Religion

Orthodox Christianity and Gender (Open Access)

Author: Helena Kupari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 701

The Orthodox Christian tradition has all too often been sidelined in conversations around contemporary religion. Despite being distinct from Protestantism and Catholicism in both theology and practice, it remains an underused setting for academic inquiry into current lived religious practice. This collection, therefore, seeks to redress this imbalance by investigating modern manifestations of Orthodox Christianity through an explicitly gender-sensitive gaze. By addressing attitudes to gender in this context, it fills major gaps in the literature on both religion and gender. Starting with the traditional teachings and discourses around gender in the Orthodox Church, the book moves on to demonstrate the diversity of responses to those narratives that can be found among Orthodox populations in Europe and North America. Using case studies from several countries, with both large and small Orthodox populations, contributors use an interdisciplinary approach to address how gender and religion interact in contexts such as, iconography, conversion, social activism and ecumenical relations, among others. From Greece and Russia to Finland and the USA, this volume sheds new light on the myriad ways in which gender is manifested, performed, and engaged within contemporary Orthodoxy. Furthermore, it also demonstrates that employing the analytical lens of gender enables new insights into Orthodox Christianity as a lived tradition. It will, therefore, be of great interest to scholars of both Religious Studies and Gender Studies.
Religion

Orthodox Christianity in 21st Century Greece

Author: Vasilios N. Makrides

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 274

View: 699

One of the predominantly Orthodox countries that has never experienced communism is Greece, a country uniquely situated to offer insights about contemporary trends and developments in Orthodox Christianity. This volume offers a comprehensive treatment of the role Orthodox Christianity plays at the dawn of the twenty-first century Greece from social scientific and cultural-historical perspectives. This book breaks new ground by examining in depth the multifaceted changes that took place in the relationship between Orthodox Christianity and politics, ethnicity, gender, and popular culture. Its intention is two-fold: on the one hand, it aims at revisiting some earlier stereotypes, widespread both in academic and others circles, about the Greek Orthodox Church, its cultural specificity and its social presence, such as its alleged intrinsic non-pluralistic attitude toward non-Orthodox Others. On the other hand, it attempts to show how this fairly traditional religious system underwent significant changes in recent years affecting its public role and image, particularly as it became more and more exposed to the challenges of globalization and multiculturalism.
Homosexuality

There Is No Sex in the Church!

Author: Sergei Sveshnikov

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Homosexuality

Page: 118

View: 449

This work is a collection of essays written over the years on topics related to human sexuality and gender issues within Russian Orthodox Christianity: marital sex, homosexuality, ritual impurity, and others. In an introduction to one of the sections, the author writes:"...Having written a couple of opinion papers touching on the difficulties of discussing matters of human sexuality in the context of the Russian Orthodox Church, and having pointed out the existence of a wide spectrum of opinions on what Christians should do in bed-ranging from the strictest and almost total prohibition of any form of sexual behavior with possible exceptions for the most penitentiary of position and then only a few times in a lifetime specifically for the purpose of procreation, to an attitude of total permissiveness brushing off any questions with assertions that the marriage bed is undefiled and whatever married people do in their bedroom is all blessed-I have, quite naturally, been asked to clarify my own position on what should and should not be allowed... I should like to discuss three topics: 1) the idea that a husband and wife should attempt to live "like brother and sister," that is to say, abstaining from sex altogether or limiting it only to specific times and forms necessary for procreation; 2) the idea that a husband and wife can do whatever they want as much as they want in the privacy of their bedroom and none of it is the Church's business; and 3) a possible middle ground which does not reject the joy of the married state moderated by a certain measure of ascetic discipline of the body and the soul..."WARNING This book deals with adult subject matter and is intended for adult readers. If you are offended by the discussion of human sexuality, this book is not for you. Some sections of this book contain very graphic language and reader discretion is strongly advised.
Religion

Women and Religiosity in Orthodox Christianity

Author: Ina Merdjanova

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 727

Women and Religiosity in Orthodox Christianity fills a significant gap in the sociology of religious practice: Studies focused on women’s religiosity have overlooked Orthodox populations, while studies of Orthodox practice (operating within the dominant theological, historical, and sociological framework) have remained gender-blind. The essays in this collection shed new light on the women who make up a considerable majority of the Orthodox population by engaging women’s lifeworlds, practices, and experiences in relation to their religion in multiple, varied localities, discussing both contemporary and pre-1989 developments. These contributions critically engage the pluralist and changing character of Orthodox institutional and social life by using feminist epistemologies and drawing on original ethnographic research to account for Orthodox women’s previously ignored perspectives, knowledges, and experiences. Combining the depth of ethnographic analysis with geographical breadth and employing a variety of research methodologies, this book expands our understanding of Orthodox Christianity by examining Orthodox women of diverse backgrounds in different settings: parishes, monasteries, and the secular spaces of everyday life, and under shifting historical conditions and political regimes. In defiance of claims that Orthodox Christianity is immutable and fixed in time, these essays argue that continuity and transformation can be found harmoniously in social practices, demographic trends, and larger material contexts at the intersection between gender, Orthodoxy, and locality. Contributors: Kristin Aune, Milica Bakić-Hayden, Maria Bucur, Ketevan Gurchiani, James Kapaló, Helena Kupari, Ina Merdjanova, Sarah Riccardi-Swartz, Eleni Sotiriou, Tatiana Tiaynen-Qadir, Detelina Tocheva
Religion

Fundamentalism or Tradition

Author: Aristotle Papanikolaou

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 270

Traditional, secular, and fundamentalist—all three categories are contested, yet in their contestation they shape our sensibilities and are mutually implicated, the one with the others. This interplay brings to the foreground more than ever the question of what it means to think and live as Tradition. The Orthodox theologians of the twentieth century, in particular, have emphasized Tradition not as a dead letter but as a living presence of the Holy Spirit. But how can we discern Tradition as living discernment from fundamentalism? What does it mean to live in Tradition when surrounded by something like the “secular”? These essays interrogate these mutual implications, beginning from the understanding that whatever secular or fundamentalist may mean, they are not Tradition, which is historical, particularistic, in motion, ambiguous and pluralistic, but simultaneously not relativistic. Contributors: R. Scott Appleby, Nikolaos Asproulis, Brandon Gallaher, Paul J. Griffiths, Vigen Guroian, Dellas Oliver Herbel, Edith M. Humphrey, Slavica Jakelić, Nadieszda Kizenko, Wendy Mayer, Brenna Moore, Graham Ward, Darlene Fozard Weaver
Religion

Personhood

Author: John T. Chirban

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 196

View: 430

Creates a forum for dialogue between traditional Christian understandings of the nature of the person and modern studies in medicine, psychology, and religion.
Religion

Fundamentalism or Tradition

Author: Aristotle Papanikolaou

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 760

Traditional, secular, and fundamentalist—all three categories are contested, yet in their contestation they shape our sensibilities and are mutually implicated, the one with the others. This interplay brings to the foreground more than ever the question of what it means to think and live as Tradition. The Orthodox theologians of the twentieth century, in particular, have emphasized Tradition not as a dead letter but as a living presence of the Holy Spirit. But how can we discern Tradition as living discernment from fundamentalism? What does it mean to live in Tradition when surrounded by something like the “secular”? These essays interrogate these mutual implications, beginning from the understanding that whatever secular or fundamentalist may mean, they are not Tradition, which is historical, particularistic, in motion, ambiguous and pluralistic, but simultaneously not relativistic. Contributors: R. Scott Appleby, Nikolaos Asproulis, Brandon Gallaher, Paul J. Griffiths, Vigen Guroian, Dellas Oliver Herbel, Edith M. Humphrey, Slavica Jakelić, Nadieszda Kizenko, Wendy Mayer, Brenna Moore, Graham Ward, Darlene Fozard Weaver
Religion

Our Bodies Tell God's Story

Author: Christopher West

Publisher: Brazos Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 716

In response to a world awash in sexual chaos and gender confusion, this book offers a bold and thoroughly biblical look at the meaning of the body, sex, gender, and marriage. Bestselling author, cultural commentator, and popular theologian Christopher West is one of the world's most recognized teachers of John Paul II's Theology of the Body. He specializes in making this teaching accessible to all Christians, with particular attention to evangelicals. As West explains, from beginning to end the Bible tells a story of marriage. It begins with the marriage of man and woman in an earthly paradise and ends with the marriage of Christ and the church in an eternal paradise. In our post-sexual-revolution world, we need to remember that our bodies tell a divine story and proclaim the gospel itself. As male and female and in the call to become "one flesh," our bodies reveal a "great mystery" that mirrors Christ's love for the church (Eph. 5:31-32). This book provides a redemptive rather than repressive approach to sexual purity, explores the true meaning of sex and marriage, and offers a compelling vision of what it means to be created male and female. Foreword by Eric Metaxas.
History

Women and Religiosity in Orthodox Christianity

Author: Ina Merdjanova

Publisher: Orthodox Christianity and Cont

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 599

Women and Religiosity in Orthodox Christianity fills a significant gap in the sociology of religious practice: Studies focused on women's religiosity have overlooked Orthodox populations, while studies of Orthodox practice (operating within the dominant theological, historical and sociological framework) have remained gender-blind. The essays in this collection shed new light on the women who make up a considerable majority of the Orthodox population by engaging women's lifeworlds, practices and experiences in relation to their religion in multiple, varied localities, discussing both contemporary and pre-1989 developments. These contributions critically engage the pluralist and changing character of Orthodox institutional and social life by using feminist epistemologies and drawing on original ethnographic research to account for Orthodox women's previously ignored perspectives, knowledges, and experiences. Combining the depth of ethnographic analysis with geographical breadth and employing a variety research methodologies, this book expands our understanding of Orthodox Christianity by examining Orthodox women of diverse backgrounds in different settings: parishes, monasteries, the secular spaces of everyday life, and under shifting historical conditions and political regimes. In defiance of claims that Orthodox Christianity is immutable and fixed in time, these essays argue that continuity and transformation can be found harmoniously in social practices, demographic trends, and larger material contexts at the intersection between gender, Orthodoxy and locality.
History

Good for the Souls

Author: Nadieszda Kizenko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 509

From the moment that Tsars as well as hierarchs realized that having their subjects go to confession could make them better citizens as well as better Christians, the sacrament of penance in the Russian empire became a political tool, a devotional exercise, a means of education, and a literary genre. It defined who was Orthodox, and who was 'other.' First encouraging Russian subjects to participate in confession to improve them and to integrate them into a reforming Church and State, authorities then turned to confession to integrate converts of other nationalities. But the sacrament was not only something that state and religious authorities sought to impose on an unwilling populace. Confession could provide an opportunity for carefully crafted complaint. What state and church authorities initially imagined as a way of controlling an unruly population could be used by the same population as a way of telling their own story, or simply getting time off to attend to their inner lives. Good for the Souls brings Russia into the rich scholarly and popular literature on confession, penance, discipline, and gender in the modern world, and in doing so opens a key window onto church, state, and society. It draws on state laws, Synodal decrees, archives, manuscript repositories, clerical guides, sermons, saints' lives, works of literature, and visual depictions of the sacrament in those books and on church iconostases. Russia, Ukraine, and Orthodox Christianity emerge both as part of the European, transatlantic religious continuum-and, in crucial ways, distinct from it.
Social Science

Orthodox Churches and Politics in Southeastern Europe

Author: Sabrina P. Ramet

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 562

Orthodox Churches, like most religious bodies, are inherently political: they seek to defend their core values and must engage in politics to do so, whether by promoting certain legislation or seeking to block other legislation. This volume examines the politics of Orthodox Churches in Southeastern Europe, emphasizing three key modes of resistance to the influence of (Western) liberal values: Nationalism (presenting themselves as protectors of the national being), Conservatism (defending traditional values such as the “traditional family”), and Intolerance (of both non-Orthodox faiths and sexual minorities). The chapters in this volume present case studies of all the Orthodox Churches of the region.

Questions of Gender in Byzantine Society

Author: Lynda Garland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 232

View: 292

Gender was a key social indicator in Byzantine society, as in many others. While studies of gender in the western medieval period have appeared regularly in the past decade, similar studies of Byzantium have lagged behind. Masculine and feminine roles were not always as clearly defined as in the West, while eunuchs made up a 'third gender' in the imperial court. Social status indicators were also in a state of flux, as much linked to patronage networks as to wealth, as the Empire came under a series of external and internal pressures. This fluidity applied equally in ecclesiastical and secular spheres. The present collection of essays uncovers gender roles in the imperial family, in monastic institutions of both genders, in the Orthodox church, and in the nascent cult of Mary in the east. It puts the spotlight on flashpoints over a millennium of Byzantine rule, from Constantine the Great to Irene and the Palaiologoi, and covers a wide geographical range, from Byzantine Italy to Syria. The introduction frames the following nine chapters against recent scholarship and considers methodological issues in the study of gender and Byzantine society. Together these essays portray a surprising range of male and female experience in various Byzantine social institutions - whether religious, military, or imperial -- over the course of more than a millennium. The collection offers a provocative contrast to recent studies based on western medieval scholarship. Common themes that bind the collection into a coherent whole include specifically Byzantine expectations of gender among the social elite; the fluidity of social and sexual identities for Byzantine men and women within the church; and the specific challenges that strong individuals posed to the traditional limitations of gender within a hierarchical society dominated by Christian orthodoxy.
Social Science

Orthodox Christianity, New Age Spirituality and Vernacular Religion

Author: Eugenia Roussou

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 334

This anthropological work thoroughly illustrates the novel synthesis of Christian religion and New Age spirituality in Greece. It challenges the single-faith approach that traditionally ties southern European countries to Christianity and focuses on how processes of globalization influence and transform vernacular religiosity. Based on long-term anthropological fieldwork in Greece, this book demonstrates how the popular belief in the 'evil eye' produces a creative affinity between religion and spirituality in everyday practice. The author analyses a variety of significant research themes, including lived and vernacular religion, alternative spirituality and healing, ritual performance and religious material culture. The book offers an innovative social scientific interpretation of contemporary religiosity, while engaging with a multiplicity of theoretical, analytic and empirical directions. It contributes to current key debates in social sciences with regard to globalization and secularization, religious pluralism, contemporary spirituality and the New Age movement, gender, power and the body, health, illness and alternative therapeutic systems, senses, perception and the supernatural, the spiritual marketplace, creativity and the individualization of religion in a multicultural world.
History

Domestic Frontiers

Author: Barbara Reeves-Ellington

Publisher: Anchor Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 398

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, American Protestant missionaries attempted to export their religious beliefs and cultural ideals to the Ottoman Empire. Seeking to attract Orthodox Christians and even Muslims to their faith, they promoted the paradigm of the Christian home as the foundation of national progress. Yet the missionaries efforts not only failed to win many converts but also produced some unexpected results. Drawing on a broad range of sources, Reeves-Ellington tracks the transnational history of this little-known episode of American cultural expansion.
Biography & Autobiography

For a Culture of Co-Suffering Love

Author: Andrew J. Sopko

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 206

View: 751

One of the most original thinkers in the Orthodox Church today, Archbishop Lazar is also one of the most thoroughly patristic in his theology. Known primarily as a "theologian of culture," his writings cover a vast array of subjects, from Patristic theology to neurobiology, from existentialism to feminism, and on to eschatology. Dr. Andrew Sopko has given us a concise overview and analysis of the Archbishop's under the label 'Theo-anthropology.' Archbishop Lazar is a hesychastic theologian and his works are of immense value as we begin our journey through the 21st century. Archbishop Lazar Puhalo is, without doubt, the most prolific Orthodox theologian in Canada, and he is certainly one of the most prolific Orthodox theologians in North America. It is about time that Archbishop Lazar was given his due, and For a Culture of Co-Suffering Love does such a deed well. The book is divided into eight sections: 1) Introduction: Orthodox Christianity and Culture 2) Christian Existentialism, 3)Gender as Prophecy, 4) Beyond Morality and Ethics, 5) Science and Theology as Empirical Quest, 6) The Aesthetics of Reality, 7) Last Things and 8) Epilogue: Church and/or World. In each of these probing chapters, Sopko carefully examines and explores how Lazar has engaged the world he lives in on a variety of key cultural issues. The strength of For a Culture of Co-Suffering Love is the way Andrew Sopko has highlighted for the interested reader how and why Archbishop Lazar, as an Orthodox theologian, has engaged the culture he has lived in rather than retreating into an idealized past, an ethnic subculture or a reactionary and right of centre political theology.
Gender identity

Christian Responses to Issues of Human Sexuality and Gender Diversity

Author: Philip Kuruvilla

Publisher: Indian Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

ISBN:

Category: Gender identity

Page: 380

View: 195

A Handbook that contains Authentic, Updated Information, and Answers Sensitive Questions about Human Sexuality and Gender Diversity It gives fresh Biblical and Theological Insights, shows how the Indian Churches and Theological Colleges are responding to Unheard Voices from the Sexual Minorities, and includes Medical, Psychological and Legal Responses to questions and statements like: - Human Sexuality? Why discuss such dirty/sinful issues in a holy place like the Church? - Lesbians and Gays don't exist in India - they come from the Western countries. - Wasn't Sodom destroyed because of homosexuality? Isn't that what the Bible says? - Sexual Minorities are dangerous to our churches and communitiesthey shouldn't be allowed in. - Can a person showing homosexual or transgender tendencies be cured by prayer or medicine or psychiatry? This pathbreaking Handbook jointly published by the National Council of Churches in India [NCCI], takes a candid look at the issues of human sexuality and gender diversity from a Christian point of view. It boldly takes up issues which many Christians feel are taboo, and which the Church all too easily sweeps under the carpet or keeps hidden in the guise of purity and holiness. It is a 'readyreckoner' for Church leaders, pastors, laypeople, women's groups and the youth of the Church, for students of theology, for personnel working in Christian organizations, and also for other faith communities seeking to understand and come to grips with these sensitive topics. It offers what could possibly be a Christian response, and reminds readers of the tolerance, acceptance and love that Jesus Christ showed to the marginalized and those considered 'sinners' in his own time. The Editor, Philip Kuruvilla, is an ordained minister in the Indian Orthodox Church. He has been working with the National Council of Churches in India and the Christian Conference of Asia in the field of Human Rights, HIV & AIDS, and Sexual Minority issues.
Religion

Ancient Taboos and Gender Prejudice Challenges for Orthodox Women and the Church

Author: Leonie B. Liveris

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 255

View: 578

Annotation. Debates over the ethics of war, economic redistribution, resource consumption and the rights and responsibilities associated with membership of a political community are just some of the major conflicts of principle identified and analyzed by Thomas Kane which characterize world politics today.
History

Old Believers

Author: Irina Paert

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 778

"This book examines the relationship between Old Believers, religion, popular dissent and gender, and studies the relationship between religious beliefs and society. It focuses on the ways in which ascetic ideals have shaped men's and women's social selves and also on the ways these ideal eventually lost their weight in urban Old Believer communities. The book argues that Old Believer cultural conservatism often concealed their challenge of social conventions. Like many other dissenting groups across the world, Old Believers created alternative spiritual and social roles for men and women." -- BOOK JACKET.