Architecture

Cold Climate HVAC 2018

Author: Dennis Johansson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 1095

View: 310

This volume presents the proceedings of the 9th Cold Climate HVAC conference, which was held in Kiruna, Sweden in 2018. The conference highlighted key technologies and processes that allow scientists, designers, engineers, manufacturers and other decision makers in cold climate regions to achieve good indoor environmental quality (IEQ) with a minimum use of energy and other resources. The conference addressed various technical, economic and social aspects of buildings and HVAC systems in new and renovated buildings. This proceedings volume gathers peer-reviewed papers by a diverse and international range of authors and showcases perspectives and practices in cold climate building design from around the globe. The following major aspects, which include both fundamental and theoretical research as well as applications and case studies, are covered: (1) Energy and power efficiency and low-energy buildings; (2) Renovating buildings; (3) Efficient HVAC components; (4) Heat pumps and geothermal systems; (5) Municipal and city energy systems; (6) Construction management; (7) Buildings in operation; (8) Building simulation; (9) Reference data; (10) Transdisciplinary connections and social aspects; (11) Indoor environments and health; (12) Moisture safety and water damage; (13) Codes, regulations, standards and policies; and (14) Other aspects of buildings in cold climates.
Architecture

Cold Climate HVAC 2018

Author: Dennis Johansson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 1095

View: 366

This volume presents the proceedings of the 9th Cold Climate HVAC conference, which was held in Kiruna, Sweden in 2018. The conference highlighted key technologies and processes that allow scientists, designers, engineers, manufacturers and other decision makers in cold climate regions to achieve good indoor environmental quality (IEQ) with a minimum use of energy and other resources. The conference addressed various technical, economic and social aspects of buildings and HVAC systems in new and renovated buildings. This proceedings volume gathers peer-reviewed papers by a diverse and international range of authors and showcases perspectives and practices in cold climate building design from around the globe. The following major aspects, which include both fundamental and theoretical research as well as applications and case studies, are covered: (1) Energy and power efficiency and low-energy buildings; (2) Renovating buildings; (3) Efficient HVAC components; (4) Heat pumps and geothermal systems; (5) Municipal and city energy systems; (6) Construction management; (7) Buildings in operation; (8) Building simulation; (9) Reference data; (10) Transdisciplinary connections and social aspects; (11) Indoor environments and health; (12) Moisture safety and water damage; (13) Codes, regulations, standards and policies; and (14) Other aspects of buildings in cold climates.
Technology & Engineering

Energy Performance and Indoor Climate Analysis in Buildings

Author: Jarek Kurnitski

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 837

HVAC systems, load shifting, indoor climate, and energy and ventilation performance analyses are the key topics when improving energy performance in new and renovated buildings. This development has been boosted by the recently established nearly zero energy building requirements that will soon be in use in all EU Member States, as well as similar long-term zero energy building targets in Japan, the US, and other countries. The research covered in this Special Issue provides evidence of how new technical solutions have worked, in practice, in new or renovated buildings, and also discusses problems and how solutions should be further developed. Another focus is on the more detailed calculation methods needed for the correct design and sizing of dedicated systems, and for accurate quantification of energy savings. Occupant behavior and building operation is also examined, in order to avoid common performance gaps between calculated and measured performance. These topics demonstrate the challenge of high performance buildings as, in the end, comfortable buildings with good indoor climate which are easy and cheap to operate and maintain are expected by end customers. Ventilation performance, heating and cooling, sizing, energy predictions and optimization, load shifting, and field studies are some of the key topics in this Special Issue, contributing to the future of high performance buildings with reliable operation.
Science

Indoor Air Quality

Author: Dikaia E. Saraga

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 855

The monitoring of indoor air pollutants in a spatio-temporal basis is challenging. A key element is the access to local (i.e., indoor residential, workplace, or public building) exposure measurements. Unfortunately, the high cost and complexity of most current air pollutant monitors result in a lack of detailed spatial and temporal resolution. As a result, individuals in vulnerable groups (children, pregnant, elderly, and sick people) have little insight into their personal exposure levels. This becomes significant in cases of hyper-local variations and short-term pollution events such as instant indoor activity (e.g., cooking, smoking, and dust resuspension). Advances in sensor miniaturization have encouraged the development of small, inexpensive devices capable of estimating pollutant concentrations. This new class of sensors presents new possibilities for indoor exposure monitoring. This Special Issue invites research in the areas of the triptych: indoor air pollution monitoring, indoor air modeling, and exposure to indoor air pollution. Topics of interest for the Special Issue include, but are not limited to, the following: low-cost sensors for indoor air monitoring; indoor particulate matter and volatile organic compounds; ozone-terpene chemistry; biological agents indoors; source apportionment; exposure assessment; health effects of indoor air pollutants; occupant perception; climate change impacts on indoor air quality.
Biogas

Biogas Production

Author: Nagamani Balagurusamy

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Biogas

Page: 469

View: 226

This book focuses on biogas production by anaerobic digestion, which is the most popular bioenergy technology of today. Using anaerobic digestion for the production of biogas is a sustainable approach that simultaneously also allows the treatment of organic waste. The energy contained in the substrate is released in the form of biogas, which can be employed as a renewable fuel in diverse industrial sectors. Although biogas generation is considered an established process, it continues to evolve, e.g. by incorporating modifications and improvements to increase its efficiency and its downstream applications. The chapters of this book review the progress made related to feedstock, system configuration and operational conditions. It also addresses microbial pathways utilized, as well as storage, transportation and usage of biogas. This book is an up-to-date resource for scientists and students working on improving biogas production.
Technology & Engineering

Sustainability in Energy and Buildings

Author: John Littlewood

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 796

View: 162

This volume contains the proceedings of the 11th KES International Conference on Sustainability and Energy in Buildings 2019 (SEB19) held in Budapest, 4th -5th July 2019 organised by KES International in partnership with Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales, UK. SEB-19 invited contributions on a range of topics related to sustainable buildings and explored innovative themes regarding sustainable energy systems. The aim of the conference was to bring together researchers, and government and industry professionals to discuss the future of energy in buildings, neighbourhoods and cities from a theoretical, practical, implementation and simulation perspective. The conference formed an exciting chance to present, interact, and learn about the latest research and practical developments on the subject. The conference attracted submissions from around the world. Submissions for the Full-Paper Track were subjected to a blind peer-review process. Only the best of these were selected for presentation at the conference and publication in these proceedings. It is intended that this volume provides a useful and informative snapshot of recent research developments in the important and vibrant area of Sustainability in Energy and Buildings.
Technology & Engineering

Proceedings of EECE 2019

Author: Borodinecs Anatolijs

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 838

View: 180

This book gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of energy, environmental and construction engineering, as presented by international researchers and engineers at the International Scientific Conference Energy, Environmental and Construction Engineering, held in St. Petersburg, Russia on November 19-20, 2019. It covers highly diverse topics, including BIM; bridges, roads and tunnels; building materials; energy efficient and green buildings; structural mechanics; fluid mechanics; measuring technologies; environmental management; power consumption management; renewable energy; smart cities; and waste management. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations.
Technology & Engineering

Cross-Laminated Timber Design: Structural Properties, Standards, and Safety

Author: Mustafa Mahamid

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 167

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Master the practice of designing structures with cross-laminated timber This comprehensive guide explains the design standards, safety protocols, and codes and regulations engineers need to know to use cross-laminated timber as a structural building material. Featuring contributions from experts in the field, Cross-Laminated Timber Design: Structural Properties, Standards, and Safety introduces the material properties of CLT and goes on to cover the recommended lateral and vertical design techniques. You will get clear explanations of all relevant NDS, ASCE 7, and IBC provisions along with real-world examples and case studies. Sustainability and environmental issues are discussed in full detail. Coverage includes: • An introduction to cross-laminated timber • Product standards for cross-laminated timber • Structural design—gravity • Structural design—lateral • Structural connections • Building envelope design with cross-laminated timber • Acoustics for CLT projects • Fire for CLT projects • Environmental aspects of CLT as a construction material • Sustainability of cross-laminated timber
Technology & Engineering

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering

Author: Saroj Kumar Acharya

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1018

View: 799

This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering Research and Development (ICRAMERD 2020). The contents focus on latest research and current problems in various branches of mechanical engineering. Some of the topics discussed here include fracture and failure analysis, fuels and alternative fuels, combustion and IC engines, advanced manufacturing technologies, powder metallurgy and rapid prototyping, industrial engineering and automation, supply chain management, design of mechanical systems, vibrations and control engineering, automobile engineering, fluid mechanics and machines, heat transfer, composite materials, micro and nano-engineering for energy storage and conversion, and modeling and simulations. The wide range of topics presented in this book can make it useful for beginners, researchers as well as professionals in mechanical engineering.
Science

Patty's Industrial Hygiene, Program Management and Specialty Areas of Practice

Author: Barbara Cohrssen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 961

Since the first edition in 1948, Patty’s Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology has become a flagship publication for Wiley. During its nearly seven decades in print, it has become a standard reference for the fields of occupational health and toxicology. The volumes on industrial hygiene are cornerstone reference works for not only industrial hygienists but also chemists, engineers, toxicologists, lawyers, and occupational safety personnel. Volume 4 covers environmental and health and safety program management, with a number of new chapters on sustainability, construction health and safety, health and safety of new energies and working with cannabis.
Technology & Engineering

Advances and Trends in Engineering Sciences and Technologies III

Author: Mohamad Al Ali

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 746

View: 525

These are the proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Engineering Sciences and Technologies (ESaT 2018), held from 12th - 14th September 2018 in the High Tatras Mountains, Tatranské Matliare, Slovak Republic. ESaT 2018 was organized under the auspices of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Košice - Slovak Republic in collaboration with Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University - Russia after the successful organization with excellent feedback of the previous international conferences ESaT 2015 and ESaT 2016. The proceedings is covering various topics and disciplines in civil engineering sciences, such as Buildings and Architectural Engineering, Bearing Structures, Material and Environmental Engineering, Construction Technology and Management, Building Physics and Facilities, Geodesy, Surveying and Mapping, Geotechnics and Traffic Engineering. The proceedings report on new and original progress and trends in various fields of engineering sciences that will be of interest to a wide range of academics and professionals from university and industry. 116 papers originating from more than 10 countries have been accepted for publication in the conference proceedings. Each accepted paper was reviewed by two reviewers, selected according to the scientific area and orientation of the paper, which guarantees topicality, quality and an advanced level of the presented results.
Business & Economics

Beyond the Workplace Zoo

Author: Nigel Oseland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 801

This book begins by outlining the common design mistakes with the modern open plan office and the industry focus on cost that has resulted in the ill-fated Workplace Zoo. The requirements of office-based workers according to psychological theory and research are then explained. Dr Oseland references historical studies in psychophysics to describe how to design environmental conditions (acoustics, lighting, temperature, indoor air quality) that enhance performance by supporting basic physiological needs. More contemporary research in environmental psychology investigates how cognition affects our interpretation and response to physical stimuli depending on personality, context, attitude and other personal factors. This in turn informs individual requirements for the environmental conditions as well as group needs. Studies in evolutionary psychology and biophilia are also referenced. The latter part of the book turns to workplace solutions and focuses on how to plan, design and manage offices to accommodate our innate human needs now and in the future. The importance of designing for inclusivity is also recognised, including accommodating cultural, gender and generational differences along with designing spaces for neurodiversity. Dr Oseland’s proposed workplace solution the Landscaped Office is a revived and revised version of Bürolandschaft with a contemporary twist. The impact of workplace trends, such as agile working and hot-desking, is also explored and found to complement the workplace solution, resulting in the Agile Landscaped Office. This book is key reading for professionals, and post-graduate students, in business, interior design, architecture, surveying, facilities management, building services engineering, HR and organisational or environmental psychology.
Technology & Engineering

eWork and eBusiness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction

Author: Jan Karlshoj

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 586

eWork and eBusiness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction 2018 collects the papers presented at the 12th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling (ECPPM 2018, Copenhagen, 12-14 September 2018). The contributions cover complementary thematic areas that hold great promise towards the advancement of research and technological development in the modelling of complex engineering systems, encompassing a substantial number of high quality contributions on a large spectrum of topics pertaining to ICT deployment instances in AEC/FM, including: • Information and Knowledge Management • Construction Management • Description Logics and Ontology Application in AEC • Risk Management • 5D/nD Modelling, Simulation and Augmented Reality • Infrastructure Condition Assessment • Standardization of Data Structures • Regulatory and Legal Aspects • Multi-Model and distributed Data Management • System Identification • Industrilized Production, Smart Products and Services • Interoperability • Smart Cities • Sustainable Buildings and Urban Environments • Collaboration and Teamwork • BIM Implementation and Deployment • Building Performance Simulation • Intelligent Catalogues and Services eWork and eBusiness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction 2018 represents a rich and comprehensive resource for academics and researchers working in the interdisciplinary areas of information technology applications in architecture, engineering and construction. In the last two decades, the biennial ECPPM (European Conference on Product and Process Modelling) conference series, as the oldest BIM conference, has provided a unique platform for the presentation and discussion of the most recent advances with regard to the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) applications in the AEC/FM (Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Facilities Management) domains.
Architecture

A Handbook of Sustainable Building Design and Engineering

Author: Dejan Mumovic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 572

View: 471

The second edition of this authoritative textbook equips students with the tools they will need to tackle the challenges of sustainable building design and engineering. The book looks at how to design, engineer and monitor energy efficient buildings, how to adapt buildings to climate change, and how to make buildings healthy, comfortable and secure. New material for this edition includes sections on environmental masterplanning, renewable technologies, retrofitting, passive house design, thermal comfort and indoor air quality. With chapters and case studies from a range of international, interdisciplinary authors, the book is essential reading for students and professionals in building engineering, environmental design, construction and architecture.
Technology & Engineering

HVAC System

Author: Mohsen Sheikholeslami Kandelousi

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 170

View: 649

In this book, various aspects of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are investigated. HVAC systems are milestones of building mechanical systems that provide thermal comfort for occupants accompanied with indoor air quality. HVAC systems can be classified into central and local systems according to multiple zones, location, and distribution. Primary HVAC equipment includes heating equipment, ventilation equipment, and cooling or air-conditioning equipment. Central HVAC systems are located away from buildings in a central equipment room and deliver the conditioned air by a delivery ductwork system. Central HVAC systems contain all-air, air-water, or all-water systems. Two systems should be considered as central such as heating and cooling panels and water-source heat pumps.
Computers

Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)

Author: Sebastiano Bagnara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 1056

View: 242

This book presents the proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), held on August 26-30, 2018, in Florence, Italy. By highlighting the latest theories and models, as well as cutting-edge technologies and applications, and by combining findings from a range of disciplines including engineering, design, robotics, healthcare, management, computer science, human biology and behavioral science, it provides researchers and practitioners alike with a comprehensive, timely guide on human factors and ergonomics. It also offers an excellent source of innovative ideas to stimulate future discussions and developments aimed at applying knowledge and techniques to optimize system performance, while at the same time promoting the health, safety and wellbeing of individuals. The proceedings include papers from researchers and practitioners, scientists and physicians, institutional leaders, managers and policy makers that contribute to constructing the Human Factors and Ergonomics approach across a variety of methodologies, domains and productive sectors. This volume includes papers addressing the following topics: Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, and Mining, and Human Factors and Sustainable Development.
Science

Designing with Natural Materials

Author: Graham A. Ormondroyd

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 168

In a world now forced to address the issues of sustainability, environmental impact, and the widespread pollution of land and oceans with manmade materials, alternative resources must be considered for the future of the planet. A vast array of natural materials is available throughout the world with properties that are often superior to the man-made alternatives. Designing with Natural Materials fills the gap between the current scientific knowledge of the use of natural materials and product design and acts as a bridge between the two disciplines. The book serves as an introduction to natural materials within the context of design. The chapters include case studies, research, and a historical perspective. It develops ideas of designing with natural materials in specific areas and looks to the future of new biobased materials and how these will influence design. The work offers insight to designers of biobased materials across a range of different design disciplines while also providing insights to scientists on the process of design, production, and the needs of a material beyond those traditionally analyzed in the laboratory. The final chapters touch on the use of bioinspiration and biomimicry in the development and use of biobased materials and how natural design will influence both material design and products in the future. The book will be of interest to engineers, scientific researchers, professional designers, students, those working in industry who are considering using natural materials as an alternative to current unsustainable options, and anyone who has an interest in the subject.
Technology & Engineering

An Introduction to Energy Efficiency for Buildings

Author: J. Paul Guyer, P.E., R.A.

Publisher: Guyer Partners

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 311

View: 339

Introductory technical guidance for professional engineers and others interested in energy efficient design of buildings. Here is what is discussed: 1. HVAC SYSTEM UPGRADES 2. HVAC CONTROLS 3. LIGHTING UPGRADES 4. AIR DISTRIBUTION UPGRADES 5. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR DATA CENTERS 6. SOLAR COLLECTORS 7. PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING 8. SOLAR WATER HEATING FUNDAMENTALS 9. SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS
Education

Sustainability in the Built Environment in the 21st Century: Lessons Learned from India and the Region

Author: Usha Iyer-Raniga

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 273

This book follows on previous works addressing sustainable development research in the Asia-Pacific region. It mainly focuses on India, a country currently facing immense challenges in the form of climate change, rapid urbanisation, and population pressures in its journey to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Expecting to surpass China in terms of population in the near future, India needs to develop its own solutions in order to uphold its commitments under the Paris Agreement. This book makes a contribution in that direction by presenting case studies on various aspects of the built environment, from education to managing cities, procurement, and considerations for a circular economy. The papers gathered here offer a vital resource for government policymakers, educators, and current and future professionals, equipping them with the knowledge and expertise they need in order to overcome today’s complex challenges in the built environment.
Technology & Engineering

International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies EMMFT 2018

Author: Vera Murgul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 922

View: 799

This book presents a collection of the latest studies on and applications for the sustainable development of urban energy systems. Based on the 20th International Scientific Conference on Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies, held in Voronezh and Samara, Russia from 10 to 13 December 2018, it addresses a range of aspects including energy modelling, materials and applications in buildings; heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems; renewable energy technologies (photovoltaic, biomass, and wind energy); electrical energy storage; energy management; and life cycle assessment in urban systems and transportation. The book is intended for a broad readership: from policymakers tasked with evaluating and promoting key enabling technologies, efficiency policies and sustainable energy practices, to researchers and engineers involved in the design and analysis of complex systems.