The role of war correspondents is crucial to democracy and the publics discovery of the truth. Without them, the temptation to manipulate events with propaganda would be irresistible to politicians of all hues. It starts by examining how journalists have plied their trade over the years most particularly from the Crimean War onwards. Their impact on the conduct of war has been profound and the author, an experienced journalist, explains in his frank and readable manner how this influence has shaped the actions of politicians and military commanders. By the same token the media is a potentially valuable tool to those in authority and this two-way relationship is examined. Technical developments and 24 hour news have inevitably changed the nature of war reporting and their political masters ignore this at their peril and the author examines the key milestones on this road. Using his own and others experiences in recent conflicts, be they Korea, Falklands, Balkans, Iraq or Afghanistan, the author opens the readers eyes to an aspect of warfare that is all too often overlooked but can be crucial to the outcome. The publics attitude to the day-to-day conduct of war is becoming ever more significant and this fascinating book examines why.
Are you an inchworm or a grasshopper? These are the descriptive terms applied by Professor Steve Chinn and colleagues to two distinct maths learning styles. While grasshoppers get the bigger picture and have a real facility with number, inchworms understand a great deal less. They follow mathematical procedures mechanically without understanding number and without the capacity to be flexible, creative or to check their work. Not all inchworms are dyscalculic, but all dyscalculics are inchworms. In the Dyscalculia Pocketbook you will find out exactly what dyscalculia is (and why it’s not the same as maths anxiety); discover the possible causes of dyscalculia, its different subtypes and the learning difficulties it gives rise to; learn about different ways to identify dyscalculia and - importantly - find support strategies for supporting children who have this specific learning difficulty. Author Judy Hornigold nicely balances research, theory and practice. She reminds us about the three components of a mathematical idea and the six levels of knowledge but the Pocketbook is full of classroom examples and applications, recommended resources ( and how to use them), teaching ideas, tips, and games that will support and develop the maths ability of dyscalculic learners
Arithmetic is still hugely important in many aspects of modern life, but our personal attitudes to it differ greatly. Many people struggle with the basic principles of arithmetic, whilst others love it and feel confident in their arithmetical abilities. Why are there so many individual differences in people’s performance in, and feelings about, arithmetic? Individual Differences in Arithmetic explores the idea that there is no such thing as arithmetical ability, only arithmetical abilities. The book discusses several important components of arithmetic, from counting principles and procedures to arithmetical estimation, alongside emotional and cognitive components of arithmetical performance. This edition has been extensively revised to include the latest research, including recent cross-cultural and cross-linguistic research, the development of new interventions for children with difficulties and studies of early foundations of mathematical abilities. Drawing on developmental, educational, cognitive and neuropsychological studies, this book will be essential reading for all researchers of mathematical cognition. It will also be of interest to educators and other professionals working within individuals with arithmetic deficits.