Science

Groups, Systems and Many-Body Physics

Author: Peter Dal Cin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 252

The authors of the present book share the view that groups and semigroups playa funda mental role in the structure of the complex systems which they are studying. A serious effort was made to implement this point of view by presenting the fundamental concepts pertaining to groups and semigroups before going into the various fields of application. The first two chapters are written in this spirit. The following seven chapters deal with groups in relation to specific systems and lead from basic notions to high-level applications. The systems under study are in all cases characterized by a high degree of complexity as found in the physics of many degrees of freedom and in the theory of automata and systems. In 1977 the authors from the University of Tiibingen (M. Dal Cin, G. John, P. Kramer, A. Rieckers, K. Scheerer and H. Stumpf) organized an International Summer School on Groups and Many-Body Physics. The lectures presented at this School dealt specifically with this interplay of groups and complex systems. The contributions of this book cover the fields which were treated in a condensed form at the Summer School.
Science

Renormalization Group and Effective Field Theory Approaches to Many-Body Systems

Author: Achim Schwenk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 398

There have been many recent and important developments based on effective field theory and the renormalization group in atomic, condensed matter, nuclear and high-energy physics. These powerful and versatile methods provide novel approaches to study complex and strongly interacting many-body systems in a controlled manner. The six extensive lectures gathered in this volume combine selected introductory and interdisciplinary presentations focused on recent applications of effective field theory and the renormalization group to many-body problems in such diverse fields as BEC, DFT, extreme matter, Fermi-liquid theory and gauge theories. Primarily aimed at graduate students and junior researchers, they offer an opportunity to explore fundamental physics across subfield boundaries at an early stage in their careers.
Science

The Symmetric Group in Quantum Chemistry

Author: R. Pauncz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 242

This is the first book to provide comprehensive treatment of the use of the symmetric group in quantum chemical structures of atoms, molecules, and solids. It begins with the conventional Slater determinant approach and proceeds to the basics of the symmetric group and the construction of spin eigenfunctions. The heart of the book is in the chapter dealing with spin-free quantum chemistry showing the great interpretation value of this method. The last three chapters include the unitary group approach, the symmetric group approach, and the spin-coupled valence bond method. An extensive bibliography concludes the book.
Science

Dynamical Groups And Spectrum Generating Algebras (In 2 Volumes)

Author: Arno Bohm

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1168

View: 451

This book contains comprehensive reviews and reprints on dynamical groups, spectrum generating algebras and spectrum supersymmetries, and their applications in atomic and molecular physics, nuclear physics, particle physics, and condensed matter physics. It is an important source for researchers as well as students who are doing courses on Quantum Mechanics and Advanced Quantum Mechanics.

Extended Objects And Bound Systems: From Relativistic Description To Phenomenological Application - Proceedings Of The International Symposium

Author: Naka S

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 468

View: 608

Counterfeiting, which has emerged as a recent global phenomenon, has arisen due to economic liberalisation, the changing nature of society and new competitive structures. Branding has become an increasingly important area of research in marketing as well as a crucial decision-making area in strategic marketing management. Counterfeit-related activities challenge the existing theoretical and methodological framework in many ways, particularly consumer behavior and branding. This book brings together the three areas — counterfeiting, branding and consumer behaviour — within a very robust methodological and statistical modelling framework.
Mathematics

Dynamical Groups and Spectrum Generating Algebras

Author: Arno B?hm

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 606

View: 806

This book contains comprehensive reviews and reprints on dynamical groups, spectrum generating algebras and spectrum supersymmetries, and their applications in atomic and molecular physics, nuclear physics, particle physics, and condensed matter physics. It is an important source for researchers as well as students who are doing courses on Quantum Mechanics and Advanced Quantum Mechanics.
Science

Geometrical Methods for the Theory of Linear Systems

Author: C.I. Byrnes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 444

The lectures contained in this book were presented at Harvard University in June 1979. The workshop at which they were presented was the third such on algebro-geometric methods. The first was held in 1973 in London and the emphasis was largely on geometric methods. The second was held at Ames Research Center-NASA in 1976. There again the emphasis was on geometric methods, but algebraic geometry was becoming a dominant theme. In the two years after the Ames meeting there was tremendous growth in the applications of algebraic geometry to systems theory and it was becoming clear that much of the algebraic systems theory was very closely related to the geometric systems theory. On this basis we felt that this was the right time to devote a workshop to the applications of algebra and algebraic geometry to linear systems theory. The lectures contained in this volume represent all but one of the tutorial lectures presented at the workshop. The lec ture of Professor Murray Wonham is not contained in this volume and we refer the interested to the archival literature. This workshop was jointly sponsored by a grant from Ames Research Center-NASA and a grant from the Advanced Study Institute Program of NATO. We greatly appreciate the financial support rendered by these two organizations. The American Mathematical Society hosted this meeting as part of their Summer Seminars in Applied Mathematics and will publish the companion volume of con tributed papers.

Many-body Physics - Proceedings Of The International Conference

Author: Fiolhais Carlos

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 484

View: 193

These proceedings discuss the quantal system with many particles mainly from the theoretical point of view. The topics discussed include the relativistic nuclear many-body problem, perspective in hadron structure, mean-field and semiclassical methods, thermal theories, symmetries and group theoretical methods, and density functional theories.
Science

Large-Scale Molecular Systems

Author: Werner Gans

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 734

This NATO Advanced Study Institute centered on large-scale molecular systems: Quantum mechanics, although providing a general framework for the description of matter, is not easily applicable to many concrete systems of interest; classical statistical methods, on the other hand, allow only a partial picture of the behaviour of large systems. The aim of the ASI was to present both aspects of the subject matter and to foster interaction between the scientists working in these important areas of theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry. The quantum-mechanical part was mostly based on the operator-algebraic formulation of quantum mechanics and comprised quantum statistics of infinite systems with special em phasis on macroscopic observables, equilibrium conditions, irreversibility on the one hand, symmetry breaking for molecules in the radiation field and macroscopic quantum phenomena in the theory of superconductivity (BCS-theory) on the other hand. In addition, phase-space methods for many-body systems were also presented. Statistical physics was the main topic in the other lectures of the School; much emphasis was put on the statistical features of macros copic ("large") systems, the lectures dealt with mass and energy transport im polymers, in gels and in microemulsions, with aggregation and growth phenomena, with relaxation in complex, correlated systems, with conduction and optical properties of polymers, and with the means of describing disordered systems, above all fractals and related hierarchical models.