This book explores a range of critical issues and emerging topics relevant to the linkages between information technologies and organizational systems. It encourages debate and opens up new avenues of inquiry in the fields of Information Systems, organization and management studies by investigating selected themes of growing research interest from multiple disciplinary perspectives such as organizational innovation and impact, information technology, innovation transfer, and knowledge management. The volume is divided into two sections, each of which focuses on a specific theme: ICT, organizational innovation and change; and ICT and knowledge management. The content of each section is based on a selection of the best papers (original double-blind peer-reviewed contributions) presented at the annual conference of the Italian chapter of the AIS, held in Genoa, Italy in November 2014.
Many contemporary skills and approaches have emerged as the result of researching and working with diverse global partnerships, teams, networks, companies, and projects. Due to the increasingly innovative global community, it is necessary adapt to these developments and aspire to those most important for their particular involvement. Approaches to Managing Organizational Diversity and Innovation presents a variety of practical tools, skills, and practices that demonstrate effective ways to positively impact the global community through effective management practice. Demonstrating different ways to manage diversity and innovation, this publication provides models and approaches capable of transforming societies, citizens, and professionals so they are better prepared to embrace diversity. This reference work is particularly useful to academicians, professionals, engineers, and students interested in understanding how globalization impacts their discipline or practice.
Building on his pioneering work on the management of technology and innovation in his first book, Managing the Flow of Technology, Thomas J. Allen of MIT has joined with award-winning German architect Gunter Henn of HENN Architekten to produce a book that explores the combined use of two management tools to make the innovation process most effective: organizational structure and physical space. They present research demonstrating how organizational structure and physical space each affect communication among people—in this case, engineers, scientists, and others in technical organizations—and they illustrate how organizations can transform both to increase the transfer of technical knowledge and maximize the “communication for inspiration” that is central to the innovation process. Allen and Henn illustrate their points with discussions of well-known buildings around the world, including Audi's corporate headquarters, Steelcase's corporate design center, and the Corning Glass Becker building, as well as several of Gunter Henn's own projects, including the Skoda automotive factory in the Czech Republic and the Faculty for Mechanical Engineering at the Technical University of Munich. Allen and Henn then demonstrate the principles developed in their work by discussing in detail one example in which organizational structure and physical space were combined successfully to promote innovation with impressive results: HENN Architekten's Project House for the BMW Group Research and Innovation Centre in Munich, cited by Business Week (April 24, 2006) in naming BMW one of the world's most innovative companies. Professor Thomas Allen is the originator of the Allen curve. In the late 1970s, Tom Allen undertook a project to determine how the distance between engineers' offices coincided with the level of regular technical communication between them. The results of that research, now known as the Allen Curve, revealed a distinct correlation between distance and frequency of communication (i.e. the more distance there is between people — 50 meters or more to be exact — the less they will communicate). This principle has been incorporated into forward-thinking commercial design ever since, in, for example, The Decker Engineering Building in New York, the Steelcase Corporate Development Center in Michigan, and BMW's Research Center in Germany. *Professor Allen of MIT is known worldwide for "the Allen curve" which is taught and cited in all management literature about innovation *Gunter Henn is a renowned architect in Germany known for his innovative industrial building designs such as BMW projecthaus and the Skoda factory *Shows in clear terms--based on actual research and implementation--how managers can organize the work, workers, and their physical space to maximize the potential for innovation
Written specifically to meet the needs of students, this engaging book interweaves a fascinating case story with more general analysis to offer an ideal introduction to the processes and issues of managing organizational innovation and change. The story covers 10 years in the development of a major strategic initiative by Pirelli General - the creation and operation of an automated factory of the future'. Each chapter advances the story through a particular theme introduced by concise overviews of the main theories, concepts and debates in the literature, and concludes with questions for discussion. Key topics covered are: "strategy and structure" - the competitive environment, strategic decision-making, roles, relationships and tensions in a complex multinational; "human resource management and industrial relations" - greenfield versus brownfield' siting, flexibility, multi-skilling, single-union agreement, developing and implementing new HRM strategy; "technological innovation" - designing and implementing computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM), the challenges and problems of total automation; "total quality management "- introducing a culture of continuous improvement; and "managing strategic innovation" - continuity and change, leadership and culture, ideals and realities, learning in organizations.
Emerging information technologies of the past few decades are now providing organizations with new tools to develop innovative organizational concepts and applications. This book is a collection of timely research and practical papers on the subject of IT management and its role in organizational innovation.
Published in 1998. In the past year the 300 largest global companies increased their research budgets by an average of 12 per cent. Governments now measure how technologically advanced they are as they worry about their trade balances and unemployment. Many public sector organizations, for example hospitals, universities and welfare agencies, are struggling to keep up with the rate of technological progress. The selections in this book provide a number of insights on how private firms can be more innovative and public sector organizations can keep up with rapid technological change. They emphasize both radical and incremental innovations and both product and process innovation. In particular the advanced manufacturing technologies so central to Piore and Sabel’s ’Second Industrial Divide’ receive a great deal of attention. Finally, the consequences of innovation are the focus of the last section.
This book reflects on the increasing variety of perspectives in organizational innovation research, paying attention to the antecedents, but also to the outcomes, of innovation. Some chapters analyze the 'dark side' of innovation, including the potential negative consequences of innovative behaviors, or of defying the innovation maximization fallacy. Others explicitly consider affective responses after innovation efforts, and assume that positive or negative effects rely on the context in which innovations occur, and on the way in which people manage the process of innovation. Several contributions adopt the dialectic approach by considering the multiple pathways and mechanisms that could lead to innovation at organizations. Most of the chapters include the interaction of actors' characteristics (from employees or teams) together with situational constraints from the task or the social context, and outline the relevance of processes like team learning; motivation variables like basic need satisfaction; congruence of motives or meaningfulness at work; dynamics of communication networks; and affective variables. This edited collection offers a rich picture of current research and management trends in the field and contributes constructively toward promoting the dialectic perspective on creativity and innovation in the workplace. This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.
This comprehensive book synthesizes research from the past 50 years of innovation studies, addressing the main elements of innovation and providing a connected perspective on innovation within organizations. It explores the generation and adoption of both technological and nontechnological innovations, offering a coherent and systematic view of the process. Insights from behavioral, economic and structure-based perspectives are used to explain existing findings and help the reader navigate current research, as well as offering ideas and frameworks to guide new studies.
Technologies are increasingly complex and expensive, markets are more competitive, and products and services more difficult to differentiate. In such an environment organizations achieve competitive advantage through innovation. They must approach innovation in its broadest sense, including technological development, marketing strategies and new work practices. The corporate capacity for continuous change must be dramatically increased. Management must understand how to translate new technologies and market opportunities into successful products and services. The scope of this book is unique. It seeks to integrate the fields of technological, market and organizational innovation. Based on European, Asian and American best-practice, experience and the latest research in management, Managing Innovation demonstrates that it is no longer sufficient to focus on a single dimension of innovation. Instead it takes an integrative and holistic approach to the management of innovation. It does this by the use of three key themes: the identification and development of core competencies, the constraints imposed by different technologies and markets, and the structures and processes for organizational learning. The use of these themes provides managers with the knowledge to understand, and the skills to exploit, innovation at both strategic and operational levels. Designed for MBA and MSc courses in the management of technology and innovation, Managing Innovation will also be relevant to managers at all levels, in both manufacturing and service sectors.
The context and environment of public services is becoming increasingly complex and the management of change and innovation is now a core task for the successful public manager. This text aims to provide its readers with the skills necessary to understand, manage and sustain change and innovation in public service organizations. Key features include: the use of figures, tables and boxes to highlight ideas and concepts of central importance a dedicated case study to serve as a focus for discussion and learning, and to marry theory with practice clear learning objectives for each chapter with suggestions for further reading. Providing future and current public managers with the understanding and skills required to manage change and innovation, this groundbreaking text is essential reading for all those studying public management, public administration and public policy.
Latest Edition: From Knowledge Management to Strategic Competence: Assessing Technological, Market and Organisational Innovation (3rd Edition)The business and academic communities pay much interest to the concept of knowledge management and strategic competencies or core capabilities; that is, how organizations define and differentiate themselves. This book attempts to establish the links between strategic competencies, knowledge management, organizational learning and innovation management — specifically, how an organization identifies, assesses and exploits its competencies, and translates these into new processes, products and services.The contributors to the book include leading researchers and consultants in the field. Adopting a practical but rigorous approach to the subject, they focus on the measurement, management and improvement of organizational, technological and market competencies, and identify the relationships with strategic, operational and financial performance.
Published in Cooperation with the Open University "They provide an excellent range of subjects." --Management Education and Development This exciting volume focuses on the processes of innovation in organizations and how these can best be encouraged and managed. Unlike the mechanistic determinism and quasi-scientific managerial thinking of the past, the contributors to Managing Innovation believe that management must promote innovation at the individual, corporate, and strategic levels. These top contributors examine such issues as: the process of innovation in organizations; the nature of strategic innovation and visionary leadership; and, how organizational environments are created in which innovation can flourish. In addition, they offer numerous case studies and examples of innovation in action--in companies of all sizes and types; consider the implications for innovation processes of different organizational levels, stages, and culture; and, review the critical success factors for meeting the continual challenge to innovate and change.
This book focuses on the process of designing a new business, known as entrepreneurship. It gives emphasis to the deep relationship between entrepreneurship and organizational innovation. This book provides a wide range of information and knowledge, namely: - on the different initiatives to be developed in order to promote an entrepreneurial culture; - on the different types and levels of innovation and organizational change to be implemented by organizations; - on the possible strategies to be developed with a view to fostering qualified entrepreneurship through a strong training component; -on the involvement of the different agents of innovation to equip the promoting entrepreneurial projects teams with scientific and technical knowledge in the different areas of intervention, such as marketing, finance, human resources management, the protection of intellectual property, techniques to persuade investors, etc. This book contributes not only to the transmission of knowledge and know-how in what concerns the techniques, procedures and strategies of entrepreneurial management, but also, and above all, to the construction of the behaviors, characteristics and entrepreneurial attitudes, leading to high levels of success in the business world.
This bestselling text brings a fresh and unique approach to managing organizational change, taking the view that change, creativity and innovation are interconnected. It offers a strong theoretical understanding of change, creativity and innovation along with practical guidance and ideas for organizational change and development. The fourth edition comes with: lots of brand-new case studies and examples from around the world extra content on innovation and technology extended discussion and an additional chapter on the people aspects of change that includes culture, sensemaking and temporality Written in an engaging and accessible style, this books is essential for those studying organizational change management or creativity and innovation.
Innovative ruptures of traditional boundaries in value chains are requiring companies to rethink how they go to market, what they need to own, what they need to retain and innovate as core competencies, and how they innovatively deal with suppliers and customers. The key message of the book is that the new knowledge-networked innovation economy requires a totally different strategic management mindset, approach and toolbox, and its major value-added is a new strategic management approach and toolbox for the innovation economy - a poised strategy approach. Designed for both managers and advanced business students, the book provides a unique combination of new management theory, selected managerial articles by prominent scholars such as Clayton Christensen, Henry Chesbrough, Sumantra Ghoshal, Quinn Mills, and Peter Senge, and a wide array of real-world case examples including GE, Shell, IBM, HP, BRL Hardy, P&G, Southwest Airlines and McGraw-Hill, within the dynamics of industries such as airlines, energy, telecommunications, wine & beverages, and computing. The authors illustrate powerful new strategic innovation concepts and tools, such as poised strategy for managing multiple business models, poised strategy scorecards (moving beyond the well-known balanced scorecard), the wheel of business model reinvention, and organizational rejuvenation methods. The book includes the concepts of: Poised Strategic Management, Organizational Rejuvenation, Business Models as Platform for Strategy, Poised Scorecards, Identifying Sources of Innovation in Business Ecosystems.