This handbook presents the outlook for future production and consumption of MTBE and other oxygenates worldwide and studies new catalytic systems and modern methods for the synthesis and commercial production of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) and related ethers. The scope of this sophisticated guide extends from process chemistry fundamentals and reaction kinetics to environmental remediation technologies and industry responses to conflicting calls for MTBE phase-out and higher-octane products. Well-illustrated with over 200 figures and tables, this authoritative Handbook details bioremediation, air stripping, and oxidation and adsorption processes for MTBE removal.
This handbook presents the outlook for future production and consumption of MTBE and other oxygenates worldwide and studies new catalytic systems and modern methods for the synthesis and commercial production of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) and related ethers. The scope of this sophisticated guide extends from process chemistry fundamentals a
This book deals mainly with the problems associated with the contamination of groundwater by MTBE and TBA, but ETBE is also considered. The book, written by recognized specialists in the field, is organized in sections covering state-of-the-art analytical methods, including specific isotopic analysis, occurrence in the environment, transport and degradation processes, treatment technologies and human health risks.
"Originally developed to help staff, clients, and consultants prepare and implement operations supported by the Bank Group, this Handbook updates and replaces the Environmental Guidelines issued in 1988 and reflects changes both in technology and in pollution management policies and practices. It focuses attention on the environmental and economic benefits of preventing pollution and emphasizes cleaner production and good management techniques."--Jacket.
A reference for chemists, chemical and pollution control engineers, environmentalists, and researchers and students in those fields, explaining the characteristics and industrial utility of each solvent class. Among them are acids, aliphatic and heterocycle amines, aldehydes, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ester, ethers, ketones, nitroparaffins, alcohols, and several miscellaneous types. Also discusses the nonpolarity, polarity, and hydrogen-bonding characteristics of solvents, polymers, and resins; and lists the Hanson solubility parameters for solvents and resins. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Covers the broad field of energy in over 250 illustrated articles written by academics and experts in the field. Includes biographies of people who made significant contributions to the science and technology of energy.
The definitive water quality and treatment resource--fully revised and updated Comprehensive, current, and written by leading experts, Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition covers state-of-the-art technologies and methods for water treatment and quality control. Significant revisions and new material in this edition reflect the latest advances and critical topics in water supply and treatment. Presented by the American Water Works Association, this is the leading source of authoritative information on drinking water quality and treatment. NEW CHAPTERS ON: Chemical principles, source water composition, and watershed protection Natural treatment systems Water reuse for drinking water augmentation Ultraviolet light processes Formation and control of disinfection by-products DETAILED COVERAGE OF: Drinking water standards, regulations, goals, and health effects Hydraulic characteristics of water treatment reactors Gas-liquid processes and chemical oxidation Coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and flotation Granular media and membrane filtration Ion exchange and adsorption of inorganic contaminants Precipitation, coprecipitation, and precipitative softening Adsorption of organic compounds by activated carbon Chemical disinfection Internal corrosion and deposition control Microbiological quality control in distribution systems Water treatment plant residuals management
With existing petroleum oil and natural gas reserves enough for only several more decades, there is an imminent need for alternative energy sources. This critical situation has incited greater improvements in automotive technology and the increased use of nonconventional fuels. Alternative Fuels for Transportation covers the potential, production methods, properties, vehicle tests, merits, and drawbacks of alternative fuels. The esteemed editor highlights the importance of moving toward alternative fuels and the problems and environmental impact of depending on petroleum products. Each self-contained chapter focuses on a particular fuel source, including vegetable oils, biodiesel, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, hydrogen, electric, fuel cells, and fuel from nonfood crops. For most of these fuels, production methods, storage, transportation and distribution, physiochemical properties, system modification, engine tests, economics, applications, safety aspects, material compatibility, and future scope are discussed. Although we now know that increases in greenhouse gases will contribute to global climate change, the transportation sector and decentralized power generation continue to heavily rely on petroleum products, particularly gasoline and diesel. Exploring how to counteract the world’s energy insecurity and environmental pollution, this book provides a comprehensive understanding of nonconventional fuel sources and technology.
The most comprehensive single volume ever assembled for the environmental professional--a one-stop, all-under-one-roof overview of environmental engineering subject areas, and a task-simplifying toolkit designed to simplify day-to-day decisions. Covers the varied topics of interest for today's environmental scientist: mathematical modeling, statistics, plant pathology, as well as engineering problem-solving, management decision-making, and public communication. The perfect resource for biologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, chemists, and toxicologists. Packed with numerous tables, charts, illustrations, sampling methods, monitoring methods, testing methods, control techniques, equipment maintenance procedures, and calculation methods. Includes lesson-filled editorial commentary by many of the nearly 100 environmental scientists who have contributed to this book.
The MTBE Remediation Handbook is a comprehensive and up-to date compendium of knowledge of the technology and risk management of MTBE contamination. This handbook examines the remediation of MTBE in existing spills: exploring the myths which act as impediments to successful clean-up techniques, and offering effective solutions. Experience in the last decade has shown that prompt source control is key to minimizing impacts and remediation costs. Successful treatment of contamination depends on the selection of the appropriate technology, well done site characterization, sound engineering design and implementation. The focus of this volume is the remediation of MTBE in existing spills. Section I of the MTBE Remediation Handbook features an in-depth look at the history, properties, occurrence and assessment of MTBE. Section II discusses applicable remediation technologies. Section III offers remediation case studies. The MTBE Remediation Handbook presents environmental scientists and cleanup professionals an indispensable resource on the handling of MTBE contamination worldwide.
This reference describes 683 medicinal agents, 317 nonmedicinal agents, 217 biological agents, 57 herbal agents, 111 diagnostic tests or procedures, and 78 antidotes and drugs used in toxicology. Each entry contains information on CAS number, brand names, mechanism of action, adverse reactions, sign
The Materials Handbook is an encyclopedic, A-to-Z organization of all types of materials, featuring their key performance properties, principal characteristics and applications in product design. Materials include ferrous and nonferrous metals, plastics, elastomers, ceramics, woods, composites, chemicals, minerals, textiles, fuels, foodstuffs and natural plant and animal substances --more than 13,000 in all. Properties are expressed in both U.S. customary and metric units and a thorough index eases finding details on each and every material. Introduced in 1929 and often known simply as "Brady's," this comprehensive, one-volume, 1244 page encyclopedia of materials is intended for executives, managers, supervisors, engineers, and technicians, in engineering, manufacturing, marketing, purchasing and sales as well as educators and students. Of the dozens of families of materials updated in the 15th Edition, the most extensive additions pertain to adhesives, activated carbon, aluminides, aluminum alloys, catalysts, ceramics, composites, fullerences, heat-transfer fluids, nanophase materials, nickel alloys, olefins, silicon nitride, stainless steels, thermoplastic elastomers, titanium alloys, tungsten alloys, valve alloys and welding and hard-facing alloys. Also widely updated are acrylics, brazing alloys, chelants, biodegradable plastics, molybdenum alloys, plastic alloys, recyclate plastics, superalloys, supercritical fluids and tool steels. New classes of materials added include aliphatic polyketones, carburizing secondary-hardening steels and polyarylene ether benzimidazoles. Carcinogens and materials likely to be cancer-causing in humans are listed for the first time.