Hvad sker der i hjernen, når vi betragter et kunstværk eller lytter til et stykke musik? Og hvordan forklarer vi i det hele taget de domme, vi fælder over det skønne, det grimme, kunsten? Neuroæstetik er en ny, tværfaglig disciplin, der kombinerer filosofisk æstetik, neurobiologi og eksperimentel psykologi for at kunne forklare, hvorfor vi oplever nogle stimuli som tiltalende og andre som utiltalende. Med antologien An Introduction to Neuroaesthetics foreligger nu en bred indføring i neuroæstetikken, dens genstandsfelt og undersøgelsesmetoder. Bogens bidragydere er ledende forskere fra både ind- og udland, der på forskellig vis undersøger hjernemekanismerne bag kunstnerisk erfaring. Antologien indledes med en gennemgang af neuroæstetikkens videnskabelige rødder og væsentligste metoder og teorier. Herefter præsenteres en række studier af forholdet mellem biologiske stimuli og æstetisk oplevelse: fra ansigter og landskaber til litteratur og film; fra steder og arkitektur til musik og dans. Ved at kombinere data fra den nyeste teknologi med nogle af filosofiens ældste dilemmaer bygger antologien bro mellem to traditionelt adskilte felter – naturvidenskaben og humaniora – og giver et kvalificeret bud på, hvordan vi kan nærme os en forståelse af den æstetiske erfaring. Jon O. Lauring er cand.mag. i kunsthistorie og idéhistorie. Han er i øjeblikket gæsteforsker ved BRAINlab, Institut for Neurovidenskab og Farmakologi, Panum Instituttet, Københavns Universitet. Bidragydere: Marcos Nadal / Antoni Gomila / Alejandro Gálvez-Pol / Helmut Leder / Pablo P. L. Tinio / Jon O. Lauring / Alumit Ishai / Nicolai Rostrup / Jens Hjortkjær / David S. Miall / Torben Grodal / Mette Kramer / Beatriz Calvo-Merino / Julia F. Christensen / Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak / Julien Bogousslavsky / Oshin Vartanian. Advances in cognitive science have had a tremendous philosophical impact, offering new ways of thinking about topics such as who we are, what we know, and how we feel. But few topics are murkier—and have more to gain from cognitive science—than aesthetics. With this volume, Jon O. Lauring offers a cutting-edge introduction to the emerging field of neuroaesthetics. Gathering works from leading scholars all across the globe, the volume surveys the many ways we have taken what we have learned about our brains and nervous system and applied it to new understandings of art, beauty, and creativity. The contributors explore the biological underpinnings of aesthetic experience from a variety of angles. Opening with a look at neuroaesthetics’s historical antecedents and an outline of methods and theories, the book goes on to address a fascinating assortment of studies on biological stimuli and art, from faces and landscapes to literature and film, from places and architecture to music and dance. Simultaneously exploring data from the latest brain-imaging technology and addressing some of our most enduring philosophical quandaries, this volume offers a comprehensive look at a pivotal moment in aesthetics, which grows richer every day with new questions. Jon O. Lauring, MA in history of art and the history of ideas, is currently guest researcher at BRAINlab, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen. Contributors: Marcos Nadal, Antoni Gomila, Alejandro Gálvez-Pol, Helmut Leder, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Jon O. Lauring, Alumit Ishai, Nicolai Rostrup, Jens Hjortkjær, David S. Miall, Torben Grodal, Mette Kramer, Beatriz Calvo-Merino, Julia F. Christen-sen, Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, Julien Bogousslavsky, Oshin Vartanian.
This volume aims at highlighting the role of the interdependent relation between emotion and cognition in the bodily mediated pre-linguistic meaning constitution in aesthetic experience and perception and focuses on the current discussions about the role of the body and of emotions in perception and aesthetic meaning-making. The role of self-perceptions and self-reports in the measurement of emotion-related variables as well as the investigation of visualization as media feedback, muscular tension and motor activation in aesthetic experience within the framework of embodied and enactive cognitive science is put into focus. The volume contributes to better understand why, at present, ecological approaches to aesthetics fail to deliver a cognitive science of art for pretty much the same reasons neuroaesthetics and embodied or enactive aesthetics provide one.
This volume illustrates to the public, and legal experts, the basic principles of the field of neuroscience, that commonly goes under the name of Neurolaw. First, it illustrates the relationship between neuroscience, natural sciences and social sciences. Furthermore, it highlights numerous problems concerning the fundamental philosophical concepts used by Neurolaw and evaluates the validity of the method and the limits of a neuroscientific approach to the problems of law and justice.The volume explores the possibility of application of these concepts on the fundamentals of the general theory of law and legal dogmatics. It also examines the main problems of Neurolaw in relation to public, private, criminal and procedural law. In conclusion, the book follows a systematic method that makes it an thorough manual for the introduction to Neurolaw.
Neurofilmology. audiovisual Studies and the challenge of Neuroscience Adriano d'Aloia and ruggero Eugeni, Neurofilmology: An Introduction Temenuga Trifonova, Neuroaesthetics and Neurocinematics: Reading the Brain/Film through the Film/Brain Maria Poulaki, Neurocinematics and the Discourse of Control: Towards a Critical Neurofilmology Patricia Pisters, Dexter's Plastic Brain: Mentalizing and Mirroring in Cinematic Empathy Enrico Carocci, First-Person Emotions: Affective Neuroscience and the Spectator's Self Maarten Coegnarts and Peter kravanja, The Sensory-Motor Grounding of Abstract Concepts in Two Films by Stanley Kubrick Pia Tikka and Mauri kaipainen, Phenomenological Considerations on Time Consciousness under Neurocinematic Search Light vittorio Gallese and Michele Guerra, The Feeling of Motion: Ca-mera Movements and Motor Cognition New Studies olivier Asselin, Cinema d'exposition 2.0: Mixed-Reality Games in and around the Museum livia Giunti, L'analyse du film a l'ere numerique. Annotation, geste analytique et lecture active Christian Gosvig olesen, Panoramic Visions of the Archive in EYE's Panorama: A Case Study in Digital Film Historiography francesco Pitassio, Distant Voices, Still Cinema? Around the Movies projects & abstracts reviews / comptes-rendus
What do we do when we view a work of art? What does it mean to have an "aesthetic" experience? Are such experiences purely in the eye (and brain) of the beholder? Such questions have entertained philosophers for millennia and psychologists for over a century. More recently, with the advent of functional neuroimaging methods, a handful of ambitious brain scientists have begun to explore the neural correlates of such experiences. This book offers an introduction to the way art is perceived, interpreted, and felt and approaches these mindful events from a multidisciplinary perspective.
Sehen wird traditionell als passiver Prozess aufgefasst, der im Gehirn innere Bil-der entstehen lässt, welche die Wirklichkeit repräsentieren. Handlungen wer-den hingegen in der Regel als aktive Prozesse verstanden, die von Subjekten gesteuert werden. Die Beiträge der Eröffnungstagung der Kolleg-Forschergruppe ,,Bildakt und Verkörperung" erarbeiten in den Sektionen ,,E-naktivismus", ,,Dynamik des Blickens" und ,,Die Sicht auf die Dinge" alternative Verständnisweisen von Visualität. Sie begreifen Sehen als eine Aktivität, die nicht nur das Gehirn, sondern den gesamten Körper einbezieht, permanent Wirklichkeit gestaltet und somit als Handlung verstanden werden kann. Mit Beiträgen von Alex Arteaga, Horst Bredekamp, Frank Fehrenbach, Shaun Gallagher, Bettina Gockel, Dan Hutto, Sybille Krämer, John Michael Krois, Helmut Pape, Eva Schürmann und Claus Zittel.
The Fifth Dimension is the result of a course on aesthetics and neuroaesthetics created and directed by the architect, composer, artist and philosopher Emanuel Dimas de Melo Pimenta in the years of 1997 and 1998 at the Childhood Education Institute of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, in Lisbon, Portugal. They are thirty books in fourteen volumes. This volume, containing two books, has five texts (or chapters). The first one is an introduction written by the famous Brazilian diplomat and philosopher Dário de Castro Alves. The second, Turning Point, is a kind of "explanation" of the project as a whole. The third text, entitled The Toy, deals with the child and the imaginary that we all share. Then we have a reflection very focused on a historical figure sometimes forgotten: Gioacchino de Fiore, or Joachim of the Flowers. Finally, we have Art and Cosmos, about perception and territory. Each volume is a different field in this formidable universe that is the Fifth Dimension. The set of books that make up this project deals with the metamorphosis of the human thought, over thousands of years, going through culinary, the universe of perfumes, of the music, of ideas and the history of art.
A complex and fascinating question is why do humans have such strong emotional reactions and human connections to art? Why do viewers become scared, even haunted for days, by a movie monster they know doesn't exist? Why do humans become enthralled by distorted figures and scenes that aren't realistic? Why do viewers have emotional attachments to comic book characters? The answer lies in that, while humans know art is human made artifice, they view and decipher art using the same often nonconscious methods that they use to view and decipher reality. Looking at how we perceive reality shows us how we perceive art, and looking at how we perceive art helps show us how we perceive reality. Written by the prominent art historian and philosopher Cycleback, this book is a concise introduction to understanding art perception, covering key psychological, cognitive science, physiological and philosophical concepts.
In The Left Brain Speaks, but the Right Brain Laughs, physicist Ransom Stephens explains the interesting and often amusing tale of how the human brain works. Using understandable metaphors and easy to follow language, Stephens gives readers of any scientific level an introduction to neuroscience and shows them how things like creativity, skill, and even perception of self can grow and change by utilizing the body’s most important muscle. Fans of Bill Nye and Neil deGrasse Tyson will love Stephens’ down to earth attitude and those interested in science will appreciate his thoughtful explanations of scientific terms. The Left Brain Speaks, but the Right Brain Laughs is the perfect gift for anyone who wants to know what’s going on inside their head and how they can use that knowledge to make themselves the best humans they can be.
Through much of the twentieth century, philosophical thinking about works of art, design, and other aesthetic products has emphasized intuitive and reflective methods, often tied to the idea that philosophy's business is primarily to analyze concepts. This 'philosophy from the armchair' approach contrasts with methods used by psychologists, sociologists, evolutionary thinkers, and others who study the making and reception of the arts empirically. How far should philosophers be sensitive to the results of these studies? Is their own largely a priori method basically flawed? Are their views on aesthetic value, interpretation, imagination, and the emotions of art to be rethought in the light of best science? The essays in this volume seek answers to these questions, many through detailed studies of problems traditionally regarded as philosophical but where empirical inquiry seems to be shedding interesting light. No common view is looked for or found in this volume: a number of authors argue that the current enthusiasm for scientific approaches to aesthetics is based on a misunderstanding of the philosophical enterprise and sometimes on misinterpretation of the science; others suggest various ways that philosophy can and should accommodate and sometimes yield to the empirical approach. The editors provide a substantial introduction which sets the scene historically and conceptually before summarizing the claims and arguments of the essays.
Representation is a concern crucial to the sciences and the arts alike. Scientists devote substantial time to devising and exploring representations of all kinds. From photographs and computer-generated images to diagrams, charts, and graphs; from scale models to abstract theories, representations are ubiquitous in, and central to, science. Likewise, after spending much of the twentieth century in proverbial exile as abstraction and Formalist aesthetics reigned supreme, representation has returned with a vengeance to contemporary visual art. Representational photography, video and ever-evolving forms of new media now figure prominently in the globalized art world, while this "return of the real" has re-energized problems of representation in the traditional media of painting and sculpture. If it ever really left, representation in the arts is certainly back. Central as they are to science and art, these representational concerns have been perceived as different in kind and as objects of separate intellectual traditions. Scientific modeling and theorizing have been topics of heated debate in twentieth century philosophy of science in the analytic tradition, while representation of the real and ideal has never moved far from the core humanist concerns of historians of Western art. Yet, both of these traditions have recently arrived at a similar impasse. Thinking about representation has polarized into oppositions between mimesis and convention. Advocates of mimesis understand some notion of mimicry (or similarity, resemblance or imitation) as the core of representation: something represents something else if, and only if, the former mimics the latter in some relevant way. Such mimetic views stand in stark contrast to conventionalist accounts of representation, which see voluntary and arbitrary stipulation as the core of representation. Occasional exceptions only serve to prove the rule that mimesis and convention govern current thinking about representation in both analytic philosophy of science and studies of visual art. This conjunction can hardly be dismissed as a matter of mere coincidence. In fact, researchers in philosophy of science and the history of art have increasingly found themselves trespassing into the domain of the other community, pilfering ideas and approaches to representation. Cognizant of the limitations of the accounts of representation available within the field, philosophers of science have begun to look outward toward the rich traditions of thinking about representation in the visual and literary arts. Simultaneously, scholars in art history and affiliated fields like visual studies have come to see images generated in scientific contexts as not merely interesting illustrations derived from "high art", but as sophisticated visualization techniques that dynamically challenge our received conceptions of representation and aesthetics. "Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science" is motivated by the conviction that we students of the sciences and arts are best served by confronting our mutual impasse and by recognizing the shared concerns that have necessitated our covert acts of kleptomania. Drawing leading contributors from the philosophy of science, the philosophy of literature, art history and visual studies, our volume takes its brief from our title. That is, these essays aim to put the evidence of science and of art to work in thinking about representation by offering third (or fourth, or fifth) ways beyond mimesis and convention. In so doing, our contributors explore a range of topics-fictionalism, exemplification, neuroaesthetics, approximate truth-that build upon and depart from ongoing conversations in philosophy of science and studies of visual art in ways that will be of interest to both interpretive communities. To put these contributions into context, the remainder of this introduction aims to survey how our communities have discretely arrived at a place wherein the perhaps-surprising collaboration between philosophy of science and art history has become not only salubrious, but a matter of necessity.
'A concern for beauty would certainly make us better shapers of the world.' - Roger Scruton The idea of beauty is highly conflicted terrain. Does it only have to do with how things look? Is it merely prettiness? Is it entirely subjective? Does it serve a function? Historically, beauty has been held in high esteem: 'beauty is truth, truth beauty,' the poet Keats wrote. Why then do the high priests of the arts and the arguably progressive socio-political thinkers of the day shun it? Shakti Maira explains how the problem lies with the confused understanding of beauty and with beauty becoming superficially located: quite literally, on the skin. What would happen, he asks, if beauty were to become central to every aspect of our lives: environment, education, economics and governance? Maira engages eighteen eminent thinkers in a series of conversations around the difficult, enthralling notion of beauty. Scientists explore whether there is an evolutionary purpose to it. Philosophers examine its relationship to truth and goodness. Artists speak of beauty and its rejection. Brain-mind experts consider whether the experience of it strengthens certain neural pathways connected with the qualities of balance, harmony, rhythm and proportion. Activists probe how beauty works in the context of social systems. What emerges is a deeper understanding of beauty and how it is a key to our world: a radical new way of evaluating problems and finding solutions, from the personal to the political, the individual to the universal.