Medical

Central Nervous System Monitoring in Anesthesia and Intensive Care

Author: Jochen Schulte am Esch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 577

Research in electrophysiologic monitoring in anesthesia and intensive care has focussed mostly on questions pertinent for patient care: First how to quantitate drug effects on brain electrical activity and the degree of anesthetic-induced suppression of the central nervous system. Second, how to monitor functional impairment following cerebral ischemia and hypoxia. And third, how to differ entiate between drug-induced effects on the central nervous system and deleteri ous events related to reductions in cerebral blood flow and/or oxygen delivery. Even though progress has been achieved over the last 10 years in this field and fascinating new techniques have been developed, it is still not clear which monitor parameter will provide adequate information on the depth of anes thesia and the analgesic level. Because the central nervous system has been one of the main research areas in our department over the last 10 years, we organized a workshop to summarize the latest developments in central nervous system monitoring. This book comprises the topics of this workshop and is intended to provide insight into the current status of central nervous system monitoring, elucidating possible indications and delineating its limitations.
Medical

Anesthesia and the Central Nervous System

Author: R.J. Sperry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 344

Anesthesia and the Central Nervous System is a textbook for a postgraduate course as well as a reference for all anesthesiologists which presents many of the latest concepts in anesthesiology within a brief formal presentation. An outstanding faculty presents topics relating to the biochemistry, physiology, and pharmacology of the nervous system, the anesthetic management of intracranial and spinal cord surgery, and the intensive care management of central nervous system disease. Each chapter is a brief but sharply focused glimpse of the interests in anesthesia. This textbook is the eleventh in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the Postgraduate Course in Salt Lake City.
Medical

Anesthesia and the Central Nervous System

Author: R.J. Sperry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 635

Anesthesia and the Central Nervous System is a textbook for a postgraduate course as well as a reference for all anesthesiologists which presents many of the latest concepts in anesthesiology within a brief formal presentation. An outstanding faculty presents topics relating to the biochemistry, physiology, and pharmacology of the nervous system, the anesthetic management of intracranial and spinal cord surgery, and the intensive care management of central nervous system disease. Each chapter is a brief but sharply focused glimpse of the interests in anesthesia. This textbook is the eleventh in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the Postgraduate Course in Salt Lake City.
Medical

Central Nervous System Depressants—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 621

Central Nervous System Depressants—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Tranquilizing Agents in a concise format. The editors have built Central Nervous System Depressants—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Tranquilizing Agents in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Central Nervous System Depressants—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Medical

Central Nervous System Depressants: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 124

View: 153

Central Nervous System Depressants: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Central Nervous System Depressants. The editors have built Central Nervous System Depressants: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Central Nervous System Depressants in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Central Nervous System Depressants: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Medical

The Nervous System

Author: Walter S. Root

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 720

View: 255

Physiological Pharmacology: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume I: The Nervous System — Part A, Central Nervous System Drugs focuses on the influence of drugs on the functions of the central nervous system. The selection first offers information on absorption, distribution, and elimination and effects upon physiological systems. Discussions focus on factors that disturb normal sequence of uptake and elimination of volatile drugs; variations in distribution due to systemic effects of anesthetics; factors influencing the uptake of gases by tissues; and theories of general anesthesia. The book also ponders on alcohols, including alcohols acting on the central nervous system; effect of alcohols on and outside the central nervous system; and synergisms and antagonisms between alcohols and other drugs. The publication takes a look at sedatives and hypnotics, effects upon physiological systems, and analgesics and antipyretic drugs. The text also examines non-narcotic analgesics, tranquilizers, and diphenylmethane derivatives. The selection is a vital source of data for readers interested in the effects of drugs on the central nervous system.
Medical

Pediatric and Obstetrical Anesthesia

Author: T.H. Stanley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 374

View: 730

Pediatric and Obstetrical Anesthesia comprises the edited presentations of the 40th Annual Postgraduate Course in Anesthesiology, February 1995. The book reflects the most recent advances in the physiology, pharmacology and anesthetic management of patients with central nervous system disease. Subjects such as central nervous system trauma and brain protection are also dealt with. Obstetrical and pediatric patients constitute important and often challenging cases for the practicing anesthesiologist. This textbook is the thirteenth in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the Postgraduate Course of the Department of Anesthesiology of the University of Utah School of Medicine.
Medical

Issues in Surgery, Perioperative, and Anesthesia Research and Practice: 2013 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 451

View: 806

Issues in Surgery, Perioperative, and Anesthesia Research and Practice: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Anesthesiology. The editors have built Issues in Surgery, Perioperative, and Anesthesia Research and Practice: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Anesthesiology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Surgery, Perioperative, and Anesthesia Research and Practice: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Medical

Clinical Anesthesia in Neurosurgery

Author: Elizabeth A. M. Frost

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 184

Clinical Anesthesia in Neurosurgery, Second Edition, integrates the evolution of the field of neuroanesthesia with the major areas of neurosurgical activity to give the reader the required perspective and requisite information to help in laying the foundation for future advances as well as describing the current state of the art. The book contains 25 chapters organized into five parts. Part I presents studies on cerebral physiology and evaluation. Topics covered include cerebral circulation and metabolism, intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring, and central nervous system effects of anesthetic agents. Part II covers neurosurgical and related procedures, such as posterior cranial fossa surgery, surgery of the spine, and peripheral nerve surgery. Part III examines central nervous system trauma including spinal cord trauma and cardiovascular effects of severe head injury. Part IV takes up postoperative and intensive care, including postanesthetic care, neurosurgical intensive care, and parenteral nutrition while Part V deals with the medical criteria and legal aspects of brain death.

U.S. Army Medical Correspondence Course

Author: Department of Defense

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 155

View: 745

A patient who visits a physician or physician extender frequently receives a prescription for a medication. That prescription is brought to the pharmacy to be filled. The patient expects professional attention at the pharmacy. Part of that expectation involves any caution or warning the patient should heed while taking the medication. In your role, you will serve as a source of drug information. Patients and friends will ask you specific questions concerning the use of prescription and over-the-counter medications. You must know the trade and generic names of literally hundreds of medications. Furthermore, you must know the cautions and warnings associated with many agents. How are you to know this information about drugs? Certainly you have had instruction which presented the basics of anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology. This instruction has given you a sound foundation for learning more in these areas. This subcourse will present instruction in anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology. The material in anatomy and physiology is included to refresh your memory or to give you additional information so you can better understand the pharmacology material. This subcourse is approved for resident and correspondence course instruction. It reflects the current thought of the Academy of Health Sciences and conforms to printed Department of the Army doctrine as closely as currently possible. INTRODUCTION * CHAPTER 1 - PROFESSIONAL REFERENCES IN PHARMACY * Section I. General * Section II. Pharmaceutical Journals * Section III. Pharmaceutical Texts * Section IV. Electronic Drug Information Services * Exercises * CHAPTER 2 - ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND PATHOLOGY IMPORTANT TO THERAPEUTICS * Section I. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology * Section II. Cells * Section III. Tissue * Section IV. Skin * Section V. Nature and Causes of Disease * Section VI. Treatment of Disease and Injury * Exercises * CHAPTER 3 - INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACOLOGY * Section I. Terms and Definitions Important in Pharmacology * Section II. Introduction to Drugs * Section III. Considerations of Drug Therapy * Section IV. Factors Which Influence Drug Action * Exercises * CHAPTER 4 - LOCAL ANESTHETIC AGENTS * Section I. Background Information * Section II. Local Anesthetics and Their Clinical Uses * Exercises * CHAPTER 5 - THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM * Section I. Basic Concepts of the Nervous System * Section II. The Neuron and its "Connections" * Section III. The Human Central Nervous System * Exercises * CHAPTER 6 - AGENTS USED DURING SURGERY * Section I. General Anesthetic Agents * Section II. Other Agents Used During Surgery * Exercises * CHAPTER 7 - SEDATIVE AND HYPNOTIC AGENTS * Section I. Background * Section II. Clinically Important Information Concerning Sedative-Hypnotics * Section III. Classification of Sedative-Hypnotic Agents * Exercises * CHAPTER 8 - ANTICONVULSANT AGENTS * Section I. Review of Epilepsy * Section II. Anticonvulsant Therapy * Exercises * CHAPTER 9 - PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS * Section I. Overview * Section II. Antianxiety Agents * Section III. Antidepressant Agents * Section IV. Antipsychotic Agents * Exercises * CHAPTER 10 - CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) STIMULANTS * Section I. Background * Section II. Cerebral or Psychomotor Agents * Section III. Analeptic Agents (Brain Stem Stimulants) * Section IV. Convulsants (Spinal Cord Stimulants) * Exercises * CHAPTER 11 - NARCOTIC AGENTS * Section I. Background * Section II. Narcotic Agents and Narcotic Antagonists * Exercises * ANNEX: DRUG PRONUNCIATION GUIDE
Medical

Pediatric Regional Anesthesia

Author: BernardJ. Dalens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 552

This book provides a precise description of safe and reliable procedures for regional anesthesia in children. It covers the advantages and disadvantages, specific features related to the pediatric range of ages, and the practical importance of the described procedures. Written in two main parts, emphasis is placed on scientific basis and technical approach. It includes both anatomical and psychological aspects of pain, as well as detailed viewpoints of parents, children, surgeons, and anesthetists. This book is a must for all anesthesiologists and will be particularly useful to students of medicine and anesthesiology and nurses working with intensive care units.
Medical

Clinical Cases in Anesthesia

Author: Allan P. Reed

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 553

View: 333

Actual case studies in a Q & A format explore contemporary problems in anesthesia, and provide practical solutions based on a careful examination of all of the important scientific and clinical principles for each case. The 3rd Edition offers brand-new coverage of key topics in the cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervous system, abdomen, and post-anesthesia care sections as well as a completely new section on trauma. It also addresses important topics such as hemophilia, infant anesthesia, lower extremity anesthesia, and celiac plexus blocks. All of the existing cases are thoroughly revised to include new treatments and practice guidelines, and new knowledge of the relevant pharmacology. It's an ideal review tool for board preparation, and a handy resource for practice. Offers solutions to frequently occurring practical problems through discussions of pathophysiology, pharmacology, preoperative evaluation, and intraoperative care. Facilitates the proper identification of both common and rare clinical problems. Examines the crucial scientific and clinical principles for each case study. A completely new section on trauma features five new cases: blunt vs. penetrating trauma · neck and airway trauma · thoracic trauma · closed head injury with open femur fracture · and burns. The cardiovascular section offers new cases relating to: cardiac tamponade · cardiomyopathy · noncardiac surgery after heart transplantation · coronary artery bypass grafting · and do-not-resuscitate. The respiratory section features new cases on post-thoracotomy complications and thoracoscopy. The central nervous system content is enriched with cases on monitoring in spinal injury · transsphenoidal hypophysectomy · and magnetic resonance imaging. LThe abdominal section offers new cases on endovascular surgery · morbid obesity · laparoscopy · carcinoid and kidney transplant. Important topics such as hemophilia · infant anesthesia · lower extremity anesthesia · and celiac plexus blocks are now covered. Postanesthesia care is expanded to include pulmonary function testing · respiratory failure · delayed emergence · coma and brain death · and anaphylaxis. The existing cases are thoroughly revised to include the new treatments, treatment guidelines, and the relevant pharmacology.