Sets forth the analytical tools needed to solve key problemsin organic chemistry With its acclaimed decision-based approach, Electron Flow inOrganic Chemistry enables readers to develop the essentialcritical thinking skills needed to analyze and solve problems inorganic chemistry, from the simple to complex. The author breaksdown common mechanistic organic processes into their basic units toexplain the core electron flow pathways that underlie theseprocesses. Moreover, the text stresses the use of analytical toolssuch as flow charts, correlation matrices, and energy surfaces toenable readers new to organic chemistry to grasp the fundamentalsat a much deeper level. This Second Edition of Electron Flow in OrganicChemistry has been thoroughly revised, reorganized, andstreamlined in response to feedback from both students andinstructors. Readers will find more flowcharts, correlationmatrices, and algorithms that illustrate key decision-makingprocesses step by step. There are new examples from the field ofbiochemistry, making the text more relevant to a broader range ofreaders in chemistry, biology, and medicine. This edition alsooffers three new chapters: Proton transfer and the principles of stability Important reaction archetypes Qualitative molecular orbital theory and pericyclicreactions The text's appendix features a variety of helpful tools,including a general bibliography, quick-reference charts andtables, pathway summaries, and a major decisions guide. With its emphasis on logical processes rather than memorizationto solve mechanistic problems, this text gives readers a solidfoundation to approach and solve any problem in organicchemistry.
Involved as it is with 95% of the periodic table, inorganicchemistry is one of the foundational subjects of scientific study.Inorganic catalysts are used in crucial industrial processes andthe field, to a significant extent, also forms the basis ofnanotechnology. Unfortunately, the subject is not a popular one forundergraduates. This book aims to take a step to change this stateof affairs by presenting a mechanistic, logical introduction to thesubject. Organic teaching places heavy emphasis on reaction mechanisms -"arrow-pushing" - and the authors of this book have found that amechanistic approach works just as well for elementary inorganicchemistry. As opposed to listening to formal lectures orlearning the material by heart, by teaching students to recognizecommon inorganic species as electrophiles and nucleophiles, coupledwith organic-style arrow-pushing, this book serves as a gentle andstimulating introduction to inorganic chemistry, providing studentswith the knowledge and opportunity to solve inorganic reactionmechanisms. • The first book to apply the arrow-pushing method toinorganic chemistry teaching • With the reaction mechanisms approach("arrow-pushing"), students will no longer have to rely onmemorization as a device for learning this subject, but willinstead have a logical foundation for this area of study • Teaches students to recognize common inorganic speciesas electrophiles and nucleophiles, coupled with organic-stylearrow-pushing • Provides a degree of integration with what studentslearn in organic chemistry, facilitating learning of thissubject • Serves as an invaluable companion to any introductoryinorganic chemistry textbook
Most reactions in organic chemistry do not proceed in a single step but rather take several steps to yield the desired product. In the course of these multi-step reaction sequences, short-lived intermediates can be generated that quickly convert into other intermediates, reactants, products or side products. As these intermediates are highly reactive, they cannot usually be isolated, but their existence and structure can be proved by theoretical and experimental methods. Using the information obtained, researchers can better understand the underlying reaction mechanism of a certain organic transformation and thus develop novel strategies for efficient organic synthesis. The chapters are clearly structured and are arranged according to the type of intermediate, providing information on the formation, characterization, stereochemistry, stability, and reactivity of the intermediates. Additionally, representative examples and a problem section with different levels of difficulty are included for self-testing the newly acquired knowledge. By providing a deeper understanding of the underlying concepts, this is a musthave reference for PhD and Master Students in organic chemistry, as well as a valuable source of information for chemists in academia and industry working in the field. It is also ideal as primary or supplementary reading for courses on organic chemistry, physical organic chemistry or analytical chemistry.
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This new textbook is the successor to the volume "Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis - A Guide to Successful Synthesis Design" (2004), written by the same author. Whereas the predecessor mainly covered the limitations of aliphatic substitution reactions, this new volume focuses on the most important aromatic substitution reactions, both electrophilic and nucleophilic, such as amination reactions, halogenation reactions, Friedel-Crafts acylations, or transition metal-catalyzed arylation reactions. Each chapter not only describes the scope of a specific reaction type, but also reveals what cannot be achieved with this reaction, i.e. what type of side reactions are to be expected with certain starting materials or electrophiles/nucleophiles. With its unique approach, this is a must-have book for graduate students in organic chemistry and synthetic chemists both in academia and industry!