico scholars. Roderic Ai Camp provides a detailed, comprehensive examination of Mexico's power elite—their political power, societal influence, and the crucial yet often overlooked role mentoring plays in their rise to the top. In the course of this book, he traces the careers of approximately four hundred of the country's most notable politicians, military officers, clergy, intellectuals, and capitalists. Thoroughly researched and drawn from in-depth interviews with some of Mexico's most powerful players, Mexico's Mandarins provides insight into the machinations of Mexican leadership and an important glimpse into the country's future as it steps onto the global stage.
History

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Parties and Interest Groups

Author: L. Sandy Maisel,Jeffrey M. Berry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199604479

Category: History

Page: 699

View: 4886

The Oxford Handbooks of American Politics are the essential guide to the study of American political life in the 21st Century. With engaging new contributions from the major figures in the field of political parties and interest groups this Handbook is a key point of reference for anyone working in American Politics today.
Social Science

The Blue-Coated Worker

A Sociological Study of Police Unionism

Author: Robert Reiner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521294829

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 5591

This 1978 book addresses the way in which police unions had become increasingly militant and formed a significant political force, demanding better pay and conditions and a say in social and penal policy. In this study, Robert Reiner considers the development of British police unionization, and the views of the police themselves towards unionism. Dr Reiner is able to relate these two issues to one another particularly insightfully as a result of his interviews with a sample of policemen in a large city force, which illustrate the policeman's world-view. The central contention of the book is that the police occupy a contradictory position in class structure. Economically they are employees who form unions to advance their interests like other workers, but their political role of preserving the social order imposes special inhibitions on the character of their unionism, and can alienate them from other trade unionists.
Social Science

The Gift of Generations

Japanese and American Perspectives on Aging and the Social Contract

Author: Akiko Hashimoto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521555203

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 6019

The Gift of Generations is a comparative study of aging and the social contract in Japan and the United States. By using original, systematically comparable data collected in these countries, the book explores the different cultural definitions of vulnerability and giving, and the ways they shape and constrain the social strategies of routinizing helping arrangements. The book succeeds in interweaving the theory and practice of the social contract by developing the concept of symbolic equity.
Business & Economics

Season of Hope

Economic Reform Under Mandela and Mbeki

Author: Alan Hirsch,Sally Hines

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 1552502155

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 3372

Offers an insight into the circumstances under which the policies were developed, implemented and reviewed, as well as a study of the outcomes. This book addresses questions such as: How could an organisation with no previous experience of governing accomplish a peaceful transition to democracy? How did they do it and where are they going?
Business & Economics

Moral Sentiments and Material Interests

The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life

Author: Herbert Gintis

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262072526

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 9278

Multidisciplinary research into cooperation and the implications for public policy, drawing on insights from economics, anthropology, biology, social psychology, and sociology.
Political Science

Democratising Development

The Politics of Socio-economic Rights in South Africa : [proceedings]

Author: Peris Jones,Kristian Stokke

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004148213

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 2702

What are the prospects and means of achieving development through a democratic politics of socio-economic rights? Starting from the position that socio-economic rights are as legally and normatively valid as civil and political rights, this anthology explores the politics of acquiring and transforming socio-economic rights in South Africa. The post-apartheid South African experience shows that democracy is not a guarantee for elimination of poverty and inequality, but also that democratic institutions and politics may provide means for addressing past and present injustices. Thus it is argued that democratic politics of socio-economic rights democratises development while also developing democracy.