This compelling look at the relationship between the majority of African American students and their teachers provides answers and solutions to the hard-hitting questions facing education in today's black and mixed-race communities. Are teachers prepared by their college education departments to teach African American children? Are schools designed for middle-class children and, if so, what are the implications for the 50 percent of African Americans who live below the poverty line? Is the major issue between teachers and students class or racial difference? Why do some of the lowest test scores come from classrooms where black educators are teaching black students? How can parents negotiate with schools to prevent having their children placed in special education programs? Also included are teaching techniques and a list of exemplary schools that are successfully educating African Americans.
Challenges Ruby Payne's theories about the impact of class differences and economics on teaching and learning, putting forward other factors as better predictors of student performance. Kunjufu points to success stories in schools that serve low-income students. His refutation of Payne's popular teacher-training program asserts that teacher expectations, time on task, and the principal's leadership are the main factors in determining educational outcomes at a school. Abandoning Payne's framework of teacher-student income disparities, racial makeup, and per-pupil expenditure, this critical analysis asserts the human component as the most powerful tool for improving education in failing schools. --From publisher description.
This critical analysis looks at the disproportionate number of African American males in special education. Arguing that the problem is race and gender driven, questions covered include Why does Europe send more females to special education? Why does America lead the world in giving children Ritalin? Is there a relationship between sugar, Ritalin, and cocaine? and Is there a relationship between special education and prison? More than 100 strategies to help teachers and parents keep black boys in the regular classroom, such as revising teacher expectations, increasing parental involvement, changing teaching styles from a left-brain abstract approach to a right-brain hands-on approach, redoing the curriculum, understanding the impact of mass media, and fostering healthy eating habits.
Educational equalization by United States Commission on Civil Rights
The point of departure for this new edition, as it was for the first, is the unacceptable reality that, for students of color, school is often not a place to learn but a place of low expectations and failure. In urban schools with concentrations of poverty, often fewer than half the ninth graders leave with a high school diploma. This second edition has been considerably expanded with chapters that illuminate the Asian American, Native American, and Latina/o experience, including that of undocumented students, in our schools. These chapters offer insights into the concerns and issues students bring to the classroom. They also convey the importance for teachers, as they accept difference and develop cultural sensitivity, to see their students as individuals, and avoid generalizations. This need to go beneath the surface is reinforced by a chapter on adopted children, children of mixed race, and “hidden minorities”. White and Black teachers, and teachers of different races and ethnicities, here provide the essential theoretical background, and share their experiences and the approaches they have developed, to create the conditions – in both urban and suburban settings – that enable minority students to succeed. This book encourages reflection and self-examination, and calls for recognizing and reinforcing students’ ability to achieve. It also calls for high expectations for both teachers and students. It demonstrates what it means to recognize often-unconscious biases, confront institutional racism where it occurs, surmount stereotyping, adopt culturally relevant teaching, connect with parents and the community, and integrate diversity in all activities. This book is replete with examples from practice and telling insights that will engage teachers in practice or in service. It should have a place in every classroom in colleges of education and K-12 schools. Its empowering message applies to every teacher working in an educational setting that recognizes the empowerment that comes in celebrating diversity. Each chapter concludes with a set of questions for personal reflection or group discussion.
Improving Schools for African American Students is designed to provide educational leaders with a better understanding of how to recognize the diversity of strengths that Black students bring with them to school and how to use these strengths to improve achievement. The articles contained in this book discuss generic education issues such as policy reform, the importance of high quality teaching, and the improvement of schools from the perspective of the academic achievement of African American students. Part I explores institutional racism in the context of America's public schools and provides suggestions for educational leaders to eliminate harmful policies and practices within educational institutions and settings. Part II discusses the kinds of institutional and instructional changes that are needed to support successful schooling of African American children and youth. Part III focuses on the challenges presented to African American students by the current high stakes testing environment that surrounds standards, assessment, and accountability. A review of the literature on schools that have succeeded in improving achievement for African American students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels with districts moving towards narrowing the achievement gap is included. This text examines a wide variety of policies, programs, practices, and research that will provide valuable insight. The emphasis throughout the book is on the ability of educators to successfully restructure their schools, offer high quality teaching and learning standards for African American students and to make the kinds of changes that will result in high achievement for all students.
Illustrates the bad things that can occur when people do not respect one another and the good things that happen in a culture of respect, and demonstrates the kinds of words and attitude respectful people have and use.
"Explores how teachers perceive students from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds and the unintended consequences of a kind of 'colorblind multiculturalism.' She unearths a hierarchy of acceptance and legitimacy that excludes most poor Black students and favors certain immigrant minorities. In addition, Randolph discovers how some teachers distinguish their support for certain forms of student diversity from curriculum diversity, such as accommodating bilingual education"--Publisher description.
This thought provoking examination of relationships critically looks at issues such as economics, self esteem, compatibility, trust, and communication from an Africentric perspective. Anyone who has asked the questions, Where are all the brothers? or Why is the divorce rate so high?, will find answers and solutions in this valuable book.
This book will support teachers, counselors, and administrators in creating a culturally relevant, school-wide, college-going culture to improve educational experiences and outcomes for Black and Latina/o youth. The authors present the perspectives and experiences of 25 students, focusing on the complexities of their daily lives and illuminating some of the significant influences that have supported or hindered their college readiness and access. They situate issues of college access in a national context, provide insight into who and what influences youths college-going processes, and engage readers in critical analysis to create culturally relevant policies and practices within their own school contexts.
Illiteracy is the precursor to retention, special education, dropping out and incarceration. Young people need to know how to read and they need books that speak to their culture and circumstances. This book helps them overcome poverty, gangs, drugs, homelessness and other social ills. The book is aligned with Common Core Standards in Language Arts and Social Studies.
This book is a case study illustrating how one urban school district overcame barriers to allow for effective communication across ethnic and socioeconomic lines, enabling the community to build consensus on new policies and programs for elementary and middle school students at risk for educational failure. The information presented here will be of interest to all urban educators who believe that current policies and programs for at-risk students are failing and who are seeking new answers and ways forward.
DIVTen essayists discuss the black church's public activism on natioonal policy issues in the post Civil Rights period, focusing on issues such as health care, affirmative action, welfare reform, and public education./div
This casebook is part of a nationwide effort to capture and use practitioner knowledge to better prepare teachers for the reality of today's classrooms, given a student population vastly different from that of even a decade ago. Consciously designed to provoke engaging and demanding discussion, the cases presented here are candid, dramatic, highly readable accounts of teaching events or series of events. Set in three of the nation's most diverse cities -- San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Phoenix -- the cases offer problem-based snapshots of on-the-job dilemmas. The teacher-authors discuss topics that generate heated interchange and run the risk of polarizing opinions and creating defensive assumptions, particularly those dealing with bias, race, and class. These issues, plus cultural behaviors and socioeconomic circumstances have important implications for classroom practices. By examining such issues, the editors hope that educators will see -- and act on -- the need for a greater variety of teaching styles, distribution of opportunities, and educational access for all students.
As adults working in schools, educators’ beliefs translate into messages, actions, and behaviors that can enhance or impede student success. This book affirms why beliefs are so important and why it is imperative to spend time focusing on, reflecting upon, and affecting educators’ beliefs—especially about students’ resilience. The author draws from her extensive experience in research, policy, and practice to present a wealth of information, strategies, and tools to help educators transfer current resilience theory and research into practice. Unfortunately, being an educator is not always publically supported, financially rewarded, or highly valued. Responding to these circumstances, Resilience Begins with Beliefs is an effective resource to support the resilience of the teachers and administrators working in our schools, as well as to facilitate any environment conducive to greater learning and life outcomes for all students. “In this book, Sara provides clear tools, techniques, and strategies that can actually take something as elusive as beliefs and make it something understandable and embraceable in a concrete context. Furthermore, this book is not only written for teachers but also for educators, administrators, and policymakers in education at all levels—federal, state, and local. In fact, I feel that this book would be a beneficial resource for anyone working within any human service system.” —From the Foreword by Bonnie Benard, Author, with over 25 years of experience promoting the concept of resilience based practice nationally and internationally. “Truebridge has provided a gift to the field, bridging scientific evidence with everyday practice in schools toward maximizing resilience. She eloquently describes the enormous potential of authentic, caring relationships with teachers, and the critical need for teachers to be supported themselves in their ‘caretaking roles.’ With specific implementation directions provided, this is a must-read for educators at all levels of children’s development, from preschool through the end of high school.” —Suniya Luthar, Foundation Professor of Psychology, Arizona State University. “Resilience Begins with Beliefs is a splendid book that is strongly recommended for anyone involved in, or even just interested in, education. It is research based but also immensely practical and very engagingly written. Major environmental positives that apply to schools, as well as to other settings, are caring relationships, high expectations, and opportunities to participate, contribute, and take responsibility. This book integrates all of this in a most interesting and helpful way. It is a marvellous achievement.” —Sir Michael Rutter, Professor of Developmental Psychopathology, Institute of Psychiatry, London Book Features: Identifies concrete strategies for harnessing resilience in classrooms and schools. Encourages and promotes reader interaction with reflection questions in every chapter. Offers format suggestions for preservice and professional development programs. Provides many user-friendly features, such as personal reflection ideas for facilitators and participants, and a resilience-in-practice checklist. Sara Truebridge is an education consultant and researcher with over 20 years of classroom experience. Prior to teaching, she was the legislative analyst for education in the New York State Senate and the special assistant to the New York State Secretary of State. She also serves as an education consultant to films, including Race to Nowhere and Love, Hate, Love.
This book is designed to challenge dominant educational discourses on the underachievement of Black children and to engender new understandings in initial teacher education (ITE) about Black children's education and achievement. Based in empirical case study work and theoretical insights drawn from Bourdieu, hooks, Freire, and Giroux, Maylor calls for Black children’s underachievement to be (re)theorised and (re)conceptualised within teacher education, and for students and teachers to become more "race"- and "difference"-minded in their practice.
The Cultural Matrix seeks to unravel an American paradox: the socioeconomic crisis and social isolation of disadvantaged black youth, on the one hand, and their extraordinary integration and prominence in popular culture on the other. This interdisciplinary work explains how a complex matrix of cultures influences black youth.