**Author**: Shantanu Das

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 240

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## Functional Fractional Calculus for System Identification and Controls

In this book, not only are mathematical abstractions discussed in a lucid manner, but also several practical applications are given particularly for system identification, description and then efficient controls. The reader gets a feeling of the wide applicability of fractional calculus in the field of science and engineering. With this book, a starter can understand the concepts of this emerging field with a minimal effort and basic mathematics.
## Functional Fractional Calculus

When a new extraordinary and outstanding theory is stated, it has to face criticism and skeptism, because it is beyond the usual concept. The fractional calculus though not new, was not discussed or developed for a long time, particularly for lack of its application to real life problems. It is extraordinary because it does not deal with ‘ordinary’ differential calculus. It is outstanding because it can now be applied to situations where existing theories fail to give satisfactory results. In this book not only mathematical abstractions are discussed in a lucid manner, with physical mathematical and geometrical explanations, but also several practical applications are given particularly for system identification, description and then efficient controls. The normal physical laws like, transport theory, electrodynamics, equation of motions, elasticity, viscosity, and several others of are based on ‘ordinary’ calculus. In this book these physical laws are generalized in fractional calculus contexts; taking, heterogeneity effect in transport background, the space having traps or islands, irregular distribution of charges, non-ideal spring with mass connected to a pointless-mass ball, material behaving with viscous as well as elastic properties, system relaxation with and without memory, physics of random delay in computer network; and several others; mapping the reality of nature closely. The concept of fractional and complex order differentiation and integration are elaborated mathematically, physically and geometrically with examples. The practical utility of local fractional differentiation for enhancing the character of singularity at phase transition or characterizing the irregularity measure of response function is deliberated. Practical results of viscoelastic experiments, fractional order controls experiments, design of fractional controller and practical circuit synthesis for fractional order elements are elaborated in this book. The book also maps theory of classical integer order differential equations to fractional calculus contexts, and deals in details with conflicting and demanding initialization issues, required in classical techniques. The book presents a modern approach to solve the ‘solvable’ system of fractional and other differential equations, linear, non-linear; without perturbation or transformations, but by applying physical principle of action-and-opposite-reaction, giving ‘approximately exact’ series solutions. Historically, Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wihelm Leibniz independently discovered calculus in the middle of the 17th century. In recognition to this remarkable discovery, J.von Neumann remarked, “...the calculus was the first achievement of modern mathematics and it is difficult to overestimate its importance. I think it defines more equivocally than anything else the inception of modern mathematical analysis which is logical development, still constitute the greatest technical advance in exact thinking.” This XXI century has thus started to ‘think-exactly’ for advancement in science & technology by growing application of fractional calculus, and this century has started speaking the language which nature understands the best.
## Functional Numerical Methods: Applications to Abstract Fractional Calculus

This book presents applications of Newton-like and other similar methods to solve abstract functional equations involving fractional derivatives. It focuses on Banach space-valued functions of a real domain – studied for the first time in the literature. Various issues related to the modeling and analysis of fractional order systems continue to grow in popularity, and the book provides a deeper and more formal analysis of selected issues that are relevant to many areas – including decision-making, complex processes, systems modeling and control – and deeply embedded in the fields of engineering, computer science, physics, economics, and the social and life sciences. The book offers a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students, and can also be used as a textbook for seminars on the above-mentioned subjects. All chapters are self-contained and can be read independently. Further, each chapter includes an extensive list of references.
## Fractional Calculus and Its Applications

## The Variable-Order Fractional Calculus of Variations

The Variable-Order Fractional Calculus of Variations is devoted to the study of fractional operators with variable order and, in particular, variational problems involving variable-order operators. This brief presents a new numerical tool for the solution of differential equations involving Caputo derivatives of fractional variable order. Three Caputo-type fractional operators are considered, and for each one, an approximation formula is obtained in terms of standard (integer-order) derivatives only. Estimations for the error of the approximations are also provided. The contributors consider variational problems that may be subject to one or more constraints, where the functional depends on a combined Caputo derivative of variable fractional order. In particular, they establish necessary optimality conditions of Euler–Lagrange type. As the terminal point in the cost integral is free, as is the terminal state, transversality conditions are also obtained. The Variable-Order Fractional Calculus of Variations is a valuable source of information for researchers in mathematics, physics, engineering, control and optimization; it provides both analytical and numerical methods to deal with variational problems. It is also of interest to academics and postgraduates in these fields, as it solves multiple variational problems subject to one or more constraints in a single brief.
## Topics in Fractional Differential Equations

Topics in Fractional Differential Equations is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions for various classes of Darboux problems for hyperbolic differential equations or inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative. Fractional calculus generalizes the integrals and derivatives to non-integer orders. During the last decade, fractional calculus was found to play a fundamental role in the modeling of a considerable number of phenomena; in particular the modeling of memory-dependent and complex media such as porous media. It has emerged as an important tool for the study of dynamical systems where classical methods reveal strong limitations. Some equations present delays which may be finite, infinite, or state-dependent. Others are subject to an impulsive effect. The above problems are studied using the fixed point approach, the method of upper and lower solution, and the Kuratowski measure of noncompactness. This book is addressed to a wide audience of specialists such as mathematicians, engineers, biologists, and physicists.
## Fractional Calculus in Medical and Health Science

This book covers applications of fractional calculus used for medical and health science. It offers a collection of research articles built into chapters on classical and modern dynamical systems formulated by fractional differential equations describing human diseases and how to control them. The mathematical results included in the book will be helpful to mathematicians and doctors by enabling them to explain real-life problems accurately. The book will also offer case studies of real-life situations with an emphasis on describing the mathematical results and showing how to apply the results to medical and health science, and at the same time highlighting modeling strategies. The book will be useful to graduate level students, educators and researchers interested in mathematics and medical science.
## Functional Numerical Methods: Applications to Abstract Fractional Calculus

This book presents applications of Newton-like and other similar methods to solve abstract functional equations involving fractional derivatives. It focuses on Banach space-valued functions of a real domain – studied for the first time in the literature. Various issues related to the modeling and analysis of fractional order systems continue to grow in popularity, and the book provides a deeper and more formal analysis of selected issues that are relevant to many areas – including decision-making, complex processes, systems modeling and control – and deeply embedded in the fields of engineering, computer science, physics, economics, and the social and life sciences. The book offers a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students, and can also be used as a textbook for seminars on the above-mentioned subjects. All chapters are self-contained and can be read independently. Further, each chapter includes an extensive list of references.
## Regional Analysis of Time-Fractional Diffusion Processes

This monograph provides an accessible introduction to the regional analysis of fractional diffusion processes. It begins with background coverage of fractional calculus, functional analysis, distributed parameter systems and relevant basic control theory. New research problems are then defined in terms of their actuation and sensing policies within the regional analysis framework. The results presented provide insight into the control-theoretic analysis of fractional-order systems for use in real-life applications such as hard-disk drives, sleep stage identification and classification, and unmanned aerial vehicle control. The results can also be extended to complex fractional-order distributed-parameter systems and various open questions with potential for further investigation are discussed. For instance, the problem of fractional order distributed-parameter systems with mobile actuators/sensors, optimal parameter identification, optimal locations/trajectory of actuators/sensors and regional actuation/sensing configurations are of great interest. The book’s use of illustrations and consistent examples throughout helps readers to understand the significance of the proposed fractional models and methodologies and to enhance their comprehension. The applications treated in the book run the gamut from environmental science to national security. Academics and graduate students working with cyber-physical and distributed systems or interested in the applications of fractional calculus will find this book to be an instructive source of state-of-the-art results and inspiration for further research.
## Asymptotic Integration And Stability: For Ordinary, Functional And Discrete Differential Equations Of Fractional Order

This volume presents several important and recent contributions to the emerging field of fractional differential equations in a self-contained manner. It deals with new results on existence, uniqueness and multiplicity, smoothness, asymptotic development, and stability of solutions. The new topics in the field of fractional calculus include also the Mittag-Leffler and Razumikhin stability, stability of a class of discrete fractional non-autonomous systems, asymptotic integration with a priori given coefficients, intervals of disconjugacy (non-oscillation), existence of Lp solutions for various linear, and nonlinear fractional differential equations.
## Topics in Fractional Differential Equations

Topics in Fractional Differential Equations is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions for various classes of Darboux problems for hyperbolic differential equations or inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative. Fractional calculus generalizes the integrals and derivatives to non-integer orders. During the last decade, fractional calculus was found to play a fundamental role in the modeling of a considerable number of phenomena; in particular the modeling of memory-dependent and complex media such as porous media. It has emerged as an important tool for the study of dynamical systems where classical methods reveal strong limitations. Some equations present delays which may be finite, infinite, or state-dependent. Others are subject to an impulsive effect. The above problems are studied using the fixed point approach, the method of upper and lower solution, and the Kuratowski measure of noncompactness. This book is addressed to a wide audience of specialists such as mathematicians, engineers, biologists, and physicists.
## Operators of Fractional Calculus and Their Applications

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Operators of Fractional Calculus and Their Applications" that was published in Mathematics
## Frontiers in Functional Equations and Analytic Inequalities

This volume presents cutting edge research from the frontiers of functional equations and analytic inequalities active fields. It covers the subject of functional equations in a broad sense, including but not limited to the following topics: Hyperstability of a linear functional equation on restricted domains Hyers–Ulam’s stability results to a three point boundary value problem of nonlinear fractional order differential equations Topological degree theory and Ulam’s stability analysis of a boundary value problem of fractional differential equations General Solution and Hyers-Ulam Stability of Duo Trigintic Functional Equation in Multi-Banach Spaces Stabilities of Functional Equations via Fixed Point Technique Measure zero stability problem for the Drygas functional equation with complex involution Fourier Transforms and Ulam Stabilities of Linear Differential Equations Hyers–Ulam stability of a discrete diamond–alpha derivative equation Approximate solutions of an interesting new mixed type additive-quadratic-quartic functional equation. The diverse selection of inequalities covered includes Opial, Hilbert-Pachpatte, Ostrowski, comparison of means, Poincare, Sobolev, Landau, Polya-Ostrowski, Hardy, Hermite-Hadamard, Levinson, and complex Korovkin type. The inequalities are also in the environments of Fractional Calculus and Conformable Fractional Calculus. Applications from this book's results can be found in many areas of pure and applied mathematics, especially in ordinary and partial differential equations and fractional differential equations. As such, this volume is suitable for researchers, graduate students and related seminars, and all science and engineering libraries. The exhibited thirty six chapters are self-contained and can be read independently and interesting advanced seminars can be given out of this book.
## Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics

The books Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics: Vibrations and Diffusion Processes and Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics: Wave Propagation, Impact and Variational Principles contain various applications of fractional calculus to the fields of classical mechanics. Namely, the books study problems in fields such as viscoelasticity of fractional order, lateral vibrations of a rod of fractional order type, lateral vibrations of a rod positioned on fractional order viscoelastic foundations, diffusion-wave phenomena, heat conduction, wave propagation, forced oscillations of a body attached to a rod, impact and variational principles of a Hamiltonian type. The books will be useful for graduate students in mechanics and applied mathematics, as well as for researchers in these fields. Part 1 of this book presents an introduction to fractional calculus. Chapter 1 briefly gives definitions and notions that are needed later in the book and Chapter 2 presents definitions and some of the properties of fractional integrals and derivatives. Part 2 is the central part of the book. Chapter 3 presents the analysis of waves in fractional viscoelastic materials in infinite and finite spatial domains. In Chapter 4, the problem of oscillations of a translatory moving rigid body, attached to a heavy, or light viscoelastic rod of fractional order type, is studied in detail. In Chapter 5, the authors analyze a specific engineering problem of the impact of a viscoelastic rod against a rigid wall. Finally, in Chapter 6, some results for the optimization of a functional containing fractional derivatives of constant and variable order are presented.
## Factorization, Singular Operators and Related Problems

These proceedings comprise a large part of the papers presented at the In ternational Conference Factorization, Singular Operators and related problems, which was held from January 28 to February 1, 2002, at the University of th Madeira, Funchal, Portugal, to mark Professor Georgii Litvinchuk's 70 birth day. Experts in a variety of fields came to this conference to pay tribute to the great achievements of Professor Georgii Litvinchuk in the development of vari ous areas of operator theory. The main themes of the conference were focussed around the theory of singular type operators and factorization problems, but other topics such as potential theory and fractional calculus, to name but a couple, were also presented. The goal of the conference was to bring together mathematicians from var ious fields within operator theory and function theory in order to highlight recent advances in problems many of which were originally studied by Profes sor Litvinchuk and his scientific school. A second aim was to stimulate in ternational collaboration even further and promote the interaction of different approaches in current research in these areas. The Proceedings will be of great interest to researchers in Operator The ory, Real and Complex Analysis, Functional and Harmonic Analysis, Potential Theory, Fractional Calculus and other areas, as well as to graduate students looking for the latest results.
## Fluxions: Classical and Fractional Functional Calculus Applications

This notebook of investigations is to collect classical and contemporary calculus excursions on works that may be relevant for current researchers. Here, problems of fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, as well as, chemical kinetic models are presented. All in all, this potpourri would enhance a topics course on these subjects. The title was chosen to emphasize the historical nature of the subject with beginnings by Isaac Newton and Gottfried W. Leibnitz in seventeenth century. Studies of a fractional calculus has involved in parallel as noted in a letter from Leibnitz to G. A. L'Hospital on a semi-derivative, or differential of order of one-half..."one day useful consequences will be drawn."
## Frontiers in Functional Equations and Analytic Inequalities

This volume presents cutting edge research from the frontiers of functional equations and analytic inequalities active fields. It covers the subject of functional equations in a broad sense, including but not limited to the following topics: Hyperstability of a linear functional equation on restricted domains Hyers–Ulam’s stability results to a three point boundary value problem of nonlinear fractional order differential equations Topological degree theory and Ulam’s stability analysis of a boundary value problem of fractional differential equations General Solution and Hyers-Ulam Stability of Duo Trigintic Functional Equation in Multi-Banach Spaces Stabilities of Functional Equations via Fixed Point Technique Measure zero stability problem for the Drygas functional equation with complex involution Fourier Transforms and Ulam Stabilities of Linear Differential Equations Hyers–Ulam stability of a discrete diamond–alpha derivative equation Approximate solutions of an interesting new mixed type additive-quadratic-quartic functional equation. The diverse selection of inequalities covered includes Opial, Hilbert-Pachpatte, Ostrowski, comparison of means, Poincare, Sobolev, Landau, Polya-Ostrowski, Hardy, Hermite-Hadamard, Levinson, and complex Korovkin type. The inequalities are also in the environments of Fractional Calculus and Conformable Fractional Calculus. Applications from this book's results can be found in many areas of pure and applied mathematics, especially in ordinary and partial differential equations and fractional differential equations. As such, this volume is suitable for researchers, graduate students and related seminars, and all science and engineering libraries. The exhibited thirty six chapters are self-contained and can be read independently and interesting advanced seminars can be given out of this book.
## Advances in Nonlinear Analysis via the Concept of Measure of Noncompactness

This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the theory of measures of noncompactness. It discusses various applications of the theory of measures of noncompactness, in particular, by addressing the results and methods of fixed-point theory. The concept of a measure of noncompactness is very useful for the mathematical community working in nonlinear analysis. Both these theories are especially useful in investigations connected with differential equations, integral equations, functional integral equations and optimization theory. Thus, one of the book’s central goals is to collect and present sufficient conditions for the solvability of such equations. The results are established in miscellaneous function spaces, and particular attention is paid to fractional calculus.
## Special Functions and Analysis of Differential Equations

Differential Equations are very important tools in Mathematical Analysis. They are widely found in mathematics itself and in its applications to statistics, computing, electrical circuit analysis, dynamical systems, economics, biology, and so on. Recently there has been an increasing interest in and widely-extended use of differential equations and systems of fractional order (that is, of arbitrary order) as better models of phenomena in various physics, engineering, automatization, biology and biomedicine, chemistry, earth science, economics, nature, and so on. Now, new unified presentation and extensive development of special functions associated with fractional calculus are necessary tools, being related to the theory of differentiation and integration of arbitrary order (i.e., fractional calculus) and to the fractional order (or multi-order) differential and integral equations. This book provides learners with the opportunity to develop an understanding of advancements of special functions and the skills needed to apply advanced mathematical techniques to solve complex differential equations and Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). Subject matters should be strongly related to special functions involving mathematical analysis and its numerous applications. The main objective of this book is to highlight the importance of fundamental results and techniques of the theory of complex analysis for differential equations and PDEs and emphasizes articles devoted to the mathematical treatment of questions arising in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering, particularly those that stress analytical aspects and novel problems and their solutions. Specific topics include but are not limited to Partial differential equations Least squares on first-order system Sequence and series in functional analysis Special functions related to fractional (non-integer) order control systems and equations Various special functions related to generalized fractional calculus Operational method in fractional calculus Functional analysis and operator theory Mathematical physics Applications of numerical analysis and applied mathematics Computational mathematics Mathematical modeling This book provides the recent developments in special functions and differential equations and publishes high-quality, peer-reviewed book chapters in the area of nonlinear analysis, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, and related applications.
## Implicit Fractional Differential and Integral Equations

This book deals with the existence and stability of solutions to initial and boundary value problems for functional differential and integral equations and inclusions involving the Riemann-Liouville, Caputo, and Hadamard fractional derivatives and integrals. A wide variety of topics is covered in a mathematically rigorous manner making this work a valuable source of information for graduate students and researchers working with problems in fractional calculus. Contents Preliminary Background Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Impulsive Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Boundary Value Problems for Nonlinear Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Boundary Value Problems for Impulsive NIFDE Integrable Solutions for Implicit Fractional Differential Equations Partial Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations and Inclusions Stability Results for Partial Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations and Inclusions Hadamard–Stieltjes Fractional Integral Equations Ulam Stabilities for Random Hadamard Fractional Integral Equations

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