Do people's beliefs help to explain foreign policy decisions, or is political activity better understood as the self-interested behavior of key actors? The collaborative effort of a group of distinguished scholars, this volume breaks new ground in demonstrating how ideas can shape policy, even when actors are motivated by rational self-interest. After an introduction outlining a new framework for approaching the role of ideas in foreign policy making, well-crafted case studies test the approach. The function of ideas as "road maps" that reduce uncertainty is examined in chapters on human rights, decolonialization, the creation of socialist economies in China and Eastern Europe, and the postwar Anglo-American economic settlement. Discussions of parliamentary ideas in seventeenth-century England and of the Single European Act illustrate the role of ideas in resolving problems of coordination. The process by which ideas are institutionalized is further explored in chapters on the Peace of Westphalia and on German and Japanese efforts to cope with contemporary terrorism.
"This book offers a collection of documents that illuminate the ideas that have shaped American foreign policy and also the ideas that critics have drawn upon in assessing those policies, with commentary by the editor."--Provided by publisher.
In examining the life of former Senator Robert A. Taft, this volume illuminates not only the history of the conservative opposition to liberal internationalism in the 1940s, but tells us much about the contest over America's proper place in the global economy. Through careful research, Wunderlin offers a fresh look at one of the most important Republican Party congressional leaders of the twentieth century.
Washington's Farewell Address comprises various aspects of American political thinking. It reaches beyond any period limited in time and reveals the basic issue of the American attitude toward foreign policy: the tension between Idealism and Realism. Settled by men who looked for gain and by men who sought freedom, born into independence in a century of enlightened thinking and of power politics, America has wavered in her foreign policy between Idealism and Realism, and her great historical moments have occurred when both were combined. Thus the history of the Farwell Address forms only part of the wider, endless, urgent problem. Felix Gilbert analyzes the diverse intellectual trends which went into the making of the Farwell Address, and sheds light on its beginnings.
United States by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations
Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The most current resource available, this reader can be used as the core text for courses in Canadian Foreign Policy or alongside other books such as Oxford's own Canada and World Order. The articles - which include both newly commissioned pieces and previously published papers - provide auseful mix of classic analyses and new perspectives on Canada's relationship with the rest of the world.
An interpretive history of the uses of cultural relations in U.S. foreign policy. Analyzes the links between fundamental foreign policy outlooks and American institutional structures. Shows how the U.S. made the transition from foreign policy passivity in the 1930s to global activism in the 1950s.
To citizens and political analysts alike, United States trade law is an incoherent conglomeration of policies, both liberal and protectionist. Seeking to understand the contradictions in American policy, Judith Goldstein offers the first book to demonstrate the impact of the political past on today's trade decisions. As she traces the history of trade agreements from the antebellum era through the 1980s, she addresses a fundamental question: What effects do shared ideas about economics - as opposed to national power or individual self-interest - have on the institutions that make and enforce trade law? Goldstein argues that successful ideas become embedded in institutions and typically outlive the time during which they served social interests. She sets the stage with a discussion of the shifting commercial policy of the first half of the nineteenth century. After examining the consequences of the Republican Party's decision to promote high tariffs between 1870 and 1930, she then considers in detail the political aftermath of the Great Depression, when the Democratic party settled on a reciprocal trade platform. Because the Democrats did not completely dismantle the existing system, however, the combined legacies of protection and openness help examine the intricacies in the forms of protectionism that political leaders have advocated since World War II. Readers in such fields as political science, political economy, policy studies and law, international relations, and American history will welcome Ideas, Interests, and American Trade Policy.
US Foreign Policy in World History is a survey of US foreign relations and its perceived crusade to spread liberty and democracy in the two hundred years since the American Revolution. David Ryan undertakes a systematic and material analysis of US foreign policy, whilst also explaining the policymakers' grand ideas, ideologies and constructs that have shaped US diplomacy. US Foreign Policy explores these arguments by taking a thematic approach structured around central episodes and ideas in the history of US foreign relations and policy making, including: * The Monroe Doctrine, its philisophical goals and impact * Imperialism and expansionism * Decolonization and self-determination * the Cold War * Third World development * the Soviet 'evil empire', the Sandinistas and the 'rogue' regime of Saddam Hussein * the place of goal for economic integration within foreign affairs.
Now in a second edition, Readings in Canadian Foreign Policy is the only book of its kind to incorporate classic and contemporary essays with newly commissioned pieces. Coverage of hot-button issues - such as Canada's role in Afghanistan, Arctic sovereignty, and the deportation of Maher Arar - will challenge students to consider new, cutting-edge viewpoints alongside traditional schools of thought. Organized into six thematic sections, the text traces the origins of Canada's foreign policy and the milestones in its development up to the present day, while also analyzing the goals and weaknesses of particular policies. Current and well-rounded, this fascinating mix of classic analyses and new perspectives on Canada's relationship with the rest of the world is essential reading for all students of Canadian foreign policy.
This new analysis of governing ideas in U.S. foreign policy shows how they arise, are sustained and challenged both domestically and internationally, and become part of the world order. By focusing on U.S. policy toward the former Soviet Union and the United Nations through the years, Cathal Nolan sharply defines the central problem in policymaking---how to support principles of national security and democratic and human rights. This history with its outlook for the future is an important new interpretation of U.S. foreign policymaking.
India and South Africa, two states that bookended the process of twentieth-century decolonization, punched above their weight in global politics in their initial years of liberation. Postscripts on Independence analyses and compares the making of foreign policy ideas, identities, and institutions of postcolonial India and South Africa. It shows how both countries have responded to the contradictory demands of their freedom struggles against colonialism and pragmatic challenges of international politics. Vineet Thakur argues that the countries’ geopolitical positioning in South Asia and southern Africa make them regional powers, with similar sets of problems and prospects, as both continue to grapple with the idea of maintaining regional and/or continental hegemony. By undertaking a comparative analysis, Thakur explores a framework to understand the foreign policymaking fears, aspirations, and international behaviour of these two nation states.