In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.
Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium provides an account of the changing world of archaeological theory and a challenge to more traditional narratives of archaeological thought. It charts the emergence of the new emphasis on relations as well as engaging with other current theoretical trends and the thinkers archaeologists regularly employ. Bringing together different strands of global archaeological theory and placing them in dialogue, the book explores the similarities and differences between different contemporary trends in theory while also highlighting potential strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. Written in a way to maximise its accessibility, in direct contrast to many of the sources on which it draws, Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium is an essential guide to cutting-edge theory for students and for professionals wishing to reacquaint themselves with this field.
This book presents the current state of Maya archaeology by focusing on the history of the field for the last 100 years, present day research, and forward looking prescription for the direction of the field.
Synthesizing some thirty years of archaeological research in southeastern Italy, this important study spans a millennium during which a variety of Mediterranean tribal communities evolved into a central part of the Roman Empire. Douwe Yntema draws on the archaeological record to explain how small groups developed into complex societies; how these societies adapted to increasingly wide horizons; and how Italian groups and migrants from the eastern Mediterranean created entirely new social, economic, cultural, and physical landscapes. In doing so, he offers a new perspective on the breathtaking changes that gave rise to the Roman Empire.
While Jamestown and colonial settlements dominate narratives of Virginia’s earliest days, the land’s oldest history belongs to its native people. Monacan Millennium tells the story of the Monacan Indian people of Virginia, stretching from 1000 A.D. through the moment of colonial contact in 1607 and into the present. Written from an anthropological perspective and informed by ethnohistory, archaeology, and indigenous tribal perspectives, this comprehensive study reframes the Chesapeake’s early colonial period—and its deep precolonial history—by viewing it through a Monacan lens. Shifting focus to the Monacans, Hantman reveals a group whose ritual practices bespeak centuries of politically and culturally dynamic history. This insightful volume draws on archeology, English colonial archives, Spanish sources, and early cartography to put the Monacans back on the map. By examining representations of the tribe in colonial, postcolonial, and contemporary texts, the author fosters a dynamic, unfolding understanding of who the Monacan people were and are.
Alistair Paterson has written a comprehensive textbook detailing the millennium of cultural contact between European societies and those of the rest of the world. Beginning with the Norse intersection with indigenous peoples of Greenland, Paterson uses case studies and regional overviews to describe the various patterns by which European groups influenced, overcame, and were resisted by the populations of Africa, the Americas, East Asia, Oceania, and Australia. Based largely on the evidence of archaeology, he is able to detail the unique interactions at many specific points of contact and display the wide variations in exploration, conquest, colonization, avoidance, and resistance at various spots around the globe. Paterson’s broad, student-friendly treatment of the history and archaeology of the last millennium will be useful for courses in historical archaeology, world history, and social change.
This book, consisting of 12 contributions, unites the most recent results from archaeological research in the Upper Mesopotamian piedmont. Under the growing influence of expanding territorial states, which were established during the 2nd millennium BCE, this region experienced a substantial change in social and political life during that time. The discussion is centered on settlement shapes, developments in material culture, as well as written documents that attest to this change. In summary, this book emphasizes the significant role of archaeological research in the reconstruction of models concerning the formation and transformation of political spaces in the ancient world.
Modern archaeology, with its huge methodological repertoire, its interdisciplinary orientation and its rapidly expanding basis in excavations, is beginning to rewrite history, and to reshape our views of the development of Europe prior to the present millennium. Archaeological evidence draws attention to processes on which the written record is silent, or which were not fully appreciated by contemporaries in the literate centres. This book deals with the rise of medieval western Europe as the Roman Empire crumbled, and the integration of hitherto barbarian societies into the new mainstream of European society. Archaeological material is the main focus, but information derived from written sources, especially those illuminating the economic and the associated social circumstances, is also taken into account.
A wealth of fascinating and diverse archaeology lies concealed in Exmoor's valleys, woods and moorlands. Six years of original survey work have sought out the evidence from prehistoric stone settings and burial mounds to medieval castles, lost settlements and 19th-century industrial remains. This comprehensive programme of recording deployed the techniques of field survey, aerial photographic transcription, air and ground photography, and recording standing buildings. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor presents this distinctive heritage, for the first time, to the general reader and the specialist alike, and tells the story of the development of Exmoor's landscape from the Stone Age until the Second World War. This book has immediate appeal for those who know Exmoor - its residents and visitors - and are interested in its history. It is also essential reading for those who study upland landscapes and field archaeology.