Religion

India and Its Millions (Classic Reprint)

Author: Dennis Osborne

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 777

Excerpt from India and Its Millions Such is the country, and such the people, whose life and character we are called upon to explore. Like the configuration of the continent itself, an uncertain sea rolls along the main sides of her history, a sea of myth and legend, with waves Of opaline hue which dazzle, yet fail to illumine. Looking out upon this waste of waters, we fix our eyes upon some sturdy headlands which rise from its surface, and following their rough outlines, strive to map the form of the immense yet invisible coast line. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Social Science

India's Millions

Author: A. Khán

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 465

Excerpt from India's Millions: A Short Account of the Land and the People of India For various help in preparing the manuscript, reading proofs, etc., my sincere thanks are due to a number of the brethren engaged in the Lord's work at the Gospel Trumpet Office. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Political Science

Colonies and Dependencies

Author: J. S. Cotton

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 608

Excerpt from Colonies and Dependencies: Part I. India; Part II. The Colonies In its relation to England India differs from any Crown colony only in respect of size. But this differ ence of size is in truth tantamount to a difference of kind. To administer an empire is not the same thing as to command a fortress. And India, with its one and a half millions of square miles and its two hundred and fifty millions of inhabitants, must always be regarded as an empire in itself. Yet, with the doubtful exception of China, no emperor that the world has ever seen had so many subjects as are now ruled by the democracy of England. If, then, it is desirable that the English citizen should be taught those rights and duties which appeal every where and every day to his own immediate interests, it becomes absolutely necessary that he should learn some thing of his responsibilities towards an empire so immense and so remote. The time is long past when India was deliberately treated as a source of profit to individual Englishmen. That theory, or at least that practice, could not survive the burning denunciation of Burke. That we hold India for the good of the Indians is no longer an empty phrase of national self-satisfaction. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
History

The Story of India (Classic Reprint)

Author: Demetrius C. Boulger

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 251

Excerpt from The Story of India The story Of India is that of a land quite different from any other in the British Empire. Its population Of three hundred millions is immensely larger than any that a European power has undertaken to rule elsewhere, and it confronts us with problems more stubborn than any we have to solve in America, Australasia, or even Africa. It cannot compete with Canada or Australia in actual size Of territory; still, it is thirty times as large as England, and larger than the continent of Europe without Russia. Its general outline on the map is familiar enough, a great triangle pointing southward into the Indian Ocean, and northward a huge dome shaped mass rising high into Central Asia. Every variety Of climate is to be found in India; for her million and a half Of square miles in clude every height Of land, from the level Of the sea to the tallest mountain peaks on the surface of the globe. There is plenty Of variety among the people, too. Those of the north-west and. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Religion

The Heart of India

Author: L. D. Barnett

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 134

View: 963

Excerpt from The Heart of India: Sketches in the History of Hindu Religion and Morals N this little book I have brought together a few sketches of the things that are nearest to the heart of the millions of India. The heart is not the head, and therefore I have said but little of the great intellectual problems which have busied the Hindu brain for well-nigh two thousand years. But from the schools of the Pandits certain thoughts have gone forth which in a more or less vague form have become an integral part of the people's stock of ideas. Some thing therefore has been said of these, but not much. The main part of my task has been to shew what have been the worthiest answers given by the Hindus to the great questions of man's relation to God and to fellow-man. These answers have been many. Some are from learned schoolmen, like Sankara and Ramanuja others are from simple laymen, like Vemana. But all of them are utterances of the vital faith of millions. We dare not ignore them. If I have ventured to speak in condemnation of the unworthy legends which have gathered 5. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."

United States Congressional Serial Set, 1861

Author: United States Government Printin Office

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 618

View: 214

Excerpt from United States Congressional Serial Set, 1861: 37th Congress, 2d Session Colonization of persons released from service or labor under the act of August 6, 1861, and of such f1ee colored people as may desire it Annual message of the President recommending the. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Popular Science Monthly (Classic Reprint)

Author:

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 584

View: 366

Excerpt from Popular Science Monthly In the letter declining the invitation to attend the unveiling of the Agassiz tablet, p. 7 of the Proceedings mentioned above. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Travel

A Tour Through the Famine District of India (Classic Reprint)

Author: F. H. S. Merewether

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Travel

Page: 418

View: 379

Excerpt from A Tour Through the Famine District of India This book to any one expecting a mere collection of the horrors of the Indian Famine will be a bitter disappointment. Our great Eastern dependency is passing through a crisis which has been death-dealing and far-reaching in its effect upon the suffering millions of Ind. The author has, as far as possible, merely hinted at the awful and gruesome sights and scenes which it was his lot to witness, and which certainly any word-painting of his would fail to accurately portray. He has relied upon a series of photographs taken upon the spot, to bring forcibly before the mind's eye of his readers, if any, the state and condition of the oriental races who owe their allegiance to the Queen-Empress. This volume is the mere journalistic record of a man who travelled through the length and breadth of the Famine Districts of India; in which he has endeavoured to depict, with perhaps too light a brush, the various scenes that came under his personal observation. He has gathered up from various and numerous sources a mass of information - useful or otherwise - and this he now, with all diffidence, puts into the hands of the public. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
History

British Opium Policy and Its Results to India and China (Classic Reprint)

Author: Frederick Storrs Turner

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 239

Excerpt from British Opium Policy and Its Results to India and China A word or two may be permitted here in explana tion of the author's dislike to the opium monopoly. An able writer in the Contemporary Review (feb, 187 6) urges that the wickedness lies, not in raising money from opium by monopoly rather than by tax, but in encouraging the production of Opium, and in compelling the Chinese to admit the opium thus pro duced. The author admits that the monopoly powers now possessed by the Indian Government might conceivably be used for exactly the contrary purpose to that for which they have been and are used, viz. To prevent, instead of to provide for export to China. It is also possible, on the other hand, that the Indian Government, if dispossessed of the monopoly, might encourage the production of, opium by private indi viduals for the sake of revenue. Therefore, if such a change should ever be proposed by the Govern ment, it will be needful to watch the process, for the purpose of preventing the public being deceived by a sham reform. Nor will it be wise to expect from any such change a substantial and permanent relief of the Chinese. The Chinese themselves must put down 'the opium trade in China. Our business is to remove the obstacles we have placed in the way of their doing so, and to encourage and assist them in contending against the vice to the best of our ability. While so far agreeing with the Contemporary, the author nevertheless cannot recant his profession of political faith. To his mind, promotion of an evil and permission of an evil are not the same thing, either in the case of an individual or of that collection of individuals called a Government. There are evils which we cannot wisely interfere with, but which it would be shame for us to encourage. Besides this theoretical objection, there is a very grave practical objection to the monopoly. As the Marquis of Salisbury pointed out to the deputation the other day, by means of the monopoly the Government secures for itself the merchants' profit as well as the tax. The trade never having been in private hands from time immemorial, there is no class of persons deprived of an advantage which they miss through the prohibition of private trade. Hence it has happened that the Government of India has been able to extract millions from China without their own subjects feeling the pressure at all. The temp tation has been irresistible, and the writer fears. It will be irresistible unto the end. So long as that monopoly endures the Indian Government will work it, as they have hitherto worked it, to enrich their treasury, regardless of the consequences to China. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
History

British India

Author: R. Montgomery Martin

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 305

Excerpt from British India: Its History, Topography, Government, Military Defence, Finance, Commerce, and Staple Products; With an Exposition of the Social and Religious State of One Hundred Million Subjects of the Crown of England According to Mill vol. I., p. 160) but Elphin stone states Chandra Gupta to have been ninth in succession from Nanda. - vol. I., p. 261. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 143 (Classic Reprint)

Author: William Harrison Ainsworth

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 736

View: 628

Excerpt from The New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 143 Orders having been at length issued by government during the last year to survey the line of country in Lower Birmah, or Pegu, as far as our own frontier, in the direction of the Chinese province of Yn - nan, with a view to the establishment of a line of route between our Indian possessions and China, General Sir Arthur Cotton, r.e., made a most important communication to the Royal Geographical Society, in which he justly expressed his surprise that so grave a question as internal communication between India and China should be treated in such an imperfect way. No attempt, the distinguished officer in question said, had been made to consider the real point, which was, what would be the best line for such communication? He conceived the question of throwing open all India, with its population of two hundred millions, to all China, with its four hundred millions of people, was of such great importance that it required a much more serious consideration than had yet been given to it. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Social Science

Daily Life and Work in India (Classic Reprint)

Author: William Joseph Wilkins

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 541

Excerpt from Daily Life and Work in India Tms book owes its origin to the suggestion of some good friends of Missions who thought that a work describing the ordinary life of people in India, and the different forms of Mission work as it is carried on amongst them, could not fail to interest both young and old. In carrying out this suggestion, I have given a series of sketches of the city of Calcutta and the district, with its Euro pean and native population. I have described the homes, schools, manners and customs of the people, their religious faiths and practices; and spoken too of some of their temples and other holy places. I have also attempted to show how the mission aries work and travel as they seek to unfold before the myriads of Hindus the unsearchable riches of Christ. The writing of this work has given me intense pleasure, as it has compelled me to live over again some of the happiest years of my life, and brought back to view scenes and people that had almost faded from memory. I can only wish that my readers may have as great delight in forming the acquaintance of some of these, as I have hadin recalling them to mind. If, in addition to this, it awakens their sympathies on behalf of India's millions who sit in darkness and in the region and shadow of death, and leads them to pray and work for their enlightenment, I shall be truly thankful that it was undertaken. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Travel

India Illustrated

Author: W. Urwick

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Travel

Page: 236

View: 280

Excerpt from India Illustrated: With Pen and Pencil To this brief epitome of the races, languages and religions, that from time to time have taken root in India, there remain to be added the settlements of the portu guese and french in the sixteenth century, on the east and west coasts, and the settlements and conquests of britain, consummating in the establishment of her direct rule over one hundred and eighty-six millions of the population, and her pro tectorate over feudatory states numbering fifty-four millions of souls. Side by side with British conquest, christian missions have advanced, at first discountenanced, but afterwards protected and encouraged, carrying the truth as it is in jesus into the cities and villages of the land, unfurling the banner of the Cross amidst the teeming populations, and bringing in its train the civilising and elevating influences of education, science and inventions. Britain has done much for India; there still remains much to be done. Forty millions of our fellow subjects go through life on insufficient food. The food supply must be adjusted by equal land laws to the growing population, and Government expenses must be brought down to the level of a just and bearable taxa tion. Two hundred millions are the votaries of a debasing idolatry. Christianity and Education hand in hand must accomplish their work of enlightenment for women as well as for men throughout the land. The order of places in this work follows the route of my journey, beginning with Point de Galle and ending with Bombay. I am indebted to many tourists like myself who have given their impressions to the world for descriptions of scenes which I was unable to visit. For the general subject there are no writers to whom I owe more than to Dr. James fergusson, the great authority on Indian Architecture, and to Dr. W. W. Hunter, India's ablest statistician. Dr. Hunter's writings have been of invaluable service to me; they stand pre-eminent alike for accuracy of detail, and largeness, breadth, and magnanimity of judgment. The valuable Manual of roper lethridge, Esq, has also been helpful to me. With reference to Ceylon, I am specially indebted to J. W. Rhys davids, Esq, the Hibbert Lecturer. I beg further to acknowledge the assistance rendered me by richard garnett, Esq, of the British Museum Library, george loch, Esq. Of the India Civil Service, and Dr. Rost of the India Office. At the suggestion of Sir j. Risdon bennett, M.D., Ihave prefixed this short introduction on Indian Ethnology, Languages, and Religions. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Undenominational Missionary Studies for the Sunday School

Author: George Harvey Trull

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 132

View: 650

Excerpt from Undenominational Missionary Studies for the Sunday School: Our Responsibility for the Immigrants in Our Midst; Our Responsibility for India's Millions It is undoubtedly true that the Sunday-school is the educational department of the Church, and in the classes to-day are the future trustees, stewards, deacons, elders, ministers, and missionaries. That persons Who are to hold such positions of responsibility should be trained in the things of the Kingdom. Is not open to question. In the hands ofthe Sunday-school superintendents and teachers of the pres ent generation lies the key to the missionary problem. An instructed Sunday-school now Will mean an intelligent Church to-morrow. How shall they believe in that of Which they do not know? And how shall they know unless they be in structed? And how shall they secure instruction unless the Sunday-school provides it? About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
India

India and Lord Ellenborough (Classic Reprint)

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: India

Page: 126

View: 354

Excerpt from India and Lord EllenboroughAs to the extent of country properly comprehended under the name of India, opinions may differ. In con formity with popular acceptation, its boundaries may be assumed as follows - On the north, the mountains which form for a part of the line the southern boundary of Nepaul, and for the remainder, that of Chinese Tartary; on the south, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal; on the east, the territories constituting the Burman em pire; and on the west, the river Indus for the more northern part, and the ocean for the southern. The country thus bounded extends into twenty-four degrees of latitude, and as many of longitude, and is estimated to contain a million and a quarter of square miles. Much of the land within this vast area is to be classed among the most fertile in the world, and it is overspread by an active and industrious population, the number of which cannot be reckoned at less than a hundred and fifty millions. The soil and climate are peculiarly suited to the production of various commo dities, some of which are of high price, and some in uni versal demand. Among the latter may be mentioned cotton and sugar. Cotton might be produced in India to any extent that even the devouring appetite of the manu facturing districts of England and Scotland is likely to claim, and sugar to meet the demands of the whole world. The larger portion of this great and rich country renders homage to the Queen of Great Britain, and much of the remainder, though under princes nominally independent, is practically subject to the British Government.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 9 George IV. 1828 (Classic Reprint)

Author: Great Britain

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 688

View: 168

Excerpt from The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 9 George IV. 1828 Collection and Application of voltmtary Contributiu: for the Purpose of enlarging and building Churches and Chapels. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Fiction

The Way of an Indian (Classic Reprint)

Author: Frederic Remington

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 282

View: 421

Excerpt from The Way of an Indian The Way of an Indian was written by Frederic Remington in 1906. This is a 279 page book, containing 29008 words and 21 pictures. Search Inside is enabled for this title. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Business & Economics

Indian Trade and Bullion Import in the Eighteenth Century (Classic Reprint)

Author: Charles W. McMinn

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 26

View: 427

Excerpt from Indian Trade and Bullion Import in the Eighteenth Century The broad features of the eighteenth century trade are, however, clear enough. The net bullion imports into India during the eighteenth Century were not above fifty millions sterling that is the sum Which India pocketed and put past; since the nineteenth century began India has put away, it is to be hoped in safe custody, about four hundred and fifty millions sterling. I admit that is not a very large sum per head of the population, but the contrast between the periods before and after, since England in 1803 became the rul ing po'wer, is marvellous and should encourage all those who are zealous for the people's good and for peaceful progress under a sway which now at any rate is benign; Since the above was printed, Sir Edward Law and His Excellency have referred to this subject in the Budget speeches. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.