Oregon and Washington's Roadside Ecology guides you through 33 spectacular natural sites, all within an easy walk from the road. The sites include the forests, deserts, mountains, waterfalls, and coastlines that define the region. Author Roddy Scheer is the perfect guide. Each entry starts with the brief description of the hike's level of difficulty—all are gentle to moderate and cover no more than two miles. Entries also include turn-by-turn directions and clear descriptions of the flora, fauna, and geology you are likely to encounter along the way. Oregon and Washington's Roadside Ecology is a must-have guide for outdoor enthusiasts, hikers, and tourists.
An introductory chapter briefly reviews Washington's geology followed by a series of road guides with the local particulars. The authors tell you what the rocks are and what they mean. Useful graphics and charts supplement the text and help you to under
Aerial spraying and dusting in forestry by Charles N. Mann
The PCT’s #1 Guide for More Than 45 Years First published in 1974, The Pacific Crest Trail, Vol. 2, Oregon & Washington quickly established itself as the book trekkers could not do without. Now thoroughly updated and redesigned, Pacific Crest Trail: Oregon & Washington starts at the California-Oregon border and guides you to the edge of Canada. It winds past rivers, peaks, forests, meadows, fascinating geological formations, and other natural wonders—such as Mount Hood, Mount Rainier, and Glacier Peak. Let PCT gurus Jordan Summers, Jeffrey P. Schaffer, and Andy Selters share more than four decades of expertise with you. They’ll help you with everything you need to know about this 1,005.5-mile section of the 2,650-mile trail, which traverses 24 national forests, 37 wilderness areas, and 7 national parks. In this book, you’ll find All-in-one guide by accomplished hikers who have logged over 5,000 trail miles Detailed trail descriptions and alternate routes Full-color customized maps, drawn to scale with one another Need-to-know information for day hikes, weekend backpacks, and an ambitious thru-hike Tips for locating the trail, water sources, and resupply access routes This guidebook will be your truest companion. So now’s the time to get going. The trail awaits!
Washington is alive with geologic activity: It's home to the most active volcanoes in the lower 48, earthquakes regularly rattle the populated Puget Sound region, the potential of landslides increases with each soaking rain, and tsunami evacuation routes alert tourists in Olympic National Park to the active plate boundary just off the coast. The only geologic hazard Washingtonians need not fear, at least not with the continued trend of global warming, is another Ice Age flood. More than forty of the biggest floods known in the history of Earth scoured the Channeled Scabland of eastern Washington, the most recent only about 15,000 years ago. Since the first edition of Roadside Geology of Washington appeared on the book shelves in 1984, several generations of geologists have studied the wild assortment of rocks in the Evergreen State, from 45-million-year-old sandstone exposed in sea cliffs at Cape Flattery to 1.4-billion-year-old sandstone near Spokane. In between are the rugged granitic and metamorphic peaks of the North Cascades, the volcanic flows of Mt. Rainier and the other active volcanoes of the Cascade magmatic arc, and the 2-mile-thick flood basalts of the Columbia Basin. With the help of this brand new, completely updated second edition, you can appreciate spectacular geologic features along more than forty of Washington's highways.
Columbia River Gorge (Or. and Wash.) by Michael S. Spranger
The Columbia River Gorge in Wash. State is one of the most majestic and unique areas in the world. Here the Columbia River carved out the only sea-level break through the Cascade range on its way to the Pacific Ocean. With the Cascades towering as high as 4,000 feet on either side of the river, one finds an everchanging panorama from lush Douglas-fir forests, craggy stands of pine and oaks, majestic stone-faced cliffs, and spectacular waterfalls, to windswept plateaus and semi-arid conditions. This illustrated document brings together information on its history, geology, ecology, natural resources, fisheries, and mgmt. issues.
* 90 hikes, many off the beaten path * Appendices list hikes by rock age, collectible minerals or fossils present, and more; plus a new illustrated section on rock identification Visit tropical islands sequestered in the Wallowa Mountains, ancient volcanoes in the depths of Hells Canyon, and Cascade valleys carved by glaciers towering far above your head. All it takes is a little imagination (yours) and geologic savvy (provided by a professional). Aided by photos and illustrations, unlock the mysteries of the landscape through which you walk. Professional guidebook writer, Ellen Morris Bishop, Ph.D., also also a geologist and written numerous books on geology and teaches geology at Lewis and Clark College in Portland.
We conducted a regional-scale evaluation of landscape permeability for large carnivores in Washington and adjacent portions of British Columbia and Idaho. We developed geographic information system based landscape permeability models for wolves (Canis lupus), wolverine (Gulo gulo), lynx (Lynx canadensis), and grizzly bear (Ursus arctos). We also developed a general large carnivore model to provide a single generalization of the predominant landscape patterns for the four focal species. The models evaluated land cover type, road density, human population density, elevation, and slope to provide an estimate of landscape permeability. We identified five concentrations of large carnivore habitat between which we evaluated landscape permeability. The habitat concentration areas were the southern Cascade Range, the north-central Cascade Range, the Coast Range, the Kettle-Monashee Ranges, and the Selkirk-Columbia Mountains. We evaluated landscape permeability in fracture zones between these areas, including the I-90 Snoqualmie Pass area, the Fraser-Coquihalla area, the Okanogan Valley, and the upper Columbia and Pend Oreille River valleys. We identified the portions of the Washington state highway system that passed through habitat linkages between the habitat concentration areas and areas accessible to the focal species. This analysis provides a consistent measure of estimated landscape permeability across the analysis area, which can be used to develop conservation strategies, contribute to future field survey efforts, and help identify management priorities for the focal species.