Psychology

The Psychology of Food Choice

Author: Richard Shepherd

Publisher: CABI

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page: 399

View: 423

One of the central problems in nutrition is the difficulty of getting people to change their dietary behaviours so as to bring about an improvement in health. What is required is a clearer understanding of the motivations of consumers, barriers to changing diets and how we might have an impact upon dietary behaviour. This book brings together theory, research and applications from psychology and behavioural sciences applied to dietary behaviour. The authors are all international leaders in their respective fields and together give an overview of the current understanding of consumer food choice.
Social Science

Routine Activity and Rational Choice

Author: R. V. G. Clarke

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 486

Two new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies. The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. Following publication of the first volume, Michael J. Lynch of Florida State University asserted that "Advances in Criminological Theory is to be applauded as an attempt to revive criminological theory by providing an accessible outlet." Contributions to this volume include: Pierre Tremblay, "Searching for Suitable Co-offenders"; Raymond Paternoster and Sally Simpson, "A Rational Choice Theory of Corporate Crime"; Richard B. Felson, "Predatory and Dispute-related Violence"; Gordon Trasler, "Conscience, Opportunity, Rational Choice, and Crime"; Ezzat A. Fattah, "The Rational Choice/Opportunity Perspectives as a Vehicle for Integrating Criminological and Victimological Theories"; Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, "Environment, Routine, and Situation"; Maurice Cusson, "A Strategic Analysis of Crime"; Richard W. Harding, "Gun Use in Crime, Rational Choice, and Social Learning Theory."

Multiple Choice Questions in Computer Science

Author: Ela Kumar

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 472

View: 275

The present book aims to provide a thorough account of the type of questions asked in various competitive examinations conducted by UPSC, public sector organizations, private sector companies etc. and also in GATE It covers almost all the important and relevant topics, namely
Political Science

Information, Participation, and Choice

Author: Bernard Grofman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 722

A review of the consequences for political science of Anthony Downs's seminal work.
Business & Economics

Food Choice, Acceptance and Consumption

Author: Herbert L. Meiselman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 280

The role of the human senses in food acceptance, the socio-cultural context of eating and food choice, what animal research tells us about human eating, the developments of childresns eating habits, what does abnormal eating tell us about normal eating, the contextual basis for food acceptanc, food choice and food intake, marketing and consumer behaviour with respect to foods, economic influences on food choice, food choice,mood and mental performance, attitudes and belifs inf food habits, dietary change.
Academic libraries

Choice

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 923

Political Science

Putting Choice Before Democracy

Author: Emily Hauptmann

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 765

Shows how rational choice theory's critique and justification of democracy fails in its project to recast democratic theory.
Social Science

Rational Choice Theory

Author: Margaret S. Archer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 461

Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines. Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made. The ciritique focuses on the four assumptions which are the bedrock of rational choice: rationality: the theory's definition of rationality is incomplete, and cannot satisfactorily incorporate norms and emotions individualism: rational choice is based upon atomistic, individual decision makers and cannot account for decisions made by ;couples', 'groups' or other forms of collective action process: the assumption of fixed, well-ordered preferences and 'perfect information' makes the theory inadequate for situations of change and uncertainty aggregation: as methodological individualists, rational choice theorists can only view structure and culture as aggregates and cannot incorporate structural or cultural influences as emergent properties which have an effect upon decision making. The critique is grounded in discussion of a wide range of social issues, including race, marriage, health and education.
Business & Economics

The Choice Modelling Approach to Environmental Valuation

Author: Jeff Bennett

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 454

'. . . a very useful single source for those interested in environmental evaluation using choice models.' - David A. Hensher, Australian Journal of Environmental Management '. . . this book can serve as a firm basis to start understanding what CM is about. . .' - Jesús Barreiro Hurlé, European Review of Agricultural Economics Choice Modelling is a technique that has recently emerged as a means of estimating the demand for environmental goods and the benefits and costs associated with them. The aims of the book are fourfold: * to introduce the technique in the environmental context * to demonstrate its use in a range of case studies * to provide insights into some methodological issues * to explore the prospects for the technique.
Architecture

Discrete Choice Analysis

Author: Moshe E. Ben-Akiva

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 390

View: 828

Discrete Choice Analysis presents these results in such a way that they are fully accessible to the range of students and professionals who are involved in modelling demand and consumer behavior in general or specifically in transportation - whether from the point of view of the design of transit systems, urban and transport economics, public policy, operations research, or systems management and planning. The methods of discrete choice analysis and their applications in the modelling of transportation systems constitute a comparatively new field that has largely evolved over the past 15 years. Since its inception, however, the field has developed rapidly, and this is the first text and reference work to cover the material systematically, bringing together the scattered and often inaccessible results for graduate students and professionals. Discrete Choice Analysis presents these results in such a way that they are fully accessible to the range of students and professionals who are involved in modelling demand and consumer behavior in general or specifically in transportation - whether from the point of view of the design of transit systems, urban and transport economics, public policy, operations research, or systems management and planning. The introductory chapter presents the background of discrete choice analysis and context of transportation demand forecasting. Subsequent chapters cover, among other topics, the theories of individual choice behavior, binary and multinomial choice models, aggregate forecasting techniques, estimation methods, tests used in the process of model development, sampling theory, the nested-logit model, and systems of models. Discrete Choice Analysis is ninth in the MIT Press Series in Transportation Studies, edited by Marvin Manheim.
Business & Economics

Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

Author: Mustafa F. Özbilgin

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 616

View: 654

Presents an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences. This book also examines the influence of an MBA education on the later work and life experiences of managers and entrepreneurs.
Psychology

Gender and Choice in Education and Occupation

Author: John Radford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 289

Despite many years of equality of choice, boys and girls continue to differ in both the subjects they study at school and later in the careers they decide to pursue. In this collection of papers by leading researchers from academic and practitioner backgrounds, the current evidence from a range of fields is reviewed. Drawing on both their own original research and that of others, the contributors consider topics as diverse as subject choice in secondary school, differences in brain functions between the sexes, the comparison of men and women in management and recruiting women to science and technology.
Political Science

Strategic Choice and International Relations

Author: David A. Lake

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 133

The strategic-choice approach has a long pedigree in international relations. In an area often rent by competing methodologies, editors David A. Lake and Robert Powell take the best of accepted and contested knowledge among many theories. With the contributors to this volume, they offer a unifying perspective, which begins with a simple insight: students of international relations want to explain the choices actors make--whether these actors be states, parties, ethnic groups, companies, leaders, or individuals. This synthesis offers three new benefits: first, the strategic interaction of actors is the unit of analysis, rather than particular states or policies; second, these interactions are now usefully organized into analytic schemes, on which conceptual experiments may be based; and third, a set of methodological "bets" is then made about the most productive ways to analyze the interactions. Together, these elements allow the pragmatic application of theories that may apply to a myriad of particular cases, such as individuals protesting environmental degradation, governments seeking to control nuclear weapons, or the United Nations attempting to mobilize member states for international peacekeeping. Besides the editors, the six contributors to this book, all distinguished scholars of international relations, are Jeffry A. Frieden, James D. Morrow, Ronald Rogowski, Peter Gourevitch, Miles Kahler, and Arthur A. Stein. Their work is an invaluable introduction for scholars and students of international relations, economists, and government decision-makers.
Business & Economics

Applied Choice Analysis

Author: David A. Hensher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 717

View: 722

In this primer the authors provide an unintimidating introduction to the main techniques of choice analysis.
Business & Economics

Emotions, Advertising and Consumer Choice

Author: Flemming Hansen

Publisher: Copenhagen Business School Press DK

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 462

View: 162

"Emotions, Advertising and Consumer Choice focuses on recent neurological and psychological insights - originating from brain scanning or neurological experiments - on basic emotional processes in the brain and their role in controlling human behaviour. These insights are translated by the authors to cover the behaviour of ordinary individuals in everyday life. The book looks at these developments in the light of traditional cognitive theories of consumer choice and it discusses the implications for advertising and other communication testing."--Jacket.
Political Science

Rational Choice and Politics

Author: Stephen Parsons

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 189

View: 374

Rational Choice Theory claims to be able to explain how all individuals make not just some of their choices, but all of their choices, all of the time. According to the theory, there is no difference in principle between choosing whether to buy apples rather than bananas or choosing whether to join a political revolution instead of staying at home and watching television. Given these claims to universal applicability, it is perhaps not surprising to find that over the last three or four decades Rational Choice Theory has become increasingly influential as a means of providing explanations in politics. The textbook introduces the premises of Rational Choice Theory and illustrates how this theory can be applied to political studies. The book concludes with an assessment of the usefulness of the model in the light of the problems highlighted. -"Parson's book provides a lucid presentation and a cogent critique of Rational Choice Theory in economics and politics." Professor Steve Pressman, Department of Economics and Finance, Monmouth University, USA
Business & Economics

Using Discrete Choice Experiments to Value Health and Health Care

Author: Mandy Ryan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 663

This work takes a fresh and contemporary look at the growing interest in the development and application of discrete choice experiments (DCEs) within the field of health economics. The book comprises chapters by highly regarded academics with experience of applying DCEs in the area of health. Thus the book is relevant to post-graduate students and applied researchers with an interest in the use of DCEs for valuing health and health care and has international appeal.
Medical

Mate Choice

Author: Patrick Bateson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 462

View: 132

Twenty-one specially-commissioned articles provide a clear picture of the current state of thinking about mate choice. Brings together modern thinking on the various functions of mate choice and its role in evolution.
Business & Economics

Individual Choice Under Certainty and Uncertainty

Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 717

The third volume of Arrow's Collected Papers concerns the basic concept of rationality as it applies to an economic decision maker. In particular, it addresses the problem of choice faced by consumers in a multicommodity world and presents specific models of choice useful in economic analysis. It also discusses choice models under uncertainty.