As the demand for packaging more electronic capabilities into smaller packages rises, product developers must be more cognizant of how the system configuration will impact its performance. Practical Guide to the Packaging of Electronics: Second Edition, Thermal and Mechanical Design and Analysis provides a basic understanding of the issues that concern the field of electronics packaging. First published in 2003, this book has been extensively updated, includes more detail where needed, and provides additional segments for clarification. This volume supplies a solid foundation for heat transfer, vibration, and life expectancy calculations. Topics discussed include various modes of heat removal, such as conduction, radiation, and convection; the impact of thermal stresses; vibration and the resultant stresses; shock management; mechanical, electrical, and chemically induced reliability; and more. Unlike many other available works, it neither assumes the reader’s familiarity with the subject nor is it so basic that the reader may lose interest. Dr. Ali Jamnia has published a large number of engineering papers and presentations and is the holder of a number of patents and patent applications. He has been involved in the issues of electronics packaging since the early ‘90s and since 1995 has worked toward the development of innovative electronics systems to aid individuals with physical or cognitive disabilities. By consulting this manual, engineers, program managers, and quality assurance managers involved in electronic systems gain a fundamental grasp of the issues involved in electronics packaging, learn how to define guidelines for a system’s design, develop the ability to identify reliability issues and concerns, and are able to conduct more complete analyses for the final design.
Successfully Estimate the Thermal and Mechanical Characteristics of Electronics Systems A definitive guide for practitioners new to the field or requiring a refresher course, Practical Guide to the Packaging of Electronics: Thermal and Mechanical Design and Analysis, Third Edition provides an understanding of system failures and helps identify the areas where they can occur. Specifically designed for the mechanical, electrical, or quality engineer, the book addresses engineering issues involved in electronics packaging and provides the basics needed to design a new system or troubleshoot a current one. Updated to reflect recent developments in the field, this latest edition adds two new chapters on acoustic and reliability fundamentals, and contains more information on electrical failures and causes. It also includes tools for understanding heat transfer, shock, and vibration. Additionally, the author: Addresses various cross-discipline issues in the design of electromechanical products Provides a solid foundation for heat transfer, vibration, and life expectancy calculations Identifies reliability issues and concerns Develops the ability to conduct a more thorough analysis for the final design Includes design tips and guidelines for each aspect of electronics packaging Practical Guide to the Packaging of Electronics: Thermal and Mechanical Design and Analysis, Third Edition explains the mechanical and thermal/fluid aspects of electronic product design and offers a basic understanding of electronics packaging design issues. Defining the material in-depth, it also describes system design guidelines and identifies reliability concerns for practitioners in mechanical, – electrical or quality engineering.
Whether you are designing a new system or troubleshooting a current one, this ingenious text offers a wealth of valuable information. The author focuses on reliability problems and the design of systems with incomplete criteria and components and provides a simple approach for estimating thermal and mechanical characteristics of electronic systems. Practical Guide to the Packaging of Electronics discusses Packaging/enclosure design and reliability Thermal, junction-to-case, and contact interface resistance Direct and indirect flow system design Fin design and fan selection Vital elements of shock and vibration Thermal stresses and strains in the design and analysis of mechanically reliable systems Reliability models and system failure The selection of engineering software to facilitate system analysis Design parameters in an avionics electronics package Practical Guide to the Packaging of Electronics is an excellent refresher for mechanical, biomedical, electrical and electronics, manufacturing, materials, and quality and reliability engineers, and will be an invaluable text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Electronic apparatus and appliances by Joel L. Sloan
Failure analysis is the preferred method to investigate product or process reliability and to ensure optimum performance of electrical components and systems. The physics-of-failure approach is the only internationally accepted solution for continuously improving the reliability of materials, devices and processes. The models have been developed from the physical and chemical phenomena that are responsible for degradation or failure of electronic components and materials and now replace popular distribution models for failure mechanisms such as Weibull or lognormal. Reliability engineers need practical orientation around the complex procedures involved in failure analysis. This guide acts as a tool for all advanced techniques, their benefits and vital aspects of their use in a reliability programme. Using twelve complex case studies, the authors explain why failure analysis should be used with electronic components, when implementation is appropriate and methods for its successful use. Inside you will find detailed coverage on: a synergistic approach to failure modes and mechanisms, along with reliability physics and the failure analysis of materials, emphasizing the vital importance of cooperation between a product development team involved the reasons why failure analysis is an important tool for improving yield and reliability by corrective actions the design stage, highlighting the ‘concurrent engineering' approach and DfR (Design for Reliability) failure analysis during fabrication, covering reliability monitoring, process monitors and package reliability reliability resting after fabrication, including reliability assessment at this stage and corrective actions a large variety of methods, such as electrical methods, thermal methods, optical methods, electron microscopy, mechanical methods, X-Ray methods, spectroscopic, acoustical, and laser methods new challenges in reliability testing, such as its use in microsystems and nanostructures This practical yet comprehensive reference is useful for manufacturers and engineers involved in the design, fabrication and testing of electronic components, devices, ICs and electronic systems, as well as for users of components in complex systems wanting to discover the roots of the reliability flaws for their products.
s an easy-to-follow introduction to semiconductor fabrication that proceeds from basic materials and process chemicals to chip packaging procedures. New methods and data related to packaging, memory circuits, and semiconductor devices are key updates in this new edition.
Today's commercial, medical and military electronics are becoming smaller and smaller. At the same time these devices demand more power and currently this power requirement is met almost exclusively by battery power. This book includes coverage of ceramic hybrid separators for micro fuel cells and miniature fuel cells built with LTCC technology. It also covers novel fuel cells and discusses the application of fuel cell in microelectronics.
Thermal and mechanical packaging — the enabling technologies for the physical implementation of electronic systems — are responsible for much of the progress in miniaturization, reliability, and functional density achieved by electronic, microelectronic, and nanoelectronic products during the past 50 years. The inherent inefficiency of electronic devices and their sensitivity to heat have placed thermal packaging on the critical path of nearly every product development effort in traditional, as well as emerging, electronic product categories.Successful thermal packaging is the key differentiator in electronic products, as diverse as supercomputers and cell phones, and continues to be of pivotal importance in the refinement of traditional products and in the development of products for new applications. The Encyclopedia of Thermal Packaging, compiled in four multi-volume sets (Set 1: Thermal Packaging Techniques, Set 2: Thermal Packaging Tools, Set 3: Thermal Packaging Applications, and Set 4: Thermal Packaging Configurations) provides a comprehensive, one-stop treatment of the techniques, tools, applications, and configurations of electronic thermal packaging. Each of the author-written volumes presents the accumulated wisdom and shared perspectives of a few luminaries in the thermal management of electronics.The four sets in the Encyclopedia of Thermal Packaging will provide the novice and student with a complete reference for a quick ascent on the thermal packaging 'learning curve,' the practitioner with a validated set of techniques and tools to face every challenge, and researchers with a clear definition of the state-of-the-art and emerging needs to guide their future efforts. This encyclopedia will, thus, be of great interest to packaging engineers, electronic product development engineers, and product managers, as well as to researchers in thermal management of electronic and photonic components and systems, and most beneficial to undergraduate and graduate students studying mechanical, electrical, and electronic engineering.Set 3: Thermal Packaging ApplicationsThe third set in the Encyclopedia includes two volumes in the planned focus on Thermal Packaging Applications and a single volume on the use of Phase Change Materials (PCM), a most important Thermal Management Technique, not previously addressed in the Encyclopedia. Set 3 opens with Heat Transfer in Avionic Equipment, authored by Dr Boris Abramzon, offering a comprehensive, in-depth treatment of compact heat exchangers and cold plates for avionics cooling, as well as discussion on recent developments in these heat transfer units that are widely used in the thermal control of military and civilian airborne electronics. Along with a detailed presentation of the relevant thermofluid physics and governing equations, and the supporting mathematical design and optimization techniques, the book offers a practical guide for thermal engineers designing avionics cooling equipment, based on the author's 20+ years of experience as a thermal analyst and a practical design engineer for Avionics and related systems.The Set continues with Thermal Management of RF Systems, which addresses sequentially the history, present practice, and future thermal management strategies for electronically-steered RF systems, in the context of the RF operational requirements, as well as device-, module-, and system-level electronic, thermal, and mechanical considerations. This unique text was written by 3 authors, Dr John D Albrecht, Mr David H Altman, Dr Joseph J Maurer, with extensive US Department of Defense and aerospace industry experience in the design, development, and fielding of RF systems. Their combined efforts have resulted in a text, which is well-grounded in the relevant past, present, and future RF systems and technologies. Thus, this volume will provide the designers of advanced radars and other electronic RF systems with the tools and the knowledge to address the thermal management challenges of today's technologies, as well as of advanced technologies, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, heterogeneously integrated devices, and 3D chipsets and stacks.The third volume in Set 3, Phase Change Materials for Thermal Management of Electronic Components, co-authored by Prof Gennady Ziskind and Dr Yoram Kozak, provides a detailed description of the numerical methods used in PCM analysis and a detailed explanation of the processes that accompany and characterize solid-liquid phase-change in popular basic and advanced geometries. These provide a foundation for an in-depth exploration of specific electronics thermal management applications of Phase Change Materials. This volume is anchored in the unique PCM knowledge and experience of the senior author and placed in the context of the extensive solid-liquid phase-change literature in such diverse fields as material science, mathematical modeling, experimental and numerical methods, and thermofluid science and engineering.
Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Issued also separately.
Covering every aspect of electronic packaging from development and design to manufacturing, facilities, and testing, Electronic Packaging and Interconnection Handbook, Third Edition, continues to be the standard reference in its field. Here, in this single information-packed resource are all the data and guidelines you need for all types and levels of electronic packages, interconnection technologies, and electronic systems. No other book treats all of the subjects covered in this handbook in such an integrated and inter-related manner, a treatment designed to help you achieve a more reliable, more manufacturable, and more cost-effective electronic package. Here's everything you need to know about materials, thermal management, mechanical and thermomechanical stress behavior, wiring and cabling, soldering and solder technology, integrated circuit packaging, surface mount technologies, rigid and flexible printed wiring boards. And with over 60% new material, this third edition brings you thoroughly up to speed on a new generation of packaging technologies: single chip packaging...ball gridarrays...chip scale packaging...low-cost flip chiptechnologies...direct chip attach, and more.