In the last fifty years the investigation of maritime archaeological sites in the sea, in the coastal zone and in their interconnecting locales, has emerged as one of archaeology's most dynamic and fast developing fields. No longer a niche interest, maritime archaeology is recognised as having central relevance in the integrated study of the human past. Within maritime archaeology the study of watercraft has been understandably prominent and yet their potential is far from exhausted. In this book Jon Adams evaluates key episodes of technical change in the ways that ships were conceived, designed, built, used and disposed of. As technological puzzles they have long confounded explanation but when viewed in the context of the societies in which they were created, mysteries begin to dissolve. Shipbuilding is social practice and as one of the most complex artefacts made, changes in their technology provide a lens through which to view the ideologies, strategies and agency of social change. Adams argues that the harnessing of shipbuilding was one of the ways in which medieval society became modern and, while the primary case studies are historical, he also demonstrates that the relationships between ships and society have key implications for our understanding of prehistory in which seafaring and communication had similarly profound effects on the tide of human affairs.
The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology is a comprehensive survey of the field at a time when maritime archaeology has established itself as a mature branch of archaeology. This volume draws on the expertise of nearly fifty international scholars who examine the many distinct and universal aspects of the discipline.
This volume initiates a new series of books on maritime or underwater archaeology, and as the editor of the series I welcome its appearance with great excitement. It is appropriate that the first book of the series is a collection of articles intended for gradu ate or undergraduate courses in underwater archaeology, since the growth in academic opportunities for students is an important sign of the vitality of this subdiscipline. The layman will enjoy the book as well. Academic and public interest in shipwrecks and other submerged archaeological sites is indicated by a number of factors. Every year there are 80 to 90 research papers presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology's Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology, and the Proceedings are published. Public interest is shown by extensive press coverage of shipwreck investigations. One of the most important advances in recent years has been the passage of the Abandoned Shipwreck Act of 1987, for the first time providing national-level law con cerning underwater archeological sites. The legislation has withstood a number of legal challenges by commercial treasure salvors, a very hopeful sign for the long-term pres ervation of this nonrenewable type of cultural resource. The underwater archaeological discoveries of 1995 were particularly noteworthy. The Texas Historical Commission discovered the Belle, one of La Salle's ships, and the CSS Hunley was found by a joint project of South Carolina and a private nonprofit organization called NUMA.
One of two books based on the proceedings of the First International Conference on The Archaeology of Ships of War held at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, from the 31st October to the 1st November 1992.
Case studies written primarily by Latin American and Caribbean archaeologists demonstrate exciting and cutting edge research, conservation, site preservation, and interpretation of underwater and maritime archaeology in the region.
This volume gathers 88 contributions related to the theme ‘Ships and Maritime Landscapes’ of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology (ISBSA 13) held in Amsterdam on the 7th to 12th October 2012. The articles include both papers and poster presentations by experts in the field of nautical archaeology, history of ships and shipbuilding, and naval architecture. The contributions deal not only with the theme of maritime landscapes but also with a variety of ship related subjects, like regional watercraft, construction and typology, material applications and design, outfitting, reconstruction and current research.
Maritime archaeology deals with shipwrecks and is carried out by divers rather than diggers. It embraces maritime history and analyses changes in shipbuilding, navigation and seamanship and offers fresh perspectives on the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on detailed past and recent case studies, Richard A. Gould provides an up-to-date review of the field that includes dramatic new findings arising from improved undersea technologies. This second edition of Archaeology and the Social History of Ships has been updated throughout to reflect new findings and new interpretations of old sites. The new edition explores advances in undersea technology in archaeology, especially remotely operated vehicles. The book reviews many of the major recent shipwreck findings, including the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord and the Titanic.
Presents a brief history of Venetian art and then catalogues each known piece of Venetian art that depicts watercraft. Through detailed analysis of these images the author reveals important facts about the construction, rigging, and use of these watercraft.
Maritime archaeology - the scientific investigation of the relics of past ships and seafaring - has come into being as a distinctive sub-discipline of archaeology only since the wartime invention of the aqualung. Keith Muckleroy sets out to define maritime archaeology, highlighting, on the one hand, factors that are unique to working under water and, on the other, problems of interpretation and method that are shared with its parent discipline archaeology.
Subject areas discussed in this book include shipwrecks and abandoned vessels, underwater site formation processes, maritime infrastructure and industries such as whaling, submerged aircraft and Australian Indigenous sites underwater. The application of National and State legislation and management regimes to these underwater cultural heritage sites is also highlighted. The contributors of this piece have set the standard for the practice in Australia from which others can learn.
The Maritime Activities Of Kalinga Are Well Known. The People Of Kalinga Were Great Seafares And Their Expertise In The Technology Of Ship-Building And Navigation Is Indeed Astonishing. The Book Gives A Comprehensive Account Of The Rich Maritime Tradition Of Kalinga. Besides Describing Its Geographical Location Of Port Towns It Deals With Their Political And Cultural Contacts With Other Overseas Countries, Trade And Communication Patterns, Economic And Currency Trends For The Last Few Centuries. The Book Also Unearthed Some Unknown Ports And Trade Centers Of Kalinga. It Also Focuses On How The Natural Factors Are Responsible For The Decline Of Certain Ports And Trade Centers And At The Same Time Emphasises On The Emergence Of New Ports And Trade Centers. There Was No Decline Of Trade. It Is Held That Trade Was Basically And Exclusively A Private Enterprise Organised By The Merchants And Merchantile Guilds Throughout The Period And Hence Fluctuating Political Fortunes Of The Ruling Families Of Kalinga Did Not Necessarily Affect In The Progress And Retardation Of The Maritime Activities Of Its People. Although Inheritors Of Ancient Seafares Changed Their Profession Over The Time Due To Declines In Trade Contacts Yet The Traditions Are Being Maintained In The Region In Form Of Cultural Festivals. Contents Chapter 1: Historical Background And Sources; Section I: Historical Bakground, Section Ii: Sources-Literary, Inscriptional And Numismatics, Archaeological Evidences, Art, Section Iii: Approach Chapter 2: Ports Of Kalinga And Expansion Of Culture; Tamralipti, Hatthasis, Khalkatapatna, Che-Li-Ta-Lo, Manikapatna, Ports Around Chilka Lake, Palur, Kalingapatnam, Dantapura, Salihundam, Thotlakonda And Bavikonda, Gopalapatnam, Pithunda; Expansion Of Culture - Africa And Arabia, Bali, Borneo, Burma, Ceylon, Champa, China, Funan, Java, Rome, Siam, Sumatra Chapter 3: Trade Routes And Commerce; Land Routes; Water Routs; River Routs; Sea Routes; Internal Trade; Foreign Trade; Currency Chapter 4: Ship-Building And Navigation; Indian Background - Seasons For Ship-Building, Construction Of Ships, Classification Of Ships, Mast And Sail, Rudder, Parts Of The Ship, Description Of Sewn Boat; Ship-Building And Navigation In Kalinga - Boat-Building Techniques, Use Of Timber For Construction Of Boats, Traditional Boats - Bhela, Pota (Dug-Out), Nauka, Padhua And Kosaladanga, Chapa; Navigation - Coastal Navigation, Open Sea Navigation, Ancient Knowledge Of Currents, Present Climatological Current Pattern, Ancient Knowledge Of Wind, Present Climatological Wind Pattern, Sailing Seasons Chapter 5: Causes Of Decline.
This edition brings together all the archaeological knowledge of the world's boats and ships for the benefit of the maritime archaeologist, as well as for the general reader and enthusiast, the historian and the student. But is is much more than a catalogue of the world's boat finds. The author has collated all the available evidence on the evolution of boat- and shipbuilding through the ages, and examines it as a crucial part of the development of changing civilizations.
Over the last 30 years, hydrographical marine surveys in the English Channel helped uncover the potential wreck sites of German submarines, or U-boats, sunk during the conflicts of World War I and World War II. Through a series of systemic dives, nautical archaeologist and historian Innes McCartney surveyed and recorded these wrecks, discovering that the distribution and number of wrecks conflicted with the published histories of U-boat losses. Of all the U-boat war losses in the Channel, McCartney found that some 41% were heretofore unaccounted for in the historical literature of World War I and World War II. This book reconciles these inaccuracies with the archaeological record by presenting case studies of a number of dives conducted in the English Channel. Using empirical evidence, this book investigates possible reasons historical inconsistencies persist and what Allied operational and intelligence-based processes caused them to occur in the first place. This book will be of interest to scholars and researchers in the fields of nautical archaeology and naval history, as well as wreck explorers.