Science

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Jeffrey I. Steinfeld

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 272

This text presents a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. This second edition includes the latest information, as well as new topics such as heterogeneous reactions in atmospheric chemistry, reactant product imaging, and molecular dynamics of H + H2.
Science

Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Piotr Paneth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 531

"Kinetics and Dynamics" on molecular modeling of dynamic processes opens with an introductory overview before discussing approaches to reactivity of small systems in the gas phase. Then it examines studies of systems of increasing complexity up to the dynamics of DNA. This title has interdisciplinary character presenting wherever possible an interplay between the theory and the experiment. It provides basic information as well as the details of theory and examples of its application to experimentalists and theoreticians interested in modeling of dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical systems. All contributing authors are renowned experts in their fields and topics covered in this volume represent the forefront of today’s science.
Science

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions

Author: Ian W. M. Smith

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 249

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions surveys the state of modern knowledge on elementary gas reactions to understand natural phenomena in terms of molecular behavior. Part 1 of this book describes the theoretical and conceptual background of elementary gas-phase reactions, emphasizing the assumptions and limitations of each theoretical approach, as well as its strengths. In Part 2, selected experimental results are considered to demonstrate the scope of present day techniques and illustrate the application of the theoretical ideas introduced in Part 1. This publication is intended primarily for working kineticists and chemists, but is also beneficial to graduate students.
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 340

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div
Medical

Kinetics and Dynamics of Intravenous Anesthetics

Author: G.M. Woerlee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 670

Many drugs used in current anesthetic practice are administered intravenously. An appreciation of their kinetics and dynamics is of great assistance in determining the most appropriate drug to use, and optimal dosage regimens for any given patient. This book is specially oriented to the requirements of anesthesiologists. It will enable the student of those subjects to gain enough knowledge to make these subjects usable in daily anesthetic practice. As such it is intermediate in difficulty between mathematically oriented texts, and those which only offer a very qualitative understanding of these subjects. Practical applications and examples of the uses to which kinetic and dynamic principles can be put in daily practice are emphasized and illustrated. Basic principles and techniques with which the reader can perform kinetic and dynamic calculations are explained simply and demonstrated in detail using examples derived from clinical practice. Two appendices provide kinetic and dynamic data on the most commonly used anesthetic drugs. The last chapters use the principles discussed in the first chapters to show how variations of normal physiology and disease affect drug kinetics and dynamics. This is especially valuable to the clinician as it enables clinically useful, albeit qualitative, predictions to be made of the direction of any change of kinetic and dynamic parameters of drugs due to these factors.
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Santosh K. Upadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 245

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics brings together the major facts and theories relating to the rates with which chemical reactions occur from both the macroscopic and microscopic point of view. This book helps the reader achieve a thorough understanding of the principles of chemical kinetics and includes: Detailed stereochemical discussions of reaction steps Classical theory based calculations of state-to-state rate constants A collection of matters on kinetics of various special reactions such as micellar catalysis, phase transfer catalysis, inhibition processes, oscillatory reactions, solid-state reactions, and polymerization reactions at a single source. The growth of the chemical industry greatly depends on the application of chemical kinetics, catalysts and catalytic processes. This volume is therefore an invaluable resource for all academics, industrial researchers and students interested in kinetics, molecular reaction dynamics, and the mechanisms of chemical reactions.

Thermodynamics - Kinetics of Dynamic Systems

Author: Federico Noguerra

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 290

View: 511

"Thermodynamics is the study of heat, ""thermo,"" and work, ""dynamics."" Thermodynamics is the branch of physics that deals with the relationships between heat and other forms of energy. In particular, it describes how thermal energy is converted to and from other forms of energy and how it affects matter. It was born in the 19th century as scientists were first discovering how to build and operate steam engines. Thermodynamics deals only with the large scale response of a system which we can observe and measure in experiments. Small scale gas interactions are described by the kinetic theory of gases. The methods complement each other; some principles are more easily understood in terms of thermodynamics and some principles are more easily explained by kinetic theory. Thermodynamics, then, is concerned with several properties of matter; foremost among these is heat. Heat is energy transferred between substances or systems due to a temperature difference between them. As a form of energy, heat is conserved, i.e., it cannot be created or destroyed. It can, however, be transferred from one place to another. Heat can also be converted to and from other forms of energy. Thermodynamics - Kinetics of Dynamic Systems, being concentrated on a wide range of applications of thermodynamics, gathers a series of contributions by the scientists in the world, gathered in a systematic manner. It can be used in post-graduate courses for students and researchers to whom the thermodynamics is one of the areas of interest. "
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Author: PatrickL. Brezonik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 393

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems is devoted to chemical reactions and biogeochemical processes in aquatic systems. The book provides a thorough analysis of the principles, mathematics, and analytical tools used in chemical, microbial, and reactor kinetics. It also presents a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the kinetics of important chemical processes in aquatic environments. Aquatic photochemistry and correlation methods (e.g., LFERs and QSARs) to predict process rates are covered. Numerous examples are included, and each chapter has a detailed bibliography and problems sets. The book will be an excellent text/reference for professionals and students in such fields as aquatic chemistry, limnology, aqueous geochemistry, microbial ecology, marine science, environmental and water resources engineering, and geochemistry.
Medical

Pharmacogenetics, Kinetics, and Dynamics for Personalized Medicine

Author: David F. Kisor

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 441

Pharmacogenetics, Kinetics, and Dynamics for Personalized Medicine provides a primer to understand pharmacogenetics (the study of genetic factors that influence how a drug works) in the applied context of pharmacokinetics (how the body handles a drug) and pharmacodynamics (the effects of a drug on the body). This valuable foundation illuminates how these principles and scientific advances can create optimal individual patient care, that is, personalized medicine. Through specific drug examples, this resource explores how the genetic constitution of an individual may lead to the need for an altered dose or in some cases alternative drug therapy. Real-world cases highlight the specific relationships between genetics, drug action, and the body s response as well as adverse drug reactions, altered metabolism, and drug efficacy. Ethical issues concerning pharmacogenomics and study design are also discussed in this concise overview."
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Jeffrey I. Steinfeld

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 389

This book offers a presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics.
Chemical kinetics

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions

Author: Ian W. M. Smith

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Chemical kinetics

Page: 387

View: 244

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions surveys the state of modern knowledge on elementary gas reactions to understand natural phenomena in terms of molecular behavior. Part 1 of this book describes the theoretical and conceptual background of elementary gas-phase reactions, emphasizing the assumptions and limitations of each theoretical approach, as well as its strengths. In Part 2, selected experimental results are considered to demonstrate the scope of present day techniques and illustrate the application of the theoretical ideas introduced in Part 1. This publication is intended ...
Science

The Chemical Dynamics and Kinetics of Small Radicals

Author: Kopin Liu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1100

View: 264

'0Keywords:Kinetics;Chemical Dynamics;Molecular Beams;Radical Reactions;Photodissociation;Energy Transfer;Half-Collision Studies;Stereodynamics;Transition State Theory;Alignment Effects;Free Radical;Transition State;Potential Energy Surface;Hund''s Case;Doppler Effect;Orbital Alignment;Differential Cross Section;Vector Correlation;Collision ComplexCollision Complex'

Kinetics and Dynamics of Reacting Systems

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 12

View: 817

This project was devoted to a study of the kinetics of diffusion- controlled and surface catalytic reactions. For catalytic reactions, the kinetics of the saturation process was elucidated. The role of interactions between adsorbates on the surface reaction was examined. For diffusion- controlled reaction, a comprehensive theoretical framework to describe the spatial organization of reactants was developed. Particular attention was devoted to understanding the reaction dynamics at an interface which separates two reactive species. Geometrical features of this interface and the time dependence of the reaction rate were determined ... Chemical kinetics; Catalysis; Diffusion-controlled reactions.
Science

Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics

Author: Niels E. Henriksen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 386

This book deals with a central topic at the interface of chemistry and physics--the understanding of how the transformation of matter takes place at the atomic level. Building on the laws of physics, the book focuses on the theoretical framework for predicting the outcome of chemical reactions. The style is highly systematic with attention to basic concepts and clarity of presentation. The emphasis is on concepts and insights obtained via analytical theories rather than computational and numerical aspects. Molecular reaction dynamics is about the detailed atomic-level description of chemical reactions. Based on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, the dynamics of uni- and bi-molecular elementary reactions are described. The book features a comprehensive presentation of transition-state theory which plays an important role in practice, and a detailed discussion of basic theories of reaction dynamics in condensed phases. Examples and end-of-chapter problems are included in order to illustrate the theory and its connection to chemical problems. The second edition includes updated descriptions of adiabatic and non-adiabatic electron-nuclear dynamics, an expanded discussion of classical two-body models of chemical reactions, including the Langevin model, additional material on quantum tunnelling and its implementation in Transition-State Theory, and a more thorough description of the Born and Onsager models for solvation.
Science

Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Piotr Paneth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 629

"Kinetics and Dynamics" on molecular modeling of dynamic processes opens with an introductory overview before discussing approaches to reactivity of small systems in the gas phase. Then it examines studies of systems of increasing complexity up to the dynamics of DNA. This title has interdisciplinary character presenting wherever possible an interplay between the theory and the experiment. It provides basic information as well as the details of theory and examples of its application to experimentalists and theoreticians interested in modeling of dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical systems. All contributing authors are renowned experts in their fields and topics covered in this volume represent the forefront of today’s science.
Science

Advancing Theory for Kinetics and Dynamics of Complex, Many-Dimensional Systems

Author: Tamiki Komatsuzaki

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 729

This series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Volume 145 in the series continues to report recent advances with significant, up-to-date chapters by internationally recognized researchers.
Science

Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Piotr Paneth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 158

"Kinetics and Dynamics" on molecular modeling of dynamic processes opens with an introductory overview before discussing approaches to reactivity of small systems in the gas phase. Then it examines studies of systems of increasing complexity up to the dynamics of DNA. This title has interdisciplinary character presenting wherever possible an interplay between the theory and the experiment. It provides basic information as well as the details of theory and examples of its application to experimentalists and theoreticians interested in modeling of dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical systems. All contributing authors are renowned experts in their fields and topics covered in this volume represent the forefront of today’s science.