A distinguished historian and political scientist provides a forthright and objective account of American party politics in this concise and invaluable guide. In vigorous and lively language he examines the two major parties--"the peacemakers of the American community"--describing their historic functions and the way they have helped to achieve national unity. He discusses their make-up, their achievements and failures, the images each has established of itself and of the opposition party. The demographic forces influencing the American voter and the complex question of how the parties actually differ receive thought-provoking treatment. This invigorating analysis of the hard facts of American political life will live far beyond the election year of 1960.
Party Politics in America, now considerably revised and updated, is a longtime leading text on American political parties. Its coverage is comprehensive, including the American party system and its third parties and independents; all three parts of the parties (the party organizations, the party in the electorate, and the party in government); and the interaction among these parts, especially during election campaigns. Professor Beck integrates academic research on the parties with contemporary and historical examples of party politics in the U.S. The eighth edition incorporates new research and political events through the beginning of the 1996 presidential election campaign, employs more comparisons with other democratic party systems than before, and addresses directly the question of the changing role of the parties in American politics.
Part of the Longman Classics in Political Science series, this gold standard of parties texts has been updated to include an examination of the 2004 election, party plans for the 2006 midterms, as well as new data and examples on public opinion and congressional voting.Party Politics in America analyzes three primary components of parties--party organization, party in the electorate, party in government--and the interaction of these components, especially during election campaigns. Originally written by Frank Sorauf and now authored by Majorie Hershey, the book integrates academic research with contemporary and historical examples to bring to life the fascinating story of how parties have helped to shape our political system.
With revitalized and stronger political parties should we see more effective and accountable government? Despite the resurgence of parties in America, charges of irresponsible and unreliable government remain. Why the disconnect? In Parties, Politics, and Public Policy in America, Marc Hetherington along with new coauthor Bruce Larson explore this question, while giving students an overview of how parties work and shape public policymaking in America. In this eleventh edition, Hetherington and Larson provide more in-depth coverage of the parties’ functions in Congress and campaign finance. In addition, the authors examine developments in the 2008 nomination and election contests—generational voting patterns, shifts in the red-blue divide, and the possibility of a partisan realignment. No other book for this course combines the breadth of scholarship with the brevity and accessibility found here.
Packed with the latest research, POLITICS, PARTIES AND ELECTIONS IN AMERICA provides a comprehensive account of what political parties do, how they are organized, how party leaders behave, the functions of political parties and their limitations, the unique features of American political parties, and the impact of political parties within the American political system. The text is straightforward, presenting rigorous concepts and recent scholarship in a manner that students can readily understand. Its balanced and up-to-date coverage of political parties imparts practical knowledge of the realities of political life.
Dynamics of American Political Parties examines the process of gradual change that inexorably shapes and reshapes American politics. Parties and the politicians that comprise them seek control of government in order to implement their visions of proper public policy. To gain control parties need to win elections, and winning elections requires assembling an electoral coalition that is larger than that crafted by the opposition. Uncertainty rules and intra-party conflict rages as different factions and groups within the parties debate the proper course(s) of action and battle it out for control of the party. Parties can never be sure how their strategic maneuvers will play out, and, even when it appears that a certain strategy has been successful, party leaders are unclear about how long apparent success will last. Change unfolds slowly, in fits and starts.
The election of 2016 prompted journalists and political scientists to write obituaries for the Republican Party—or prophecies of a new dominance. But it was all rather familiar. Whenever one of our two great parties has a setback, we’ve heard: “This is the end of the Democratic Party,” or, “The Republican Party is going out of existence.” Yet both survive, and thrive. We have the oldest and third oldest political parties in the world—the Democratic Party founded in 1832 to reelect Andrew Jackson, the Republican Party founded in 1854 to oppose slavery in the territories. They are older than almost every American business, most American colleges, and many American churches. Both have seemed to face extinction in the past, and have rebounded to be competitive again. How have they managed it? Michael Barone, longtime co-author of The Almanac of American Politics, brings a deep understanding of our electoral history to the question and finds a compelling answer. He illuminates how both parties have adapted, swiftly or haltingly, to shifting opinion and emerging issues, to economic change and cultural currents, to demographic flux. At the same time, each has maintained a constant character. The Republican Party appeals to “typical Americans” as understood at a given time, and the Democratic Party represents a coalition of “out-groups.” They are the yin and yang of American political life, together providing vehicles for expressing most citizens’ views in a nation that has always been culturally, religiously, economically, and ethnically diverse. The election that put Donald Trump in the White House may have appeared to signal a dramatic realignment, but in fact it involved less change in political allegiances than many before, and it does not portend doom for either party. How America’s Political Parties Change (and How They Don’t) astutely explains why these two oft-scorned institutions have been so resilient.
During the 1980s, superpower rivalry and regional conflicts decimated the Central American economies and eroded political systems within the region. Recent years, however, have witnessed remarkable political change, and since 1990 popularly elected presidents have held office in all seven countries. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the
Why did the United States develop political parties? How and why do party alignments change? Are the party-centered elections of the past better for democratic politics than the candidate-centered elections of the present? In this landmark book, John Aldrich goes beyond the clamor of arguments over whether American political parties are in resurgence or decline and undertakes a wholesale reexamination of the foundations of the American party system. Surveying three critical episodes in the development of American political parties—from their formation in the 1790s to the Civil War—Aldrich shows how parties serve to combat three fundamental problems of democracy: how to regulate the number of people seeking public office; how to mobilize voters; and how to achieve and maintain the majorities needed to accomplish goals once in office. Overcoming these obstacles, argues Aldrich, is possible only with political parties. Aldrich brings this innovative account up to date by looking at the profound changes in the character of political parties since World War II. In the 1960s, he shows, parties started to become candidate-centered organizations that are servants to their office seekers and officeholders. Aldrich argues that this development has revitalized parties, making them stronger, and more vital, with well-defined cleavages and highly effective governing ability.
The thirteen papers assembled in this volume offer a comparative perspective on the state of conservative and right-wing populist parties in the North American democraties. They deal with: Ideological and Value Change in the North American Mass Publics, Conservative Ideology and Party Programmes, The Changing Landskape of the Two Party Systems, The Public Policies of Conservative and Neo-Liberal Governments in North America
The number of independent voters in America increases each year, yet they remain misunderstood by both media and academics. Media describe independents as pivotal for electoral outcomes. Political scientists conclude that independents are merely 'undercover partisans': people who secretly hold partisan beliefs and are thus politically inconsequential. Both the pundits and the political scientists are wrong, argue the authors. They show that many Americans are becoming embarrassed of their political party. They deny to pollsters, party activists, friends, and even themselves, their true partisanship, instead choosing to go 'undercover' as independents. Independent Politics demonstrates that people intentionally mask their partisan preferences in social situations. Most importantly, breaking with decades of previous research, it argues that independents are highly politically consequential. The same motivations that lead people to identify as independent also diminish their willingness to engage in the types of political action that sustain the grassroots movements of American politics.
Left, Right, Out is the untold story of American political history. Exploring American history from its founding, David A. Epstein presents the phenomena that shaped the nation and its politics through the prism of third party politics. Whether short-lived or longer-lasting, each party examined in Left, Right, Out represents a unique and acute expression of the great social, economic, and political forces that influenced the evolution of the United States. Left, Right, Out reveals how much that we take for granted in American politics and society finds its origins in third party politics. Monumental movements such as Abolition, Prohibition, and Civil Rights, long associated with major party politics, originated in the efforts of pioneering third parties and their adherents. Left, Right, Out takes you into the remote corners of U.S. history and explores the forces and personalities forgotten in a standard reading of American political history.
This three-volume set explores the multiple roles that parties and interest groups have played in American politics from the nation's beginnings to the present. • Provides expert analysis of the emergence and effect of parties and interest groups on the American political system • Offers a broader and more complete understanding of both parties and interest groups in American politics than has been offered previously • Helps readers to move beyond an event-driven knowledge of parties and interest groups to explore the systematic and structural bases for interest group and party behavior • Includes primary source documents that allow readers to discover for themselves the means by which groups or parties place items on the public agenda and thereby come to (or sometimes fail to) shape our governmental system
As the influence of political parties diminished in postwar America, scholars argued about whether their decline was caused by transformations in voter behavior, new styles of campaigning, or trust-shattering events such as Vietnam and Watergate. To some of these writers, parties were the relics of a technologically less sophisticated era. Today, however, many experts believe that these institutions have an inevitable tendency to adapt and survive. John Coleman thinks the reality is more complicated than this. In his view neither party decline nor adaptation is inevitable. His state-centered approach shows that the condition of political parties depends critically on the state's major policy concerns and on its institutional policy-making structure.
This book collects a number of Martin Shefter's most important articles on political parties. They address three questions: Under what conditions will strong party organizations emerge? What influences the character of parties--in particular, their reliance on patronage? In what circumstances will the parties that formerly dominated politics in a nation or city come under attack? Shefter's work exemplifies the "new institutionalism" in political science, arguing that the reliance of parties on patronage is a function not so much of mass political culture as of their relationship with public bureaucracies. The book's opening chapters analyze the circumstances conducive to the emergence of strong political parties and the changing balance between parties and bureaucracies in Europe and America. The middle chapters discuss the organization and exclusion of the American working classes by machine and reform regimes. The book concludes by examining party organizations as instruments of political control in the largest American city, New York.
The simplest way to get to grips with the American politicalsystem American Politics For Dummies is an engaging andaccessible guide to the inner workings of the U.S. government,cutting through the political jargon, to give you the facts. Thebook begins with the basics, including government structure andprocesses, and later covers current events that make thenews. The world of American politics can be bewildering to anyone notborn and bred in the U.S.A. This plain-English guide is perfectwhether you are a student or simply fascinated by the world's mostpowerful democracy. From the electoral process to 'specialrelationships', you discover all you need to know with AmericanPolitics For Dummies. • The birth of America – findout about the emergence of the US,from the ideas uponwhich America was founded to the creation of the US Constitution • Go government – understand thepowers of the President, how Congress operates, thefunction of the Supreme Court and how US laws are created and passed • Party on – discover the insand outs of elections and political parties, from theelectoral process and the two-party system to the voting behaviouramongst Americans • One nation, many identities –get to understand the workings of a trulymulticultural society • All the world’s a stage– grasp the grand strategy of the US tounderstand why the nation acts as it does in internationalpolitics 2014 kicks off the latest round of U.S. Congressional electionand marks the beginning the 2016 Presidential election cycle. Therewill be headlines, there will be debate and there will be news. Ifyou're looking to keep up and understand it all, AmericanPolitics For Dummies is a great place to start.