Indigenous Tourism Movements explores Indigenous identity using "movement" as a metaphor, drawing on case studies from throughout the world including Botswana, Canada, Chile, Panama, Tanzania, and the United States.
In a world characterized by an encroaching homogeneity induced by the growth of multi-national corporations and globalization, the causes of difference accrue new levels of importance. This is as true of tourism as in many other spheres of life – and one cause of differentiation for tourism promotion is the culture of Indigenous Peoples. This offers opportunities for cultural renaissance, income generation and enhanced political empowerment, but equally there are possible costs of creating commodities out of aspects of life that previously possessed spiritual meaning. This book examines these issues from many different perspectives; from those of product design and enhancement; of the aspirations of various minority groupings; and the patterns of displacements that occur – displacements that are not simply spatial but also social and cultural. How can these changes be managed? Case studies and analysis is offered, derived from many parts of the globe including North America, Asia and Australasia. The contributors themselves have, in many instances, worked closely with groups and organizations of Indigenous Peoples and attempt to give voice to their concerns. The book is divided into various themes, each with a separate introduction and commentary. The themes are Visitor Experiences, Who manages Indigenous Cultural Tourism Product, Events and Artifacts, Conceptualisation and Aspiration. In a short final section the silences are noted – each silence representing a potential challenge for future research to build upon the notions and lessons reported in the book. The book is edited by Professor Chris Ryan from New Zealand, and Michelle Aicken of Horwath Asia Pacific.
Indigenous tourism has been identified as a vehicle for addressing the many socio-economic disparities faced by Indigenous communities. This is supported by literature that have examined how tourism can have an economic impact. While previous studies on Indigenous tourism have largely focused on building capacity and sustainable development, little has been explored on its role in Canada's reconciliation narrative. This narrative includes 1) government policies that support Indigenous tourism; 2) social, economic, political impacts that Indigenous tourism has on Indigenous communities; and 3) social impacts that Indigenous tourism has on tourists, both international and domestic. Through exposure to Indigenous tourism experiences, interactions with Indigenous cultures may challenge and change tourists' preconceived ideas, perceptions, attitudes or expectations of Indigenous peoples. Currently, Indigenous tourism is largely supported by international tourists rather than domestic tourists. This capstone seeks to understand the domestic demand for Indigenous tourism in the Province of British Columbia (BC) because there is a lag in this particular market. Based on findings from descriptive statistics and case studies analyses, three policy options are introduced and evaluated for their efficacy in increasing domestic participation in Indigenous tourism. This is an important opportunity for government policies to encourage and support reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians by developing the domestic market.
Tourism and Indigenous Peoples is a unique text examining the role of indigenous societies in tourism and how they interact within the tourism nexus. Unlike other publications, this text focuses on the active role that indigenous peoples take in the industry, and uses international case studies and experiences to provide a global context to illustrate best practice and aid comparison. First published over ten years ago the editors, Butler and Hinch, have thoroughly revised and updated the text to bring together a new collection of contributions and case studies from recognised international authors and those with first hand experiences in this area. Divided into five main sections, the text looks at this topic under the following headings: * Involvement: Uses case studies to discuss and compare such as 'campfire' programmes in east Africa, and the employment of indigenous peoples as guides, amongst other cases, * Turbulence: Host guest relationships, conflicts on communities and contrasting strategies and results of tourism in indigenous villages in South Africa * Issues: Discusses issues such as authenticity, religious beliefs and managing indigenous tourism in a fragile environment * Progress: Looks at tourism education, tourism and cultural survival and examples of the policy and practice of indigenous tourism. * Conclusions: Five contributions from indigenous people on North America, Australasia and Europe to discuss implications and experiences. Each section uses international case studies from, for example, Australia, New Zealand, Nepal, Namibia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia and South America.
Australia and New Zealand are arguably two of the world's leading Indigenous tourism destinations. This volume presents a collection of unique case studies focusing on issues pertaining to Indigenous tourism planning and development.Issues covered include: * Strategies for sustainable development;* Diversifying economies through Indigenous tourism;* Preparing for tourism and developing capacity ;* Successful Indigenous tourism entrepreneurshipThe research papers in this volume introduce some of the most interesting entrepreneurial Indigenous tourism ventures and associated research in the world, providing inspiration and information to readers (i.e., students, researchers and industry) around the world.With contributions from experts in the field Indigenous Tourism: cases from Australia and New Zealand is the first edited volume to specifically focus on the Indigenous tourism sector in Australia and New Zealand.This collection represents the first volume to specifically highlight the culture, traditions, and knowledges of the First Peoples of Australia and New Zealand and provides important reading for researchers, students and practitioners around the globe as awareness of, and interest in the diversity of Indigenous cultures, traditions, histories and knowledges continues to grow.
Drawing on case studies from Pacific Islands, Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia, this book examines ecotourism enterprises controlled by indigenous people in tribal reserves or protected areas. It compares indigenous ecotourism in developed and developing counties and covers cultural ecotours, ecolodges, and bungalows, hunting and fishing tours, cultural attractions and other nature-based facilities or services.
This book provides a comprehensive, detailed and insight rich review of both the positive (capacity building, cultural conservation and economic opportunities) and negative (commodification, cultural change and possible loss of ownership and control) aspects of tourism development in indigenous communities. The relationship between tourism and indigenous people provides the ultimate test of sustainable tourism as a concept for tourism management and cultural conservation. The chapters range geographically from Central and North America, through Africa, and Asia to Australia. Issues covered include governance and engagement, research, minority language issues, visitor codes of conduct, trail development, Indigenous product design, Indigenous urban festivals, Indigenous values and capitalism, gentrification, heritage interpretation, marketing, demand, world views and representation. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
This book, The Stranger, the Native and the Land: Perspectives on Indigenous Tourism, shines a critical light on the opportunities and constraints that indigenous people face when engaged in tourism, while trying to maximize the benefits and minimize the threats to their culture, their land, and their communities.
Indigenous peoples are characterized by some of the richest, most unique and diverse cultural expressions of humankind which have developed over thousands of years across our planet and are spiritually linked to indigenous traditional lands. These expressions represent a clear pull factor for potential tourists who wish to experience indigenous natural and cultural heritage in physical, intellectual and emotional terms. The aim of these Recommendations is to encourage tourism enterprises to develop their operations in a responsible and sustainable manner, while enabling those indigenous communities that wish to open up to tourism to take full grasp of opportunities that come along, following a thorough consultation process. The Recommendations also target tourists that visit indigenous communities, and whose numbers are steadily increasing given the growth of tourism motivated by the interest to experience indigenous cultures and traditional lifestyles."
Indigenoues tourism entrepreneurship assumes a critical role in the livelihood of the poor communities and in poverty alleviation in rural areas. However, empirical studies disclose that most of the indigenous tourism enterprises (ITEs) are marginal and dependent upon dominant larger tourism enterprises. Using a descriptive survey design, the author presents indigenous tourism-related enterprises in Samburu District, Kenya; in terms of their: typologies; performance; and, spending level of tourists. She found that indigenous tourism-related businesses were low income informal micro-businesses housed in temporary structures and hence made relatively little economic contribution beyond employing their owners. Though there is a viable market for the products, the total expenditure by tourists is dependent on group size and composition; and country and region of origion. Dr. Imbaya argues that there is need for indigenous people to access education; both general and entrepreneurship specific, to equip them with knowledge and skills needed for effective exploitation of existing tourism resources. This book is recommended for development researchers and tourism entrepreneurs.
This book provides an examination of the issues surrounding Indigenous tourism, and includes case studies from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa. These highlight it's economic, cultural and social opportunities as well as the negative impacts.
Part of a three-volume reference series which provides an authoritative and comprehensive set of volumes collecting together the most influential articles and papers on tourism, heritage and culture. This first volume deals primarily with issues of conservation, interpretation, impacts of tourism and the management of those impacts.
Indigenous Tourism Accord (B.C.) by British Columbia. Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture