This book offers a comprehensive overview of the microbiological fundamentals and biotechnological applications of methanotrophs: aerobic proteobacteria that can utilize methane as their sole carbon and energy source. It highlights methanotrophs’ pivotal role in the global carbon cycle, in which they remove methane generated geothermally and by methanogens. Readers will learn how methanotrophs have been employed as biocatalysts for mitigating methane gas and remediating halogenated hydrocarbons in soil and underground water. Recently, methane has also attracted considerable attention as a potential next-generation carbon feedstock for industrial biotechnology, because of its abundance and low price. Methanotrophs can be used as biocatalysts for the production of fuels, chemicals and biomaterials including methanobactin from methane under environmentally benign production conditions. Sharing these and other cutting-edge insights, the book offers a fascinating read for all scientists and students of microbiology and biotechnology.
Includes a description of the Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteabacteria (1256 pages, 512 figures, and 371 tables). This large taxa include many well known medically and environmentally important groups. Especially notable are Acetobacter, Agrobacterium, Aquospirillum, Brucella, Burkholderia, Caulobacter, Desulfovibrio, Gluconobacter, Hyphomicrobium, Leptothrix, Myxococcus, Neisseria, Paracoccus, Propionibacter, Rhizobium, Rickettsia, Sphingomonas, Thiobacillus, Xanthobacter and 268 additional genera.
Type II methanotrophic bacteria are superior to Type I methanotrophs in accumulating polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), a biodegradable alternative to polypropylene and other petro-chemical plastics, under nutrient limiting conditions. We evaluated the growth of Type I and Type II methanotrophs in a 15.2-liter bench-scale fluidized bed reactor (FBR) over a 270-day period. The aim was to identify operational characteristics and selection pressures that would favor Type II over Type I methanotrophs. The results indicate that Type II methanotrophs can be grown in an FBR under the appropriate conditions and that such a method may be a viable means of producing large quantities of biomass for PHB production.
This is the bench and field scientist's guide to well-established, reliable techniques for use in microbiology and microbial ecology. It provides a good starting place for those who are beginning to investigate aspects of the microbial community, and a refresher for more experienced researchers. Chapters on bacteria with interesting metabolic traits are augmented with chapters on molecular techniques, lipis analysis, and appropriate sampling techniques. A special section includes valuable information on biofilm development, bioremediation, modeling of biological systems, and the study of phylogenetics. Unlike other texts, which present theory in microbial ecology, this one contains the applications that can be used throughout one's research.
Published since 1959, Advances in Applied Microbiology continues to be one of the most widely read and authoritative review sources in Microbiology. The series contains comprehensive reviews of the most current research in applied microbiology. Recent areas covered include bacterial diversity in the human gut, protozoan grazing of freshwater biofilms, metals in yeast fermentation processes and the interpretation of host-pathogen dialogue through microarrays. Eclectic volumes are supplemented by thematic volumes on various topics including Archaea and “Sick Building Syndrome . Impact factor for 2006: 1.96.
Atmospheric abudance of trace gases since the pre-industrial time has forced the earth's climate to change, threatening food security. Exchange of biogenic trace gases between the atmosphere and the biosphere is directly or indirectly influenced by the plants. This volume contains the latest findings on the correlation between the climate change and biogenic gas emission, plant response to elevated levels of carbon dioxide, temperature, ozone and UV-B in combination and alone, regulatory mechanism of methane, nitrous oxide and ammonia emission and their mitigating options. Ecologists, atmospheric scientists, plant physiologists, research scholars, teachers and post-graduate students will benefit from this book.
The present volumes, with their selected papers, provide state-of-the art knowledge on the fields of Materials Science and Engineering, Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Equipment, Computer Applications in Design and Manufacturing, Automation, Control, System Modeling and Simulation, Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, Applied Mechanics. This up-to-date work offers a comprehensive overview from a worldwide perspective.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 235 peer-reviewed papers, making up the proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Chemical Engineering and Material Properties (ISCEMP 2012) held on the 22nd to 24th June in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, are grouped into five chapters: Chemical Engineering; Materials Science and Engineering; Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics; Industrial Safety and Environment; Other Related Topics.
This critical review of the status of in situ bioremediation, which is used to clean up contaminated groundwater aquifers and surface soils, has been organized according to possibilities and restrictions. Possibilities are based on present knowledge and indicate that in situ bioremediation can achieve decontamination of aquifers and soils. Restrictions encompass the scientific, engineering, legal, and other questions that stand in the way of successful development and application of in situ bioremediation. Although much has been written about bioremediation, this critical review is unique because it is comprehensive, critical, and integrated. This situation was no accident; the organization of the authorship team and the report's contents were designed to achieve each of the three attributes. Combining a good plan, outstanding individuals contributing, and an incredible amount of work, they created a critical review that defines the technical and non-technical issues that will determine how much of an impact in situ bioremediation makes on solving the world's challenges for cleanup of our legacy of improperly disposed of materials. Readers of this review will find the issues identified and connected. They will have a solid foundation for research, application, or evaluation of in situ bioremediation in the future.