Moving back and forth between the long shot on historical trends and close-ups on major works and crucial architectural themes, this insightful, lively and original analysis also accepts the conventional period and thematic structures of architectural history and the canon of great buildings. Designed to help readers understand and appreciate what great architecture is in its full dimensions of use, structure and aesthetic qualities as well as its history, this lavishly illustrated book explains specific qualities of each period and the often-complex illuminating differences between the periods. This comprehensive volume examines all aspects of architectural history from the Ancient world, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Baroque periods through the modern world. For historians and architectural enthusiasts.
Reader’s Guide From the earliest stages of planning the encyclopedia to its fruition as a second edition, our goal has been to present a body of knowledge whose core is about the movement, interaction, and change that has shaped the world. With that continued focus, on connections and movements over and across time and place, we’ve designed our Reader’s Guide. Its thirtyfi ve topical, alphabetically organized categories— under which we list all the entries relevant to each category—emphasize the ways in which a specifi c subject can apply to more than one broad fi eld of study. Textiles, for instance, can reveal a people’s aesthetic sense and development, as well as provide insight about socioeconomic, political, and cultural aspects of a people. Thus the article “Textiles” appears under the categories Arts and Literature, Commerce—Trade Goods and Products, and Daily Life. The categories themselves often refl ect important themes—lenses through which we view a particular aspect of history—such as Confl ict and War or Diplomacy and Peace. Some categories are based on geographical constructs, others on governments or states. Still others group processes, models, or forces that have driven history over the centuries. We’ve “dispersed” the names in our Biography category to indicate the places where these fi gures had their primary or initial infl uence, and (wherever possible) the fi eld, discipline, or specifi c topic in which they made an impact. The British political economist Thomas Malthus (1766–1834), for example, one of the fi rst to warn against the dangers of overpopulation, appears under Environment and Ecology; Europe; Philosophy, Ideas, and Thoughts; and Population, while we list Olaudah Equiano (1745–1797), the African writer and abolitionist, under Africa; Americas; and Social and Political Protest Movements. We include the Reader’s Guide here—and of course in its interactive form for online subscriptions—as a valuable resource for students, teachers, course planners, and general readers alike.
Byzantium/Modernism examines the cross-temporal interchange between Byzantium and modernism and articulates how and why Byzantine art and image theory can contribute to our understanding of modern and contemporary visual culture.
Jeanne Halgren Kilde's survey of church architecture is unlike any other. Her main concern is not the buildings themselves, but rather the dynamic character of Christianity and how church buildings shape and influence the religion. Kilde argues that a primary function of church buildings is to represent and reify three different types of power: divine power, or ideas about God; personal empowerment as manifested in the individual's perceived relationship to the divine; and social power, meaning the relationships between groups such as clergy and laity. Each type intersects with notions of Christian creed, cult, and code, and is represented spatially and materially in church buildings. Kilde explores these categories chronologically, from the early church to the twentieth century. She considers the form, organization, and use of worship rooms; the location of churches; and the interaction between churches and the wider culture. Church buildings have been integral to Christianity, and Kilde's important study sheds new light on the way they impact all aspects of the religion. Neither mere witnesses to transformations of religious thought or nor simple backgrounds for religious practice, church buildings are, in Kilde's view, dynamic participants in religious change and goldmines of information on Christianity itself.
Why Architecture Matters is not a work of architectural history or a guide to the styles or an architectural dictionary, though it contains elements of all three. The purpose of Why Architecture Matters is to come to grips with how things feel to us when we stand before them, with how architecture affects us emotionally as well as intellectually--with its impact on our lives. Architecture begins to matter, writes Paul Goldberger, when it brings delight and sadness and perplexity and awe along with a roof over our heads. He shows us how that works in examples ranging from a small Cape Cod cottage to the vast, flowing Prairie houses of Frank Lloyd Wright, from the Lincoln Memorial to the highly sculptural Guggenheim Bilbao and the Church of Sant'Ivo in Rome, where simple geometries . . . create a work of architecture that embraces the deepest complexities of human imagination. Based on decades of looking at buildings and thinking about how we experience them, the distinguished critic raises our awareness of fundamental things like proportion, scale, space, texture, materials, shapes, light, and memory. Upon completing this remarkable architectural journey, readers will enjoy a wonderfully rewarding new way of seeing and experiencing every aspect of the built world.
For forty years, this widely acclaimed classic has remained unsurpassed as an introduction to art in the Western world, boasting the matchless credibility of the Janson name. This newest update features a more contemporary, more colorful design and vast array of extraordinarily produced illustrations that have become the Janson hallmark. A narrative voice makes this book a truly enjoyable read, and carefully reviewed and revised updates to this edition offer the utmost clarity in contributions based on recent scholarship. Extensive captions for the book’s incredible art program offer profound insight through the eyes of twentieth-century art historians speaking about specific pieces of art featured throughout. Significantly changed in this edition is the chapter on “The Late Renaissance,” in which Janson offers a new perspective on the subject, tracing in detail the religious art tied to the Catholic Reform movement, whose early history is little known to many readers of art history. Janson has also rearranged early Renaissance art according to genres instead of time sequence, and he has followed the reinterpretation of Etruscan art begun in recent years by German and English art historians. With a truly humanist approach, this book gives written and visual meaning to the captivating story of what artists have tried to express—and why—for more than 30,000 years.
For undergraduate one-semester courses in Art History, Art Appreciation, and General Humanities. Retaining the intelligence and freshness of H.W. Janson's classic original work, this unsurpassed introductory survey on the history of Western art from the ancient through modern worlds is specifically written and designed to make art history accessible and enjoyable for students. Now with a new Art History CD-ROM containing nearly 400 images in a flash card format, and an exciting new design, the Sixth Edition enhances its narrative with in-margin coverage of historical/terminology notes, drawings, tables on historical events and personages, explanation of artistic processes, and boxes with history of music and theater topics.
The rediscovery of the city that has been evident recently has by no means superseded the human desire for nature. On the contrary, the goal has been finding urban solutions that do justice to these growing needs and do so in ways that meet the requirements for design, ecology, sociology, and economy. This publication addresses the subject of designing inner-city spaces. It documents twenty recently realized examples in Europe, most of which feature greenery, designed by international landscape architects such as Gustafson Porter, Field Operations, Michel Desvigne, Gross.Max, Latz + Partner, and West 8. The projects, built between 2004 and 2010, range from private urban gardens by way of squares, streets, and promenades to large-scale projects such as the revitalization of riverside areas or master plans for the green spaces of entire cities. Urban greenery is an important contribution to ecological urban development. The projects documented offer examples of how this can succeed using the most modern materials and technologies.