While some writers account for Japan's postwar economic "miracle" in terms of a distinctively Japanese, traditional model of social organization, the writers of this study consider Japan's technological growth to have been accompanied by convergence toward modernized social organization. The authors test both of these theoretical models. Their data are derived from a nine-month period of observation, analysis of company records, interviews of personnel, and questionnaire responses from production, staff, and managerial employees in three main Japanese firms. Other firms were visited more briefly. The analysis shows that the most distinctively Japanese variables have less causal impact on performance within a firm than do more universal variables such as employee status, sex, and job satisfaction. The authors test both of these theoretical models. Their data are derived from a nine-month period of observation, analysis of company records, interviews of personnel, and questionnaire responses from production, staff, and managerial employees in three main Japanese firms. Other firms were visited more briefly. The analysis shows that the most distinctively Japanese variables have less causal impact on performance within a firm than do more universal variables such as employee status, sex, and job satisfaction. Originally published in 1976. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Examines the phases and patterns of the two nations' rapid transitions from rural and agrarian to urban and industrial societies, comparing international factors, political structures, economic growth, social factors, and educational patterns.
Political Science by Assistant Professor Department of Political Science Rudra Sil
Japanese scholars of economics present nine contributions addressing the development of economic thought and modernization in Japan, primarily over the last 150 years. The contributions begin with discussion of several currents of economic thought during the Tokugawa period, which represented the intellectual prerequisites of modern economic growth in Japan. Developments in the Meiji era, the interwar period, and economic thought after 1945 are then explored, followed by Marxian and non-Marxian approaches to economic development and the political economy, and an essay on the considerable influence of Adam Smith on Japanese economics during and after WWII. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Debunks the myth that the success of modern Japan is a derivative of ancient samurai tradition and emperor worship, and states that the crucial first years after World War II shaped Japan's current economy and social structure
Japanese industrial standards have long been the benchmark for quality products within Asia, indeed, within the world. Major Japanese industries like Toyota, Sony, and Honda, to name but a few, are household names that have contributed to this small island nation's status as the world's second largest economy. Japanese business practices and theories have permeated the mindset of its surrounding nations, and the country's long-term investment in the ever-growing Chinese market has further secured its status as an economic powerhouse. The Historical Dictionary of Japanese Business is an examination of the origins and characteristics of Japan's business culture. This handy reference book includes most of the important words or company names that foreign business people visiting Japan might encounter and provides an overview of Japanese corporate culture both from an historical standpoint and with reference to its most distinctive features as they affect organization and management. This is accomplished through its historical chronology detailing significant events of the past as well as recent developments within the Japanese economy and business world in general, various appendixes offering lists of business expressions that are in daily use along with a selection of the most commonly used business proverbs, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on Japanese companies, their founders and managers, the ever-present bureaucratic bodies, and progress in the major industries.
This book explores the philosophies and actions of a group called Hongan no kai, comprised of mercury poisoning sufferers and their supporters in Minamata, Japan. While depicting their plights, Yuki Miyamoto unpacks the ways they wrestle with tragedy in their community as well as their vision of "a world otherwise" (janaka shaba).
This book reviews theory, research, and methods of analyzing industrial-economic modernization and development (a very large field of study). It covers general social structural, cultural, and behavioural aspects of industrial modernization, the creation and growth of individual enterprises, and developments in technical-production systems, markets, and consumption/savings/investment. Among other things, the latest edition contains much new material on growth and performance in present-day advanced industrial economies. An admirable source of reference or starting point for research... Having identified the main areas of study, there are many numbered references appended to each chapter. A lot has been put into the book and researchers will find that much time may be saved by using it. (British Book News) CONTENTS: 1. THEORIES OF INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION & DEVELOPMENT 2. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION & ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT IN MODERN SOCIETIES 3. THE SOCIOLOGY OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION & ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT: EVOLUTIONARY & COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES 4. INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION & MARKETS 5. THE MODERNIZATION OF MANAGEMENT & EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS 6. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION IN MODERN WESTERN SOCIETIES: CROSS- NATIONAL STUDIES 7. ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIES: INTERNATIONAL DIFFERENCES IN GROWTH & PERFORMANCE