Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Co-Editors and Members of the WHO Working Group: M.N.G. Dukes, I. Matheson, L. Notarianni, M.L'E. Orme, A. Rane, D. Reinhardt, P. Soderman and J.T. Wilson This book is not the first attempt to provide an overview of the excretion and effects of drugs in human milk, but it is by far the most thorough and extensive ever undertaken. # all original evidence re-examined # a stimulus to new research # tips to avoid risks and false alarms A WHO team has re-examined all the original scientific evidence of drug excretion in breast milk and the effects of drugs on the lactation process and the ultimate effects of these processes on the child and mother. The result is a complete overview of what is known and proven, with clear pointers as to those matters which require further study or when evidence is completely lacking. To those involved in the field the material in this book is above all reassuring. The risks and uncertainties which exist have been defined in such a way that they can be avoided and the false alarms have been silenced.
This book had its genesIs In the frustrations of the editors in locating authoritative, up-to-date material for an interdisciplinary graduate course in mammary gland biology, lactation, and breast-feeding. As we turned to the original literature several reasons for the dearth of usable material became clear: (1) In the areas of mammary gland biology and physiology, particularly as they relate to the human, reviews simply have not kept up with current research, which has in the last two decades provided tremendous insight into the mechanisms of milk secretion and its control. (2) The lack of interest in human milk as infant food inhibited researchers until very recently from investigating human lactation. (3) Much of the relevant clinical information remains anecdotal with little scientific basis. In this book we have tried to present the fundamentals of mammary gland physiology at the organismic and cellular levels in a form readily understood by physicians, scientists, and other professionals. This basic information is accompanied by authoritative reviews of the nutritional and immunological properties of human milk and by clinically relevant chapters designed to help health care professionals deal with the medical problems of the breast-feeding mother and her infant. We have strived in these chapters for up-to-date, authoritative, but readable accounts. In so far as possible we have avoided areas where much of our understanding rests on speculation. In the clinical domain this was not always possible because of a lack of solid, scientific information about breast-feeding.
Human lactation has evolved to produce a milk composition that is uniquely-designed for the human infant. Not only does human milk optimize infant growth and development, it also provides protection from infection and disease. More recently, the importance of human milk and breastfeeding in the programming of infant health has risen to the fore. Anchoring of infant feeding in the developmental origins of health and disease has led to a resurgence of research focused in this area. Milk composition is highly variable both between and within mothers. Indeed the distinct maternal human milk signature, including its own microbiome, is influenced by environmental factors, such as diet, health, body composition and geographic residence. An understanding of these changes will lead to unravelling the adaptation of milk to the environment and its impact on the infant. In terms of the promotion of breastfeeding, health economics and epidemiology is instrumental in shaping public health policy and identifying barriers to breastfeeding. Further, basic research is imperative in order to design evidence-based interventions to improve both breastfeeding duration and women’s breastfeeding experience.
A growing tendency among modern mothers has been to avoid breastfeeding. These mothers are ignorant of the facts like that it reduces cardiovascular risk in adulthood and increases child s immunity as the breast milk contains infection-fighting antibodie
Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, Sixth Edition is the ultimate reference for the latest clinical techniques and research findings that direct evidence-based clinical practice for lactation consultants and specialists. It contains everything a nurse, lactation consultant, midwife, women’s health nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or Ob/Gyn needs to know about the subject. Topics include placing breastfeeding in its historical context, workplace-related issues, anatomical and biological imperatives of lactation, the prenatal and perinatal periods and concerns during the postpartum period, the mother’s health, sociocultural issues, and more vital information.
Health & Fitness by American Academy Of Pediatrics
THE BREASTFEEDING BOOK YOUR DOCTOR RECOMMENDS Why is breastfeeding the optimal choice? What happens when my maternity leave is over? What’s the safest way to store pumped milk? The American Academy of Pediatrics answers these questions and many more in this invaluable resource to help you and your baby get the healthiest possible start. With everything new mothers need to know about breastfeeding, this fully revised and updated edition covers the very latest in research, including • information for mothers preparing for the first feeding and adjusting to home, family, and work as a nursing mother • the latest on rooming-in with your baby to strengthen the parent-child bond • new recommendations to reduce the risk of SIDS • reassuring guidance on pumping and milk storage • expanded coverage of proper nutrition for nursing mothers • ideal ways to establish a nursing routine and what to do when returning to work • the father’s role and creating a postpartum support network • solutions to common breastfeeding challenges Nursing mothers everywhere will find this book an indispensable guide to maximizing the lifelong benefits of breastfeeding that only the American Academy of Pediatrics can provide.
Gal Ventura explores the ideological sources promoting maternal breast-feeding in modern Western society, through a survey of hundreds of artworks produced in France from the French Revolution to the beginning of the twentieth century.
The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.
Describes what to do when anaphylaxis happens and how to respond during an attack, recognize the signs, understand the sources and latest theories, take preventive measures, and gain insight on how to live a normal life.
Breastfeeding Management for the Clinician: Using the Evidence, Fourth Edition is an essential and practical reference guide for clinicians. Using a research-based approach, it includes literature reviews while covering incidence, etiology, risk factors, prevention, prognosis and implications, interventions, expected outcomes, care plans, and clinical algorithms. With a focus on the practical application of evidence-based knowledge, this reference offers a problem-solving approach to help busy clinicians integrate the latest research into everyday clinical practice. Completely updated and revised, the Fourth Edition includes a new discussion of the vitally important newborn gut microbiome. In addition, it features new and more effective techniques for addressing breastfeeding barriers, new research, and the latest guidelines.
Health & Fitness by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Nutrition Programmes Service
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the International Society for Research in Human Milk and Lactation (ISRHML), October 2-6, 1999, Bavaria, Germany. The quality of infant feeding is of major importance for child health development and well being, and breast feeding is the natural form of supplying food to the infant and is considered to be ideally adapted to the needs of both mother and child. This contributed volume therefore, brings together the research on the physiological foundations and on the biological effects of breast feeding, both short and long term. This book contains the work of scientists from over thirty countries, many of whom are leading researchers in their fields, and details papers presented by the invited speakers of the conference and short summaries of presentations of original research results.
Breast Feeding We all know that breast feeding is the most natural, healthiest way to nourish - and bond with - your baby. However, if you're a first time mother, you might have a lot of breast feeding questions. For instance, how to breast feed, what kind of breast feeding supplies do you need, what breast feeding positions are best for your baby, how to overcome any breast feeding problems you may run into, the list goes on and on. If you've just had or are expecting your first child and want to know more about the many health benefits of breast feeding for you and your baby, want to find out if you should be on any kind of special breast feeding diet or are curious about just how, when and where to use a breast feeding pump, your questions will be answered in this book. However, this isn't just a book for first-time mothers. Even if you've already had a child, there are plenty of excellent breast feeding tips to be found in this book which can make breast feeding the natural, pleasant and loving experience it's meant to be. A must read for every mother (and father), this is a guide to breast feeding which can make caring for your child in their first year a much less trying experience.
"Completely revised With timely content and state-of-the-art research undertaken by Canadian nurse researchers, the Third Edition of this trusted resource provides the guidance you need to effectively critique every aspect of nursing research and apply the results to clinical practice. Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research uses clear, straightforward language and a "user-friendly" presentation to help you understand, retain, and apply fundamental concepts with ease." --Book Jacket.
Having a baby is one of the most challenging and unique experiences a woman can go through. Yet, it is only the first step on the long road of parenting. While some mothers elect or must choose the bottle, many more still opt for breast feeding. They do so for a number of reasons. Most of the rationale behind breast feeding, however, focuses on the health benefits. When you feed a baby breast milk, you increase the chances of developing a strong immune system. Breast milk contains a minimum of 6 anti-infective agents against the most common childhood diseases and illnesses. Breast milk also contains many antimicrobial properties. Colostrum is one of several immune protectors for your child. As a result, breast feeding you baby may increase his or her chances of avoiding the risk of contracting juvenile diabetes, lymphoma and Crohn’s Disease later in their life. Some tests have revealed babies who have been breast fed have lower instances of developing asthma and allergies. When you breast feed your baby, you also provide him or her with the ideal nutritional balance. In fact, some experts maintain that breast milk can provide all the nutrients your baby needs up until they are one year old. Moreover, breast milk is less sweet than other milks and contains fat that is easily absorbed by the system. One thing you need to note is that breast milk is species specific. Each mammal produces the ideal breast milk for their infants. Below are some topics that you are about to learn: Avoiding Foods While Breast Feeding Benefits of Breast Feeding Breast Compression Breast Feeding Adopted Babies Engorged Breast Health and Diet How Breast Milk is Made How to Choose a Breast Pump Low Supply of Breast Milk Other Foods While Breast Feeding Poor Milk Supply Returning to Work Starting Solid Foods The First Six Weeks And so much more...
Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, Fifth Edition continues as the leading reference for the latest clinical techniques and research findings that direct evidence-based clinical practice for lactation consultants and specialists. Thoroughly updated and revised with current research, references, and photos, it contains a clear clinical focus with more than 2,000 research studies supporting the clinical recommendations found in the text. Topics include placing breastfeeding in its historical context, workplace-related issues, anatomical and biological imperatives of lactation, the prenatal and perinatal periods and concerns during the postpartum period, the mother’s health, and sociocultural issues. With contributions from the foremost experts in the field, Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, Fifth Edition is also an excellent resource to prepare for certification and practice as an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC).
Conn's Current Therapy 2011 is an easy-to-use, in-depth guide to the latest advances in therapeutics for common complaints and diagnoses. Drs. Edward T. Bope, Rick D. Kellerman, and Robert E. Rakel present the expertise and knowledge of hundreds of skilled international leaders on the full range of evidence-based management options. With coverage of recent developments in travel medicine, sleep apnea, and immunization practices, as well as standardized diagnostic points and clinical recommendation tables, you'll have access to the information you need, in print and online at www.expertconsult.com. Access the fully searchable contents online at www.expertconsult.com. Deliver effective treatment after making correct diagnoses through discussions of important diagnostic criteria in each chapter. Get the best, most practical and accurate advice from acknowledged expert contributors. Apply best practices from around the world from coverage of management methods used by international experts. Stay current with recent developments in travel medicine, sleep apnea, immunization practices, and much more. Know the full range of treatment options through coverage of the latest information on recently-approved and soon-to-be-approved drugs. Tap into the guidance of experts for practical and accurate advice on diagnosis and management. Find the answers you need more easily with standardized Current Diagnostic Points and Current Therapy clinical recommendation tables. Accurately code for reimbursement using an up-to-date ICD-9 list of common diseases and codes. Conn's Current Therapy provides faster access to the latest therapeutic treatment