Philosophy

An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 803

This is an introductory 2001 textbook on probability and induction written by one of the world's foremost philosophers of science. The book has been designed to offer maximal accessibility to the widest range of students (not only those majoring in philosophy) and assumes no formal training in elementary symbolic logic. It offers a comprehensive course covering all basic definitions of induction and probability, and considers such topics as decision theory, Bayesianism, frequency ideas, and the philosophical problem of induction. The key features of this book are a lively and vigorous prose style; lucid and systematic organization and presentation of ideas; many practical applications; a rich supply of exercises drawing on examples from such fields as psychology, ecology, economics, bioethics, engineering, and political science; numerous brief historical accounts of how fundamental ideas of probability and induction developed; and a full bibliography of further reading.
Philosophy

Argument and Inference

Author: Gregory Johnson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 117

A thorough and practical introduction to inductive logic with a focus on arguments and the rules used for making inductive inferences.
Education

Choice and Chance

Author: Brian Skyrms

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 174

View: 575

This definitive survey of the hottest issues in inductive logic sets the stage for further classroom discussion.
Induction (Logic)

Choice and Chance

Author: Brian Skyrms

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Induction (Logic)

Page: 165

View: 727

Education

Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

Author: Merrilee H. Salmon

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 506

Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the subsequent sections on deductive logic and fallacies. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in critical thinking. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Mathematics

A Logical Introduction to Probability and Induction

Author: Franz Huber

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 833

A Logical Introduction to Probability and Induction is a textbook on the mathematics of the probability calculus and its applications in philosophy. On the mathematical side, the textbook introduces these parts of logic and set theory that are needed for a precise formulation of the probability calculus. On the philosophical side, the main focus is on the problem of induction and its reception in epistemology and the philosophy of science. Particular emphasis is placed on the means-end approach to the justification of inductive inference rules. In addition, the book discusses the major interpretations of probability. These are philosophical accounts of the nature of probability that interpret the mathematical structure of the probability calculus. Besides the classical and logical interpretation, they include the interpretation of probability as chance, degree of belief, and relative frequency. The Bayesian interpretation of probability as degree of belief locates probability in a subject's mind. It raises the question why her degrees of belief ought to obey the probability calculus. In contrast to this, chance and relative frequency belong to the external world. While chance is postulated by theory, relative frequencies can be observed empirically. A Logical Introduction to Probability and Induction aims to equip students with the ability to successfully carry out arguments. It begins with elementary deductive logic and uses it as basis for the material on probability and induction. Throughout the textbook results are carefully proved using the inference rules introduced at the beginning, and students are asked to solve problems in the form of 50 exercises. An instructor's manual contains the solutions to these exercises as well as suggested exam questions. The book does not presuppose any background in mathematics, although sections 10.3-10.9 on statistics are technically sophisticated and optional. The textbook is suitable for lower level undergraduate courses in philosophy and logic.
Philosophy

Introduction to Inductive Reasoning

Author: Anthony M. Coyne

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

View: 646

Presents the basic principles of inductive logic including traditional material, such as Mill's methods, as well as more modern topics, such as statistical testing of hypotheses.
Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Rudolf Carnap

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 581

Stimulating, thought-provoking text by one of the 20th century's most creative philosophers makes accessible such topics as probability, measurement and quantitative language, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts, more.
Computers

Pure Inductive Logic

Author: Jeffrey Paris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 724

A self-contained guide to pure inductive logic, the study of rational probability treated as a branch of mathematical logic.