Clinical Nutrition for Surgical Patients, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive resource available for practitioners who offer interdisciplinary nutrition care to surgical patients. This reference begins with a through review of the basics of medical nutrition therapy for surgical patients, including nutritional assessment, the role of surgical diets, and the indications and contraindications for specialized nutrition support. Subsequent chapters, written by experts in the field, address specific medical and surgical conditions and disease states that present specific challenges with provision of nutrition support. All recommendations are evidence-based and can be applied to clinical practice. The latest nutrition support techniques are described and their roles in managing many types of surgical patients are outlined. Any clinician caring for surgical patients will benefit from the wealth of current information provided in this text.
This Surgical Clinics issue is Part 2 of a special two part issue on nutrition and metabolism of the surgical patient, co-guest edited by Dr. Stanley Dudrick, a pioneer in total parenteral nutrition. Part 2, guest edited by Dr. Dudrick and Dr. Juan Sanchez present topics on nutrition and metabolism for the chronically ill patient. Topics will include: nutrition management of acute and chronic pancreatitis, surgical treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus, nutrition management of geriatric surgical patients, nutrients, routes of delivery and immunocompetence, immunologic functions and aspects of the alimentary tract related to feeding, overview of enteral and parenteral feeding access techniques, dietary, metabolic and surgical management of obese patients, historical highlights of the development of total parenteral nutrition, nutrition support of patients with cardiovascular disease, genomic and epigenomic aspects of nutrition and metabolism in surgical patients, nutrition support of patients with inflammatory bowel disorders of the small intestine, colon and rectum, nutrition support of patients with cancer, home parenteral nutrition for intestinal failure, and more.
This volume is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review for clinicians with an interest in the peri-operative nutritional management of all surgical patients. The text reviews normal physiology, the pathophysiology of starvation and surgical stressors, and focuses on appropriate nutritional repletion for various common disease states. Specifically, the text addresses the severe metabolic demands created by systemic inflammation, infection, and major insults such as trauma and burns. In addition, the book addresses the growing problem of obesity in surgical populations, including appropriate strategies directed towards the metabolic management of these patients. The text is designed for clinicians across levels of training and provides clear and concise evidence based guidelines for the metabolic management and nutritional support of the surgical patient. Written by experts in the field, Surgical Metabolism: The Metabolic Care of the Surgical Patient is a valuable resource for all clinicians involved in the care of the critically ill.
Intended for any healthcare professional working with surgical patients, including medical students, residents, surgeons and internists, nurses, dieticians, pharmacists, and physical therapists, The Practical Handbook of Perioperative Metabolic and Nutritional Care focuses on topics from the history of surgery and metabolism, to organic response to stress. Based on clinical processes, the author explores screening, assessment, and the impact of nutritional status on outcomes, in addition to investigating nutritional requirements, including macronutrients and micronutrients. Chapters examine wound healing as well as metabolic and nutritional surgical preconditioning, including coverage of preoperative counseling, preoperative nutrition, and preoperative fasting. Physical exercise is addressed, as well as nutritional therapy in the form of oral supplements, and enteral and parenteral approaches. Additional topics explored include nutrition therapy complications and immunomodulatory nutrients, pro, pre and symbiotics, postoperative oral, enteral and parenteral nutrition, enteral access, vascular access, fluid therapy, and more. With up-to-date information, practical and cost-effective data, this resource is critical for translating theory to practice. Focuses on preoperative metabolic and nutritional preparation for surgery Explores processes for intra and postoperatively assessing metabolic and nutritional state to ensure patient progress Contains content based on clinical process
Any healthcare professional with, or developing an interest in, clinical nutrition will be able to use this textbook, first published in 2001, as a source of information for the formation of a clinical nutrition support service of excellence. The first three parts of the book will enable a clear perspective of the metabolism and physiology of clinical nutrition to be related to the practical application of support techniques. The fourth part of the book highlights the role of nutrition support in specific disease groups. A number of additional chapters have been added for this second edition, and modifications made to the content of chapters from the first edition to cover newer areas or areas of omission.
The Practical Handbook of Nutrition in Clinical Practice is an excellent supplement to standard textbooks in nutrition support and a must-have reference for those with an interest in this area. The text reviews nutrition assessment techniques from the very basic to the latest research methods. The areas of malnutrition and refeeding are explored as are overnutrition and obesity. Enteral access techniques and enteral nutrition are expertly covered. The history and current practice of total parenteral nutrition are discussed by one of the modern-day developers of this lifesaving technique. The role of managed care in nutrition is a timely chapter with current health care reform in mind. Nutritional immunology, nutrition in renal disease, nutrition fraud and ethical issues in nutrition support, along with nutrition support in short bowel syndrome and the surgical patient, are all discussed in detail.
Bariatric surgery has led to improved health outcomes including significant weight loss and reduction in co-morbidities among patients with obesity. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that patients considering bariatric surgery undergo a comprehensive nutritional assessment. Nutrition and Bariatric Surgery is the first comprehensive book that uniquely addresses the dietary and nutritional care of the bariatric surgery patient. This book reviews the nutritional and physiological changes imposed by surgical revision of the gastrointestinal tract. Also discussed are nutritional assessment of the bariatric surgical patient as well as pre- and postoperative dietary management recommendations. Other clinical topics covered include nutritional anemia, metabolic bone disease, neurological disorders, and protein–calorie malnutrition. Nutrition and Bariatric Surgery examines eating behaviors before and after bariatric surgery as well as psychological issues, mood disorders, and nutritional concerns associated with weight regain. The book also addresses nutritional needs of special populations undergoing bariatric surgery including adolescents, pregnant or lactating women, and severely obese ICU patients. The book is an authoritative guide for health care professionals caring for the bariatric patient including physicians, dietitians, physician assistants, nurses, and nurse practitioners.
This guidebook for the general surgeon and his or her team is focused on patient care and is based on an understanding of the fundamentals of nutrition and metabolism within the context of high standards of surgical care. The text also examines advances in molecular biology.
Clincial Nutrition for Oncology Patients provides clinicians who interact with cancer survivors the information they need to help patients make informed choices and improve long-term outcomes. This comprehensive resource outlines nutritional management recommendations for care prior to, during, and after treatment and addresses specific nutritional needs and complementary therapies that may be of help to a patient. This book is written by a variety of clinicians who not only care for cancer survivors and their caregivers but are also experts in the field of nutritional oncology. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.
The standard work for all those involved in the field of clinical nutrition and dietetics, The Manual of Dietetic Practice has been equipping health care professionals with the essential foundations on which to build expertise and specialist skill since it was first published in 1988. The fourth edition responds to the changing demand for multidisciplinary, patient-centred, evidence-based practice and has been expanded to include dedicated chapters covering adult nutrition, freelance dietetics, complementary and alternative therapies. Compiled from the knowledge of both individual experts and the British Dietetic Association's Specialist Groups, this truly is the essential guide to the principles of dietetics across its whole range.
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid and is a major contributor to whole body nitrogen metabolism and is considered to be “conditionally essential.” Glutamine in Health and Disease presents the application of current nutritional knowledge by physicians and dietitians and incorporates emerging fields of science and important discoveries. Section 1 covers glutamine structure and function, glutamine synthetase, glutamine binding protein, glutamine transport, glutamine-rich activation domains and transcription, glutamine transaminase and cell biochemistry. Section 2 covers glucose-independent glutamine metabolism, intestinal barrier function, thyroid-stimulating hormone, glutamine resonances, focal ischemia, plasma glutamine, metabolic stress, cancer and absorption. Section 3 covers dipeptide-bound glutamine, DNA protection, oxidative stress, NF-KB, the inflammatory response, the lung, kidney, GI tract and liver, autophagy, ethanol and diabetes. Finally, Section 4 covers the use of glutamine in preoperative states, enteral and parenteral nutrition, pulmonary infections, cancer, hypoxic injury, arginyl-glutamine, paediatrics, pancreatic surgery, the elderly, gastric emptying gastric bypass and use glutamine cocktails. Written by authors of international and national standing, leaders in the field and trendsetters, Glutamine in Health and Disease is essential reading for nutritionists and dietitians, public health scientists, physicians, epidemiologists, policy makers, and health care professionals of various disciplines.
Provides a practical guide that examines and explains the necessary elements and principles of nutrition. With more than 100 images and 180 tables, this unique and comprehensive text provides essential information to optimally and successfully manage patients. Some topics covered include: Nutritional assessment; Nutrition in critical care; Nutritional support; Management of intestinal failure; and, Obesity. Some gastrointestinal diseases covered include: Inflammatory bowel disease; Irritable bowel syndrome; Colon cancer; Pancreatititis; Heptic failure; and, Celiac sprue.