This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Australasian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI 2012, held in Sydney, Australia, in December 2012. The 76 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 196 submissions. The papers address a wide range of agents, applications, computer vision, constraints and search, game playing, information retrieval, knowledge representation, machine learning, planning and scheduling, robotics and uncertainty in AI.
This book showcases strategic policies for and processes of societal transformation, which are required to address the challenge of sustainability. Based on the latest thinking at the interface of social innovation, sustainable consumption and the transformation of society, the book provides: in-depth discussions at the nexus of sustainable consumption, social innovation and social transformation, highlighting their significance to sustainability-related policy and practice; detailed case studies of social innovation in energy, food, housing and policy which illustrate emerging practice and promising policy, business and civil society interventions; and critical reflections and commentaries on the contribution of social innovation to societal transformation. Bringing together aspiring scholars and leading thinkers on this topic, this book leads to compelling new insights for an international audience into the potential of social innovation for sustainable consumption and the transformation of society. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of sustainable consumption, sustainable development, (social) innovation studies and environmental sociology.
This is the first book to explore the different relationships between active citizenship and civil society, particularly the third sector within civil society. In what ways can the third sector nurture active citizenship? How have the third sector and active citizenship been constructed and reconstructed both locally and internationally, over recent years? To what extent have new kinds of social connectedness, changing forms of political engagement and increasingly complex social and environmental problems influenced civil society action? Written by experts in the field, this important book draws on a range of theory and empirical studies to explore these questions in different socio-political contexts and will be a useful resource for academics and students as well as practitioners.
Business & Economics by The Japan Environmental Council
Why Asia? Significance and Purpose of The State of the Environment in Asia 1. Asia and the Future of the Global 2. From Swift Progress to Big Problems Environment Because in recent years Asia has been called the center of world economic growth, until now global attention fo Western social scientists used to regard Asia as a "stag cused on the region has regarded it solely as one of swift nant society," and, except for Japan, people have thought of progress. postwar Asia as a region that is typical of the continuing But while this East Asia-centered rapid economic "vicious circle of poverty." I growth gave Asia its momentum, industrialization and ur But in contrast to other developing regions, since the banization were causing environmental and urban problems latter half of the 1960s or 1970s South Korea, Taiwan, Hong throughout the region, as well as destroying rural communi Kong, and Singapore were the first to follow in Japan's foot ties and those countries' historical and cultural traditions.
Kochanek links the growth of trust with positive outcomes that benefit schools, such as increased participation, greater openness to innovations, boosts in parent outreach, and higher academic productivity.
In the past, trust was bound to personal relationships and trustworthy institutions. Nowadays sharing economy companies rely on reputation systems for decentralized trust. Profiles and ratings are replacing collaterals and institutional trust. Reputation platforms like Traity aggregate data from different sources like social media and calculate a score that expresses the trustworthiness of a person. In his publication, Markus Bergmann examines an important question: Which influence do the information from social media and reputation platforms have on the assessment of strangers in peer-to-peer transactions? Bergmann therefore simulated a survey with about 100 participants in which the trustworthiness of potential tenants was rated. He focusses on peer-to-peer room rental. But his results generally show to which extend companies and individuals can influence their trustworthiness via Facebook and Traity profiles. In this book: - Trust; - Reputation; - Scoring; - Deposit; - Trustworthiness; - Sharing Economy
Bringing together classic readings from a wide variety of sources, this key book investigates how our cities and towns can become more sustainable. Thirty-eight selections span issues such as land use planning, urban design, transportation, ecological restoration, economic development, resource use and equity planning. Section introductions outline the major themes, whilst the editors' introductions to the individual writings explain their interest and significance to wider debates. Additional sections present twenty-four case studies of real-world sustainable urban planning examples, sustainability planning exercises, and further reading. Providing background in theory, practical application, and vision, in a clear, accessible format, The Sustainable Urban Development Reader is an essential resource for students, professionals, and indeed anyone interested in the future of urban environments.
Access to Asia presents a practical framework and effective strategies for today's global business leaders and managers, whether they are traveling from Toronto to Taipei, Baltimore to Bangalore, or San Francisco to Shanghai. Drawing from the extensive experience and global connections of intercultural consultant and international etiquette expert Sharon Schweitzer and consulting co-author and book strategist Liz Alexander, as well as contributions from over 100 international professionals, this crucial guide suggests that irrespective of their industry, everyone is in the relationship business. When doing business in Asia, building trust and gaining respect are vital steps in developing meaningful business relationships. Access to Asia is filled with the inside advice and real-world stories that explain how to strengthen business ties in ten countries including China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Myanmar/Burma, and South Korea. Access to Asia reveals why cultural awareness is so vital to sustained business success and outlines an eight-question framework for building business relationships in ten important Asian markets. The simple Self-Awareness Profiles prompt you to identify where you currently stand on topics related to this framework, compared with the prevailing country culture. The U.S. chapter offers insights for U.S. Americans into their own culture, and is a primer to doing business in the U.S. for Asian readers or indeed anyone from another culture. The authors include an alphabetical listing of common concepts and terms that offer a better understanding of how to create long-lasting business relationships in Asia. The book is filled with down-to-earth suggestions for creating goodwill such as incorporating the names of national heroes and sports figures in conversations and presentations. For each Asian country highlighted there is a handy guide to that country's etiquette and protocol including material on gift-giving practices, forms of address, greetings, and much more. The authors also impart insider tips and suggestions for the proper way to socialize, and they include a guide to fiscal calendars and important dates of regional holidays. For individuals and companies looking to engage more successfully with their counterparts in Asia, Access to Asia showcases the critical people skills that drive global business success.
"In today's networked societies, a key factor of the social and economic success is the capability to exchange, transfer, and share knowledge. This book provides research on the topic providing a foundation of an emerging and multidisciplinary field"--Provided by publisher.
The 21st century will be the age of the city. Already over 50% of the world population live in urban centres and over the coming decades this percentage will increase. Blending anecdote, fact and first hand encounters - from exploring the slums of Mumbai, to visiting roof-top farms in Brooklyn and attending secret dinner parties in Paris, to riding the bus in Latin America - Leo Hollis reveals that we have misunderstood how cities work for too long. Upending long-held assumptions and challenging accepted wisdom, he explores: why cities can never be rational, organised places; how we can walk in a crowd without bumping into people, and if we can design places that make people want to kiss; whether we have the right solution to the problem of the slums; how ants, slime mould and traffic jams can make us rethink congestion. And above all, the unexpected reasons why living in the city can make us fitter, richer, smarter, greener, more creative - and, perhaps, even happier. Cities Are Good for You introduces dreamers, planners, revolutionaries, writers, scientists, architects, slum-dwellers and emperors. It is shaped by the idea that cities are the greatest social experiment in human history, built for people, and by the people.
Develop, validate, and deploy powerful decentralized applications using blockchain Get the most out of cutting-edge blockchain technology using the hands-on information contained in this comprehensive resource. Written by a team of technology and legal experts, Blockchain: A Practical Guide to Developing Business, Law, and Technology Solutions demonstrates each topic through a start-to-finish, illustrated case study. The book includes financial, technology, governance, and legal use cases along with advantages and challenges. Validation, implementation, troubleshooting, and best practices are fully covered. You will learn, step-by-step, how to build and maintain effective, reliable, and transparent blockchain solutions. •Understand the fundamentals of decentralized computing and blockchain•Explore business, technology, governance, and legal use cases•Review the evolving practice of law and technology as it concerns legal and governance issues arising from blockchain implementation•Write and administer performant blockchain-enabled applications•Handle cryptographic validation in private, public, and consortium blockchains•Employ blockchain in cloud deployments and Internet of Things (IoT) devices•Incorporate Web 3.0 features with Swarm, IPFS, Storj, Golem, and WHISPER•Use Solidity to build and validate fully functional distributed applications and smart contracts using Ethereum•See how blockchain is used in crypto-currency, including Bitcoin and Ethereum•Overcome technical hurdles and secure your decentralized IT platform