Science

Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393245209

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4981

"[An] extraordinary book. . . . Mr. Gould is an exceptional combination of scientist and science writer. . . . He is thus exceptionally well placed to tell these stories, and he tells them with fervor and intelligence."—James Gleick, New York Times Book Review High in the Canadian Rockies is a small limestone quarry formed 530 million years ago called the Burgess Shale. It hold the remains of an ancient sea where dozens of strange creatures lived—a forgotten corner of evolution preserved in awesome detail. In this book Stephen Jay Gould explores what the Burgess Shale tells us about evolution and the nature of history.
Fiction

Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 039330700X

Category: Fiction

Page: 347

View: 433

A study of the Burgess Shale, a sea bed 530 million years old, and attempts to tackle what the findings are and what it means
Burgess Shale (B.C.)

Wonderful Life

The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0099273454

Category: Burgess Shale (B.C.)

Page: 347

View: 3844

"A masterpiece of analysis and imagination... It centres on a sensantional discovery in the field of palaeontology - the existence, in the Burgess Shale...of 530-million-year-old fossils unique in age, preservation and diversity...With skill and passion, Gould takes this mute collection of fossils and makes them speak to us. The result challenges some of our most cherished self-perceptions and urges a fundamental re-assessment of our place in the history of life on earth" MICHAEL STEWART, "SUNDAY TIMES' "Gould shows again that he is unique among evolutionists in the subtlety and depth of his thinking about the history of life" R.C. LEWONTIN, "NEW YORK REVIEW OF BOOKS" "He weaves together three extraordinary themes - one palaeontological, one human, one theoretical and historical - as he discusses the discovery of the Burgess Shale, with its amazing, wonderfully preserved fossils - a time-capsule of the early Cambrian seas" OLIVER SACKS, "MAIL ON SUNDAY"
Science

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674417925

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 474

The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.
Science

Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle

Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674891999

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 9146

Examines scientific theories pertaining to the measurement of earth's history
Science

Bully for Brontosaurus: Reflections in Natural History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393340821

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 439

"Provocative and delightfully discursive essays on natural history. . . . Gould is the Stan Musial of essay writing. He can work himself into a corkscrew of ideas and improbable allusions paragraph after paragraph and then, uncoiling, hit it with such power that his fans know they are experiencing the game of essay writing at its best."--John Noble Wilford, New York Times Book Review
Science

The Crucible of Creation

The Burgess Shale and the Rise of Animals

Author: Simon Conway Morris

Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 6218

An accomplished paleontologist describes the amazing Cambrian fossils of the Burgess Shale, a deposit in Western Canada, recreates the diversity of life as it existed when the fossils were formed, and critiques Stephen Jay Gould's observations on the find. UP.
Science

Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393340414

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2281

More than any other modern scientists, Stephen Jay Gould has opened up to millions the wonders of evolutionary biology. His genius as an essayist lies in his unmatched ability to use his knowledge of the world, including popular culture, to illuminate the realm of science. Ever Since Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould's first book, has sold more than a quarter of a million copies. Like all succeeding collections by this unique writer, it brings the art of the scientific essay to unparalleled heights.
Science

Life

A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth

Author: Richard Fortey

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307761185

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 6377

By one of Britain's most gifted scientists: a magnificently daring and compulsively readable account of life on Earth (from the "big bang" to the advent of man), based entirely on the most original of all sources--the evidence of fossils. With excitement and driving intelligence, Richard Fortey guides us from the barren globe spinning in space, through the very earliest signs of life in the sulphurous hot springs and volcanic vents of the young planet, the appearance of cells, the slow creation of an atmosphere and the evolution of myriad forms of plants and animals that could then be sustained, including the magnificent era of the dinosaurs, and on to the last moment before the debut of Homo sapiens. Ranging across multiple scientific disciplines, explicating in wonderfully clear and refreshing prose their findings and arguments--about the origins of life, the causes of species extinctions and the first appearance of man--Fortey weaves this history out of the most delicate traceries left in rock, stone and earth. He also explains how, on each aspect of nature and life, scientists have reached the understanding we have today, who made the key discoveries, who their opponents were and why certain ideas won. Brimful of wit, fascinating personal experience and high scholarship, this book may well be our best introduction yet to the complex history of life on Earth. A Book-of-the-Month Club Main Selection With 32 pages of photographs From the Hardcover edition.
Science

Cambrian Ocean World

Ancient Sea Life of North America

Author: John Foster

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253011884

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 1711

This volume, aimed at the general reader, presents life and times of the amazing animals that inhabited Earth more than 500 million years ago. The Cambrian Period was a critical time in Earth’s history. During this immense span of time nearly every modern group of animals appeared. Although life had been around for more than 2 million millennia, Cambrian rocks preserve the record of the first appearance of complex animals with eyes, protective skeletons, antennae, and complex ecologies. Grazing, predation, and multi-tiered ecosystems with animals living in, on, or above the sea floor became common. The cascade of interaction led to an ever-increasing diversification of animal body types. By the end of the period, the ancestors of sponges, corals, jellyfish, worms, mollusks, brachiopods, arthropods, echinoderms, and vertebrates were all in place. The evidence of this Cambrian "explosion" is preserved in rocks all over the world, including North America, where the seemingly strange animals of the period are preserved in exquisite detail in deposits such as the Burgess Shale in British Columbia. Cambrian Ocean World tells the story of what is, for us, the most important period in our planet’s long history.
Science

The Richness of Life

The Essential Stephen Jay Gould

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393064988

Category: Science

Page: 654

View: 9127

Collects forty-four key segments from the late paleontologist and evolutionary biologist's books, papers, and essays, in a collection that includes an assortment of previously unpublished articles and speeches.
Science

The Book of Life

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393321562

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8575

An illustrated natural history of the Earth and its denizens combines paintings, drawings, and computer-generated images with a chronicle of the world's variegated organisms and species.
Science

Rocks of Ages

Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0307801411

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 2460

"People of good will wish to see science and religion at peace. . . . I do not see how science and religion could be unified, or even synthesized, under any common scheme of explanation or analysis; but I also do not understand why the two enterprises should experience any conflict." So states internationally renowned evolutionist and bestselling author Stephen Jay Gould in the simple yet profound thesis of his brilliant new book. Writing with bracing intelligence and elegant clarity, Gould sheds new light on a dilemma that has plagued thinking people since the Renaissance. Instead of choosing between science and religion, Gould asks, why not opt for a golden mean that accords dignity and distinction to each realm? At the heart of Gould's penetrating argument is a lucid, contemporary principle he calls NOMA (for nonoverlapping magisteria)--a "blessedly simple and entirely conventional resolution" that allows science and religion to coexist peacefully in a position of respectful noninterference. Science defines the natural world; religion, our moral world, in recognition of their separate spheres of influence. In elaborating and exploring this thought-provoking concept, Gould delves into the history of science, sketching affecting portraits of scientists and moral leaders wrestling with matters of faith and reason. Stories of seminal figures such as Galileo, Darwin, and Thomas Henry Huxley make vivid his argument that individuals and cultures must cultivate both a life of the spirit and a life of rational inquiry in order to experience the fullness of being human. In his bestselling books Wonderful Life, The Mismeasure of Man, and Questioning the Millennium, Gould has written on the abundance of marvels in human history and the natural world. In Rocks of Ages, Gould's passionate humanism, ethical discernment, and erudition are fused to create a dazzling gem of contemporary cultural philosophy. As the world's preeminent Darwinian theorist writes, "I believe, with all my heart, in a respectful, even loving concordat between . . . science and religion." From the Hardcover edition.
Science

FOSSILS OF BURGESS SHALE PB

Author: BRIGGS D

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 9781560986591

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 1292

Photographs by Chip Clark. Main Selection of the Natural Science Book Club. This book provides the first comprehensive set of illustrations of the life forms revealed in the Burgess Shale. This century's most significant invertebrate fossil discovery, the Burgess Shale provides an unprecendented window ito the explosive evolution during the Cambrian Period.
Science

The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China

The Flowering of Early Animal Life

Author: Hou Xian-Guang,Richard J. Aldridge,Cong Pei-Yun,David J. Siveter,Derek J. Siveter,Sarah E. Gabbott,Ma Xiao-Ya,Mark A. Purnell,Mark Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118896386

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 2052

The celebrated lower Cambrian Chengjiang biota of Yunnan Province, China, represents one of the most significant ever paleontological discoveries. Deposits of ancient mudstone, about 520 million years old, have yielded a spectacular variety of exquisitely preserved fossils that record the early diversification of animal life. Since the discovery of the first specimens in 1984, many thousands of fossils have been collected, exceptionally preserving not just the shells and carapaces of the animals, but also their soft tissues in fine detail. This special preservation has produced fossils of rare beauty; they are also of outstanding scientific importance as sources of evidence about the origins of animal groups that have sustained global biodiversity to the present day. Much of the scientific documentation of the Chengjiang biota is in Chinese, and the first edition of this book was the first in English to provide fossil enthusiasts with a comprehensive overview of the fauna. The second edition has been fully updated and includes a new chapter on other exceptionally preserved fossils of Cambrian age, exciting new fossil finds from Chengjiang, and a phylogenetic framework for the biota. Displaying some 250 figures of marvelous specimens, this book presents to professional and amateur paleontologists, and all those fascinated by evolutionary biology, the aesthetic and scientific quality of the Chengjiang fossils.
Science

Full House

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674061616

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 7478

Gould shows why a more accurate way of understanding our world is to look at a given subject within its own context, to see it as a part of a spectrum of variation and then to reconceptualize trends as expansion or contraction of this “full house” of variation, and not as the progress or degeneration of an average value, or single thing.
Science

Punctuated Equilibrium

Author: Stephen Jay GOULD,Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674037847

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 6723

In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.
Burgess Shale (B.C.)

Fossils of the Burgess Shale

A National Treasure in Yoho National Park, British Columbia

Author: Simon Conway Morris,Harry Blackmore Whittington

Publisher: Natural Resources Canada

ISBN: 0660119013

Category: Burgess Shale (B.C.)

Page: 31

View: 6341

Nature

The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393340856

Category: Nature

Page: 480

View: 3307

"Gould himself is a rare and wonderful animal—a member of the endangered species known as the ruby-throated polymath. . . . [He] is a leading theorist on large-scale patterns in evolution . . . [and] one of the sharpest and most humane thinkers in the sciences." --David Quammen, New York Times Book Review
History

Questioning the Millennium

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674061640

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 1431

Gould addresses three questions about the millennium with his typical erudition, warmth, and whimsy: What is the concept of a millennium and how has its meaning shifted over time? How did the projection of Christ’s 1,000-year reign become a secular measure? And when exactly does the millennium begin—January 1, 2000, or January 2, 2001?