A revolution in working with difficult students began during the 1980s, with a dramatic shift away from dependence on simply punishing bad behavior to reinforcing desired, positive behaviors of children in the classroom. With its foundation in applied behavior analysis (ABA), positive behavior support (PBS) is a social ecology approach that continues to play an increasingly integral role in public education as well as mental health and social services nationwide. The Handbook of Positive Behavior Support gathers into one concise volume the many elements of this burgeoning field and organizes them into a powerful, dynamic knowledge base – theory, research, and applications. Within its chapters, leading experts, including the primary developers and researchers of PBS: (1) Review the origins, history, and ethical foundations of positive behavior support. (2) Report on applications of PBS in early childhood and family contexts, from Head Start to foster care to mental health settings to autism treatment programs. (3) Examine school-based PBS used to benefit all students regardless of ability or conduct. (4) Relate schoolwide PBS to wraparound mental health services and the RTI (response to intervention) movement. (5) Provide data and discussion on a variety of topics salient to PBS, including parenting issues, personnel training, high school use, poorly functioning schools, and more. This volume is an essential resource for school-based practitioners as well as clinicians and researchers in clinical child, school, and educational psychology.
This book, prepared in response to a request from the United States Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, reviews the published literature on positive behavior interventions and uses this database to provide four main content areas for research. Positive behavior support (PBS) is defined as an approach for dealing with problem behavior that focuses on the remediation of deficient contexts (such as environmental conditions and/or behavioral repertoires) that by functional assessment are documented to be the source of the problem. The research published on PBS between 1985 and 1996 (n=107 articles) was reviewed with respect to four categories of variables: demographics, assessment practices, intervention strategies, and outcomes. Results indicated that: (1) PBS is widely applicable to people with serious problem behavior; (2) the field is growing rapidly overall, but especially in the use of assessment and in interventions that focus on correcting environmental deficiencies; (3) using stringent criteria of success, PBS is effective in reducing problem behavior in one-half to two-thirds of cases; (4) success rates nearly double when intervention is based on a prior functional assessment; and (5) consumer needs that emphasize comprehensive lifestyle support, long-term change, practicality and relevance, and direct support for consumers themselves are inadequately addressed by the research base. Recommendations are made for bridging the research-to-practice gap. (Contains more than 300 references.) (Author/CR)
This strategy-packed resource offers innovative intervention techniques and explores the planning and assistance needed to fully include individuals with challenging behavior at home, at school, and in the community.
This book focuses on tier three behavior support for students who exhibit very challenging behavior and who require intensive individual instruction to modify it. The educator will be able to read the book and use the information to successfully implement a functional behavior assessment. The result will be a behavioral intervention plan which is based on data and positive and proactive strategies rather than on adult reactions to negative behavior. This easy-to-use guide will help K-12 educators understand the importance of having a plan and includes: - An overview of functional support - A problem solving model - Data collection techniques and tools - Antecedent and consequence modifications - Replacement behavior teaching - Behavioral intervention planning with highlights from real students
Discover how to implement the Programwide/Schoolwide Positive Behavioral Support (PW/SW-PBS) system, a prevention-based approach for teaching and supporting appropriate behavior in preschool and elementary school children.
This indispensable volume presents an up-to-date conceptual model and practical tools for meeting the challenges of severe problem behavior in elementary and middle-school settings. The focus is on developing and implementing team-based support plans for the 1-5% of students who require intensive, individualized behavioral assessment and intervention. Outlined are field-tested procedures that enable the practitioner to evaluate student needs using functional behavioral assessment; transform assessment results into practical, function-based interventions; develop school-wide systems that support the assessment and intervention process; establish clear roles for leaders and members of behavior support teams; and work collaboratively with administrators, teachers, students, and parents. A much-needed resource and text, the book features illustrative case examples, figures, and charts. Also included are reproducible assessment instruments, parent and teacher forms, sample meeting agendas, and other useful materials. Note: A less intensive, prevention-oriented intervention for students with moderate problem behavior is presented in the complementary volume, Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools.
A widely used practitioner guide and text, this book presents a blueprint for meeting the challenges of severe problem behavior in grades PreK-8. It shows how to provide effective behavior support for the 1-5% of students who require intensive, individualized intervention. Case examples illustrate step-by-step procedures for identifying student needs using functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and designing, implementing, and evaluating team-based behavior support plans (BSPs). The book also describes how to build school- and districtwide capacity to conduct FBA-BSPs. Reproducible forms and worksheets are included; purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size. New to This Edition: *Incorporates current FBA-BSP research and best practices. *Chapters on developing districtwide capacity; FBA apps and software; applications for academic problems; and early childhood settings. *Increased attention to FBA-BSP as a Tier III intervention within a multi-tiered framework. See also the authors' less intensive intervention for moderate problem behavior: Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools, Second Edition: The Behavior Education Program. Also available: Dr. Hawken's training DVD, The Behavior Education Program: A Check-In, Check-Out Intervention for Students at Risk, which demonstrates the BEP in action.
This much-needed guide shows how to implement positive behavior support (PBS) strategies in secondary settings, using a three-tiered approach. The authors adapt the core ideas of PBS to the developmental context of adolescence and the organizational structures of middle schools and junior and senior high schools. With an emphasis on data-based decision making, the book provides ideas and examples for meeting the behavioral needs of all students, from those with emerging concerns to those with ongoing, chronic problems. It takes practitioners step by step through planning, implementing, evaluating, and sustaining schoolwide, small-group, and individual interventions. In a large-size format with convenient lay-flat binding, the book includes useful reproducible forms. This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series.
Seal the gaps in student learning with targeted intervention This practical resource addresses the gap between school-wide disciplinary policies and interventions individually tailored to the most problematic students. Focusing on proactive strategies for small-group interventions, Laura Riffel’s research and techniques include: General strategies that can be applied at the individual level: Self-management, proximity control, peer mentoring and more Comprehensive action plans to anticipate any disciplinary issues A behavior rating sheet proven effective in improving student behavior “Funk Sway” For The Classroom: Using Feng Shui principles to create a classroom environment that enhances productivity, learning and creativity