Language Arts & Disciplines

Existential Sentences (RLE Linguistics B: Grammar)

Author: Michael Lumsden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 305

What is the relationship between the structure of existential sentences and their meaning? How do hearers interpret existential sentences using pragmatic assumptions? This study attempts to account for the relationship between the structure of existential sentences (ES) and their meaning. The study of ES has received a great deal of attention because the construction has complex syntactic properties, is associated with restrictions of a semantic nature, and provides an interesting area for investigation at a pragmatic level.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Existential Sentences in English (RLE Linguistics D: English Linguistics)

Author: Gary L. Milsark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 932

In order to bring some minimal amount of order to the chaos that almost inevitably attends the use of the word ‘existential’ in a linguistic investigation, the author reserved the term existential sentence (ES) to designate all and only those English sentences in which there appears an occurrence of the unstressed, non-deictic, ‘existential’ there. Thus the term will be used as a characterisation of a class of syntactic objects, not as a semantic description. With ES sentences including formations such as ‘There were several people talking’ and ‘There ensued a riot’, perhaps nowhere else do we find so clearly displayed the complexity and subtlety of the syntactic and semantic interactions which determine the nature of human language.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Existential Sentences

Author: Michael Lumsden

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 962

What is the relationship between the structure of existential sentences and their meaning? How do hearers interpret existential sentences using pragmatic assumptions? This study attempts to account for the relationship between the structure of existential sentences (ES) and their meaning. The study of ES has received a great deal of attention because the construction has complex syntactic properties, is associated with restrictions of a semantic nature, and provides an interesting area for investigation at a pragmatic level.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Existential Sentences in English and Lithuanian

Author: Violeta Kalėdaitė

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 247

View: 213

Existential sentences in the world's languages tend to develop specific morphological, syntactic, and lexical properties. The present work offers a contrastive functional analysis of these constructions in two typologically unrelated languages, English and Lithuanian. The study focuses on the relationship between the syntactic structure of different existential sentence types and their meaning; it also explores the semantic and pragmatic parameters relevant to the structural differences within a single language and across the two compared languages. Most importantly, a new definition of the existential sentence, which takes into account both semantic and syntactic criteria, is proposed for Lithuanian. The findings are drawn on the basis of the corpus and highlight conspicuous differences in the linguistic representations of the construction in the two languages. With respect to Lithuanian, communicative word order variations, language-specific structures (the BKI and the impersonal passive), and a wider use of lexical verbs present an area of special interest. Contents: The English existential: definition and classification -- General characteristics: structural patterns -- Semantic types -- Word order -- The interpretation of there -- Verbs in the construction -- The definiteness restriction -- Lithuanian existentials: the semantics of the basic sentence patterns -- Types of 'be' existentials -- Communicative types of existential sentences -- Semantic classes of acceptable lexical verbs -- Definite and indefinite subject NPs -- Language-specific existential structures.
English language

Existential There

Author: Leiv Egil Breivik

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: English language

Page: 321

View: 980

Existential Sentences in George R. R. Martin's A Game of Thrones

Author: Tamara Kočevar

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 68

View: 570

Existential sentences are a very common structure in English and non-existent in Slovene, so the purpose of this paper is to research and analyse the ways in which sentences containing these structures are translated. The aim is to determine whether the corresponding translations differ from their original counterparts and in what ways the translator retains as much of the original style of writing as possible. The corpus contains two hundred sentences selected from George R.R. Martin's A Game of thrones (2011) and the Slovene translation Igra prestolov (2007), translated by Boštjan Gorenc. The selected sentences are analysed in terms of the type of existential sentence, the verb, the postmodifier and the adverb of place, and then compared to the translated sentences, at which the focus is on the equivalents of the English subject, the verb, the postmodifier and the adverb of place. This paper is divided into two parts, the theoretical and the empirical one. The theoretical part contains a brief description of G.R.R. Martin, a short summary of the story, and a selection of various theories from English grammars. The second part consists of a description of methods and materials used in the process of creating this paper, a graphical presentation of the data and a concise interpretation of the obtained results.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Contrastive Linguistics

Author: Jacek Fisiak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 459

View: 183

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
English language

The Able Writer

Author: John P. Broderick

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN:

Category: English language

Page: 350

View: 751