The authors (professors of economics at the U. of Queensland, Australia) offer a comparative analysis of the developmental experiences of China and India, applying quantitative analysis to investigation of economic, social, political, and environmental aspects of the countries' development from the 1950s forward. After comparing the initial conditi
This book provides a historical overview of Chinese economic reform over the past 30 years. From the genesis of the reform to the gradual improvement of the market system, and then to the re-start of the critical stage of the reform, this book includes not only research on the reform process, but also detailed descriptions of the key areas of reform since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. On this basis, the author develops six logics for Chinese economic reform. Firstly, reform is cyclical, moving between rapid advances and deadlock; this calls upon us to re-examine the common view of reform. Secondly, reform is systematic; it cannot succeed without supporting reforms in other fields. Thirdly, the relationship between reform, development and stability should be properly handled. This “trinity” is quite different from the perspective of western mainstream theory, which puts too much emphasis on efficiency. Fourthly, the success of Chinese reform was not achieved by chance. The reform practice is based on the theoretical logic, and also goes beyond the debate between progressive and radical modes. Fifthly, the Top-level Design should be combined with “crossing the river by moving from stone to stone,” i.e., the theoretical basis of reform should be combined with reform practice. Sixthly and lastly, the ongoing reform in China must be understood in the contexts of global competition and reform competition.
China Development Research Foundation is one the leading economic think tanks in China, providing a base where many leading Chinese economists have developed the details of Chinese economic reform. This book is the second of a series which makes available to an English-speaking audience the work of the individual Chinese economists who were the architects of reform. The series provides an inside view of China’s economic reform, revealing the thinking of the reformers themselves, unlike many other books on China’s economic reform which are written by outside observers. Guo Shuqing has made major contributions to the thinking underlying China's economic reforms and to the practical implementation of several of those reforms.
In 1978, China launched economic reforms that have resulted in one of history’s most dramatic national transformations. The reforms removed bureaucratic obstacles to economic growth and tapped China’s immense reserves of labor and entrepreneurial talent to unleash unparalleled economic growth in the country. In the four decades since, China has become the world’s second-largest economy after the United States, and a leading force in international trade and investment. As the contributors to this volume show, China also faces daunting challenges in sustaining growth, continuing its economic ransformation, addressing the adverse consequences of economic success, and dealing with mounting suspicion from the United States and other trade and investment partners. China also confronts risks stemming from the project to expand its influence across the globe through infrastructure investments and other projects under the Belt and Road Initiative. At the same time, China’s current leader, Xi Jinping, appears determined to make his own lasting mark on the country and on China’s use of its economic clout to shape the world around it.
This book presents a collection and analysis of original policy documents, newly translated into English, from a key period of Chinese development, providing both a current and a retrospective analysis of China's economic reform efforts. Topics dealt with include the evolution of Chinese economic strategy; economic planning and the spread of market mechanisms; technology transfer in industry; evolution of an agricultural system; the development of population policy; and foreign economic relations. The collection will be of great interest not only to scholars and students of Chinese studies, but also to professionals and social scientists concerned with China but unable to read source documents in Chinese.
'Friends of China can help her best by maintaining broad but not uncritical support and striving for a deeper understanding of this ancient culture and the political and economic structure of the nation. Professor Gao's book is a major contribution to this process.' - Sir Edward Heath What are the reasons behind China's new move to reform? What has been experienced and what lessons can now be drawn? Is China facing new problems in its reform road? What of its future? Professor Gao, one of China's leading reformers, examines and authoritatively assesses China's reform over the last fourteen years. Incorporating a broad range of theoretical, applied and policy materials, this book features many current topics and up-to-date tables, graphs and statistics.
Using a historical, comparative and analytic approach grounded in mainstream economics, the authors develop a consistent and rational framework of state-owned enterprises and individual agents to analyze the internal logic of the traditional Chinese planning system. In this revised edition, the authors update the data and information in the book and include a new chapter on the impact of China's WTO accession on its reform.
This book is part of a series which makes available to English-speaking audiences the work of the individual Chinese economists who were the architects of China’s economic reform. The series provides an inside view of China’s economic reform, revealing the thinking of the reformers themselves, unlike many other books on China’s economic reform which are written by outside observers. Ma Hong (1920-2007) was one of the leading advocates for China’s market-oriented reforms, one of the earliest scholars to adopt the concept of "a socialist market economy". Politically active from the 1930s, when he campaigned against the Japanese occupation, he held many important posts, notably President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in the 1980s. He was particularly influential in the field of industrial economics, putting to use his own experiences of managing industrial enterprises, and a strong advocate of the need for China’s economic development to be stable. The book is published in association with China Development Research Foundation, one of the leading economic and social think tanks in China, where many of the theoretical foundations and policy details of economic reform were formulated.
This book provides a comprehensive overview on Chinese economy in the last three decades and an insightful view on the future reform in China. The China's miracle is used to describe its rapid economic growth in the last thirty years. The author aims to demystify the miracle by analyzing the past and present of economic transitions and showcases the blueprint for future economic reforms, from the perspectives of institutional transformation, urbanization and changes in the labor markets. The book contains hottest topics on Chinese economy, such as land market reform, new-type urbanization and financial reform. It investigates both the long-run growth and short-run fluctuations. The factor markets, including labor market, capital market and land market, are analyzed as key determinants to long-run growth and consumption, while investment and net export are investigated as elements to short-run fluctuations. Contents:China's Economic Growth Under Globalization (Zhigang Yuan and Yuxin Yu)Potential Economic Growth of China in Transition (Zhigang Yuan and Yuxin Yu)Is China's Export Really Special? Perspective from Trade in Value Added (Changyuan Luo and Jiajun Xu)The Consumption Issue in the Long-term Growth and Short-term Fluctuations (Zhigang Yuan and Can Rao)The Political Economy of Chinese Reform (Zhe Yang)Whither Federalism, Chinese Style (Yongqin Wang)Financial Reform: Opportunity and Challenge to China's Future Growth (Zhigang Yuan and Jingwen Yu)China's Urbanization: Past, Present, and Future (Hao Zheng)China's Real Estate Market Development (Yuan Wang)Fiscal System and Local Government Behavior (Shengyan Xu and Wancong Li)The Demographic Factors in the Chinese Economy (Qin Chen)The Labor Market in China (Qin Chen)Social Justice and Intergenerational Income Mobility (Lin Chen)Further Development of Urbanization and the Policy Research on the Rural Migrant Workers Granted Urban Citizenship (Jing Tan) Readership: Undergraduates, graduates, researchers, academics who are interested in Chinese economy and the China model. Keywords:Chinese Economy;Economic Transition;China Model;Political Economy;Financial ReformKey Features:Professor Yuan is the dean of school of economics in Fudan university, an eminent economist in China and a Sun Yefang Prize laureate (highest honor of economics in China)The book contains hottest topics on Chinese economy, such as land market reform, new-type urbanization and financial reformThe book provides rigorous and profound theoretic analysis on Chinese economy while interpreting the economic problems in China with easy-to-understand terms
In Studies in Economic Reform renowned and influential Chinese scholar and politician Siwei Cheng outlines his theories for bringing economic reform to China in the context of the increasingly global economy.