Avoiding what Barbara Tuchman has called the "trap built into all recorded history—the disproportionate survival of the negative," this book offers a balanced appraisal of Imperial Germany. Without ignoring the society's many problems, the contributors question the overwhelmingly negative tenor of Wilhelmian historiography and analyze key institutions and events to illustrate the positive elements of this period in German history. What accounted for the reputation of its universities and research institutions, for instance, or for the successful growth of its cities, or for the dramatic drop in the emigration rate by the turn of the century? The answers reveal a spirit of innovation and optimism that was at least as characteristic of German life and society at the time as were the glorification of military values and the overlay of cultural pessimism. Recognizing the wide range of interpretations on this controversial subject, the editors have included a critical bibliography that explores the rich and varied scholarship on pre-1914 Germany.
Losing My Voice and Finding Another is a language learner narrative, a personal account of the author's experiences from 2003 to 2010, when he moved from the United States to Germany at the age of 53 and began to learn German. The book is written for adults who are trying to learn a second language and for language teachers who want to learn about the emotional and social aspects of second language learning. "In this book, Cooper Thompson examines the array of emotions while learning German: anxiety, excitement, anger, hope, contentment, confusion, and joy. He also probes the far deeper changes that language learning wrought in his identity, personality, relationship, and even life-purpose. When I read his words, my own world was altered. I entered a new dimension and gained fresh insights about the substance and the soul of language learning, even though I have been in the language field for decades." Dr. Rebecca Oxford, leading L2 and ESL scholar
The purpose of this book, like that of its predecessor, is to help English-speaking students become fluent in German. Again, the book is the companion to a FREE four-hour audio version which can be found at the germanbyrepetition website. Use the book and audio in tandem to help you memorize a further 2000 everyday English expressions translated into German. On the audio version the text is broken down into bite-size modules allowing you to click backwards to repeat the last few phrases; or forward to move on. In the book each module has a number which corresponds with the audio version. The message is: repeat, repeat, repeat until you know them! There is no easy way to learn a foreign language but this book and its accompanying website at germanbyrepetition will really help you become fluent.
In these two important lectures, distinguished political philosopher Seyla Benhabib argues that since the UN Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, we have entered a phase of global civil society which is governed by cosmopolitan norms of universal justice -- norms which are difficult for some to accept as legitimate since they are in conflict with democratic ideals. In her first lecture, Benhabib argues that this tension can never be fully resolved, but it can be mitigated through the renegotiation of the dual commitments to human rights and sovereign self-determination. Her second lecture develops this idea in detail, with special reference to recent developments in Europe (for example, the banning of Muslim head scarves in France). The EU has seen the replacement of the traditional unitary model of citizenship with a new model that disaggregates the components of traditional citizenship, making it possible to be a citizen of multiple entities at the same time. The volume also contains a substantive introduction by Robert Post, the volume editor, and contributions by Bonnie Honig (Northwestern University), Will Kymlicka (Queens University), and Jeremy Waldron (Columbia School of Law).
Moving on from the acclaimed "Spanner in the Works", a new team in Cumbria describes how teachers in white areas can challenge attitudes and help children develop respect for diversity, understanding of interdependence and skills of openness and acceptance. It tackles the hard issues of negative perceptions and prejudice. Since the first "Spanner in the Works" appeared in 1990, a good deal has changed: the school curriculum, the duty on schools imposed by the Race Relations Amendment Act, the even greater need for antiracist education in these troubled times, and the challenges this creates. "Another Spanner" responds to all this, and also to the negative changes caused by the mutual mistrust and fear between different cultures and countries. It offers a mix of stories of effective practice in white schools, and practical sections on, for instance, uncovering the attitudes held by teachers, governors, support staff and children and their perceptions of other countries. Like its predecessor, it will have relevance in white areas far beyond Cumbria.
This important book not only examines changing notions of nationhood and their complicated relationship to the Nazi past but also charts the wider history of the development of German political thought since World War II, while critically reflecting on some of the continuing blind spots among German writers and thinkers.
This book is a provocative and thoroughly documented reassessment of President Truman's profound influence on U.S. foreign policy and the Cold War. The author contends that Truman remained a parochial nationalist who lacked the vision and leadership to move the United States away from conflict and toward detente. Instead, he promoted an ideology and politics of Cold War confrontation that set the pattern for successor administrations."
Vilified and marginalized, the Romani people—widely referred to as Gypsies, Roma, and Travellers—are seen as a people without place, either geographically or socially, no matter where they live or what they do. In this new chronological history of the Romani, Another Darkness, Another Dawn demonstrates how their experiences provide a way to understand mainstream society’s relationship with outsiders and immigrants. Becky Taylor follows the Gypsies, Roma, and Travelers from their roots in the Indian subcontinent to their travels across the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires to Western Europe and the Americas, exploring their persecution and enslavement at the hands of others. Rather than seeing these peoples as separate from society and untouched by history, she sets their experiences in the context of broader historical changes. Their history, she reveals, is ultimately linked to the founding of empires; the Reformation and Counter-Reformation; numerous wars; the expansion of law, order, and nation-states; the Enlightenment; nationalism; modernity; and the Holocaust. Taylor also shows how the lives of the Romani today reflect the increasing regulation of modern society. Ultimately, she demonstrates that history is not always about progress: the place of Gypsies remains as contested and uncertain today as it was upon their first arrival in Western Europe in the fifteenth century. As much a history of Europe as of the Romani, Another Darkness, Another Dawn paints a revealing portrait of a people who still struggle to be understood.
This is a book written in the contemporary and speaks about a more-than-possible future that is to come to the world and how America betrays Israel for Islam! It is as things today in America are like with this present government, and it describes things as they really are and not as one would like them to be or want them to be and so is written as things really are. Also this book is based on facts but written in a fictional setting, but it should not be taken lightly and must be read in order to understand what is really happening behind the scenes, where international bankers and their New World Order are running things until the Antichrist appears on the scene. But first the rapture of the saints must occur according to Scripture. Wake up for our redemption draws near, and so it is not too late to be on God's side. When it comes to Israel and the Jewish people, his Chosen People, only a remnant shall be saved, and right now there are about 17 million Jews in the world but only about 300,000 are Messianic Jewish people, which the majority of Jews hate and the Gentile church is trying to replace!
Provides an introduction and critique of the European Union project, arguing that an analysis focusing on production and distribution of value as the basis of the economy can illuminate the contradictions of European economic integration.
As the essays in this book attest, in a time of specialization John McCormick chose diversification, a choice determined by a life spent in many occupations and many countries. After his five years in the U. S. Navy in the Second World War, the academy beckoned by way of the G. I. Bill, graduate training, and a career in teaching. Prosperity in the American university at the time meant setting up as a "Wordsworth man," a "Keats man," or a "Dr. Johnson man": all chilling to the author. He chose self-exile in which he disguised himself as an "Americanist" saleable in Europe, and lectured happily in comparative studies: literature, history, and philosophy. Thus the broad range of this volume, both in subject matter and in the span of time it covers. The essays are divided into three sections. First are general and personal essays on a variety of topics, followed by work on individual writers, and third, writings on criticism and theory. A section on Santayana reflects his eight years of research for Santayana's biography. The writings on Spain and toreo (bullfighting) result from another long-held interest, together with the author's attempt to alter some of the romantic nonsense about the running of the bulls in Pamplona, too often the entire substance of what the general public knows about Spain. McCormick has long been convinced that without knowledge of bullfighting, the foreigner cannot comprehend arcane and wonderful aspects of the Spanish character. The coda, "Another Music," is an old man's attempt to solve the mysterious algebra of how the world turns now, and how the young appear to the aged. While the volume is diverse in its range of writers--from Whitman in America to Santayana in Europe, taken as a collectivity, these essays provide a sense of the grandeur as well as the decadent in twentieth century politics and aesthetics alike. Written with the literary taste and political non-conformity that still characterizes McCormick, the volume is a treat for the specialist (perhaps) and for the generalist (certainly).
The Second World War has greatly disrupted the lives of the Transylvanian Saxon people. Counted as German nationals for hundreds of years, they are now banefully punished for being on the wrong side of humanity. Young Johann fears for his life and successfully escapes from Communist Romania. In the American military zone in Austria, he finds security, but not an inspiring future of the kind he had hoped for. He teams up with a Viennese friend, who invites him to accompany him to Italy. They plan to stow away on a ship to the United States and find a more secure future. They cross the Alps on foot in midwinter. In Trento they are arrested as illegal immigrants and transported to an internment camp on the island of Lipari. After some six month, the IRO assists John to immigrate to Australia, where he determinedly and successfully integrates into the Australian community. He undertakes suitable education that enables him to work in various employment situations, including in Commonwealth departments in Canberra. After retirement, John settles on a bush block, which he develops into a viable small grazing property. Health issues forces him to give up physical work, but he embarks on writing his autobiography. He has reached his mideighties and looks back on his achievements.
Much of the debates in this book revolves around Milan Kundera and his 1984 essay “The Tragedy of Central Europe.” Kundera wrote his polemical text when the world was pregnant with imminent social and political change, yet that world was still far from realizing that we would enter the last decade of the twentieth century with the Soviet empire and its network of satellite states missing from the political map. Kundera was challenged by Joseph Brodsky and György Konrád for allegedly excluding Russia from the symbolic space of Europe, something the great author deeply believes he never did. To what extent was Kundera right in assuming that, if to exist means to be present in the eyes of those we love, then Central Europe does not exist anymore, just as Western Europe as we knew it has stopped existing? What were the mental, cultural, and intellectual realities that lay beneath or behind his beautiful and graceful metaphors? Are we justified in rehabilitating political optimism at the beginning of the twenty-first century? Are we able to reconcile the divided memories of Eastern or Central Europe and Western Europe regarding what happened to the world in 1968? And where is Central Europe now?
Following the break-up of the Soviet Union, Marx was regarded as a thinker doomed to oblivion about whom everything had already been said and written. However, the international economic crisis of 2008 favoured a return to his analysis of capitalism, and recently published volumes of the Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (MEGA²) have provided researchers with new texts that underline the gulf between Marx's critical theory and the dogmatism of many twentieth-century Marxisms. This work reconstructs with great textual and historical rigour, but in a form accessible to those encountering Marx for the first time, a number of little noted, or often misunderstood, stages in his intellectual biography. The book is divided into three parts. The first – 'Intellectual Influences and Early Writings' – investigates the formation of the young Marx and the composition of his Parisian manuscripts of 1844. The second – 'The Critique of Political Economy' – focuses on the genesis of Marx's magnum opus, beginning with his studies of political economy in the early 1850s and following his labours through to all the preparatory manuscripts for Capital. The third – 'Political Militancy' – presents an insightful history of the International Working Men's Association and of the role that Marx played in that organization. The volume offers a close and innovative examination of Marx's ideas on post-Hegelian philosophy, alienated labour, the materialist conception of history, research methods, the theory of surplus-value, working-class self-emancipation, political organization and revolutionary theory. From this emerges "another Marx†?, a thinker very different from the one depicted by so many of his critics and ostensible disciples.
Dark matter is a frequently discussed topic in contemporary particle physics. Written strictly in the language of particle physics and quantum field theory, these course-based lecture notes focus on a set of standard calculations that students need in order to understand weakly interacting dark matter candidates. After introducing some general features of these dark matter agents and their main competitors, the Higgs portal scalar and supersymmetric neutralinos are introduced as our default models. In turn, this serves as a basis for exploring four experimental aspects: the dark matter relic density extracted from the cosmic microwave background; indirect detection including the Fermi galactic center excess; direct detection; and collider searches. Alternative approaches, like an effective theory of dark matter and simplified models, naturally follow from the discussions of these four experimental directions.
In European law, "non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another" is one of the three main non-contractual obligations dealt with in the Draft of a Common Frame of Reference. The law of non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another â?? in the common law known as tort law or the law of torts, but in most other jurisdictions referred to as the law of delict â?? is the area of law which determines whether one who has suffered a damage, can on that account demand reparation â?? in money or in kind â?? from another with whom there may be no other legal connection than the causation of damage itself. Besides determining the scope and extent of responsibility for dangers of one's own or another's creation, this field of law serves to protect fundamental rights in the private law domain, that is to say horizontally between citizens inter se. Based on pan-European comparative research which annotates the work, this book presents model rules on liability. Explanatory comments and illustrations amplify the policy decisions involved. During the drafting process, comparative material from over 25 different EU jurisdictions has been taken into account. The work therefore is not only a presentation of a future model for European rules to come, but also provides a fairly detailed indication of the present legal situation in the Member States.