Science

Detection and Diagnostics of Plant Pathogens

Author: Maria Lodovica Gullino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 662

This book is part of the Plant Pathology in the 21st Century Series, started in the occasion of the IX International Congress of Plant Pathology, Torino, 2008. In conjuction with the Xth International Congress of Plant Pathology, held in Beijing in August 2013. Although deriving from a Congress, the book will not have the format of traditional Proceedings, but will be organized as a resource book. It will be based on invited lectures presented at the Congress as well as by other chapters selected by the editors among offered papers. This book will cover a topic very important in the field of plant pathology, dealing with detection and diagnostics. This field of research is continuously moving forwards, due to innovation in techniques. The application of new detection and diagnostic technologies are relevant to many applied fields in agriculture. The different chapters will provide a very complete figure of the topic, from general and basic aspects to practical aspects.
Science

Plant Pathogen Detection and Disease Diagnosis, Second Edition,

Author: P. Narayanasamy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 558

This work provides information on the detection, identification, and differentiation of all microbial plant pathogens - presenting modern protocols for rapid diagnosis of diseases based on biological, physical, chemical and molecular properties. It contains methods for the selection of disease-free seeds and vegetatively propagated planting materials and quarantine techniques for screening newly introduced plant materials.
Science

Microbial Plant Pathogens-Detection and Disease Diagnosis:

Author: P. Narayanasamy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 722

Microbial plant pathogens causing qualitative and quantitative losses in all corps are present not only in the infected plants, but also in the environmental comprising of soil, water and air. The vectors present in the environment spread the microbial pathogens to short and/or long distances. Detection of microbial pathogens rapidly and reliably by employing suitable sensitive applicable for different ecosystems. The pathogens have to be identified precisely and differentiated and quantified to plan appropriate short- and long-term strategies to contain the incidence and spread of diseases induced by them. This book aims to present all relevant and latest information on the detection techniques based on the biological, biochemical, immunological and nucleic acid characteristics of microbial pathogens presents in the host plants, as well as in the natural substrates that support the survival and perpetuation of the pathogens.
Plant diseases

An Introduction to the Diagnosis of Plant Disease

Author: Chelston W. D. Brathwaite

Publisher: IICA

ISBN:

Category: Plant diseases

Page: 39

View: 342

The diagnosis of plant disease; The microscope; The autoclave; The preparation of media for fungal and bacterial growth; Detection of fungal pathogens in infected plant tissues; Detection of bacterial pathogens in infected tissues; Koch's postulates; The diagnosis of a nematode prblem; Viruses and plant virus diseases; Mycoplasma as agents of plant disease.

Plant Pathogen Detection and Disease Diagnosis

Author: Dr P Narayanasamy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 544

View: 966

This work provides information on the detection, identification, and differentiation of all microbial plant pathogens - presenting modern protocols for rapid diagnosis of diseases based on biological, physical, chemical and molecular properties. It contains methods for the selection of disease-free seeds and vegetatively propagated planting materials and quarantine techniques for screening newly introduced plant materials.
Science

Diagnosis and Identification of Plant Pathogens

Author: H.-W. Dehne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 851

The diagnosis and identification of plant pathogens provides the basis of plant pathology and phytomedicine. The Executive Committee of the EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY (EFPP) had no problem to identify this actual th topic as topic for the 4th Symposium, which was held from September 8 to the 12th at the University of Bonn. It was suggested to have introductory papers and papers on actual research on recently identified topics. The development of diagnosis and pathogen identification is very important to keep plants healthy and to provide a successful and efficient disease control. On the other hand the most important task of the EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY is to improve the international communication, especially in the European hemisphere. Another important duty is to provide the contact between all associated societies - of specific importance seems to be the contact to societies and colleagues from eastern European countries. Times have changed and gratefully we are obliged to hold the contact to our colleagues from the east. During the last meeting we could hold this contact to a certain extent and this should be a premise for the future. th During 1998 the EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY will join the 7 International Congress of Plant Pathology held at Edinburgh from August 9-14, 1998. th The 5 Symposium of the EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY will be arranged by our Italian colleagues.
Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Plant Diseases

Author: L.P. Awasthi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 294

View: 790

This book is a compilation of the most challenging and significant chapters on the diagnosis and management of important bacterial, fungal, viral, viroid, phytoplasma, non parasitic diseases and various physiological disorders, in various crops. The chapters have been contributed by eminent plant pathologists, having wide experience of teaching and research on various crops with different types of diseases, which cause great economic losses. The book would be very useful for students, teachers and researchers of plant pathology. This book highlights recent advances made in the development of new types of resistance in host plants and alternative strategies for managing plant diseases to improve food quality and reduce the negative public health impact associated with plant diseases. Having entered into 21st century advancements in the Diagnosis of Plant Pathogens and Plant Disease Management need to be closely examined and adequately applied, so that newer challenges facing plant pathology could be adequately addressed in attaining food security for the growing population. Substantial advancements have been made in terms of expanding knowledge base of the biology of plant-microbial interactions, disease management strategies and application and practice of Plant Pathology. Application of molecular biology in Plant Pathology has greatly improved our ability to detect plant pathogens and in increasing our understanding, their ecology and epidemiology. Similarly, new technologies and resources have been evolved for the development of sustainable crop protection systems by different control strategies against various pests and pathogens that are important components of the integrated pest management programme. Natural products and chemical compounds discovered as a result of basic research and molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis have led to the development of “biorational” pesticides. Biological control has been found to be the most significant approach to plant health management during the twentieth century and promises using modern biotechnology, to be even more significant in the twenty-first century.
Micro-organismes phytopathogènes - Détection

Principles of Diagnostic Techniques in Plant Pathology

Author: R. T. V. Fox

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN:

Category: Micro-organismes phytopathogènes - Détection

Page: 213

View: 543

The correct diagnosis of a plant disease is an essential prerequisite of its successful control. Diagnostic methods today include a number of traditional techniques such as direct observation or microscopy, as well as more recently developed procedures such as those based on immunological or nucleic acid analysis. This book provides a text reviewing the principles of all these techniques that will be suitable for advanced students of plant pathology who already have some basic background in the subject. The theories behind the methods are described and illustrated with numerous examples of plant diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, and the strengths and limitations of different techniques are compared. The book includes a number of colour photographs and will provide a very useful overview of this rapidly developing subject.
Science

Molecular Methods in Plant Disease Diagnostics

Author: Neil Boonham

Publisher: CABI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 723

Using molecular methods for plant disease diagnosis provides diagnosticians with a number of advantages over more traditional methods. They can allow the identification of morphologically similar species, for example, or the detection of infection prior to symptom formation. Not only can molecular tools help by increasing the efficacy, accuracy and speed of diagnosis; their common technological basis provides further benefits, especially where resources are limited and traditional skills are hard to sustain. This book provides protocols for nucleic acid-based methods currently applied to plant pathogen detection and identification. It takes the practitioner through the full range of molecular diagnostic and detection methods and, as these generic techniques are appropriate for use on any target with minimal modification, also provides a useful resource for students of plant pathology and plant pathologists. Beginning with the background and future directions of the science, it then addresses DNA barcoding, microarrays, polymerase chain reactions (PCR), quality assurance and more, forming a complete reference on the subject.
Science

Introduction to Plant Pathology

Author: Richard N. Strange

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 419

This invaluable resource introduces the eleven types of organism that cause plant disease, ranging from higher plants to viroids and describes examples of cash and staple crop diseases that have caused human catastrophes. Early chapters cover serological and molecular techniques for the diagnosis of plant pathogens, epidemiology, methods for estimating disease severity and its effect on crop yields and techniques for limiting inoculum. Later chapters are concerned with colonisation of the plant and symptom development and the underlying biochemical and genetic factors that control these events. Finally, the control of plant disease using a variety of techniques including genetic modification is discussed. Modern diagnostic techniques Epidemiology and the measurement of disease severity The biochemistry and molecular biology of plant disease Control through cultural, biological, genetic and molecular techniques A wealth of examples and applications including full colour photographs
Nature

Fungal Plant Pathogens

Author: Charles R. Lane

Publisher: CABI

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 307

View: 657

Fungal plant pathogens can threaten food security, economic prosperity and the natural environment. Changing factors such as pesticide usage, climate change and increasing trade globalization can bring new opportunities to plant pathogens, and new challenges to those attempting to control their spread. Covering the key techniques used when working with fungal plant pathogens, this practical manual deals with the recognition of disease symptoms, detection and identification of fungi and methods to characterize them, as well as curation, quarantine and quality assurance. It is unique in its practical focus, providing an overview of both traditional and emerging methods and their applications, and detailed protocols on techniques such as microscopy, antibody detection using ELISA methods and lateral flow devices, molecular methods using PCR and fingerprinting and preservation techniques including freeze drying. For postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students of mycology and plant pathology Fungal Plant Pathogens provides an invaluable guide to investigating fungal plant diseases and interpreting laboratory findings. It is also a useful tool for extension plant pathologists, consultants and advisers in agriculture, horticulture and the food supply chain
Science

Plant Pathogens

Author: Pradeep Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 888

Addressing the most critical issues in the management of emerging diseases throughout the world, experts in plant pathology from internationally renowned institutes share their research and examine key literature. They look at both traditional pathology and advanced biotechnological and molecular diagnosis, and integrated management practices. This book is divided into four parts, covering viral and fungal disease detection and management, nematode diseases and management, bio-control, and biotechnological approaches and impact of climate change. The authors look at the challenges of crop protection against diseases caused by plant pathogens for the most economically important crops. The establishment and management of plant diseases using conventional and eco-friendly methods are discussed with an emphasis on the use of beneficial microbes and modern biotechnological approaches.
Science

Techniques for the Rapid Detection of Plant Pathogens

Author: J. M. Duncan

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 235

View: 992

Immunological techniques: Serological methods to detect plant viruses:production and use of monoclonal antibodies; Immunodiagnostic techniques for plant mycoplasma-like organisms; Detection of plant-invading fungi by monoclonal antibodies; Assay methods for mycotoxins using monoclonal antibodies; Techniques for detecting and identifying plant pathogenic bacteria. Nucleic Acid Techniques: Application of double-stranded RNA analysis of plant to detect viruses, virus-like agents, virus satellites and subgenomic viral RNAs; Detection of viroids and viruses by nucleic acid probes; Identification of plant pathogenic bacteria using nucleic acid technology; Use of RFLPs to identify races of fungal pathogens. Coomercial aspects and practical applications: Screening forpathogens and contaminating micro-organisms in micropropagation; Application of rapid techniques to seed health testing prospects and potential; From the research bench to the market place: development of commercial diagnostic kits; Commercialization of serological tests for plant viruses.
Technology & Engineering

Seed-Borne Diseases of Agricultural Crops: Detection, Diagnosis & Management

Author: Ravindra Kumar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 871

View: 280

The global population is increasing rapidly, and feeding the ever-increasing population poses a serious challenge for agriculturalists around the world. Seed is a basic and critical input in agriculture to ensure global food security. Roughly 90 percent of the crops grown all over the world are propagated by seed. However, seed can also harbour and spread pathogens, e.g. fungi, bacteria, nematodes, viruses etc., which cause devastating diseases. Seed-borne pathogens represent a major threat to crop establishment and yield. Hence, timely detection and diagnosis is a prerequisite for their effective management. The book "Seed-Borne Diseases of Agricultural Crops: Detection, Diagnosis & Management" addresses key issues related to seed-borne/transmitted diseases in various agricultural crops. Divided into 30 chapters, it offers a comprehensive compilation of papers concerning: the history of seed pathology, importance of seed-borne diseases, seed-borne diseases and quarantine, seed health testing and certification, detection and diagnosis of seed-borne diseases and their phytopathogens, host-parasite interactions during development of seed-borne diseases, diversity of seed-borne pathogens, seed-borne diseases in major agricultural crops, non-parasitic seed disorders, mechanisms of seed transmission and seed infection, storage fungi and mycotoxins, impact of seed-borne diseases on human and animal health, and management options for seed-borne diseases. We wish to thank all of the eminent researchers who contributed valuable chapters to our book, which will be immensely useful for students, researchers, academics, and all those involved in various agro-industries.
Science

Current Trends in Plant Disease Diagnostics and Management Practices

Author: Pradeep Kumar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 799

Plant diseases play an important role on our daily lives. Most of plant diseases are visible and are caused by biotic and/or abiotic factors. Symptoms are usually the results of a morphological change, alteration or damage to plant tissue and/or cells due to an interference of the plant’s metabolism. All basic structures of vascular plants are subject to attack by pathogens. The failure in accurate disease diagnosis and management may lead to huge losses in plant production and related commodities, which causes nutritional food scarcity. Typically, the appearance of a biotic symptom will indicate the relatively late stage of an infection and/or colonization of a pathogen. Expert detection, accurate diagnosis, and timely management play a significant role in keeping plants free from pathogens. In this book expert scholars share their research knowledge and key literature which are vital toward the diagnosis of plant diseases across the globe, addressing traditional plant pathology techniques, as well as advanced molecular diagnostic approach.
Science

Biotechnology and Plant Disease Management

Author: Zamir K. Punja

Publisher: CABI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 883

As agricultural production increases to meet the demands of a growing world population, so has the pace of biotechnology research to combat plant disease. Diseases can be caused by a variety of complex plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes, and their management requires the use of techniques in transgenic technology, biochemistry and genetics. While texts exist on specific pathogens or management practices, a comprehensive review is needed of recent developments in modern techniques and the understanding of how pathogens cause disease. This collection of studies discusses the key approaches to managing each group of pathogens within the context of recent developments in biotechnology. Broad themes include microbe-plant interactions, molecular diagnostics of plant pathogens and enhancing the resistance of plants.
Nature

The Plant Disease Clinic and Field Diagnosis of Abiotic Diseases

Author: Malcolm C. Shurtleff

Publisher: Amer Phytopathological Society

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 245

View: 477

Introduction to Plant Disease Diagnosis; The Plant Disease Clinic; Gathering Information; Diagnosing in the Field; Diagnosing in the Clinic; Measurements and Conversions; Glossary; Sterilizing agents; Culture Media, Formulas, and Procedures; Fixatives; Mounting and Staining Fungi for Microscopic Examination; Staining Bacteria for Microscopic Examination; Cements for Sealing Mounts; Cleaning Solutions; Temperature and Humidity Control; pH Indicators; Buffers; Collection, Preparation, and Mailing of Cultures and Specimens; Preserving Specimens; Selected References for Appendixes; Index.