Fundamentals of Archaeology

Author: Robert J. Sharer

Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company


Category: Archaeology

Page: 614

View: 749

"This textbook surveys the techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks of contemporary prehistoric archaeology. In our presentation we view prehistoric archaeology as an integral part of the larger field of anthropology, conditioned by the historical development, concepts and goals of its parent discipline. While we treat the evolving perspectives of archaeological method and theory, together with their implications for understanding the prehistoric past, the text is not a manifesto for any single doctrine or 'school' within the field. Rather, it seeks to synthesize those aspects of both the 'traditional' and the 'new' archaeology that have contributed significantly to the current status of prehistoric archaeology."--p. ix.

Soviet Archaeology

Author: Leo S. Klejn

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: History

Page: 411

View: 737

In Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History, Russian archaeologist Leo S. Klejn looks at the peculiar phenomenon that is Soviet archaeology and how it differs to Western archaeology and the archaeology of pre-revolutionary Russia. Klejn shows that Soviet archaeology was not a monolithic block as Soviet ideologists attempted to represent it, but rather it was divided into competing schools and trends and, even under the veil of Marxist ideology,was often closely related to the movements occurring in western archaeology. As an archaeologist working during the turmoil of the Soviet government's rule over Russia, Klejn's scholarly account is laid out in ajournalistic manner, tracing the history of archaeology in Russian from 1917 to beyond 1991, as well as recounting the lives and fates of leading Soviet archaeologists in vivid descriptions with accompanying photographs.

Principles of Geoarchaeology

Author: Michael R. Waters

Publisher: University of Arizona Press


Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 458

Geoarchaeological studies can significantly enhance interpretations of human prehistory by allowing archaeologists to decipher from sediments and soils the effects of earth processes on the evidence of human activity. While a number of previous books have provided broad geographic and temporal treatments of geoarchaeology, this new volume presents a single author's view intended for North American archaeologists. Waters deals with those aspects of geoarchaeologyÑstratigraphy, site formation processes, and landscape reconstructionÑmost fundamental to archaeology, and he focuses on the late Quaternary of North America, permitting in-depth discussions of the concepts directly applicable to that research. Assuming no prior geologic knowledge on the part of the reader, Waters provides a background in fundamental geological processes and the basic tools of geoarchaeology. He then proceeds to relate specific physical processes, microenvironments, deposits, and landforms associated with riverine, desert, lake, glacial, cave, coastal, and other environments to archaeological site formation, location, and context. This practical volume illustrates the contributions of geoarchaeological investigations and demonstrates the need to make such studies an integral part of archaeological research. The text is enhanced by more than a hundred line drawings and photographs. CONTENTS 1. Research Objectives of Geoarchaeology 2. Geoarchaeological Foundations: The Archaeological Site Matrix: Sediments and Soils / Stratigraphy / The Geoarchaeological Interpretation of Sediments, Soils, and Stratigraphy 3. Alluvial Environments: Streamflow / Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Alluvial Environments: Rivers, Arroyos, Terraces, and Fans / Alluvial Landscapes Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Alluvial Landscape Reconstruction 4. Eolian Environments: Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Sand Dunes / Loess and Dust / Stone Pavements / Eolian Erosion / Volcanic Ash (Tephra) 5. Springs, Lakes, Rockshelters, and Other Terrestrial Environments: Springs / Lakes / Slopes / Glaciers / Rockshelters and Caves 6. Coastal Environments: Coastal Processes / Late Quaternary Sea Level Changes / Coastal Environments / Coastal Landscape Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Coastal Landscape Reconstruction 7. The Postburial Disturbance af Archaeological Site Contexts: Cryoturbation / Argilliturbation / Graviturbation / Deformation / Other Physical Disturbances / Floralturbation / Faunalturbation 8. Geoarchaeological Research Appendix A: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating the Effects of Fluvial Landscape Evolution on the Archaeological Record Appendix B: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Site-Specific Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions Appendix C: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Regional Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions


Author: Farhat Khan




Page: 100

View: 548

Archaeology: The Essential Guide to Our Human Past In The Archaeology Book you will unearth: How archaeologists understand -what life was like in the past-Why broken ceramics can tell more than gold or treasure can-Some of the difficulties in ancient dating artifacts-How the brilliance of ancient civilizations demonstrates God's creation-History of ancient cultures, including the Hittites, Babylonians, and Egyptians-The early development of the alphabet and its impact on the discovery-The numerous archaeological finds that confirm the biblical history-Why the Dead Sea scrolls are deemed such a vital breakthroughFilled with vivid full-color photos, maps, and detailed drawings, you will have access to some of the greatest biblical mysteries ever uncovered. With the refined institutional setup of this book, multi-age design, and the unique color-coded, it allows the ease of teaching the fundamentals of archaeology through sophisticated insights into three distinct grade levels.Epic in scope, yet filled with detail, this illustrated guide takes readers through the whole of our human past. Spanning the dawn of human civilization through the present, it provides a tour of every site of critical archaeological importance. Of the prehistoric cavern paintings of Lascaux to Tutankhamun's grave, from the buried city of Pompeii to China's Terracotta Army, all of the world's most iconic sites and discoveries are here. So too are the lesser-known yet equally essential finds, such as the recent discoveries of our oldest known human ancestors and the world's oldest-known temple, Göbekli Tepe in Turkey. A stunning mix of brief investigation and driving account, this book likewise addresses the issues that definitely emerge as we continuously get familiar with the historical backdrop of our species. Recorded by a universal group of archeological masters and lavishly adorned all through, Archeology: The Essential Guide to Our Human Past offers an unparalleled insight into the origins of humankind.

The Archaeology Book

Author: David Down

Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group


Category: Religion

Page: 96

View: 948

Developed with three educational levels in mind, The Archaeology Book takes you on an exciting exploration of history and ancient cultures. You'll learn both the techniques of the archaeologist and the accounts of some of the richest discoveries of the Middle East that demonstrate the accuracy and historicity of the Bible. In The Archaeology Book you will unearth: How archaeologists know what life was like in the past Why broken pottery can tell more than gold or treasure can Some of the difficulties in dating ancient artifacts How the brilliance of ancient cultures demonstrates God's creation History of ancient cultures, including the Hittites, Babylonians, and Egyptians The early development of the alphabet and its impact on discovery The numerous archaeological finds that confirm biblical history Why the Dead Sea scrolls are considered such a vital breakthrough Filled with vivid full-color photos, detailed drawings, and maps, you will have access to some of the greatest biblical mysteries ever uncovered. With the enhanced educational format of this book and the unique color-coded, multi-age design, it allows the ease of teaching the fundamentals of archaeology through complex insights to three distinct grade levels. Free downloadable study guide at

Environmental Archaeology: Meaning and Purpose

Author: Umberto Albarella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: History

Page: 326

View: 911

Despite the fact that the human life of the past cannot be understood without taking into account its ecological relationships, environmental studies are often marginalized in archaeology. This is the first book that, by discussing the meaning and purpose we give to the expression `environmental archaeology', investigates the reasons for such a problem. The book is written in an accessible manner and is of interest to all students who want to understand the essence of archaeology beyond the boundary of the individual subdisciplines.

Elisha's Bones (A Jack Hawthorne Adventure Book #1)

Author: Don Hoesel

Publisher: Baker Books


Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 231

Every year, professor of antiquities Jack Hawthorne looks forward to the winter break as a time to hide away from his responsibilities. Even if just for a week or two. But this year, his plans are derailed when he's offered almost a blank check from a man chasing a rumor. Billionaire Gordon Reese thinks he knows where the bones of the prophet Elisha are--bones that in the Old Testament brought the dead back to life. A born skeptic, Jack doesn't think much of the assignment but he could use the money, so he takes the first step on a chase for the legendary bones that will take him to the very ends of the earth. But he's not alone. Joined with a fiery colleague, Esperanza Habilla, they soon discover clues to a shadowy organization whose long-held secrets have been protected . . . at all costs. As their lives are threatened again and again, the real race is to uncover the truth before those chasing them hunt them down.
Social Science

Dictionary of Concepts in Archaeology

Author: Molly Raymond Mignon

Publisher: Greenwood


Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 609

The first dictionary to provide definitions and analytical discussions of the key concepts in archaeology.
Social Science

Biomolecular Archaeology

Author: T. A. Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 619

Illustrated thoroughly, Biomolecular Archaeology is the first book to clearly guide students through the study of ancient DNA: how to analyze biomolecular evidence (DNA, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) to address important archaeological questions. The first book to address the scope and methods of this new cross-disciplinary area of research for archaeologists Offers a completely up-to-date overview of the latest research in this innovative subject Guides students who wish to become biomolecular archaeologists through the complexities of both the scientific methods and archaeological goals. Provides an essential component to undergraduate and graduate archaeological research
Social Science

Adventures in Fugawiland

Author: T. Douglas Price

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages


Category: Social Science


View: 505

This computer program and workbook package introduces students to the fundamentals of archaeological research, by allowing them to simulate fieldwork experiences. In the simulation, students see a map of hypothetical prehistoric sites, choose sites to excavate on-screen, examine what they find, and answer questions about their findings. In the workbook, students learn the basics of fieldwork and analysis, conduct a series of studies, and prepare a report of their investigations. This title is compatible to Windows-PC only.