Business & Economics

Liberalization and the Turkish Economy

Author: Tevfik F. Nas

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 698

This work consists of original essays and analyses that focus on aspects of the stabilization and liberalization of Turkey between 1980 and 1987. It outlines the problems of liberalization in a highly protective and inward-looking policy environment such as Turkey. The essays also explore several prospects that could assist Turkey's transition to an outward-looking, free-market economy. Liberalization and the Turkish Economy provides fresh and timely perspectives on a modern-day economy. The analysis of the conributors will be informative to those involved in the study of economic trends in Turkey and worldwide.
Business & Economics

Economics and Politics of Turkish Liberalization

Author: Tevfik F. Nas

Publisher: Lehigh University Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 164

This book provides an in-depth analysis of Turkey's 1980-90 stabilization and liberalization experience by tracing the complexities and dynamics of Turkey's unique economic and policy environments.
Business & Economics

The Economy of Turkey since Liberalization

Author: V. Balasubramanyam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 842

Many developing countries have embarked on liberalisation programmes in recent years. One such programme which has attracted wide attention and posed a number of analytical issues is that undertaken by Turkey during the 1980s. The nine essays in this volume provide an analytical review of recent developments in relation to Turkey's economic transactions. The primary focus of most of the essays is on the impact of trade and investment liberalization policies of Turkey on Turkey's foreign trade and growth. A feature of the book is the in-depth empirical analysis of the issues grounded in recent trade and investment theories.
Free trade

Turkey's Trade Liberalization and It's Accession to the European Union Customs Union

Author: Skanderbeg Schmusch

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN:

Category: Free trade

Page: 24

View: 811

Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1.3, Marmara University (Department of Economics), course: Turkish Economy, 22 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: People living in Turkey might have very well experienced it, people, like the author, looking at Turkey as an independant observer, might not know it too much. Since it's foundation in 1923, Turkey witnessed turbulent times almost thoroughgoing the 20th Century. Political as well as economical wise. Economically the climax was reached when Turkey felt into international insolvency in 1978. From then on, although attempts were made in earlier years too, large reforms were introduced. In this paper we will look at the Turkey's trade policy before and after the liberalization reforms of the 1980's. Trade liberalization mostly implies less intervention by the government in the traded goods sectors. But whether a less interventionist trade regime results in a less distorted, more open and outward oriented economy will depend on the characteristics of the pre- and post-reform trade and exchange rate regimes. This paper aims to present a general survey about Turkish trade policy: a bird's eye view. The author therefore abstains from generating a model and test the impact of the reforms on one single industry. Instead, such regression results are rather resorted to other studies, in order to generate an appropriate picture of the trade liberalization as a whole without getting stucked into detail too much on the one hand, and without staying out of detail too much on the other hand. The rst section outlines the economical background of Turkey from the pre-1980-reform period at rst and con- tinues with a presentation of the reforms imposed from 1980 onwards. It draws a historical picture as well as it points out the main impacts on the export and import pattern of Turkey's foreign
Business & Economics

Economic Liberalization and Turkey

Author: Sübidey Togan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 476

The liberalization of the Turkish economy is a key factor affecting Turkey’s application to join the European Union. This book examines the impact of economic liberalization in Turkey and Turkey’s approach to the elimination of barriers to trade. It focuses on the liberalization of trade in Turkey’s agricultural and industrial commodities sector and key services such as telecommunications, electricity, natural gas, banking and transport. The chapters include thorough discussions on WTO and EU approaches for the elimination of barriers to trade, international and EU rules and regulations in the various service sectors, and the methods for estimating the tariff equivalents of barriers to trade in the different service sectors as well as methods for estimating the benefits of liberalization of services for Turkey. The experience of Turkey, its approach to liberalization and its measures to eliminate barriers to trade serve as a useful model for other neighboring countries of the European Union.
History

Tracing the Economic Transformation of Turkey from the 1920s to EU Accession

Author: Tevfik F. Nas

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 225

Providing valuable lessons for emerging economies, this book examines Turkeya (TM)s economic development and growth from the early 1920s to the present, and documents its transformation to a thriving market economy in the process of negotiating its entry into the EU.
Business & Economics

Essays on Turkey's Bid for Global Integration

Author: Gül Ertan Özgüzer

Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 236

The essays making up this thesis combine two important milestones in Turkey's bid for global integration: Turkey’s prospective accession to the European Union (EU) and capital account liberalization. The first essay deals with possible economic consequences of Turkish accession to the EU, focusing on transfers as the cause of EU’s objection to admit Turkey and investigating whether the transfer may be a price worth paying for the European households. The idea presented here is that adherence to the Copenhagen criteria leads to an improvement in Turkish institutions, which in turn increases Turkish total factor productivity (TFP) in the model. We find that a TFP increase in Turkey enhances the utility of the households in the EU and therefore may compensate for the negative effect of the transfers. The second essay deals with the same issue in a dynamic general equilibrium setting. This time, we assess quantitatively whether, from the European perspective, enlargement of the EU to include Turkey is welfare enhancing. Finally, the third essay concerns the capital account liberalization experience of Turkey in order to account for the changes in the Turkish economy after the country’s opening to capital flows and analyses whether Turkish households are better off because of this opening up.
Political Science

The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey

Author: Tamer Çetin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 620

The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey brings together leading international scholars and experts on Turkey and regulatory reform to provide essential information on the recent Turkish experience and its relation to competition policy. After the 1980 liberalization reform, Turkey tried to introduce competition in many industries, but network industries have remained as monopolies. At the end of the 1990s, regulatory reform was initiated and independent regulatory agencies have been established by the government. Comprehensive discussions of these network industries, in particular airlines, electricity, natural gas, telecommunications and environment regulations, are offered. The contributors inquire how economic theory and historical analyses can enlighten the character of market processes and the role for government action in these industries, and the contributions shed light on the very recent changes in the regulatory structure and important legal cases that shape the future of regulated industries. This book discusses these issues in an international perspective and relates the Turkish experience to other similar countries, such as in Eastern Europe and Central America. This book serves as a useful guide to those who want to understand major changes in Turkey and regulatory reforms in other emerging markets, making it of interest to researchers and PhD students concerned with regulatory economics, the Turkish economy, and economic policy in emerging markets.
Turkey

Turkey's Economy

Author: Serdar Kocaaliogullari

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Turkey

Page: 108

View: 400

The purpose of this study is to offer a fairly general discussion of the patterns of development in Turkey between 1923 and 1991 by contrasting the 1923-1980 period with the post-liberalization era of the l980s, and to analyze the dynamics of economic growth and the concomitant mutation the economy underwent during these years. It also strives to demonstrate that despite some favorable effects, these liberalization attempts and structural adjustment policies failed to remedy some of the most important structural problems of the Turkish economy. The body of the thesis has focused on the government's attempts and structural adjustment and liberalization, especially those occurring during the 1980s. Based on this analysis, the thesis brought an assessment of the sustainability of the Turkish program. Finally, generalizations have been drawn as to the efficiency of economic policy making in Turkey.
Business & Economics

The Costs of Economic Liberalization in Turkey

Author: Mehmet Odekon

Publisher: Lehigh University Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 169

View: 493

This book's main theme is that the neoliberal economic policies forced on developing countries by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank serve the interests of Western industrial countries more than those of developing countries, as the post-1980 Turkish experience illustrates. Within a simple dependency-oriented framework the book presents the effects of liberalization policies in Turkey. These policies were mostly concerned with allocative efficiency, disregarding distributional efficiency issues. The results were not always socially or politically desirable. These policies consistently favored capital over labor and created an economic system that made the rich richer and the poor poorer. Privatization, in the name of raising allocative efficiency, contributed to increasing inequality and poverty. Anti-inflationary policies, debt-reduction schemes, environmental policies, and agricultural reforms all favored the interests of high-income groups. transferring surplus from the national metropolis to the international metropolis, or by restructuring the developing countries' output, input, and financial markets so that any exchange between developing and industrial countries would
Business & Economics

Turkey and the Global Economy

Author: Ziya Onis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 587

Since the financial crisis of 2000 and 2001 the Turkish economy has undergone considerable change and some improvement. This book gives a detailed examination of the neo-liberal restructuring that has taken place and the challenges the economy still faces, providing a comparative perspective on recent reforms and the position of Turkey in the global economy. This book examines all major aspects of the post-crisis economic performance of the Turkish economy. Major sectors of the economy such as agriculture and manufacturing along with key issues such as privatization, export growth, developments in the labour market, poverty and social exclusion are analysed in detail. The authors consider Turkish performance from a comparative perspective, drawing attention to its similarities with the experience of other emerging markets. Providing an insight into the major difficulties of post-crisis adjustment, sustainability of the gains achieved so far and the challenges that lie ahead, this book will be of interest to academics and scholars in the fields of International Political Economy and Globalization Studies, Middle East Studies and Development Studies, as well as having significance for practitioners in emerging markets.
Political Science

The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey

Author: Tamer Çetin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 459

The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey brings together leading international scholars and experts on Turkey and regulatory reform to provide essential information on the recent Turkish experience and its relation to competition policy. After the 1980 liberalization reform, Turkey tried to introduce competition in many industries, but network industries have remained as monopolies. At the end of the 1990s, regulatory reform was initiated and independent regulatory agencies have been established by the government. Comprehensive discussions of these network industries, in particular airlines, electricity, natural gas, telecommunications and environment regulations, are offered. The contributors inquire how economic theory and historical analyses can enlighten the character of market processes and the role for government action in these industries, and the contributions shed light on the very recent changes in the regulatory structure and important legal cases that shape the future of regulated industries. This book discusses these issues in an international perspective and relates the Turkish experience to other similar countries, such as in Eastern Europe and Central America. This book serves as a useful guide to those who want to understand major changes in Turkey and regulatory reforms in other emerging markets, making it of interest to researchers and PhD students concerned with regulatory economics, the Turkish economy, and economic policy in emerging markets.

SEQUENCING, PACE AND TIMING OF FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION PROCESS IN TURKEY WITH IMPLICATIONS ON THE MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 998

This study basically analyzes timing, sequencing and pace of the financial liberalization experience of the Turkish economy in the 1980s and evaluates its implications for the crises in the Turkish economy since the 1990s. The objectives of this study are threefold: Firstly, it aims to reveal the main policy objectives and political factors pushing the government to take capital account liberalization decision in 1989. It is concluded that domestic decision makers have shaped and taken the decision of capital account liberalization in 1989, while the interaction of economic and political factors has played a major role in its timing. Secondly, it examines the extent to which economic and political institutional weaknesses in the Turkish economy, which generated inappropriate sequencing of financial liberalization policies in the 1980s, can be held responsible for the crises of 2000 and 2001 crises. It is concluded that financial liberalization policies were inappropriately sequenced, as domestic financial market and capital account liberalization were not accompanied or preceded by macroeconomic stability and financial sector institutional reforms such as prudential regulation and supervision of the banking sector. These factors have been instrumental in the crises episodes in Turkey through contributing to an environment conducive to crises. Thirdly, it aims to analyze whether there exists a clear association between weaknesses in the regulation and supervision of the banking sector and banking crises through an empirical analysis. It is concluded that the nature of the banking crises is more associated with the institutional structure of the financial system rather than macroeconomic conditions of the economy.