Education

Reading--from Words to Multiple Texts

Author: M. Anne Britt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 604

Increasing the mastery of reading and text literacy in the general population is one of the most important challenges faced by both developed and developing societies. Providing a new reference for researchers and practitioners involved in this domain, this book brings together empirical research on the multiple levels of language that are involved in reading. It emphasizes the concrete outcomes of scientific research, and illustrates the continuity among levels. The chapters deal with clearly articulated questions, provide up-to-date reviews of the literature, and include discussions of the impacts of research outcomes for the practice of reading instruction. Furthermore, the volume addresses the gap between restricted and more functional approaches to reading competency. Finally, it addresses some of the new issues that arise from the rapid changes in reading practices that are related to the diffusion of digital technologies. Featuring contributions from authors who are among the acknowledged leaders in the field and presenting the state of the art and current controversies in reading and literacy research, this volume honors the profound impact of Charles Perfetti on reading research.
Education

Reading - From Words to Multiple Texts

Author: Anne Britt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 226

View: 322

Increasing the mastery of reading and text literacy in the general population is one of the most important challenges faced by both developed and developing societies. Providing a new reference for researchers and practitioners involved in this domain, this book brings together empirical research on the multiple levels of language that are involved in reading. It emphasizes the concrete outcomes of scientific research, and illustrates the continuity among levels. The chapters deal with clearly articulated questions, provide up-to-date reviews of the literature, and include discussions of the impacts of research outcomes for the practice of reading instruction. Furthermore, the volume addresses the gap between restricted and more functional approaches to reading competency. Finally, it addresses some of the new issues that arise from the rapid changes in reading practices that are related to the diffusion of digital technologies. Featuring contributions from authors who are among the acknowledged leaders in the field and presenting the state of the art and current controversies in reading and literacy research, this volume honors the profound impact of Charles Perfetti on reading research.
Education

Reading Across Multiple Texts in the Common Core Classroom

Author: Janice A. Dole

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 603

This teacher-friendly resource addresses one of the most important critical reading skills in the Common Core State Standards—reading across multiple texts. As the world grows ever more complicated, students more than ever need to become skillful at reading multiple sources, comparing, contrasting, and integrating texts. Responding specifically to Standards 7 and 9, this guide shows teachers how to work with students as they read, think about, critique, and evaluate multiple texts, including narrative and informational, print, graphic, and video, hard copy and online. The authors provide strategies for helping students answer text-dependent questions, find evidence in a text, and scan for information. Model lessons developed and taught by the authors and their professional colleagues will be especially useful to teachers whether they are beginning or expanding their own teaching of multiple texts. “Reading Across Multiple Texts in the Common Core Classroom, K–5 is the book for which elementary school literacy educators have been waiting for ever since the Common Core State Standards were released.” —From the Foreword by Robert J. Marzano, CEO, Marzano Research Laboratory “These authors provide a refreshingly realistic look at what it could mean to read across texts. Planning templates and examples illustrate the potential of CCSS to vastly improve students' text-based experiences. The combination of an extended application of comprehension research and a clear understanding of classrooms make this book a must read for teachers.” —Sharon Walpole, professor, School of Education, University of Delaware
Education

Reading Across Multiple Texts in the Common Core Classroom, K-5

Author: Janice A. Dole

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 455

This teacher-friendly resource addresses one of the most important critical reading skills in the Common Core State Standards --reading across multiple texts. As the world grows ever more complicated, students more than ever need to become skillful at reading multiple sources, comparing, contrasting, and integrating texts. Responding specifically to Standards 7 and 9, this guide shows teachers how to work with students as they read, think about, critique, and evaluate multiple texts, including narrative and informational, print, graphic, and video, hard copy and online. The authors provide strategies for helping students answer text-dependent questions, find evidence in a text, and scan for information. Model lessons developed and taught by the authors and their professional colleagues will be especially useful to teachers whether they are beginning or expanding their own teaching of multiple texts.
Education

Every Reader a Close Reader

Author: Samantha Cleaver

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 252

View: 154

Drawing expertise and ideas from research, as well as teachers from across the country, Every Reader, a Close Reader serves as both an instructional guide and professional development tool for classroom teachers and instructional leaders to use when starting or strengthening close reading at the classroom level.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Text Complexity and Reading Comprehension Tests

Author: Erik Castello

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 849

Based on the analysis of a specially compiled corpus of internationally recognized English as a foreign language (EFL) reading tests at different levels of proficiency, this volume explores the relation between the complexity of written texts and the difficulty of reading comprehension tests. It brings together linguistic investigations into the text-inherent complexity of the tests and a study of the data derived from their administration to groups of Italian university students. The study of text complexity draws on corpus linguistics, text linguistics and systemic functional linguistics. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses are carried out on the language used in the reading texts and in the related tasks that make up the corpus of tests. The assessment of test difficulty, on the other hand, is informed by research on language testing, and, in particular, by findings and methodologies of Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory. Relevant aspects of these theories are used to analyze and interpret both the data obtained from the administration of the tests and the data collected by means of feedback questionnaires completed by test takers. The application of such diverse methodologies and the subsequent comparison of the results of the analyses has brought out interesting correlations between text-inherent complexity, perceived test difficulty and actual test difficulty.
Education

Literacy Beyond Text Comprehension

Author: M. Anne Britt

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 904

Literacy Beyond Text Comprehension aims to systematically investigate how readers interpret reading tasks within a situation, and how that interpretation influences reading behavior and comprehension. Presenting a new model of REading as problem SOLVing (RESOLV), the authors describe reading comprehension in terms of how a reader adopts goals within a particular situation that then guide what is read, when, and how. By applying the RESOLV model to a range of reading situations, this book provides evidence to suggest that there is no unitary understanding of a task, because individuals bring their own goals and characteristics to the situation; as such, it demonstrates the importance of understanding how a reader (e.g., student, test-taker, employee completing a work task) represents the context and the specific assignment. Written by internationally recognized learning sciences scholars, Literacy Beyond Text Comprehension advances the state of the art in reading research, but also seeks to inform a broader range of audiences, including those interested in the teaching and the assessment of reading.
Education

The Multiple Intelligences of Reading and Writing

Author: Thomas Armstrong

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 153

View: 591

Uses the theories of Howard Gardner to discuss the integration of the multiple intelligences approach into teaching reading and writing.
Education

Developing Reading Comprehension

Author: Katherine A. Dougherty Stahl

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 367

Early literacy instruction typically emphasizes foundational skills--often at the expense of engaging young children in reading and supporting their comprehension of different types of texts. This book explains the essential elements of comprehension and shares a wealth of classroom-tested instructional practices. It presents developmentally informed strategies for scaffolding comprehension skills, using content to promote engagement, and implementing high-level discussions and writing tasks. Ways to teach and assess English learners and other diverse students are highlighted throughout. The book features explicit links to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) as well as helpful reproducible forms. Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.
Education

Playing With Language

Author: Marcy Zipke

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page:

View: 593

All students can benefit from a deeper understanding of how our language works. Playing With Language shows elementary school educators (K–6) how to think about, talk about, and manipulate language out of context. This cognitive skill set, known as metalinguistic awareness, is an important component of reading ability. This practical guide scales activities and teaching suggestions to students’ age, linguistic background, and individual strengths and challenges. The authors offer suggestions for introducing metalinguistic concepts like phonological, semantic, and syntactic awareness with fun activities like games, songs, rhymes, and riddles. The book also identifies and explains research that supports using metalinguistic teaching with diverse students and English learners to build skills in multiple areas, including reading comprehension and decoding ability. Teachers will find that students introduced to language play become continually engaged with language, finding real-world examples with wonder and delight. Book Features: Compiles information on all forms of metalinguistic awareness (MA), spanning different linguistic units and developmental reading levels.Contains personal anecdotes and classroom-testedÊinstructional recommendations for encouraging language play. Presents research on how individual language skills affect reading ability.Offers suggestions for full lesson plans with small groups or whole classes of children, as well as ideas for infusing MA activities into everyday exchanges and book choices.
Literary Criticism

One-Volume Libraries: Composite and Multiple-Text Manuscripts

Author: Michael Friedrich

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN:

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 386

View: 121

Composite and multiple-text manuscripts are traditionally studied for their individual texts, but recent trends in codicology have paved the way for a more comprehensive approach: Manuscripts are unique artefacts which reveal how they were produced and used as physical objects. This collective volume assembles contributions from nine different fields, thus allowing for cross-cultural comparison for the first time.
Business & Economics

Information Design

Author: Alison Black

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 750

View: 632

Information Design provides citizens, business and government with a means of presenting and interacting with complex information. It embraces applications from wayfinding and map reading to forms design; from website and screen layout to instruction. Done well it can communicate across languages and cultures, convey complicated instructions, even change behaviours. Information Design offers an authoritative guide to this important multidisciplinary subject. The book weaves design theory and methods with case studies of professional practice from leading information designers across the world. The heavily illustrated text is rigorous yet readable and offers a single, must-have, reference to anyone interested in information design or any of its related disciplines such as interaction design and information architecture, information graphics, document design, universal design, service design, map-making and wayfinding.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Text Relevance and Learning from Text

Author: Gregory Schraw

Publisher: IAP

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 429

View: 247

Why do people from similar backgrounds who read the same text construct different meanings? Is there a question behind every reading goal, such that reading is an interactive process of asking and answering of questions? Do people who believe that knowledge is dynamic construct meaning differently than those who believe that knowledge is certain? This volume addresses questions such as these and presents cutting edge research and theory that explores how readers determine text relevance (i.e., the different values they assign to information as they read), how relevance affects understanding, and the implications of these studies for theories of text comprehension. This volume documents in a compelling manner the ongoing international effort to understand how text relevance affects reading and comprehension. Contributing authors represent major academic institutions on three continents and nine countries, demonstrating the multinational interest in text relevance. Why is there so much interest in text relevance? Learners are inundated with unprecedented amounts of information, and increased research regarding how readers process non-traditional texts (e.g., documents on the web) and multiple documents, for example, underscores the importance of understanding how readers determine the relevance of text information for personal, academic, or professional goals, which can enable educators to design learning situations that help learners get the most out of reading.
Education

Multiple Voices, Multiple Texts

Author: Reade W. Dornan

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 536

Multiple Voices, Multiple Texts provides a thorough grounding in the principles and practices of reading, writing, and language development--the kind of grounding teachers need for today's multicultural and multilingual classrooms.
Education

Intensive Reading Interventions for the Elementary Grades

Author: Jeanne Wanzek

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 955

Packed with easy-to-use tools and resources, this book presents intensive intervention strategies for K–5 students with severe and persistent reading difficulties. Filling a key need, the authors describe specific ways to further intensify instruction when students continue to struggle. Chapters address all the fundamental components of reading--phonological awareness, phonics and word recognition, reading fluency, oral language, language and reading comprehension, and writing to read. The authors discuss the design and implementation of intensive instruction and provide effective teaching techniques and activities. Grounded in the principles of data-based individualization, the book includes concrete recommendations for determining students' particular needs and monitoring their progress.
Education

Assessing Young Learners of English: Global and Local Perspectives

Author: Marianne Nikolov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 338

View: 636

This volume documents international, national, and small-scale testing and assessment projects of English language education for young learners, across a range of educational contexts. It covers three main areas: age-appropriate ‘can do statements’ and task types for teaching and testing learners between the ages of 6 to 13; innovative approaches to self-assessment, diagnostic testing, self- perception, and computer-based testing; and findings on how young learners perform on vocabulary, listening, speaking, pronunciation, and reading comprehension tests in European and Asian contexts. Early language learning has become a major trend in English language education around the globe. As a result of the spread of teaching English to a growing number of young children, assessment of and for learning have emerged as key issues. In line with this development, there is a clear and emerging need to make early language programs accountable and to assess both the progress children make over time and to quantify their achievement at various stages of development. This volume informs stakeholders about the realistic goals of early language learning, their efficiency, and how much progress children make over time.
Education

Reading and Spelling

Author: Charles Hulme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 110

This volume includes chapters by a number of leading researchers in the area of reading and spelling development. They review what is currently known about both normal and impaired development of decoding, comprehension, and spelling skills. They also consider recent work on the remediation of reading and spelling difficulties in children and discuss effective remedial strategies.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Reading at a Crossroads?

Author: Rand J. Spiro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

View: 285

The Internet is transforming the experience of reading and learning-through-reading. Is this transformation effecting a radical change in reading processes as readers synthesize understandings from fragments across multiple texts? Or, conversely, is the Internet merely a new place to use the same reading skills and processes developed through experience with traditional print-based media? Are the changes in reading processes a matter of degree, or are they fundamentally new? And if so, how must reading theory, research, and instruction adjust? This volume brings together distinguished experts from the fields of reading research, teacher education, educational psychology, cognitive science, rhetoric and composition, digital humanities, and educational technology to address these questions. Every question is not answered in every chapter. How could they be? But every contributor has many thoughtful things to say about a subset of these important questions. Together, they add up to a comprehensive response to the issues the field faces as it approaches what may well be—or not —a crossroads. A website devoted to extending discussion around the book in creative (and disjunctive) ways [readingatacrossroads.net] moves it beyond the printed page.
Education

Comprehensive Reading Intervention in Grades 3-8

Author: Lynn M. Gelzheiser

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 372

View: 851

This book provides innovative tools and strategies to support reading intervention for students in grades 3–8 who do not yet read with grade-level accuracy. Uniquely comprehensive, the Interactive Strategies Approach--Extended (ISA-X) has been shown to enhance intermediate and middle grade students' reading accuracy and comprehension as well as content vocabulary knowledge. Preservice and inservice teachers learn how to conduct assessments that help to identify instructional goals; monitor progress toward these goals; promote students' strategic thinking and motivation; and implement small-group instruction using thematic text sets on science and social studies topics. Numerous lesson examples and a thematic text set are included. Purchasers get access to a companion website where they can download and print reproducible materials from the book, as well as additional Web-only lesson templates and assessments, in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size. See also Early Intervention for Reading Difficulties, Second Edition: The Interactive Strategies Approach, by Donna M. Scanlon, Kimberly L. Anderson, and Joan M. Sweeney, which focuses on supporting the literacy growth of beginning and struggling readers in grades K–2.

PISA Education in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Findings from PISA

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 93

View: 859

Countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have clear aspirations to strengthen civic participation and increase prosperity for all. A highly skilled and knowledgeable population is critical to achieving these goals, which makes creating and maintaining high quality and equitable education systems a vital part of regional development efforts. Results from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) show that learning outcomes in the region have generally improved, but that the improvement has not been equitable. While countries in the region are producing some of the top performing students in the world, many other students are being left behind.