Opening with an account of feminist theoretical perspectives and applying this work to girls' physical education, this text traces the foundations and traditions of girls' PE, identifying ideologies of physical ability/capacity, motherhood/domesticity, and sexuality that inform PE today.
In this powerfully argued and progressive study, Kimberly Oliver and David Kirk call for a radical reconstruction of the teaching of physical education for girls. Despite forty years of theorization and practical intervention, girls are still disengaging from physical education, dropping out of physical activity, and suffering negative consequences in terms of their health and well-being as a result. This book challenges the conventional narrative that girls are somehow to blame for this disengagement, and instead identifies important new ways of working with girls, developing a new pedagogical model for ‘girl-friendly’ physical education. The book locates our understanding of the experiences of girls in physical education in the broader context of young people’s multifaceted engagements with popular physical culture. Adopting an activist perspective, it outlines a programme of action informed by principled pragmatism and based on four critical elements: student-centred pedagogy; critical study of embodiment; inquiry-based physical education centred-in-action, and listening and responding to girls over time. It explores the implications of this new thinking for teaching, research, PETE and policy, and outlines a future agenda for work in this area. Offering a profound theoretical critique of contemporary research and practice, as well as a new programme of action, Girls, Gender and Physical Education is essential reading for all researchers, advanced students and practitioners with an interest in the issues of gender, equity and inclusion in physical education.
The book challenges our understandings of gender, equity and identity in PE, establishing a conceptual and historical foundation for the issue, as well as presenting a wealth of original research material.
"Significant headway has been made to identify girls' barriers to participation in physical education and sport in the Global South and to stress the importance of adapting programming to better meet girls' needs. Building on these achievements, scholars call for innovative approaches to enable girls' active involvement in programming and policy development and evaluation. Hence, this study documents Rwandan girls' perspectives on their lived experiences of physical activity and sport in a secondary school context and asks the following question: How can the experiences of girls in the Rwandan secondary school context be better integrated into the decision-making process to improve the physical activity and sport programming they experience? Using the visual participatory method Photovoice, 196 secondary schoolgirls 11-to-18 years of age photographed their issues of concern and suggestions to improve their experiences of programming. Then, to bridge the gap between girls and decision-makers, I produced a photo-report of the girls' priorities and recommendations which served as an interview and visual research dissemination tool with the girls' physical education teachers, gender and physical education experts, and three ministry representatives in Education, Sports and Culture, and Gender and Family Promotion. Findings indicate that girls understand key issues of concern and are interested in physical activity but face gendered difficulties with the current sport-based programming. To improve their experiences of physical education and sport, they suggest non sport-based physical activities that are adapted to their fitness levels and that are not masculinizing. At the same time, the decision-makers highlight the lack of understanding of the role of physical education and sport in Rwandan schools and society as an ongoing challenge for programming across the country and discuss efforts implemented to transition the programming from an elite sport model to "sport for all" activities accessible and beneficial to all students." --
The physical education classroom can be a site of discomfort for young people who occupy marginalized identities, and a place where the normative beliefs and teaching practices of educators can act as a barrier to their inclusion. This timely edited collection challenges pre-service and in-service teachers to examine the pedagogical practices and assumptions that work to exclude students with intersecting and diverse identities from full participation in physical and health education. The contributors to this volume—who consist of both experienced and emerging scholars from Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand—approach their topics from a range of social justice perspectives and interpretations. Covering a variety of areas including (dis)ability, gender, sexuality, race, social class, and religion, Social Justice in Physical Education promotes a broader understanding of the sociocultural, political, and institutional practices and assumptions that underlie current physical education teaching. Each chapter encourages the creation of more culturally relevant and inclusive pedagogy, policy, and practice, and the discussion questions invite readers to engage in critical reflection. Mapping a better way forward for physical and health education, this text will be an invaluable resource for courses on social justice, diversity, inclusive education, and physical education pedagogy.
- Features 30 clear summaries of studies on elementary physical education instruction, class management, program design, workplace conditions, and more - Includes practical tips for navigating the typical research report to improve the ability of teachers to glean new ideas and useful facts from research - Shows the differences between the vantage point of the researcher and that of the teaching practitioner, and how to find the common ground between the two - Covers new teaching strategies, measuring instruments, and program alternatives--and how to think about teaching physical education in more sophisticated ways This textbook and reference provides teachers with valuable insights for using research to improve their teaching. Putting Research to Work in Elementary Physical Education: Conversations in the Gym lets readers eavesdrop on a career-long conversation between a well-known scholar and a top-notch teacher who have a combined 75 years of professional physical education experience. Together they take a close look at 30 studies to help educators learn how to glean valuable information from research. The book opens a window into the minds of 69 scholars as they puzzle about teachers, students, and programs. Readers do not need a highly technical vocabulary, advanced scientific or mathematical knowledge, or a detailed background concerning research methods. The authors have provided "translations" in the form of brief, nontechnical annotations that teachers and other nonresearchers will actually enjoy reading. Each study is briefly described and then commented on from a researcher's perspective, a teacher's perspective, and finally, a shared perspective. The 30 reports address important, practical issues recognizable to anyone familiar with what happens in a physical education class. The book shows how the studies can be useful to teachers in their own work, and it points out how valuable information from research can be used to improve teaching. The book also demonstrates how stimulating and fruitful dialogue can be when the knowledge of researchers and practitioners is brought together around a single study. By discussing each study from both perspectives, the book sheds light on the common ground between researchers and physical educators and fosters mutual respect between the two. The varied perspectives can also provide a valuable springboard for thought-provoking discussions among colleagues in a school setting or in a graduate-level physical education course. The book presents 12 guidelines that will help readers navigate through the difficult aspects of the typical research report, plus four annotated bibliographies to help readers explore topics that are more specific and more advanced. No other resource makes such a diverse group of studies so accessible. If educators are to put research to work in their own teaching methods and program designs, there's no better place to start than with these straightforward "conversations in the gym."
Educators explore the intersection of gender and education. Their entries deal with educational theories, research, curricula, practices, personnel, and policies, but also with variations in the gendering of education across historical and cultural contexts. The various contributors discuss gender as a social construction. The latest research on boys and masculinities, as well as girls and feminism, is included.
An essential component of good practice in physical education is ensuring inclusivity for all pupils, regardless of need, ability or background. Now in a fully revised and updated new edition, Equity and Inclusion in Physical Education fully explores the theoretical and practical issues faced by physical education teachers today. The book amalgamates areas of critical debate within the world of physical education and is structured around the key topics of ability, special educational needs, gender, sexuality, social class, race and ethnicity. These issues are discussed in relation to principles of equity, equality of opportunity, pedagogy, differentiation, curriculum planning and cultural awareness. Other chapters explore contemporary themes such as healthism and obesity and values in physical education and policy, whilst a chapter new to this edition demonstrates the importance of reflexivity and critical self-reflection in good inclusive practice. As well as being a perfect introductory text for any course on inclusion or inclusive practice in physical education, the book offers invaluable, practical advice for established professionals, newly qualified teachers and trainees about how to meet equity and inclusion requirements. Examples of good practice are included throughout, as well as guidance on how to implement an inclusive PE curriculum within the school.
The first fully comprehensive review of theory, research and practice in physical education to be published in over a decade, this handbook represents an essential, evidence-based guide for all students, researchers and practitioners working in PE. Showcasing the latest research and theoretical work, it offers important insights into effective curriculum management, student learning, teaching and teacher development across a variety of learning environments. This handbook not only examines the methods, influences and contexts of physical education in schools, but also discusses the implications for professional practice. It includes both the traditional and the transformative, spanning physical education pedagogies from the local to the international. It also explores key questions and analysis techniques used in PE research, illuminating the links between theory and practice. Its nine sections cover a wide range of topics including: curriculum theory, development, policy and reform transformative pedagogies and adapted physical activity educating teachers and analysing teaching the role of student and teacher cognition achievement motivation. Offering an unprecedented wealth of material, the Routledge Handbook of Physical Education Pedagogies is an essential reference for any undergraduate or postgraduate degree programme in physical education or sports coaching, and any teacher training course with a physical education element.
The Female Tradition in Physical Education re-examines a key question in the history of modern education: why did the remarkably successful leaders of female physical education, who pioneered the development of the subject in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century England, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, lose control in the years following the Second World War? Despite the later resurgence of second wave feminism they never regained a voice, with the result that male leadership was able to shift the curriculum in ways that neglected the needs and interests of girls and young women. Drawing on new sources and a range of historiographical approaches, and touching on related fields such as therapeutic exercise and dance, the book examines the development of physical education for girls in a number of countries to offer an alternative explanation to the dominant narrative of the ‘demise’ of the female tradition. Providing an important contextualization for the state of contemporary female physical education, this is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in the development of sport and physical education, women’s and gender history, and physical culture more generally.