Science

Biological Processing of Solid Waste

Author: Sunil Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 646

Offering a comprehensive approach, this title covers fundamentals, technologies, and management of biological processing of solid waste. It discusses kinetic modeling and synergistic impact evolution during bioprocessing of solid waste, environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emission from biological processing of solid waste, energy recovery from solid waste, and biodrying of solid waste. It also presents cases and challenges from different countries, successful business models, and economic analyses of various processing options. Aimed at researchers and industry professionals in solid and hazardous waste management, this title offers a wealth of knowledge to help readers understand this increasingly important area.
Science

Biological Treatment of Solid Waste

Author: Elena C. Rada

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 882

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Biological Treatment of Solid Waste: Enhancing Sustainability reviews several technologies that help communities manage solid waste sustainably, while at the same time generating energy, revenue, and other resources. The book is divided into three topics: Microbial technologies for solid waste treatment Composting Biodrying Included within these larger topics are case studies and investigations into particular aspects of each, with attention paid to food waste, animal waste, municipal waste, and certain forms of industrial waste. The editor is an environmental engineer with an international reputation, and she has included her own research studies as well as that of her colleagues, many of which have been presented at international waste management conferences. She concludes that our world can no longer afford to consider waste as something that can be discarded with no regard for future use. Instead, if addressed correctly through policy and practice, solid waste can become a valuable resource.

Handbook on Organic Waste for Biological Treatment, Liquid Manure into a Solid, Tomato Waste Water Treatment, Oxalic Acid from Jute Stick, Cotton Processing Waste, Fish Waste, Agro-Industrial Wastes, Bioconversion of Pretreated Wheat Straw and Sunflower Stalks to Ethanol, Agricultural Waste Treatment, Waste of Dehydrated Onion, Beef-Cattle Manure Slurry, Meat Meal and Algae for Calves, Wastes from Large Piggeries, Pig Waste, Oxytetracycline, Methane from Cattle Waste

Author: Dr. Himadri Panda

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 504

View: 404

Handbook on Organic Waste for Biological Treatment, Liquid Manure into a Solid, Tomato Waste Water Treatment, Oxalic Acid from Jute Stick, Cotton Processing Waste, Fish Waste, Agro-Industrial Wastes, Bioconversion of Pretreated Wheat Straw and Sunflower Stalks to Ethanol, Agricultural Waste Treatment, Waste of Dehydrated Onion, Beef-Cattle Manure Slurry, Meat Meal and Algae for Calves, Wastes from Large Piggeries, Pig Waste, Oxytetracycline, Methane from Cattle Waste (Also Known as The Complete Book on Biological Waste Treatment and their Utilization) Biological Treatment is the recycling of humus, nutrients and/or energy from biological waste by means of aerobic (composting) or anaerobic (digesting) processing. Biological treatment is an important and integral part of any wastewater treatment plant that treats wastewater from either municipality or industry having soluble organic impurities or a mix of the two types of wastewater sources. Biological wastewater treatment is an important and integral step of wastewater treatment system and it treats wastewater coming from either residential buildings or industries etc. It is often called as Secondary Treatment process which is used to remove any contaminants that left over after primary treatment. Organic waste is material that is biodegradable and comes from either a plant or animal. Organic waste is usually broken down by other organisms over time and may also be referred to as wet waste. Most of the time, it's made up of vegetable and fruit debris, paper, bones and human waste which quickly disintegrate. Wastewater treatment is a process used to convert wastewater, which is water no longer needed or suitable for its most recent use, into an effluent that can be either returned to the water cycle with minimal environmental issues or reused. Expenditure on water and wastewater infrastructure in India is set to increase by 83% over the next five years, hitting an annual run rate of $16 billion by 2020. The utility market is set to top $14 billion within five years, while annual spending in the industrial sector will approach $2 billion. Spending on water supply will grow from $5.56 billion to $9.4 billion over the next five years. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area.
Political Science

Biowaste and Biological Waste Treatment

Author: Gareth Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 606

With growing public pressure and increasingly stringent environmental legislation, the waste industry is now being called upon to develop more sustainable methods of dealing with refuse. Coupled with moves to reduce reliance on landfill as a disposal route, biological treatment will increasingly become adopted as a standard requirement for the vast majority of putrescible wastes. Biowaste and Biological Waste Treatment examines the present, and likely future, state of biological waste treatment. The book falls naturally into three parts. The first covers the nature of biowaste, waste treatment in general and the regulatory framework which governs it. The second looks at the technologies and approaches available, while the final part examines the various policy questions and local, social and economic factors which affect the implementation of biowaste initiatives.
Science

Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering

Author: Gaetano Celenza

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 339

Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering is a step-by-step implementation manual in three volumes, detailing the selection and design of industrial liquid and solid waste treatment systems. It consolidates all the process engineering principles required to evaluate a wide range of industrial facilities, starting with pollution prevention and source control and ending with end-of-pipe treatment technologies. Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering guides experienced engineers through the various steps of industrial liquid and solid waste treatment. The structure of the text allows a wider application to various levels of experience. By beginning each chapter with a simplified explanation of applicable theory, expanding to practical design discussions, and finishing with system Flowsheets and Case Study detail calculations, readers can "enter or leave" a section according to their specific needs. As a result, this set serves as a primer for students engaged in environmental engineering studies AND a comprehensive single-source reference for experienced engineers. Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering includes design principles applicable to municipal systems with significant industrial influents. The information presented in these volumes is basic to conventional treatment procedures, while allowing evaluation and implementation of specialized and emerging treatment technologies. What makes Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering unique is the level of process engineering detail. The facility evaluation section includes a step-by-step review of each major and support manufacturing operation, identifying probable contaminant discharges, practical prevention measures, and point source control procedures. This theoretical plant review is followed by procedures to conduct a site specific pollution control program. The unit operation chapters contain all the details needed to complete a treatment process design.
Science

Waste Management and Resource Recovery

Author: Charles R. Rhyner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 551

This book provides a basic understanding of waste management problems and issues faced by modern society. Scientific, technical, and environmental principles are emphasized to illustrate the processes of municipal and industrial solid wastes and liquid wastes, and the nature of impacts resulting from waste dispersal and disposal in the environment. Economic, social, legal, and political aspects of waste management are also addressed. Environmental issues and concerns receive thorough coverage in discussing waste reduction, resource recovery, and efficient and practical waste disposal systems. Other specific topics include recycling, physical and chemical processing, the biological treatment of waste solids, incineration, pyrolysis, and energy recover, hazardous wastes, and landfill management.The role of government and other institutions in waste management and resource recovery matters is also detailed. Discussion questions, worked examples, and end-of-chapter problems reinforce important concepts. Waste Management and Resource Recovery is particularly suitable as a text in waste management courses in environmental science or engineering programs. It also works well as a reference for practitioners in the waste management field.
Science

Solid Waste Technology and Management, 2 Volume Set

Author: Thomas Christensen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1052

View: 797

The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.
Science

International Symposium MBT 2007

Author: Matthias Kühle-Weidemeier

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 939

From the 22nd to the 24th of May around 300 participants from 37 countries came together in Hanover for the 2nd International Symposium MBT and Automatic Waste Sorting 2007. This symposium organised by Wasteconsult has established itself to the most recognised conference about mechanical and biological treatment (MBT) of waste. Not only in Europe, but also in developing and emerging countries, there is an increasing interest in the MBT technology as presentations from India, Thailand and Iran have shown. In addition to material separation for recycling and energy recovery the production of compost from mixed municipal solid waste is a frequent treatment goal in these countries. The majority of the presenters and participants came from Western Europe and Australia. It can be assumed that the MBT capacities will increase significantly in these countries in coming years. Also, an MBT plant could there be considerably cheaper than in Germany partly due to lower requirements (e.g. exhaust gas treatment and landfill criteria) and due to other objective targets of the plants. The symposium did not only deal with the current situation of MBT plants but it also set a another focus on the increasing recovery and quality improvement of utilisable material streams due to sensor-based sorting techniques and optimised processing techniques. In the short term, there is a demand for improvement particularly at the high-calorific fraction to produce products in the line of the market. The main chapters of the proceedings are: I. General and International Aspects of MBT II. Short Presentations (of different process techniques) III. MBT Experiences and Optimisation IV. Mechanical Treatment and Automatic Sorting V. Fuels (RDF) and Recycled Materials VI. Biological Treatment VII. Sampling and Analytical Methods VIII. Emissions and Emission Treatment IX. Posters

Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering

Author: Gaetano Celenza

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 207

View: 279

Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering is a step-by-step implementation manual in three volumes, detailing the selection and design of industrial liquid and solid waste treatment systems. It consolidates all the process engineering principles required to evaluate a wide range of industrial facilities, starting with pollution prevention and source control and ending with end-of-pipe treatment technologies. Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering guides experienced engineers through the various steps of industrial liquid and solid waste treatment. The structure of the text allows a wider application to various levels of experience. By beginning each chapter with a simplified explanation of applicable theory, expanding to practical design discussions, and finishing with system Flowsheets and Case Study detail calculations, readers can "enter or leave" a section according to their specific needs. As a result, this set serves as a primer for students engaged in environmental engineering studies AND a comprehensive single-source reference for experienced engineers. Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering includes design principles applicable to municipal systems with significant industrial influents. The information presented in these volumes is basic to conventional treatment procedures, while allowing evaluation and implementation of specialized and emerging treatment technologies. What makes Industrial Waste Treatment Process Engineering unique is the level of process engineering detail. The facility evaluation section includes a step-by-step review of each major and support manufacturing operation, identifying probable contaminant discharges, practical prevention measures, and point source control procedures. This theoretical plant review is followed by procedures to conduct a site specific pollution control program. The unit operation chapters contain all the details needed to complete a treatment process design.
Recycling (Waste, etc.)

Solid Waste Management

Author: Hari Mohan Singh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Recycling (Waste, etc.)

Page: 272

View: 312

Solid waste has become a problem for many urban cities and an actual crisis for some. Civic Agencies that pick up waste and deliver it to landfill sites may also help in the solid waste management process. Managing the solid waste is an extensive process. Since we have lived in a throwaway society for several generations since the industrial revolution, our planet has paid the price. Waste materials that are organic in nature such as plant material, food scraps, and paper products, can be recycled using biological composting and digestion processes to decompose the organic matter. The resulting organic material is then recycled as mulch or compost for agricultural or landscaping purposes. In addition waste gas from the process (such as methane) can be captured and used for generating electricity. The intention of biological processing in waste management is to control and accelerate the natural process of decomposition of organic matter.

Municipal Solid Waste Management Of Kollam Corporation, Kerala

Author: Thomas George

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 352

View: 674

The present study on MSW of Kollam corporation brings to light many facts relating to the present status of MSWM, characteristics of MSW, characteristics of HSW, management issues of HSW, role of rag-pickers in MSWM, open dumping and related environmental problems, and health hazards of rag-pickers and people in the neighbourhood of dump site. The data procured on these aspects are useful in implementing better waste management strategies in the corporation.The globally accepted concept that wastes are resources of economic value, it seemed, has not been recognized by the corporation. Understanding the potentials of the waste generated in the corporation, steps such as house to house collection of segregated waste with the assistance of voluntary or self help group; biological processing of waste at generation stage either by composting or vermi composting or bio-methanation techniques and a recovery of the non-biodegradables for recycling shall be attempted. The work of processing of waste shall be entrusted with Private agency based on a no loss-no gain agreement by the corporation.

The Complete Book on Biological Waste Treatment and their Utilization

Author: Dr. H. Panda

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 504

View: 327

The organic waste stream is composed of waste of a biological origin such as paper and cardboard, food, green and garden waste, animal waste and biosolids and sludges. Organic waste is usually generated as a component of most waste streams. For information on the treatments for managing organic wastes click on the links to the right. Four significant components of this organic, biodegradable stream are from food preparation, agricultural production, livestock manures, and municipal sewage sludge. Organic waste from food sources includes vegetables, fruits, grains, meats, fish, dairy products, etc., and constitutes some 18% of the typical municipal organic waste stream. An average of 1 kg per person per day of organic waste is produced, originating from households, wholesalers & processors, restaurants, and institutions. Urban centers are the major generators of organic food waste. Agricultural waste includes waste made up of those materials such as manure and animal output, in either solid or liquid form from poultry or other livestock operations. It also includes harvest remains from grain, oilseed, vegetable, and orchard crops. Increase in biological waste has led to the increase in biological waste management technology. Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The book includes organic waste for biological treatment, organic waste forms and treatment strategies, transformation of liquid manure into a solid, modeling of agricultural waste treatments, utilization of Indian waste in livestock feeds etc. This book also explains the different types of organic wastes like waste from tomato, jute, cotton, agro-industries, dehydration process of onion, piggeries, poultry, milk parlour etc. This book describes the methods how organic waste can be converted into useful products like oxalic acid, oxytetracycline, humic acids etc. The book is highly recommended to new entrepreneurs, existing units who wants to get more information of organic waste treatment.
Science

Resource Recovery From Municipal Solid Wastes

Author: Diaz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 197

This text includes two volumes discussing resource recovery form municipal solid wastes. Volume 2 discusses in more detail the final processing including; incineration, preparation and use of refuse-derived fuel, biological resource recoveyr, biogas production, hydrolysis and single cell protein and ethanol production, composting, environmental aspects, and landfill.
Science

Solid Waste Technology and Management, 2 Volume Set

Author: Thomas Christensen

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1052

View: 446

The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.
Science

Advanced Biological, Physical, and Chemical Treatment of Waste Activated Sludge

Author: Antoine Prandota Trzcinski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 823

Recently, research efforts aiming to improve energy efficiency of wastewater treatment processes for large centralized wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been increasing. Global warming impacts, energy sustainability, and biosolids generation are among several key drivers towards the establishment of energy-efficient WWTPs. WWTPs have been recognized as major contributors of greenhouse gas emissions as these are significant energy consumers in the industrialized world. The quantity of biosolids or excess waste activated sludge produced by WWTP will increase in the future due to population growth and this pose environmental concerns and solid waste disposal issues. Due to limited capacity of landfill sites, more stringent environmental legislation, and air pollution from incineration sites, there is a need to rethink the conventional way of dealing with wastewater and the sludge production that comes with it. This book provides an overview of advanced biological, physical and chemical treatment with the aim of reducing the volume of sewage sludge. Provides a comprehensive list of processes aiming at reducing the volume of sewage sludge and increasing biogas production from waste activated sludge. Includes clear process flowsheet showing how the process is modified compared to the conventional waste activated sludge process. Provides current technologies applied on full scale plant as well as methods still under investigation at laboratory scale. Offers data from pilot scale experience of these processes
Science

Municipal Solid Waste Management

Author: Christian Ludwig

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 535

View: 577

Motivation The other day I was waiting at the station for my train. Next to me a young lady was nonchalantly leaning against the wall. Suddenly, she took a cigarette pack out of her handbag, pulled out the last cigarette, put it between her lips, crushed the empty pack, threw it on the ground and hedonistically lit the cigarette. I thought to myself, "What a behavior?!". The nearest trashcan was just five meters away. So I bent down, took the crushed pack and gave it back to her, saying that she had lost it. She looked at me in a rather deranged way, but she said nothing and of waste to the trashcan. brought the piece Often people are not aware of the waste they produce. They get rid of it and that's it. As soon as the charming lady dropped the cigarette pack, the problem was solved for her. The pack was on the ground and it suddenly no longer belonged to her. It is taken for granted that somebody else will do the cleaning up. There is a saying that nature does not produce waste. For long as humans obtained the goods they needed from the ground where they lived, the waste that was produced could be handled by nature. This has drastically changed due to urbanization and waste produced by human activities has become a severe burden.
Technology & Engineering

Management of Municipal Solid Waste

Author: T. V. Ramachandra

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 389

Due to the rapid increase in the production and consumption processes, societies generate as well as reject solid materials regularly from various sectors. The primary goals of this book are to encourage reduction of waste at the source and to foster implementation of cost-effective integrated solid waste management systems.
Technology & Engineering

Compost Science and Technology

Author: L.F. Diaz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 380

View: 250

Composting is a widely used biological process for the management of some wastes produced in communities and agricultural activities, which have experienced substantial growth during the last few years. Because this and the knowledge of composting has increased, the number of composting facilities has increased tremendously, especially in some European countries. Interest has also increased in several countries in other regions of the world. Compost Science and Technology attempts to summarize some of the most important work conducted during the last few years under one cover. The contributions to the publication are made by some of the most qualified professionals in the world and present the information in a clear and objective manner. The readers will find the information very useful and will be helpful in the design of new facilities and organic recycling programs. The manager or interested member of the community does not have to have a rigorous training in science or technology. Up-to-date contributions by some of the most knowledgeable and respected leaders in the field Clear and objective presentations, which are arranged in such a way that it is not necessary to read the entire book Information is supported by data, tables and references Covers most important aspects of the process including a brief historical review May be used by teachers as well as practicioners in the field