Computers

Deep Learning Applications in Medical Imaging

Author: Sanjay Saxena

Publisher: Medical Information Science Reference

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 608

Before the modern age of medicine, the chance of surviving a terminal disease such as cancer was minimal at best. After embracing the age of computer-aided medical analysis technologies, however, detecting and preventing individuals from contracting a variety of life-threatening diseases has led to a greater survival percentage and increased the development of algorithmic technologies in healthcare. Deep Learning Applications in Medical Imaging is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the application of generating pictorial depictions of the interior of a body for medical intervention and clinical analysis. While highlighting topics such as artificial neural networks, disease prediction, and healthcare analysis, this publication explores image acquisition and pattern recognition as well as the methods of treatment and care. This book is ideally designed for diagnosticians, medical imaging specialists, healthcare professionals, physicians, medical researchers, academicians, and students.
Computers

Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis

Author: S. Kevin Zhou

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 458

View: 934

Deep learning is providing exciting solutions for medical image analysis problems and is seen as a key method for future applications. This book gives a clear understanding of the principles and methods of neural network and deep learning concepts, showing how the algorithms that integrate deep learning as a core component have been applied to medical image detection, segmentation and registration, and computer-aided analysis, using a wide variety of application areas. Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis is a great learning resource for academic and industry researchers in medical imaging analysis, and for graduate students taking courses on machine learning and deep learning for computer vision and medical image computing and analysis. Covers common research problems in medical image analysis and their challenges Describes deep learning methods and the theories behind approaches for medical image analysis Teaches how algorithms are applied to a broad range of application areas, including Chest X-ray, breast CAD, lung and chest, microscopy and pathology, etc. Includes a Foreword written by Nicholas Ayache
Medical

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

Author: Erik R. Ranschaert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 373

View: 300

This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging. After an introduction on game changers in radiology, such as deep learning technology, the technological evolution of AI in computing science and medical image computing is described, with explanation of basic principles and the types and subtypes of AI. Subsequent sections address the use of imaging biomarkers, the development and validation of AI applications, and various aspects and issues relating to the growing role of big data in radiology. Diverse real-life clinical applications of AI are then outlined for different body parts, demonstrating their ability to add value to daily radiology practices. The concluding section focuses on the impact of AI on radiology and the implications for radiologists, for example with respect to training. Written by radiologists and IT professionals, the book will be of high value for radiologists, medical/clinical physicists, IT specialists, and imaging informatics professionals.

Machine Learning and Medical Imaging

Author: Guorong Wu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 512

View: 478

"Machine Learning and Medical Imaging" presents state-of- the-art machine learning methods in medical image analysis. It first summarizes cutting-edge machine learning algorithms in medical imaging, including not only classical probabilistic modeling and learning methods, but also recent breakthroughs in deep learning, sparse representation/coding, and big data hashing. In the second part leading research groups around the world present a wide spectrum of machine learning methods with application to different medical imaging modalities, clinical domains, and organs. The biomedical imaging modalities include ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), histology, and microscopy images. The targeted organs span the lung, liver, brain, and prostate, while there is also a treatment of examining genetic associations. "Machine Learning and Medical Imaging" is an ideal reference for medical imaging researchers, industry scientists and engineers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and clinicians. Demonstrates the application of cutting-edge machine learning techniques to medical imaging problemsCovers an array of medical imaging applications including computer assisted diagnosis, image guided radiation therapy, landmark detection, imaging genomics, and brain connectomicsFeatures self-contained chapters with a thorough literature reviewAssesses the development of future machine learning techniques and the further application of existing techniques
Science

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

Author: Lia Morra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 605

This book, written by authors with more than a decade of experience in the design and development of artificial intelligence (AI) systems in medical imaging, will guide readers in the understanding of one of the most exciting fields today. After an introductory description of classical machine learning techniques, the fundamentals of deep learning are explained in a simple yet comprehensive manner. The book then proceeds with a historical perspective of how medical AI developed in time, detailing which applications triumphed and which failed, from the era of computer aided detection systems on to the current cutting-edge applications in deep learning today, which are starting to exhibit on-par performance with clinical experts. In the last section, the book offers a view on the complexity of the validation of artificial intelligence applications for commercial use, describing the recently introduced concept of software as a medical device, as well as good practices and relevant considerations for training and testing machine learning systems for medical use. Open problematics on the validation for public use of systems which by nature continuously evolve through new data is also explored. The book will be of interest to graduate students in medical physics, biomedical engineering and computer science, in addition to researchers and medical professionals operating in the medical imaging domain, who wish to better understand these technologies and the future of the field. Features: An accessible yet detailed overview of the field Explores a hot and growing topic Provides an interdisciplinary perspective
Computers

Deep Learning and Convolutional Neural Networks for Medical Imaging and Clinical Informatics

Author: Le Lu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 461

View: 896

This book reviews the state of the art in deep learning approaches to high-performance robust disease detection, robust and accurate organ segmentation in medical image computing (radiological and pathological imaging modalities), and the construction and mining of large-scale radiology databases. It particularly focuses on the application of convolutional neural networks, and on recurrent neural networks like LSTM, using numerous practical examples to complement the theory. The book’s chief features are as follows: It highlights how deep neural networks can be used to address new questions and protocols, and to tackle current challenges in medical image computing; presents a comprehensive review of the latest research and literature; and describes a range of different methods that employ deep learning for object or landmark detection tasks in 2D and 3D medical imaging. In addition, the book examines a broad selection of techniques for semantic segmentation using deep learning principles in medical imaging; introduces a novel approach to text and image deep embedding for a large-scale chest x-ray image database; and discusses how deep learning relational graphs can be used to organize a sizable collection of radiology findings from real clinical practice, allowing semantic similarity-based retrieval. The intended reader of this edited book is a professional engineer, scientist or a graduate student who is able to comprehend general concepts of image processing, computer vision and medical image analysis. They can apply computer science and mathematical principles into problem solving practices. It may be necessary to have a certain level of familiarity with a number of more advanced subjects: image formation and enhancement, image understanding, visual recognition in medical applications, statistical learning, deep neural networks, structured prediction and image segmentation.
Computers

Medical Image Recognition, Segmentation and Parsing

Author: S. Kevin Zhou

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 722

This book describes the technical problems and solutions for automatically recognizing and parsing a medical image into multiple objects, structures, or anatomies. It gives all the key methods, including state-of- the-art approaches based on machine learning, for recognizing or detecting, parsing or segmenting, a cohort of anatomical structures from a medical image. Written by top experts in Medical Imaging, this book is ideal for university researchers and industry practitioners in medical imaging who want a complete reference on key methods, algorithms and applications in medical image recognition, segmentation and parsing of multiple objects. Learn: Research challenges and problems in medical image recognition, segmentation and parsing of multiple objects Methods and theories for medical image recognition, segmentation and parsing of multiple objects Efficient and effective machine learning solutions based on big datasets Selected applications of medical image parsing using proven algorithms Provides a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art research on medical image recognition, segmentation, and parsing of multiple objects Presents efficient and effective approaches based on machine learning paradigms to leverage the anatomical context in the medical images, best exemplified by large datasets Includes algorithms for recognizing and parsing of known anatomies for practical applications
Computers

Deep Learning and Convolutional Neural Networks for Medical Image Computing

Author: Le Lu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 326

View: 776

This book presents a detailed review of the state of the art in deep learning approaches for semantic object detection and segmentation in medical image computing, and large-scale radiology database mining. A particular focus is placed on the application of convolutional neural networks, with the theory supported by practical examples. Features: highlights how the use of deep neural networks can address new questions and protocols, as well as improve upon existing challenges in medical image computing; discusses the insightful research experience of Dr. Ronald M. Summers; presents a comprehensive review of the latest research and literature; describes a range of different methods that make use of deep learning for object or landmark detection tasks in 2D and 3D medical imaging; examines a varied selection of techniques for semantic segmentation using deep learning principles in medical imaging; introduces a novel approach to interleaved text and image deep mining on a large-scale radiology image database.
Technology & Engineering

Deep Learning for Biomedical Applications

Author: Utku Kose

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 717

This book is a detailed reference on biomedical applications using Deep Learning. Because Deep Learning is an important actor shaping the future of Artificial Intelligence, its specific and innovative solutions for both medical and biomedical are very critical. This book provides a recent view of research works on essential, and advanced topics. The book offers detailed information on the application of Deep Learning for solving biomedical problems. It focuses on different types of data (i.e. raw data, signal-time series, medical images) to enable readers to understand the effectiveness and the potential. It includes topics such as disease diagnosis, image processing perspectives, and even genomics. It takes the reader through different sides of Deep Learning oriented solutions. The specific and innovative solutions covered in this book for both medical and biomedical applications are critical to scientists, researchers, practitioners, professionals, and educations who are working in the context of the topics.
Business & Economics

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Author: Lei Xing

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 568

View: 391

Artificial Intelligence Medicine: Technical Basis and Clinical Applications presents a comprehensive overview of the field, ranging from its history and technical foundations, to specific clinical applications and finally to prospects. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is expanding across all domains at a breakneck speed. Medicine, with the availability of large multidimensional datasets, lends itself to strong potential advancement with the appropriate harnessing of AI. The integration of AI can occur throughout the continuum of medicine: from basic laboratory discovery to clinical application and healthcare delivery. Integrating AI within medicine has been met with both excitement and scepticism. By understanding how AI works, and developing an appreciation for both limitations and strengths, clinicians can harness its computational power to streamline workflow and improve patient care. It also provides the opportunity to improve upon research methodologies beyond what is currently available using traditional statistical approaches. On the other hand, computers scientists and data analysts can provide solutions, but often lack easy access to clinical insight that may help focus their efforts. This book provides vital background knowledge to help bring these two groups together, and to engage in more streamlined dialogue to yield productive collaborative solutions in the field of medicine. Provides history and overview of artificial intelligence, as narrated by pioneers in the field Discusses broad and deep background and updates on recent advances in both medicine and artificial intelligence that enabled the application of artificial intelligence Addresses the ever-expanding application of this novel technology and discusses some of the unique challenges associated with such an approach
Computers

Medical Imaging

Author: K.C. Santosh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 352

The book discusses varied topics pertaining to advanced or up-to-date techniques in medical imaging using artificial intelligence (AI), image recognition (IR) and machine learning (ML) algorithms/techniques. Further, coverage includes analysis of chest radiographs (chest x-rays) via stacked generalization models, TB type detection using slice separation approach, brain tumor image segmentation via deep learning, mammogram mass separation, epileptic seizures, breast ultrasound images, knee joint x-ray images, bone fracture detection and labeling, and diabetic retinopathy. It also reviews 3D imaging in biomedical applications and pathological medical imaging.
Artificial intelligence

Deep Learning in Medical Image Analysis

Author: Gobert Lee

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 181

View: 783

This book presents cutting-edge research and applications of deep learning in a broad range of medical imaging scenarios, such as computer-aided diagnosis, image segmentation, tissue recognition and classification, and other areas of medical and healthcare problems. Each of its chapters covers a topic in depth, ranging from medical image synthesis and techniques for muskuloskeletal analysis to diagnostic tools for breast lesions on digital mammograms and glaucoma on retinal fundus images. It also provides an overview of deep learning in medical image analysis and highlights issues and challenges encountered by researchers and clinicians, surveying and discussing practical approaches in general and in the context of specific problems. Academics, clinical and industry researchers, as well as young researchers and graduate students in medical imaging, computer-aided-diagnosis, biomedical engineering and computer vision will find this book a great reference and very useful learning resource.
Classification

Deep Learning Applications for Medical Imaging and Time-series Data

Author: Anthony Martinez

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Classification

Page: 51

View: 389

First, object localization is applied to a 3 dimensional MRI dataset to facilitate cochleae extraction. Experimental results show that localization is possible within a 1.71 voxel error. Second, this thesis explores CNN architectures for time-series classification of shark behaviors based on data collected by the CSULB Shark Lab. Experimental results show a weighted-average F1-score of 80.0%. Lastly, synaptic cleft segmentation is performed on serial section Transmission Electron Microscopy volumes, where submission to the CREMI challenge ranks 1st on the leaderboard.
Computers

Machine Learning for Healthcare Applications

Author: Sachi Nandan Mohanty

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 241

When considering the idea of using machine learning in healthcare, it is a Herculean task to present the entire gamut of information in the field of intelligent systems. It is, therefore the objective of this book to keep the presentation narrow and intensive. This approach is distinct from others in that it presents detailed computer simulations for all models presented with explanations of the program code. It includes unique and distinctive chapters on disease diagnosis, telemedicine, medical imaging, smart health monitoring, social media healthcare, and machine learning for COVID-19. These chapters help develop a clear understanding of the working of an algorithm while strengthening logical thinking. In this environment, answering a single question may require accessing several data sources and calling on sophisticated analysis tools. While data integration is a dynamic research area in the database community, the specific needs of research have led to the development of numerous middleware systems that provide seamless data access in a result-driven environment. Since this book is intended to be useful to a wide audience, students, researchers and scientists from both academia and industry may all benefit from this material. It contains a comprehensive description of issues for healthcare data management and an overview of existing systems, making it appropriate for introductory and instructional purposes. Prerequisites are minimal; the readers are expected to have basic knowledge of machine learning. This book is divided into 22 real-time innovative chapters which provide a variety of application examples in different domains. These chapters illustrate why traditional approaches often fail to meet customers’ needs. The presented approaches provide a comprehensive overview of current technology. Each of these chapters, which are written by the main inventors of the presented systems, specifies requirements and provides a description of both the chosen approach and its implementation. Because of the self-contained nature of these chapters, they may be read in any order. Each of the chapters use various technical terms which involve expertise in machine learning and computer science.
Medical

Deep Learning in Medical Image Analysis

Author: Gobert Lee

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 181

View: 903

This book presents cutting-edge research and applications of deep learning in a broad range of medical imaging scenarios, such as computer-aided diagnosis, image segmentation, tissue recognition and classification, and other areas of medical and healthcare problems. Each of its chapters covers a topic in depth, ranging from medical image synthesis and techniques for muskuloskeletal analysis to diagnostic tools for breast lesions on digital mammograms and glaucoma on retinal fundus images. It also provides an overview of deep learning in medical image analysis and highlights issues and challenges encountered by researchers and clinicians, surveying and discussing practical approaches in general and in the context of specific problems. Academics, clinical and industry researchers, as well as young researchers and graduate students in medical imaging, computer-aided-diagnosis, biomedical engineering and computer vision will find this book a great reference and very useful learning resource.
Computers

Deep Neural Networks for Multimodal Imaging and Biomedical Applications

Author: Suresh, Annamalai

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 99

The field of healthcare is seeing a rapid expansion of technological advancement within current medical practices. The implementation of technologies including neural networks, multi-model imaging, genetic algorithms, and soft computing are assisting in predicting and identifying diseases, diagnosing cancer, and the examination of cells. Implementing these biomedical technologies remains a challenge for hospitals worldwide, creating a need for research on the specific applications of these computational techniques. Deep Neural Networks for Multimodal Imaging and Biomedical Applications provides research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of emerging data computing methods and imaging techniques within healthcare and biomedicine. The publication provides a complete set of information in a single module starting from developing deep neural networks to predicting disease by employing multi-modal imaging. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as prediction models, edge computing, and quantitative measurements, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academicians, physicians, IT consultants, medical software developers, practitioners, policymakers, scholars, and students seeking current research on biomedical advancements and developing computational methods in healthcare.
Computers

Deep Learning and Data Labeling for Medical Applications

Author: Gustavo Carneiro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 830

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of two workshops held at the 19th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2016, in Athens, Greece, in October 2016: the First Workshop on Large-Scale Annotation of Biomedical Data and Expert Label Synthesis, LABELS 2016, and the Second International Workshop on Deep Learning in Medical Image Analysis, DLMIA 2016. The 28 revised regular papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 52 submissions. The 7 papers selected for LABELS deal with topics from the following fields: crowd-sourcing methods; active learning; transfer learning; semi-supervised learning; and modeling of label uncertainty.The 21 papers selected for DLMIA span a wide range of topics such as image description; medical imaging-based diagnosis; medical signal-based diagnosis; medical image reconstruction and model selection using deep learning techniques; meta-heuristic techniques for fine-tuning parameter in deep learning-based architectures; and applications based on deep learning techniques.
Technology & Engineering

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in 2D/3D Medical Image Processing

Author: Rohit Raja

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 126

Digital images have several benefits, such as faster and inexpensive processing cost, easy storage and communication, immediate quality assessment, multiple copying while preserving quality, swift and economical reproduction, and adaptable manipulation. Digital medical images play a vital role in everyday life. Medical imaging is the process of producing visible images of inner structures of the body for scientific and medical study and treatment as well as a view of the function of interior tissues. This process pursues disorder identification and management. Medical imaging in 2D and 3D includes many techniques and operations such as image gaining, storage, presentation, and communication. The 2D and 3D images can be processed in multiple dimensions. Depending on the requirement of a specific problem, one must identify various features of 2D or 3D images while applying suitable algorithms. These image processing techniques began in the 1960s and were used in such fields as space, clinical purposes, the arts, and television image improvement. In the 1970s, with the development of computer systems, the cost of image processing was reduced and processes became faster. In the 2000s, image processing became quicker, inexpensive, and simpler. In the 2020s, image processing has become a more accurate, more efficient, and self-learning technology. This book highlights the framework of the robust and novel methods for medical image processing techniques in 2D and 3D. The chapters explore existing and emerging image challenges and opportunities in the medical field using various medical image processing techniques. The book discusses real-time applications for artificial intelligence and machine learning in medical image processing. The authors also discuss implementation strategies and future research directions for the design and application requirements of these systems. This book will benefit researchers in the medical image processing field as well as those looking to promote the mutual understanding of researchers within different disciplines that incorporate AI and machine learning. FEATURES Highlights the framework of robust and novel methods for medical image processing techniques Discusses implementation strategies and future research directions for the design and application requirements of medical imaging Examines real-time application needs Explores existing and emerging image challenges and opportunities in the medical field
Technology & Engineering

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in 2D/3D Medical Image Processing

Author: Rohit Raja

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 513

Digital images have several benefits, such as faster and inexpensive processing cost, easy storage and communication, immediate quality assessment, multiple copying while preserving quality, swift and economical reproduction, and adaptable manipulation. Digital medical images play a vital role in everyday life. Medical imaging is the process of producing visible images of inner structures of the body for scientific and medical study and treatment as well as a view of the function of interior tissues. This process pursues disorder identification and management. Medical imaging in 2D and 3D includes many techniques and operations such as image gaining, storage, presentation, and communication. The 2D and 3D images can be processed in multiple dimensions. Depending on the requirement of a specific problem, one must identify various features of 2D or 3D images while applying suitable algorithms. These image processing techniques began in the 1960s and were used in such fields as space, clinical purposes, the arts, and television image improvement. In the 1970s, with the development of computer systems, the cost of image processing was reduced and processes became faster. In the 2000s, image processing became quicker, inexpensive, and simpler. In the 2020s, image processing has become a more accurate, more efficient, and self-learning technology. This book highlights the framework of the robust and novel methods for medical image processing techniques in 2D and 3D. The chapters explore existing and emerging image challenges and opportunities in the medical field using various medical image processing techniques. The book discusses real-time applications for artificial intelligence and machine learning in medical image processing. The authors also discuss implementation strategies and future research directions for the design and application requirements of these systems. This book will benefit researchers in the medical image processing field as well as those looking to promote the mutual understanding of researchers within different disciplines that incorporate AI and machine learning. FEATURES Highlights the framework of robust and novel methods for medical image processing techniques Discusses implementation strategies and future research directions for the design and application requirements of medical imaging Examines real-time application needs Explores existing and emerging image challenges and opportunities in the medical field
Science

State of the Art in Neural Networks and Their Applications

Author: Ayman S. El-Baz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 711

State of the Art in Neural Networks and Their Applications presents the latest advances in artificial neural networks and their applications across a wide range of clinical diagnoses. Advances in the role of machine learning, artificial intelligence, deep learning, cognitive image processing and suitable data analytics useful for clinical diagnosis and research applications are covered, including relevant case studies. The application of Neural Network, Artificial Intelligence, and Machine Learning methods in biomedical image analysis have resulted in the development of computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) systems that aim towards the automatic early detection of several severe diseases. State of the Art in Neural Networks and Their Applications is presented in two volumes. Volume 1 covers the state-of-the-art deep learning approaches for the detection of renal, retinal, breast, skin, and dental abnormalities and more. Includes applications of neural networks, AI, machine learning, and deep learning techniques to a variety of imaging technologies Provides in-depth technical coverage of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), with coverage of computer-aided classification, Unified Deep Learning Frameworks, mammography, fundus imaging, optical coherence tomography, cryo-electron tomography, 3D MRI, CT, and more. Covers deep learning for several medical conditions including renal, retinal, breast, skin, and dental abnormalities, Medical Image Analysis, as well as detection, segmentation, and classification via AI.