Gender and the City before Modernity presents a series ofmulti-disciplinary readings that explore issues relating to therole of gender in a variety of cities of the ancient, medieval, andearly modern worlds. Presents an inter-disciplinary collection of readings thatreveal new insights into the intersection of gender, temporality,and urban space Features a wide geographical and methodological range Includes numerous illustrations to enhance clarity
Can there be a flaneuse, and what form might she take? This is the central question of Streetwalking the Metropolis, an important contribution to ongoing debates on the city and modernity in which Deborah Parsons re-draws the gendered map of urban modernism. Assessing the cultural and literary history of the concept of the flaneur, the urban observer/writer traditionally gendered as masculine, the author advances critical space for the discussion of a female 'flaneuse', focused around a range of women writers from the 1880's to World War Two. Cutting across period boundaries, this wide-ranging study offers stimulating accounts of works by writers including Amy Levy, Dorothy Richardson, Virginia Woolf, Rosamund Lehmann, Jean Rhys, Janet Flanner, Djuna Barnes, Anais Nin, Elizabeth Bowen and Doris Lessing, highlighting women's changing relationship with the social and psychic spaces of the city, and drawing attention to the ways in which the perceptions and experiences of the street are translated into the dynamics of literary texts.
In 1893 the women of southern Dunedin supported the campaign for female suffrage far more vigorously than women in any other city in the country. Change was in the air. In southern Dunedin as in most of the Western world, transformations in femininity and masculinity both shaped and were shaped by the era of modernity. This book, the product of five years' work by an interdisciplinary group of scholars, examines gender in a particular 'place': the suburbs of southern Dunedin, which were in many respects typical of Western societies, but also relatively predisposed towards gender change. The authors address gender through a series of 'sites': work, education, consumption, leisure, poverty, mobility and transport, health, and religion. Through this decisive fifty-year period, as young women increasingly worked for pay before marriage and went on to have fewer babies than their mothers, and as many men began turning their backs on the pub to spend more time with their families, such apparently unobtrusive changes in gender relations reshaped the experience of urban life and played a major part in making it modern. This book demonstrates how 'setting gender deep' in the context of a particular place - in this case New Zealand's earliest industrial suburbs - can illuminate the complex character of a key issue in debates about culture and society.
"A landmark work of German cultural studies. The richness of the material is dazzling: each of the essays opens up new areas of scholarly inquiry and connects, in surprising and illuminating ways, with other essays in the volume."—Maria Tatar, author of Lustmord "These are thought-provoking readings of the 'New Woman's' encounters with modernity in Weimar culture."—Atina Grossmann, author of Reforming Sex
Vorwort - I. Sharp: Women and Weimar Berlin - C. Ujma: Theories of Masculinity and the Avant-Garde - T. Elsaesser: The Camera in the Kitchen: Grete Schütte-Lihotsky and Domestic Modernity - A. Baumhoff: Women in the Bauhaus: Gender Issues in Weimar Culture - D. Rowe: Painting herself. Lotte Laserstein between subject and object - U. Seiderer: Between Minor Sculpture and Promethean Creativity. The Position of Käthe Kollwitz in Weimar's Discourse on Art - C. Finnan: Photographers between Challenge and Conformity. Yva's Career and Ruvre - K. Bruns: Thea von Harbou. Writing Skills and Film Aesthetics - J. Trimborn: Leni Riefenstahl's Career before Hitler: Success-stories of an Outsider - C. Schönfeld: Lotte Reiniger and the Art of Animation - A. Lareau: The Blonde Lady Sings. Women in Weimar Cabaret - I. C. Gil: 'Jede Frau ist eine Tänzerin...' The Gender of Dance in Weimar Culture - B. Maier-Katkin: Anna Seghers, Irmgard Keun. A Discourse on Emancipation and Social Circumstance - C. Ujma: Gabriele Tergit and Berlin: Women, City and Modernity - C. Finnan: Marieluise Fleißer's Self-Reflections on the Female Writer - J. Redmann: Else Lasker-Schüler versus the Weimar Publishing Industry. Genius, Gender, Politics, and the Literary Market - J. Warren: Contrasted Heroines in Two Plays by Ilse Langner. A Dramatist at 'Weimar's End' - L. Soares: Vicky Baum and Gina Kaus: Vienna, Berlin, Hollywood
Women in Asia: Tradition, Modernity and Globalisation surveys the transformation in the status of women since 1970 in a diverse range of nations: Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines, India, Taiwan, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Korea, Japan and Burma. Within these 13 national case studies the book presents new arguments about being women, being Asian and being modern in contemporary Asia. Recent social changes in women's place in society are untangled in recognition that not all change is 'progress' and that not all 'modernity' enhances women's status. The authors suggest that the improvements in women's status within the Asian region vary dramatically according to the manner in which women interact with the particular economic and ideological forces in each nation. Each contributor has focussed on a particular country in their area of expertise. They present innovative arguments relating to the problem of 'being women' in Asia during a period of dramatic social and political changes. Each national case study explores key social and economic markers of women's status such as employment rates, wage differentials, literacy rates and participation in politics or business. The effects of population control programs, legislation on domestic violence and female infanticide, and women's role in the family and the workforce are also discussed. The book poses questions as to how women have negotiated these shifts and in the process created a 'modern' Asian woman. Specialists from a variety of disciplines including history, anthropology, sociology, demography, gender studies and psychology grapple with the complexities and ambivalences presented by the multiple faces of the modern Asian woman. Complete with a list of recommended readings and a web-site with links to electronic resources, the book will be of particular interest to undergraduate students of Asian studies and women's studies as well as scholars and postgraduate students interested in comparative women's studies.
Positioning consumer culture in Canada within a wider international context, Consuming Modernity explores the roots of modern Western mass culture between 1919 and 1945, when the female worker, student, and homemaker relied on new products to raise their standards of living and separate themselves from oppressive traditional attitudes. Mass-produced consumer products promised to free up women to pursue other interests shaped by marketing campaigns, advertisements, films, and radio shows. Concerns over fashion, personal hygiene, body image, and health reflected these new expectations. This volume is a fascinating look at how the forces of consumerism defined and redefined a generation.
In Vienna at the turn of the twentieth century the question of what it meant to be modern was a heated topic of debate. Focusing on interior design, fashion and photography, as well as on painting and architecture, this study casts fresh light on the vital role of the arts in these debates. The 'new' art and literature was crucial in defining a distinctive Viennese modernity while at the same time challenging preconceptions about modern urban life. Many artists and writers produced work that questioned and undermined oppositions between city and country, interior spaces and panoramic views, masculinity and femininity. Issues of gender and the representation of the body were particularly important in establishing professional identities for some of Vienna's most prominent figures, including the Secessionist painters Gustav Klimt and Carl Moll, designers such as Adolf Loos and Emilie Flöge, as well as the poet and feuilletonist Peter Altenberg. Intellectual life in turn-of-the-century Vienna has often been characterised as a retreat from the public sphere. This book demonstrates how - even in its ostensibly most private manifestations - Viennese Modernism involved a highly performative set of practices aimed at an international audience.
Tracing campaigns of gender and national emancipation, these texts show that, contrary to the popular notion that women were trapped in the harem without access to education, there was in fact a mutual and fruitful dialogue between Western women travellers and the women in the regions they visited.
This book argues that modernity first arrived in late nineteenth-century Shanghai via a new spatial configuration. This city’s colonial capitalist development ruptured the traditional configuration of self-contained households, towns, and natural landscapes in a continuous spread, producing a new set of fragmented as well as fluid spaces. In this process, Chinese sojourners actively appropriated new concepts and technology rather than passively responding to Western influences. Liang maps the spatial and material existence of these transient people and reconstructs a cultural geography that spreads from the interior to the neighbourhood and public spaces. In this book the author: discusses the courtesan house as a surrogate home and analyzes its business, gender, and material configurations; examines a new type of residential neighbourhood and shows how its innovative spatial arrangements transformed the traditional social order and hierarchy; surveys a range of public spaces and highlights the mythic perceptions of industrial marvels, the adaptations of colonial spatial types, the emergence of an urban public, and the spatial fluidity between elites and masses. Through reading contemporaneous literary and visual sources, the book charts a hybrid modern development that stands in contrast to the positivist conception of modern progress. As such it will be a provocative read for scholars of Chinese cultural and architectural history.
Fears and Fantasies: Modernity, Gender, and the RuralûUrban Divide explores the ways in which fantasies about returning to, or revitalising, rural life helped to define Western modernity in the early twentieth century. Scholarship addressing responses to modernity has focused on urban space and fears about the effects of city life; few studies have considered the 'rural' to he as critical as the 'urban' in understanding modernity. This book argues that the rural is just as significant a reference point as the urban in discourses about modernity. Using a rich Australian case study to illuminate broader international themes, it focuses on the role of gender in ideas about the rural-urban divide, showing how the country was held up against the 'unnatural' city as a space in which men were more 'masculine' and women more 'feminine'. Fears and Fantasies is an innovative and important contribution to scholarship in the fields of history and gender studies. 'Fears awl Fantasies is an illuminating and searching account of the many ways the idea of a rural-urban divide has shaped Australian culture. In situating 'rurality' as a fundamental aspect of Australian modernity and gender politics, Kate Murphy has rewritten key aspects of Australian cultural history in ways that excite and provoke highly recommended Stephen Garton, Professor of history and Provost and Deputy Vice-Chancellor, University of Sydney 'Full of insight and provocative reflection, this hook offers us new ways to think about the bush/city relationship in twentieth-century Australia and the New World. It challenges our assumptions about the experience of modernity and provides a compelling argument about the importance of rural life in shaping responses to the modern. A most important book-Katie Holmes, Associate Professor History Program, La Trobe University
By the 1930s over two-thirds of Germans lived in towns and cities, and those who did not found themselves inexorably affected by the ever-growing urban vortex. The German Urban Experience 1900 - 1945 surveys the social and cultural history of Germany in this crucial period through written, visual and oral sources. Focusing on urbanism as one of the major forces of change, this book presents a wide range of archive sources, many available for the first time, as well as film scenes, literature and art. Exploring the German experience of 'urbanism as a way of life' in cities from Berlin and Dresden to Hamburg and Leipzig, this book discusses: the concept of the urban experience the development of urban infrastructure and transport the social conditions of the urban poor health and the effects of the city on the body production and commerce in German cities the city as a challenge to traditional gender hierarchies
In the turbulent decades following the Mexican Revolution, Mexico City saw a drastic influx of female migrants seeking escape and protection from the ravages of war in the countryside. While some settled in slums and tenements, where the informal economy often provided the only means of survival, the revolution, in the absence of men, also prompted women to take up traditionally male roles, created new jobs in the public sphere open to women, and carved out new social spaces in which women could exercise agency. In Deco Body, Deco City, Ageeth Sluis explores the effects of changing gender norms on the formation of urban space in Mexico City by linking aesthetic and architectural discourses to political and social developments. Through an analysis of the relationship between female migration to the city and gender performances on and off the stage, the book shows how a new transnational ideal female physique informed the physical shape of the city. By bridging the gap between indigenismo (pride in Mexico's indigenous heritage) and mestizaje (privileging the ideal of race mixing), this new female deco body paved the way for mestizo modernity. This cultural history enriches our understanding of Mexico's postrevolutionary decades and brings together social, gender, theater, and architectural history to demonstrate how changing gender norms formed the basis of a new urban modernity.