Social Science

Women and Journalism

Author: Suzanne Franks

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857734172

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

View: 5187

In many countries, the majority of high profile journalists and editors remain male. Although there have been considerable changes in the prospects for women working in the media in the past few decades, women are still noticeably in the minority in the top journalistic roles, despite making up the majority of journalism students. In this book, Suzanne Franks looks at the key issues surrounding female journalists – from on-screen sexism and ageism to the dangers facing female foreign correspondents reporting from war zones. She also analyses the way that the changing digital media have presented both challenges and opportunities for women working in journalism and considers this in an international perspective. . In doing so, this book provides an overview of the ongoing imbalances faced by women in the media and looks at the key issues hindering gender equality in journalism.
Law

Journalism and PR

News Media and Public Relations in the Digital Age

Author: John Lloyd,Laura Toogood

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857737414

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 1054

Public relations and journalism have had a difficult relationship for over a century, characterised by mutual dependence and – often – mutual distrust. The two professions have vied with each other for primacy: journalists could open or close the gates, but PR had the stories, the contacts and often the budgets for extravagant campaigns. The arrival of the internet, and especially of social media, has changed much of that. These new technologies have turned the audience into players – who play an important part in making the reputation, and the brand, of everyone from heads of state to new car models vulnerable to viral tweets and social media attacks. Companies, parties and governments are seeking more protection – especially since individuals within these organisations can themselves damage, even destroy, their brand or reputation with an ill-chosen remark or an appearance of arrogance. The pressures, and the possibilities, of the digital age have given public figures and institutions both a necessity to protect themselves, and channels to promote themselves free of news media gatekeepers. Political and corporate communications professionals have become more essential, and more influential within the top echelons of business, politics and other institutions. Companies and governments can now – must now – become media themselves, putting out a message 24/7, establishing channels of their own, creating content to attract audiences and reaching out to their networks to involve them in their strategies Journalism is being brought into these new, more influential and fast growing communications strategies. And, as newspapers struggle to stay alive, journalists must adapt to a world where old barriers are being smashed and new relationships built – this time with public relations in the driving seat. The world being created is at once more protected and more transparent; the communicators are at once more influential and more fragile. This unique study illuminates a new media age.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Women and Journalism

Author: Deborah Chambers,Linda Steiner,Carole Fleming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134496192

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 5529

Women and Journalism offers a rich and comprehensive analysis of the roles, status and experiences of women journalists in the United States and Britain. Drawing on a variety of sources and dealing with a host of women journalists ranging from nineteenth century pioneers to Martha Gellhorn, Kate Adie and Veronica Guerin, the authors investigate the challenges women have faced in their struggle to establish reputations as professionals. This book provides an account of the gendered structuring of journalism in print, radio and television and speculates about women's still-emerging role in online journalism. Their accomplishments as war correspondents are tracked to the present, including a study of the role they played post-September 11th.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Reporting the EU

News, Media and the European Institutions

Author: John Lloyd,Cristina Marconi

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857737406

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 128

View: 5977

In recent years, media coverage of the European Union has faced its most serious test. The interlinked crises in the Union have severely tested the expertise of the EU press corps, many of whom have struggled to cope with its complexities, and have thrown into sharper relief the differences among the national coverages. At the same time, the crises have deepened trends towards euro scepticism in many EU member states – thus putting pressure on correspondents to be more sceptical, analytical, argumentative and even hostile, in their reporting. This development has revealed a greater gulf between reporters - who are now more sceptical than their predecessors - and the press service and officials of the EU, who remain strongly committed to the narrative of an ‘ever-closer union’. Yet – in contrast to the rising euro scepticism – the crises have emphasised the need perceived by European officials and many European politicians for deeper integration, at least among Euro currency members, to cope with the crisis. This book, based on extensive interviews with EU correspondents, editors, public relations and other EU executives, will reveal for the first time how this powerful group of institutions at the heart of the Union are covered – or are not covered. The analysis and critique of the present coverage also carries a series of recommendations on how it might be made to better serve the citizens of the EU members. The authors highlight the structural and historic difficulties in covering a multinational institution, and the struggle – generally unsuccessful – to develop a journalism which can fully hold the institutions to account, and find an audience which goes beyond the narrow circles of professionals and politicians who are closely concerned with the business of the Union.
Political Science

Political Journalism in Transition

Western Europe in a Comparative Perspective

Author: Raymond Kuhn,Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857734792

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5849

The 21st century has already seen dramatic changes affecting both journalism and politics. The rise of a range of new digital and networked communication technologies combined with the stagnation and decline of many traditional mass media has had a profound impact on political journalism. The arrival of new digital media has affected the ways in which political actors communicate with the public, with or without journalists as intermediaries. Newspapers that once held political leaders to account are now struggling to survive; broadcasters that once gathered whole nations for the evening news are now fighting for relevance faced with innumerable new competitors on cable and digital television; online-only media, such as blogs and social networking sites, are changing how we communicate about politics. News media remain central to political processes, but the ways in which journalists and politicians interact are changing. This book examines how and provides a comprehensive and comparative analysis of the state of political journalism in Western Europe today, including the many challenges facing journalists in this important period of transition.
Political Science

Transparency in Politics and the Media

Accountability and Open Government

Author: Nigel Bowles,James T Hamilton,David Levy

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780766769

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8917

Increasingly governments around the world are experimenting with initiatives in transparency or 'open government'. These involve a variety of measures including the announcement of more user-friendly government websites, greater access to government data, the extension of freedom of information legislation and broader attempts to involve the public in government decision making. However, the role of the media in these initiatives has not hitherto been examined. This volume analyses the challenges and opportunities presented to journalists as they attempt to hold governments accountable in an era of professed transparency. In examining how transparency and open government initiatives have affected the accountability role of the press in the US and the UK, it also explores how policies in these two countries could change in the future to help journalists hold governments more accountable. This volume will be essential reading for all practising journalists, for students of journalism or politics, and for policymakers.
Nature

Climate Change in the Media

Reporting Risk and Uncertainty

Author: Jame Painter

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780765886

Category: Nature

Page: 138

View: 1330

Scientists and politicians are increasingly using the language of risk to describe the climate change challenge. Some researchers have argued that stressing the ‘risks’ posed by climate change rather than the ‘uncertainties’ can create a more helpful context for policy makers and a stronger response from the public. However, understanding the concepts of risk and uncertainty – and how to communicate them – is a hotly debated issue. In this book, James Painter analyses how the international media present these and other narratives surrounding climate change. He focuses on the coverage of reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and of the melting ice of the Arctic Sea, and includes six countries: Australia, France, India, Norway, the UK and the USA.
History

Local Journalism

The Decline of Newspapers and the Rise of Digital Media

Author: Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1784533211

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9697

For more than a century, local journalism has been taken almost for granted. But the twenty-first century has brought major challenges. The newspaper industry that has historically provided most local coverage is in decline and it is not yet clear whether digital media will sustain new forms of local journalism. This book provides an international overview of the challenges facing changing forms of local journalism today. It identifies the central role that diminished newspapers still play in local media ecosystems, analyses relations between local journalists and politicians, government officials, community activists and ordinary citizens, and examines the uneven rise of new forms of digital local journalism. Together, the chapters present a multi-faceted portrait of the precarious present and uncertain future of local journalism in the Western world.
Journalists

The Kidnapping of Journalists

Reporting from High-Risk Conflict Zones

Author: Robert G. Picard,Hannah Storm

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: 9781784535896

Category: Journalists

Page: 128

View: 946

The vulnerability of journalists to kidnappings was starkly illustrated by the killing of James Foley and Steven Sotloff by Islamic militants in 2014. Their murder underscored the risks taken by journalists and news organisations trying to cover developments in dangerous regions of the world and has forced news enterprises to more clearly prepare for and confront issues of safety. This book explores the complex organisational issues surrounding the capture or kidnapping of journalists in areas of conflict and risk. It explores how journalists 'becoming news' is covered and the implications of that coverage, how news organisations prepare for and respond to such events, and how kidnapping and ransom insurers, victim recovery firms, journalists' families, and governments influence the actions of news enterprises. It considers how and why journalists are kidnapped, how employers and journalists' organisations respond to kidnappings and why freelancers are particularly at risk as well as suggesting best practices for preventing and responding to kidnappings.
Computers

Innovators in Digital News

Author: Lucy Küng

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857739964

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 5624

News organisations are struggling with technology transitions and fearful for their future. Yet some organisations are succeeding. Why are organisations such as Vice and BuzzFeed investing in journalism and why are pedigree journalists joining them? Why are news organisations making journalists redundant but recruiting technologists? Why does everyone seem to be embracing native advertising? Why are some news organisations more innovative than others? Drawing on extensive first-hand research this book explains how different international media organisations approach digital news and pinpoints the common organisational factors that help build their success.
History

Afghanistan

Lifting the Veil

Author: Reuters

Publisher: Reuters Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 8320

Text and photographs by Reuters employees--including a former Soviet officer and an Afghan who stayed in Kabul--depict modern Afghanistan, the role of Osama bin Laden, the situation of women, and the War on Terrorism.
Political Science

Reporting Disasters

Famine, Aid, Politics and the Media

Author: Suzanne Franks

Publisher: Hurst Publishers

ISBN: 1849042888

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2110

The media reporting of the Ethiopian Famine in 1984-5 was an iconic news event. It is widely believed to have had an unprecedented impact, challenging perceptions of Africa and mobilising public opinion and philanthropic action in a dramatic new way. The contemporary international configuration of aid, media pressure, and official policy is still directly affected and sometimes distorted by what was––as this narrative shows––also an inaccurate and misleading story. In popular memory, the reporting of the Ethiopian famine and the resulting humanitarian intervention were a great success. Yet alternative interpretations give a radically different picture of misleading journalism and an aid effort which did more harm than good. Using privileged access to BBC and Government archives, Reporting Disasters examines and reveals the internal factors which drove BBC news and offers a rare case study of how the media can affect public opinion and policymaking. It constructs the process that accounts for the immensity of the news event, following the response at the heart of government to the pressure of public opinion. And it shows that, while the reporting and the altruistic festival that it produced triggered remarkable and identifiable changes, the ongoing impact was not what the conventional account claims it to have been.
Biography & Autobiography

Woman of Substances

Author: Jenny Valentish

Publisher: Head of Zeus Ltd

ISBN: 1788541626

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 6855

Journalist Jenny Valentish takes a gendered look at drugs and alcohol, using her own story to light the way. Mining the expertise of 35 leading researchers, clinicians and psychiatrists, she explores the early predictors of addictive behaviour, such as trauma, temperament and impulsivity. Drawing on neuroscience, she explains why other self-destructive behaviours – such as eating disorders, compulsive buying and high-risk sex – are interchangeable with problematic substance use. From her childhood in suburban Slough to her chaotic formative years in the London music scene, we follow her journey to Australia, where she experiences firsthand treatment facilities and AA groups, and reflects whether or not they are meeting the needs of women. Woman of Substances is an insightful, rigorous and brutally honest read. In Australia it was nominated for a prestigious Walkley Book Award. 'Employing expert interviews and research, each rich personal episode is contextualised within the under-examined issue of women's substance abuse. Detailed, insightful and told with a feature writer's narrative flair' Bookseller and Publisher. 'Engages readers with storytelling while presenting scientific findings and theories in a way that is accessible to a broad audience' Broadsheet. 'Part monograph, part memoir, part Ginsbergian howl of outrage at a culture in which gender bias is a tenet. It is a work of compellingly articulate anger' The Australian. 'In straightforward, lively prose she relates even her darkest moments without self-pity or aggrandisement, and often with a streak of gallows humour, leading to more laugh-out-loud lines than you might expect' The Saturday Paper. 'We need books like this, and writers like Valentish, to give voice to our frustrations and concerns, to help legitimise and mobilise' Kill Your Darlings. 'Valentish's passion lies in exploring the underlying causes and their effects and, in the most female of ways, offering companionship and reassurance for her readers' The Monthly. 'Doesn't mince her words' Sydney Morning Herald.
Social Science

Transformations in Egyptian Journalism

Author: Naomi Sakr

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857732927

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 4333

Egypt’s revolutionary uprising in 2011 raised important questions about the kind of journalism that would be viable in the country’s changing political dynamics. Suddenly the output of bloggers, online radio and social media news operations, which had all formed part of the groundswell of action against dictatorship and repression, posed an explicit challenge to journalists in state-run and commercial media companies who were more directly subject to government controls. As different interest groups struggle over the country’s future, Naomi Sakr considers emerging visions of journalism in Egypt. In this book she charts recent transformations in Egyptian journalism, exploring diverse approaches to converged media and the place of participatory cross-media networks in expanding and developing the country’s body of professional journalists. She analyses journalists’ initiatives for restructuring publicly-owned media and securing a safe and open environment in which to work.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Doing Ethics in Journalism

A Handbook with Case Studies

Author: Jay Black,Bob Steele,Ralph D. Barney

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 6800

Social Science

Media and Public Shaming

Drawing the Boundaries of Disclosure

Author: Julian Petley

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857722395

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9199

The media today are frequently in conflict with people in the public eye – be they politicians and celebrities – over the disclosure of private information and behaviour. Historically, journalists have had latitude to ‘name and shame’ malfeasance of public officials and criminal behaviour, but disputes are increasingly emerging over disclosure of non-criminal personal behaviour, family issues and sexual orientation, leading commentators to question what information can really be described as being in the ‘public interest’. In this book, leading academics, commentators and journalists consider the extent to which privacy is warranted for activities outside the scope of their professional lives or when disclosure reveals duplicity related to reputations, brands, images and public personas built and conveyed through media by political and celebrity figures.
Religion

Rescuing Jesus

How People of Color, Women, and Queer Christians Are Reclaiming Evangelicalism

Author: Deborah Jian Lee

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807033472

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 8041

Journalist Deborah Jian Lee ventures into the world of progressive evangelicalism and tells the stories of the young women and men--LGBTQ and straight; white, black, Asian, Hispanic, and indigenous--at the forefront of a movement that could alter both the face and the substance of religion in the United States.--From publisher description.
Social Science

Will the Last Reporter Please Turn out the Lights

The Collapse of Journalism and What Can Be Done To Fix It

Author: Robert W. McChesney,Victor Pickard

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595587497

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1167

The sudden meltdown of the news media has sparked one of the liveliest debates in recent memory, with an outpouring of opinion and analysis crackling across journals, the blogosphere, and academic publications. Yet, until now, we have lacked a comprehensive and accessible introduction to this new and shifting terrain. In Will the Last Reporter Please Turn out the Lights, celebrated media analysts Robert W. McChesney and Victor Pickard have assembled thirty-two illuminating pieces on the crisis in journalism, revised and updated for this volume. Featuring some of today’s most incisive and influential commentators, this comprehensive collection contextualizes the predicament faced by the news media industry through a concise history of modern journalism, a hard-hitting analysis of the structural and financial causes of news media’s sudden collapse, and deeply informed proposals for how the vital role of journalism might be rescued from impending disaster. Sure to become the essential guide to the journalism crisis, Will the Last Reporter Please Turn out the Lights is both a primer on the news media today and a chronicle of a key historical moment in the transformation of the press.
Religion

Women and Media in the Middle East

Power Through Self-Expression

Author: Naomi Sakr

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850435457

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 6012

Addressing the dynamics of media ecology and women's advancements in the Middle East, this text spans both the region and media forms to identify how and where gender boundaries have been erected or crossed.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Changing Business of Journalism and Its Implications for Democracy

Author: David A. L. Levy,Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781907384011

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 152

View: 8736

The business of journalism is widely held to be in a terminal crisis today, in particular because the rise of the internet has drained audience attention and advertising revenue away from existing media platforms. This book, the first systematic international overview of how the news industry is dealing with current changes, counters such simplistic predictions of the supposedly technologically determined death of the news industry. It offers instead nuanced scrutiny of the threats and opportunities facing legacy news organisations across the world in countries as diverse as the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Finland, Brazil, and India as they transition to an increasingly convergent media landscape.