This is the definitive biography of a true giant of 20th-century American statesmanship. In a career highlighted by his creation of the Fulbright Scholar Program, his opposition to the anti-communist witch hunts of Joe McCarthy, and his dissent against the Vietnam War, Fulbright influenced the national debate over American foreign policy as have few others.
This insightful collection of essays details the political life of one of the most prominent and gifted American statesmen of the twentieth century. From his early training in international law to his five terms in the US Senate, J. William Fulbright (1905--1995) had a profound influence on US foreign policy, and his vision for mutual understanding shaped the extraordinary exchange program bearing his name. As a senator for Arkansas for thirty years and the longest serving chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Fulbright was one of the most influential figures of United States politics. His criticism of US involvement in Vietnam exemplified his belief in the effective management of international norms by international organizations -- including the United Nations, which was the subject of his first bill in Congress. Yet alongside his commitments to liberal internationalism and multilateral governance, Fulbright was a southern politician who embraced the interests of the region's conservative white population. This juxtaposition of biased and broad-minded objectives shows a divide at the center of Fulbright's vision, which still has consequences for America's global policies today. This multidimensional volume covers Fulbright's development as a national and global voice on foreign relations, as he wrestled with the political controversies of the US South during the civil rights movement, worked with and challenged executive power, and shaped the Fulbright program for educational exchange.
The shaping of Fulbright's views -- Public service, 1942-1959 -- Public service, 1959-1963 -- Myths old and new -- Fulbright's dissent, 1965-1966 -- The limitationist critique and the end of the Johnson consensus -- Fulbright in the Nixon years -- Autumnal perspectives.
This annotated bibliography dealing with J. William Fulbright assesses the literature by and about Senator Fulbright, chronicling the course of U.S. history since the 1940s, his important role as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and in major controversies across the years, and the educational exchange program that he fostered. A short introduction describes his early background and political career. The bibliography of almost 1300 entries covers both primary sources and published secondary works. The first part of the bibliography covers manuscript and paper collections; the second part of the bibliography arranges Fulbright's writings chronologically and works about him follow in chronologically-and topically-based chapters and then alphabetically by author. A chronology and full index further enrich this reference tool for students and teachers in the fields of government, law, and history and for policymakers.