Language Arts & Disciplines

Offensive Language

Author: Jim O’Driscoll

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 339

Why do people take offence at things that are said? What is it exactly about an offending utterance which causes this negative reaction? How well motivated is the response to the offence? Offensive Language addresses these questions by applying an array of concepts from linguistic pragmatics and sociolinguistics to a wide range of examples, from TV to Twitter and from Mel Gibson to Donald Trump. Establishing a sharp distinction between potential offence and actual offence, Jim O'Driscoll then examines a series of case studies where offence has been caused, assessing the nature and degree of both the offence and the documented response to it. Through close linguistic analysis, this book explores the fine line between free speech and criminal activity, searching for a principled way to distinguish the merely embarrassing from the reprehensible and the censurable. In this way, a new approach to offensive language emerges, involving both how we study it and how it might be handled in public life.
Language Arts & Disciplines

An Anatomy of Chinese Offensive Words

Author: Adrian Tien

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

View: 428

This book offers a precise and rigorous analysis of the meanings of offensive words in Chinese. Adopting a semantic and cultural approach, the authors demonstrate how offensive words can and should be systematically researched, documented and accounted for as a valid aspect of any language. The book will be of interest to academics, practitioners and students of sociolinguistics, language and culture, linguistic taboo, Chinese studies and Chinese linguistics.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Bad Language

Author: Edwin Battistella

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 341

Is today's language at an all-time low? Are pronunciations like cawfee and chawklit bad English? Is slang like my bad or hook up improper? Is it incorrect to mix English and Spanish, as in Yo quiero Taco Bell? Can you write Who do you trust? rather than Whom do you trust? Linguist Edwin Battistella takes a hard look at traditional notions of bad language, arguing that they are often based in sterile conventionality. Examining grammar and style, cursing, slang, and political correctness, regional and ethnic dialects, and foreign accents and language mixing, Battistella discusses the strong feelings evoked by language variation, from objections to the pronunciation NU-cu-lar to complaints about bilingual education. He explains the natural desire for uniformity in writing and speaking and traces the association of mainstream norms to ideas about refinement, intelligence, education, character, national unity and political values. Battistella argues that none of these qualities is inherently connected to language. It is tempting but wrong, Battistella argues, to think of slang, dialects and nonstandard grammar as simply breaking the rules of good English. Instead, we should view language as made up of alternative forms of orderliness adopted by speakers depending on their purpose. Thus we can study the structure and context of nonstandard language in order to illuminate and enrich traditional forms of language, and make policy decisions based on an informed engagement. Re-examining longstanding and heated debates, Bad Language will appeal to a wide spectrum of readers engaged and interested in the debate over what constitutes proper language.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Offensive Language

Author: Jim O’Driscoll

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 159

Why do people take offence at things that are said? What is it exactly about an offending utterance which causes this negative reaction? How well motivated is the response to the offence? Offensive Language addresses these questions by applying an array of concepts from linguistic pragmatics and sociolinguistics to a wide range of examples, from TV to Twitter and from Mel Gibson to Donald Trump. Establishing a sharp distinction between potential offence and actual offence, Jim O'Driscoll then examines a series of case studies where offence has been caused, assessing the nature and degree of both the offence and the documented response to it. Through close linguistic analysis, this book explores the fine line between free speech and criminal activity, searching for a principled way to distinguish the merely embarrassing from the reprehensible and the censurable. In this way, a new approach to offensive language emerges, involving both how we study it and how it might be handled in public life.
Education

The Principal's Quick-Reference Guide to School Law

Author: Dennis R. Dunklee

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 405

View: 216

Minimize site-based risk while respecting the legal rights of students, staff, and parents! These recognized school law experts translate the intricacies of school law into proactive day-to-day leadership practice. This second edition contains programmatic guidance for other school district personnel, "management cues" and "risk management guidelines," a comprehensive index, and references to landmark court cases, coverage of the No Child Left Behind Act, and information on state-created danger and deliberate indifference. School administrators can quickly find guidance on issues such as: Staff selection and evaluation Student rights and discipline Special education and IDEA regulations Copyright law Search and seizure Sexual harassment and exploitation
Social Science

We Did What?! Offensive and Inappropriate Behavior in American History

Author: Timothy B. Jay

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 529

This provocative guide profiles behaviors considered shocking throughout American history, revealing the extent of changing social mores and cultural perceptions of appropriate conduct since the Colonial period. • Identifies how social values have changed in American history • Provides comprehensive coverage of American society from Colonial America to present day • Reveals the fascinating—and controversial—backstories behind some of America's favorite brands • Examines more than 150 topics on behaviors once deemed "offensive" or "inappropriate," including birth control, dirty dancing, obscene literature and music lyrics, pornography, and prostitution
Computers

Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Author: Atefeh Farzindar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 426

View: 754

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2010, held in Ottawa, Canada, in May/June 2010. The 22 revised full papers presented together with 26 revised short papers, 12 papers from the graduate student symposium and the abstracts of 3 keynote presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 90 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on text classification; text summarization and IR; reasoning and e-commerce; probabilistic machine learning; neural networks and swarm optimization; machine learning and data mining; natural language processing; text analytics; reasoning and planning; e-commerce; semantic web; machine learning; and data mining.
Arabic language

Functions and Contextual Triggers of Offensive Language on Twitter

Author: Deena Mohamed Mansour

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Arabic language

Page: 146

View: 351

Abstract: The use of social media in daily life is dramatically increasing all over the world and microblogging websites, particularly Twitter, have become widespread and excessively used. These web-based mediums of communication host significant social interaction and distinctive user-generated content that are characterized by the use of unique lexical choices and structures. This has led to emergent and diversified research investigating how different the linguistic behavior on these web-based platforms is from other forms of interactions. A controversial linguistic phenomenon on social media is the use of offensive language, which is on the increase and suggests a new domain of linguistic research to answer many questions that have arisen in light of this phenomenon. This phenomenon applies to many languages one of which is Arabic, especially where colloquial Arabic is concerned. This study examines the expressive functions of offensive language on Twitter which were written in Arabic by Egyptians. It also examines the pragmatic categories utilized when this offensive language occurs, as well as the contextual triggers of this type of language. A large purposeful sample of 482 tweets was collected from the Twitter website from different Egyptian tweeps writing in colloquial Arabic. Based on Culpeper’s (2010) impoliteness formulae, the collected data was classified into four pragmatic categories: insults, pointed criticism or complaints, negative expressives, and challenging or unpalatable questions. The results show that the offensive language used on Twitter serves expressive functions such as hate, anger, and sarcasm. The results also show that the most common contexts that trigger this offensive use of language are political, economic, personal, and soccer games. The study concludes that the use of offensive language on Twitter has become conventionalized and accepted by this speech community.
Computers

Social Informatics

Author: Ingmar Weber

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 319

View: 540

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2019, held in Doha, Qatar, in November 2019. The 17 full and 5 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 86 submissions. The papers presented in this volume cover a broad range of topics, ranging from the study of socio-technical systems, to computer science methods to analyze complex social processes, as well as social concepts in the design of information systems.
Discrimination in language

On the Offensive

Author: Karen Stollznow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Discrimination in language

Page:

View: 940

Why do certain words have the power to offend? This book sheds light on prejudice in language, past and present.
Technology & Engineering

Recent Trends in Image and Signal Processing in Computer Vision

Author: Shruti Jain

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 980

This book highlights recent advances and emerging technologies that utilize computational intelligence in signal processing, computing, imaging science, artificial intelligence, and their applications. It covers all branches of artificial intelligence and machine learning that are based on computation at some level, e.g. artificial neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy systems, and automatic medical identification systems. Exploring recent trends in research and applications, the book offers a valuable resource for professors, researchers, and engineers alike.
Business & Economics

101 Sample Write-Ups for Documenting Employee Performance Problems

Author: Paul Falcone

Publisher: AMACOM

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 204

There’s no escaping problem employees. But with 101 prewritten disciplinary write-ups at a manager’s fingertips, there is a way to escape the headaches, anxiety, and potential legal trouble of performance review or counseling sessions. Completely updated and covering the latest developments in employment law, the second edition of 101 Sample Write-Ups for Documenting Employee Performance Problems explains the disciplinary process from beginning to end and provides ready-to-use model documents—in print and on disk—that eliminate the stress and second-guessing about what to do and say. Expertly written, the write-ups cover every kind of problem—substandard work quality, absenteeism, insubordination, e-mail misuse, sexual harassment,drug or alcohol abuse, and more. Readers will also find new information on laying the ground work for a tidy dismissal; tying progressive discipline to annual performance reviews; formally addressing intermittent FMLA abuse; ways to avoid drafting documentation that could later be used against their company; and much more. There is perhaps no more dreaded managerial task than communicating with an employee about a disciplinary problem, but this one-of-a-kind guide helps managers handle any scenario fairly, constructively, and, most importantly—legally.

The 2002 Collection

Author: Sudbury Valley School Press

Publisher: The Sudbury Valley School

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 374

View: 470

Edited email exchanges written related to Sudbury Schools
Language Arts & Disciplines

Using English

Author: Janet Maybin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 312

View: 873

Using English provides an invaluable introduction to the study of English for students of language and linguistics. It examines the way in which the English language is used today in different contexts and in many parts of the world, by both native and non-native speakers. Issues of language use in speech and writing, in work and play, and in persuading and informing are explored and illustrated with data and readings from around the English-using world. The reader is introduced to the adaptations and variations in English language use and to debates relating to how these are perceived and evaluated by different groups of users. For this second edition, key material from the earlier bestselling book, Using English: From Conversation to Canon, has been reorganized and updated, and entirely new material has been introduced. This new content is based on recent research in the field, as well as on contemporary thinking about how speakers and writers use the English language to accomplish a huge range of purposes in a variety of linguistic and cultural settings. Drawing on The Open University's wide experience of writing accessible and innovative texts, this book: explains basic concepts, easily located through a comprehensive index, includes contributions by experts in the field, such as Mike Baynham, Adrian Beard, Guy Cook, Sharon Goodman, Almut Koester, Janet Maybin and Neil Mercer, contains a range of source material and commissioned readings to supplement chapters.
Law

Media Law for Journalists

Author: Ursula Smartt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 286

View: 320

This book is both an introductory text and reference guide to the main issues facing journalists today, including social media, fake news, and regulators. The text covers the law of the United Kingdom – including Scots and Northern Irish devolved legislation – as well as human rights and EU laws. This book covers essential areas such as: privacy, confidentiality, freedom of expression and media freedom, defamation, contempt of court, regulation of the print press and broadcast regulation as well as discussions on fake news and how to regulate online harm. There is a section on intellectual property law, covering mainly copyright. Court reporting and how to report on children, young people and victims of sexual offences receive particular attention in this book with relevant cases in user-friendly format. The engaging writing style is aimed to enthuse students, practitioners and lecturers with plenty of examination and practice materials. The text is packed with extensive learning aids including case studies, boxed notes, sample examination questions, appendices of statutes and cases and a glossary. It is intended as a complete course textbook for students and teachers of journalism, media, communications and PR courses, focusing on diploma courses, NCTJ examinations and broadcast journalism courses such as the BJTC. The book’s international focus would also make it ideal reading for journalists from across the world who are working in the UK. The book presumes no prior legal knowledge.

Offensive Language

Author: Bill Walsh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 486

Gives examples of cases involving offensive behaviour and offensive language; shows police discretion an important factor particularly in western towns of New South Wales with large Aboriginal populations.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language

Author: Keith Allan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 624

View: 573

This volume brings together experts from a wide range of disciplines to define and describe tabooed words and language and to investigate the reasons and beliefs behind them. In general, taboo is defined as a proscription of behaviour for a specific community, time, and context. In terms of language, taboo applies to instances of language behaviour: the use of certain words in certain contexts. The existence of linguistic taboos and their management lead to the censoring of behaviour and, as a consequence, to language change and development. Chapters in this volume explore the multiple types of tabooed language from a variety of perspectives, such as sociolinguistics, anthropology, philosophy, psychology, historical linguistics, and neurolinguistics, and with reference to fields such as law, publishing, politics, and advertising. Topics covered include impoliteness, swearing, censorship, taboo in deaf communities, translation of tabooed words, and the use of taboo in banter and comedy.
Technology & Engineering

Advances in Data and Information Sciences

Author: Mohan L. Kolhe

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 689

View: 141

This book gathers a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Data and Information Sciences (ICDIS 2019), held at Raja Balwant Singh Engineering Technical Campus, Agra, India, on March 29–30, 2019. In chapters written by leading researchers, developers, and practitioner from academia and industry, it covers virtually all aspects of computational sciences and information security, including central topics like artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and big data. Highlighting the latest developments and technical solutions, it will show readers from the computer industry how to capitalize on key advances in next-generation computer and communication technology.